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Telegraph stamps of the World

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  I have revised Hiscocks' original listing, though leaving references to the original designations.  
This is largely to accommodate additions.
I have brought the prices up to date and added currency selection.
The new designations have 'RH' numbers (Revised Hiscocks) to avoid confusion.
CheckList         Setup

 

Contributors:

- - Carlos Aristy.
- - Paul & Les Bottomley.
RL - Rolf Lamprecht.

 


I am finding it difficult to trace information about the early telegraphs in the Dominican Republic.
The beginnings of telephone and telegraph service began during the dictatorship of General Ulises Heureaux
who did at least make improvements to the infrastructure of the country, including a single-track railroad linking Santiago and Puerto Plata. In 1916, at a time of chaos, the U.S. sent in a contingent of marines, who remained until 1924 when a democratically elected president (Horacio Vásquez) came to power, only to be overthrown in 1930 by Rafaél Leonides Trujillo Molina (A sergeant in the Dominican army trained by the marines) re-established dictatorship until his assassination in 1961. In 1962, Juan Bosch of the Dominican Revolutionary Party, became the new democratically elected president, but relations with Haiti became strained. Bosch was overthrown by a right-wing military coup in 1963 and armed conflict ensued. In 1965, fearing a possible Communist Dictatorship, 27,000 U.S. troops were back to 'restore order'. They installed a new president who was acceptable to the U.S. government. U.S. forces completely left in 1966.
The new president, Joaquín Balaguer, opened the country up to foreign investment (mostly sugar and tourism) while protecting state-owned industries. Due to uneven distribution of new wealth, Balaguer lost the 1978 election, but refused to step down until U.S. President Jimmy Carter r brought pressure to bear.

This political turmoil, probably driven by economic challenges, appears to be reflected in the stamp issues.
I think that as stamps were required, new tenders were put out and often stamp printing changed hands.

In terms of connections to the outside world, it is likely that its neighbour Haiti played a part, since, according to the Naval History and Heritage Command, in the subversion of Spanish control of Cuba by the USA, "A cable laid between New York and Cape Haitien, Haiti, and thence to Santiago de Cuba in 1896 was the means by which the War Department and White House, managed the war, equipped with telegraphs, phones, and maps." This implies that Cape Haitien was a suitable place for landing cables at least.
Current landing points for modern cables are Puerto Plata, Punta Cana and Santo Domingo.

This is here to get consistent results on different browsers.

Hispaniola Map

 

Dominican Republic.

Steve Hiscocks wrote:

''The first issue was by a French private company which was authorized to set up and run the first telegraph service in the Republic.
A reference in the American Philatelist to these being on sale at less than face value in 1890 suggests that they remained in use for
around two years at the most and that the remaining stock reached the philatelic market. It is not known how telegrams were prepaid
for the following 30 years until the issue of the first official telegraph stamps in 1920.
Full philatelic details of issues since that of 1931 have not become available in time for this edition, although it is hoped that
complete data will be available in due course. The numbers of each value issued between 1919 and 1981 are known and indicate a large usage.''

Unfortunately Steve Hiscocks did not live to produce a subsequent edition.
Notice his reference to a 1931 issue. He did not list that issue, only the similar, but different issue of 1935 (see below).
There is some disagreement about the sequence of issues. This is not helped by the almost complete absence of dateable examples.

 

Private French Company (Compagnie des Telegraphes de la Republique Dominicaine).

1887 Wove paper. No watermark. Perf 13½


Private company set
Private company set
Type 1, Private company set with some typical cancels.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH1 H1 1 25c green 20.00 6.00
RH1a -           imperf. - -
RH2 H2 1 50c yellow 5.00 8.00
RH2a -           imperf. - -
RH3 H3 1 1p brown 7.00 7.00
RH3a -           imperf. - -
RH4 H4 1 5p blue 12.00 8.00
RH4a -           imperf. - -
RH5 H5 1 10p dull vermilion 20.00 15.00
RH5a -           imperf. - -

Imperf set
Imperforate set, courtesy of Carlos Aristy. These are ungummed, so may have been proofs.


Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. This issue is thought to have been in use for about two years at the most.

 

National Issues.

1920 (January) Thick wove paper. No watermark. Perf 11½ or 12.

1920 part set
1920 part set
1920 part set
Type 2, Basic 1920 set with typical cancels.


RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH6 H6 2 1c green and blue 5.00 3.75
RH6a H6a           perf. 12 (1921) 7.50 5.00
RH7 H7 2 5c deep blue 8.00 2.50
RH7a H7a           perf. 12 (1921) 12.50 3.75
RH8 H8 2 10c yellow-olive 10.00 2.50
RH8a H8a           perf. 12 (1921) 12.50 3.75
RH9 H9 2 25c chestnut (shades) 10.00 2.50
RH9a H9a           perf. 12 (1921) 12.50 3.75
RH10 H10 2 35c red 12.50 3.00
RH10a H10a           carmine, perf. 12 (1921) 15.00 4.00
RH11 H11 2 50c deep mauve 18.00 5.00
RH11a H11a           perf. 12 (1921) 25.00 7.50
RH12 H12 2 1p yellow-green 30.00 10.00
RH12a H12a           perf. 12 (1921) 50.00 12.50
RH13 H13 2 2p blue-grey 50.00 20.00
RH13a H13a           perf. 12 (1921) 60.00 25.00
RH14 H14 2 5p red-orange 100.00 30.00
RH14a H14a           perf. 12 (1921) 110.00 40.00

 

The cancels on subsequent issues is mainly in the form of a single-lined 'CANCELADO'.
This makes dating them difficult.

 

1931-5 Thick wove paper. No watermark. Perf 11¾.

Steve Hiscocks makes reference to an issue of 1931 in his introduction, but instead lists a 1935 issue. Yvert et Tellier lists the issue as 1931-40, with nothing after.
My thanks to Carlos Aristy for pointing out that there are two different types of these. The differences are in the amount of shading on the globe and shading on the thunderbolts.
Detailed comparison suggests that the same plates were used for both types, since they have shared plate characteristics,
but that at some time, presumably around 1935, the plates were re-touched to enhance their contrast.
In places the shading is not completely removed from the thunderbolts. I do not yet know which values exist in which forms.

H22 with lines through T-bolts
Plate characteristics marked in magenta.

H22 with lines through T-bolts cleared
Shading reduced on globe and mostly cleared from thunderbolts. Remaining traces marked in red.

H15 H16 H16a
H15   1c. -  Courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley H16   5c. - from RL H16a   5c.

H16a retouch 10c-die-II H17 H17
H16a retouched   5c. - from RL 10c Type II. H17   10c Type I. H17 retouched   10c Type I.

H19 H20 retouched
H19   25c. -  Courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley H20 retouched?   35c. -  from RL

The 35c above shows no traces of lines through the thunderbolts. I think there was no earlier 35c to retouch,
and that the first 35c was created like this, without the lines.


H21 H22 H22 retouched
H21   50c blue-grey. H22   50c green. H22 retouched   50c green.

The positions of the values in the corners is variable.


RH # Hisc. Type. 1931-5 Description Mint Used
RH15 H15 3 1c pale blue 6.00 4.00
RH15a H15a           'CENTAVOS' in place of 'CENTAVO' (date ?) 30.00 20.00
RH16 H16 3 5c ultramarine 3.75 2.00
RH16a H16a           blue 7.50 2.50
RH16ar -           retouched 7.50 2.50
RH17 H17 3 10c orange Type I 5.00 2.50
RH17r -           retouched 5.00 2.50
RH18 H18 3 10c orange Type II 15.00 10.00
RH19 H19 3 25c rose 15.00 10.00
RH20 H20 3 35c rose-carmine (may not exist) 18.00 12.00
RH20r -           retouched 18.00 12.00
RH21 H21 3 50c blue-grey 20.00 15.00
RH22 H22 3 50c green 20.00 15.00
RH22r -           retouched 20.00 15.00

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. In the 10c of Type I the '1' in the value '10' has a square serif, while in Type II it has a thin sloping serif.
Note 2. My source seems to suggest that only the 25000 copies of the 1c value printed in 1940 (No 15(a))
                showed the 'CENTAVOS' variation, but I may have misunderstood. There were no 10c values
                printed in that year and the dates of Nos 17 and 18 are not known.
                It seems likely that other die variations remain to be discovered in this series.

My notes: I suspect that the 1c error of 'CENTAVOS' was the initial issue. It makes no sense to incorrectly change
to plural in 1940, then change back again for all subsequent issues. It is more likely that it was wrong initially and then corrected.

I suspect also that the 10c Types I and II are actually the wrong way around since Type II matches the style of the 1920 series
and Type I matches the style of the 1945 series. If I ever see one, it will be interesting to see if it is retouched or not.

 

1940? New design — 'TELECOMUNICACIONES' in place of 'TELEGRAFOS Y RADIOGRAFOS'.
Thick wove paper. No watermark. Perf 11¾.

H23 H24 H25
H23   1c. H24   5c. -  Courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley H25   10c.

H26 H27 H28
H26   25c. H27   35c. - from RL H28   50c.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH23 H23 4 1c light blue 8.00 5.00
RH24 H24 4 5c ultramarine 6.00 4.00
RH25 H25 4 10c orange to red-orange 5.00 3.00
RH26 H26 4 25c red 15.00 10.00
RH27 H27 4 35c carmine-rose 20.00 15.00
RH28 H28 4 50c green 20.00 15.00
RH29 H29 4 1p colour ? (may not exist) 60.00 50.00

 

 

From this point on, there is a lot of uncertainty of dates and even sequence of sets/partial sets.

There is disagreement between Hiscocks listing and a listing of the German Michel specialised catalogue.
Given that the German catalogue is a lot more complete, I will go according to that, but I suspect there may still be errors/omisions.
It is likely that during World War II, the Dominican republic had difficulty maintaining supplies of Telegraph stamps at a time when
they would likely be in increased demand. There may well have been contingency measures for which the documentation no longer exists.

This will entail extensive re-numbering (again), but it is still not likely to need further changes as there are still
a lot of gaps in the records for these. Some of Hiscocks designations, identified by face value, perforation and smetimes colour do not match his specified type.
I think that Hiscocks had correct information, but simply attributed it to the wrong stamps, having not known about several issues. I will match them as best I can.

 

1946? - Type C   New currency, simple numerals in bottom corners. White wove paper. No watermark. Perf. 11¾ or 12½.

H39 H40
RH30   1c oro. - Perf. 11¾ RH31   5c oro. - Perf. 12½
derived from Wikimedia Commons.

1946C-25c H43
RH33   25c oro. - Perf. 12½ - from RL RH34   35c oro. - Perf. 12½ - from RL

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH30 H39 C 1c light blue 5.00 3.00
RH31 H40 C 5c blue 6.00 4.00
RH32 H41 C 10c yellow-orange ? 5.00 3.00
RH33 H42 C 25c orange-red 15.00 10.00
RH34 H43 C 35c rose 20.00 15.00
RH35 H44 C 50c yellow-green ? 20.00 15.00

 

1946? - Type D   Re-drawn type. White wove paper. No watermark. Perf. 12½.
There ar some general differences between the first and the re-drawn type.

1946C-25c 1946C-25c
C   The original has more extensive shading
behind the thunderbolts and a large numeral.
D   The redrawn type has less extensive
shading, smaller numerals and the top of the
right ornament sheeared off.

Apart from the general differences, the numeral of the 1c has completely changed and at least some shades have changed.
The 25c is unusual in that the original value is large on both types.

1946D-1c 1946D-5c H41
RH36   1c oro. - Perf. 12½ - From RL RH37   5c oro. - Perf. 12½ - From RL
RH38   10c oro. - Perf. 12½

H42 1946D-25c 1946D-50c
RH39   25c oro. - Perf. 12½ RH40   35c oro. - Perf. 12½ - from RL RH41   50c oro. - Perf. 12½ - from RL

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH36 - D 1c blue 5.00 3.00
RH37 - D 5c dark blue 6.00 4.00
RH38 - D 10c red-orange 5.00 3.00
RH39 - D 25c carmine-rose 15.00 10.00
RH40 - D 35c yellow-brown 20.00 15.00
RH41 - D 50c yellow-green 20.00 15.00

 

 

There now follows a number of similar designs with values in the corners having 'RG$' and the CENTAVOS ORO values in decimals.
The insulators have been removed from the wires in the top corners (They come back with Type K).

Thick wove paper. No watermark.
Type E 1952, Perf. 11¾, Granite paper
Type F 1952, Perf. 11¾
Type G 1953, Perf. 11¾

1952E-10c 1952E-25c 1952F-50c
Type-E   RH44, 10c oro. - Perf. 11¾ - from RL Type-E   RH45, 25c oro. - Perf. 11¾ - from RL Type-F   RH47, 50c oro. - Perf. 11¾ - from RL

1953G-1P 1P
Type-G   RH48, 1P oro. - Perf. 11¾ - from RL Type-G   RH48, 1P oro. - Perf. 11¾

Type-Ea Type-Eb Type-F Type-G
Type-Ea   RD$ 1.7mm high.
Decimal point '.'
Type-Eb   RD$ 1.7mm high.
Comma ','
Type-F   RD$ 2.0mm high.
Single-line frame.
Type-G   RD$ 2.0mm high.
Double-line frame.

 

1966? - Type H   (Hiscocks Type 5), Smaller corner-value characters. Single-line frame.
Chalk surfaced paper. No watermark. Various perforations as indicated.
Lith. Printed by Padilla Offset.
According to the Padilla website, the company was founded in Santo Domingo on January 20, 1964 and among other things, printed stamps until 1988.
From this it seems clear that the reported date for these of 1953 is in error.
Hiscocks lists similar stamps as being 1966, which sounds more reasonable.

1953H-1c 1953H-5c 1953H-5c
Type-H  RH42a, 1c oro. - Perf. 10½ - From RL Type-H   RH43, 5c oro. - Perf. 11 - From RL Type-H   RH43a, 5c oro. - Perf. 12 - From RL

1953H-1P
Type-H   RH48a 1P oro. - Perf. 12 x 11¾ - From RL

 

 

1966? - Type I   Similar to last, but Double-line frame. Lith. Printed by Padilla Offset.
Thick wove paper. No watermark. Various perforations as indicated.

1953H-10c 1953I-25c 1953H-25c
Type-I   RH44b, 10c oro. - Perf. 10½ - From RL Type-I   RH45b, 25c oro. - Perf. 12 - From RL Type-I   RH45c, 25c oro. - Perf. 12 x 11¾ - From RL

1953I-50c
Type-I   RH47b, 50c oro. - Perf. 12 - From RL

 

RH # Hisc. Type. 1952-53 Description Mint Used
RH42 H30 H 1c new blue ? (Perf.11) 10.00 8.00
RH42a - H         perf. 10½ 8.00 10.00
1c H30a I         perf. 12 (1978) 8.00 10.00
RH43 H31 H 5c bright blue (Perf.11) 10.00 8.00
RH43a - H         blue, perf. 12 10.00 8.00
RH44 - E 10c orange (Perf.11¾, 1952) 10.00 5.00
RH44a H32 H         perf. 11 10.00 5.00
RH44b - I         perf. 10½ 10.00 5.00
RH45 - E 25c rose-red (Perf. 11¾, 1952) 15.00 15.00
RH45a H33 H         perf.11 20.00 12.00
RH45b H33a I         perf. 12 (1978?) 15.00 15.00
RH45c - I         perf. 12 x 11¾ (?) 15.00 15.00
RH46 H34 H 35c carmine ? (Perf. 11) 20.00 15.00
RH47 - F 50c blue-green (Perf. 11¾, 1952) 30.00 20.00
RH47a H35 H         green ? (Perf. 11) 30.00 20.00
RH47b H35a I         green (Perf. 12, 1978?) 25.00 25.00
RH48 - G 1p green (shades) (Perf. 11¾, 1953) 35.00 25.00
RH48a H36 H         blue-green perf. 11 35.00 25.00
RH48b H36a I         green ? perf. (Perf. 12, 1978?) 30.00 30.00
RH49 H37 H 2p colour ? (Perf. 11) 60.00 50.00
RH50 H38 H 5p colour ? (Perf. 11) 100.00 80.00

 

 

1954? - Type K   (No Type J apparently), This is a high quality and very distinctive production. Perf. 11¾.
Insulators are back in the top corners. Lightning without tips. Value in simple numerals.
1954K-5c
Type K,  RH51, 5c oro .

RH # Hisc. Type. 1978 Description Mint Used
RH51 - K 5c oro. Dark blue - -

I have no idea if there are any more values in this design, or even who printed it.

 

1979-81 - Type L   Another distinctive issue with value in words at the bottom. 'ORO' now dropped. Perf 13¼ x 13½.
Chalk surfaced paper. Printed by Litografia Ferrua & Hnos, Cxa. of Santo Domingo, founded in January 1976.

1979-5c 1979-10c 1979-35c
Type-L   RH52, 5c. - From RL Type-L   RH53, 10c. - From RL Type-L   RH54, 35c. - From RL

1979-1P 1979-2P 1979-5P
I have added an RH55 on the expectation that there would
be another value between 35c and 1 Peso.
Strangely this is missing the insulators
from the top-right corner.
Type-L   RH56, 1 Peso - From RL Type-L   RH57, 2 Pesos - From RL Type-L   RH58, 5 Pesos - From RL

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH52 - L 5c dark blue 15.00 15.00
RH53 - L 10c orange 15.00 15.00
RH54 - L 35c brown 20.00 20.00
RH55 - L 50c? colour ? 25.00 25.00
RH56 H45 L 1p green (1981) 30.00 20.00
RH57 H46 L 2p light blue(1981) 50.00 40.00
RH58 H47 L 5p orange (1981) 75.00 60.00

 

 

 

1983 ? Granite paper, but with very few fibres. No watermark. Perf 11¾.
The word 'ORO' has been dropped and the stamp is smaller, particularly in the width.
The printing appears blurry and poor quality.

Unknown stamp
Type 7, RH63, No shading on seas. Thunderbolts (3 per corner instead of 2) do not reach the masts.
I have only seen this one and do not know what other values there were, but will
leave space for them with estimated values in the table below. They may not all exist.

I originally thought that this came later than the ones that Hiscocks listed, since he had no image of it.
Subsequently I have seen a lot of stamps that he did not have images of that were fairly early.
I assumed that this was Centavos Oro, but may not have been.
Perhaps it was a WWII emergency issue. It also has a datestamp which I have not seen before, it is a pity it does not show the year.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH59 - 7 1c light blue ? 8.00 4.00
RH60 - 7 5c blue? 10.00 5.00
RH61 - 7 10c orange-red ? 10.00 8.00
RH62 - 7 25c carmine ? 15.00 10.00
RH63 - 7 35c rose. 20.00 15.00
RH64 - 7 50c yellow-green ? 25.00 20.00
RH65 - 7 1p colour ? 30.00 25.00
RH66 - 7 2p colour ? 60.00 50.00
RH67 - 7 5p colour ? 100.00 80.00

My notes: Steve Hiscocks' book was published in 1982 so would not have included any issues after that.
He did note that 'The most recent issue was authorized by Presidential decree in 1981.'
Anyone that has access to subsequent decrees may find further information.

I have had great difficult in finding information about these issues so assumptions have been made.
Entries where I have not been able to give the colour, may not even exist.
By the same token, there may be items that are not listed.

It is likely that different issues were printed by different companies, but I have no information on any of them.
Further information is invited and would be very welcome.

 

Service Stamps.

1959 White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 11¾.

1959 Service 10c   1959 Service 25c
Type 8 (was type 7) , courtesy of Carlos Aristy.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RHS1 S1 8 10c yellow (3,000,000) - -
RHS2 S2 8 25c red (3,000,000) - -

The Scott catalogue illustrates a 25c green in this design with 'ENTREGA / ESPECIAL / CORREOS'
on the right hand side. It is listed as E8, 1956 (August 8, Perf. 11½) under Special Delivery Stamps.




There is almost certainly a lot of gaps in this.
If anyone can provide scans to help with this, I am happy to give appropriate acknowledgement.

 

Postal Tax Stamps.

There are a number of Postal Tax stamps that may have been required for use on telegrams Further information is needed.

 

Tax for the Communications school of the Posts and Telegraphs. Litho.

RA49B RA53 RA58 RA63
1971, Jan 2 1972, Jan 3 1973, Jan 2 1973, Nov 3

RA69 RA78 RA91
1974, Nov 13 1977, Jan 7 1981, Feb

The shields are all the same colours (Violet-blue, white and red), I will give the colours of the background and (1c) value.
Images from RL

Date Colours Perf. Size mm.
1971, Jan 2 White, Red 11 17½ x 20½
1972, Jan 3 Blue, Red 12½ 19 x 22
1973, Jan 2 Red, Dark blue 10½ 19 x 22
1973, Nov 3 Light green , Red 10½ 19 x 22
1974, Nov 13 Yellow-orange, Red 10½ 19 x 22
1977, Jan 7 Lilac, Red 10½ 19 x 22
1981, Feb Light blue , Red 10½ 19 x 22

 

Telegram Seals.

A couple of similar but different seals are known for use on telegrams in the Dominican Republic.

H2

Steve Hiscocks made a start on cataloguing seals of the world in a book he published in 2007.
It was his hope to update it later, but unfortunately that was not to be.
His original book can be viewed at Telegraph Seals: A World Catalogue. There are links from the pages to my updates.

Alternatively you can view the latest page for Dominican Republic.

 

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

Contact:     Emale

Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Alternatively Yahoo Group Yahoo-Group is a forum.

 

Last updated 12th. July 2018

©Copyright Steve Panting 2012/13/14/15/16/17/18 except where stated.
Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.

 

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