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Telegraph stamps of the World

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  I have brought these prices up to date and added currency selection.  
I have added some items using 'RH' numbers (Revised Hiscocks)
to avoid conflicts.
CheckList         Setup

Contributors:

  - Spink and Son.
Joe - Dr Joe on Ebay
JT - Jeff Turnbull.
RL - Rolf Lamprecht.

 

Shortcuts to different sections
Private Telegraphs Government Telegraphs - Typo. Government Telegraph - Engraved Telephone Cards Pneumatic Telegram Seals

 

AUSTRIA.

Steve Hiscocks wrote:
The 'Government' telegraph stamps of Austria closely parallel those of Hungary (qv), as one might expect, in that they were introduced in 1873
(July), changed from lithographed to engraved versions of essentially the same design in 1874, and went out of use on 1 April 1879. They were,
however, preceded by those of a private company, Wiener Privat-Telegrafen-Gesellschaft (Vienna Private Telegraph Co.), which issued stamps
from 1870 until the company was (presumably) nationalized in 1873.
The WPTG stamps were in two halves, the lower being a receipt, and were presumably used rather as those of India, Uganda, Sudan, Ceylon, etc., in
which both the sender and the company retained evidence of payment. Lower halves are sometimes seen and it was presumably that which was
retained by the customer (unlike most countries where it was the top half). The vast majority of specimens found today have a black line printed or
ruled in ink across the upper half. These are remainders which were sold off after the company ceased to operate. These stamps are listed mint,
cancelled and used (bottom half).

The 'Government' stamps present the problem of multiple and variable perforations familiar to anyone who has ever tried to make sense of the
Austrian fiscal stamps of the period. Morley lists dozens of varieties while L. W. Fulcher and Dr Kalckhoff, through Morley's Philatelic Journal of August
1900, add more. Dr Kalckhoff reported however that it was unrealistic to distinguish between say 9 and 9½ or 10, 10½ and 11 since perforations
varied such as to give these within a single line across or down a sheet. I have not myself been able to examine anything like the quantity studied by
Dr Kalckhoff (especially in sheet form) and have adopted his practice of distinguishing 9½ (i.e. 9 to 9½), 10½ (i.e. 10 to 11), 12, 13 and
compounds of these. It is said to be possible to distinguish three different machines in the 10–11 range by hole characteristics but I am not at this
stage able to advise in detail. For some obscure reason large numbers of these stamps were overprinted 'Specimen' and these seem in fact to be
more common than ordinary mint.


My note:
According to John Barefoot, these were actually Typographed, not Lithographed.


 

1870 Private Telegraph stamps - Wiener Privat-Telegrafen-Gesellschaft. White wove paper without watermark. Imperf.

Wiener Privat-Telegrafen 10kr Wiener Privat-Telegrafen 20kr Wiener Privat-Telegrafen 40kr
10kr. Remainder - H1a. 20kr. - H2. 40kr. Remainder - H3a.

 

Wiener Privat-Telegrafen 80kr Wiener Privat-Telegrafen 1F.20kr
80kr. Remainder - H4a. 1Fl.20kr Remainder - H5a.

I would like to be able to illustrate a used example, but I have not seen any. Can anyone provide a scan ?

Hisc. Description Mint Used
H1 10Kr scarlet and bluish grey 100.00 90.00
H1a         cancelled (black line across upper half)     10.00 -
H2 20Kr scarlet and bright blue 100.00 90.00
H2a         cancelled (black line across upper half) 8.00 -
H3 40Kr scarlet and light green 100.00 90.00
H3a         cancelled (black line across upper half) 15.00 -
H3b         green printed on reverse 500.00 -
H4 80Kr scarlet and lilac 100.00 90.00
H4a         cancelled (black line across upper half) 15.00 -
H5 1F 20Kr scarlet and bistre 150.00 120.00
H5a         cancelled (black line across upper half) 10.00 -

 

Government Telegraph Stamps.

There are differences in the background of the value tablets.

Hiscocks Type 3 Hiscocks Type 2
Hiscocks Type 3 Hiscocks Type 2

 

Line-engraved - 1 Line-engraved - 1
Line-engraved Type   Interestingly there are differences between examples.
The cross-hatch pattern is indicative of the later series, but may not be apparent in more heavilly inked examples.


1873 (July). Franz-Josef I. Typographed on white wove paper without watermark. Various perfs. as indicated.
Beware, examples of the later (cheap) type are often sold as the earlier type. This is in part due to confusion of terminology.
The first series were printed by Typography, otherwise known as letterpress (buchdruck in German) or surface printing. The ink comes from the high points on the plate.
The initial preparation involves engraving a die, rather than Lithography that does not. These are described as lithographed in some catalogues (e.g. Yvert et Tellier).
I have put together a page explaining the differences of the printing techniques.

H6 H7 Specimen H8
Hiscocks H6 Hiscocks H7 Hiscocks H15a specimen,  for comparison Hiscocks H8

 

H10 H12 H13b H14
Hiscocks H10a Hiscocks H12 Hiscocks H13b Hiscocks H14

Images of H7, H13b and H14 are courtesy of Les and Paul Bottomley.

 

Hisc. Type Typo. Description Mint Used
H6 2 5Kr deep brown perf. 10½ 80.00 65.00
H6a           perf. 9½ x 10½ 80.00 65.00
H6b           light brown perf. 10½ 80.00 65.00
H6c           light brown perf. 9½ x 10½ 100.00 80.00
H7 3 5Kr deep brown perf. 10½ 60.00 50.00
H7a           light brown 60.00 50.00
H8 3 20Kr deep blue perf. 10½ 80.00 65.00
H8a           perf. 9½ 100.00 80.00
H8b           perf. 9½ x 10½ 80.00 65.00
H8c           blue perf. 10½ 100.00 80.00
H9 2 25Kr black (November) perf. 10½ 1500.00 1000.00
H9a           perf. 9½ x 10½ 1500.00 1000.00
H10 3 40Kr deep green perf. 10½ 80.00 65.00
H10a           perf. 9½ 120.00 96.00
H10b           perf. 9½ x 10½ 100.00 80.00
H11 2 50Kr deep lilac grey (shades) perf. 10½     600.00 480.00
H11a           perf. 9½ x 10½ 650.00 520.00
H12 3 60Kr deep carmine perf. 10½ 100.00 80.00
H12a           perf. 9½ 120.00 96.00
H12b           perf. 9½ x 10½ 120.00 96.00
H13 2 1F deep yellow perf. 10½ 2000.00 400.00
H13a           perf. 9½ x 10½ 2000.00 400.00
H13b           yellow-orange perf. 10½ 2000.00 400.00
H13c           yellow-orange perf. 9½ x 10½ 2000.00 400.00
H14 2 2F deep reddish violet perf. 10½ 550.00 320.00
H14a           perf. 9½ x 10½ 700.00 350.00
H14b           perf. 12 700.00 350.00

The perforations on these stamps are very erratic and Hiscocks gave 'categories' of perforation rather than precise perforation.
Specimens seem more common than ordinary mint.

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. For reasons explained in the introduction to Austria perforation, types are grouped into 9½ (i.e. 9 to 9½),
                10½ (i.e. 10 to 11), 12, 13 and compounds of these both above and below.
                'Perf. 10½' thus includes anything from 10 x 11 to 11 x 10 since such variations can be found within
                single sheets and are not therefore of philatelic significance.

 

 

1874-1876 As above (type 2 only) but line-engraved (intaglio). Various perforations as indicated.
These are usually described as simple 'engraved', since the first series were initially described as 'Litho.' and 'engraved' would distinguish them.
It is now known that the first series was in fact typographed, which also involves engraving a die, so 'line-engraved' would be a better description.
The ink on the stamps come from ink held in the grooves in the printing plate. This makes fine detail more visible, though is not good for lage areas of colour.
This explains the cross-hatching behind the values, though I'm puzzled why it was not simply done on the master die.
I do not know how many stamps were in a sheet, and I do not recall seeing blocks of these, though individual stamps are common.
The Michel catalogue, whilst getting the first series correct, lists this series as Lithographed, which is plain wrong.

H15 H16 H17 H18
Hiscocks H15b   Perf. 12 Hiscocks H16b   Perf. 11¾ Hiscocks H17a   Perf. 10½ Hiscocks H18b   Perf. 12 with typical cancel.

 

H19 H20 H21 H22
Hiscocks H19   Perf. 9½ x 9¼ Hiscocks H20c   Perf. 12¾ Hiscocks H21a   Perf. 10½ Hiscocks H22   Perf. 10½ x 10¾

 

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H15 2 5Kr deep brown (shades) (1876) perf. 9½ 6.00 6.00
H15a           perf. 10½ 3.00 3.00
H15b           perf. 12 2.25 2.25
H15c           perf. 13 3.00 3.00
H15d           perf. 10½ x 13 9.00 9.00
H16 2 20Kr indigo (shades to deep blue) perf. 9½ 4.50 4.50
H16a           perf. 10½ 2.25 2.25
H16b           perf. 12 2.25 2.25
H16c           perf. 13 6.00 6.00
H16d           perf. 10½ x 9½ 9.00 9.00
H16e           perf. 10½ x 12 9.00 9.00
H16f           perf. 10½ x 13 15.00 15.00
H17 2 25Kr black perf. 9½ 9.00 9.00
H17a           perf. 10½ 3.00 3.00
H17b           perf. 10½ x 9½ 9.00 9.00
H17c           perf. 12 3.00 3.00
H17d           perf. 13 4.50 4.50
H17e           perf. 10½ x 12 12.00 12.00
H17f           perf. 10½ x 13 12.00 12.00
H18 2 40Kr bottle green(shades to deep green) perf. 9½     9.00 9.00
H18a           perf. 10½ 3.00 3.00
H18b           perf. 12 3.00 3.00
H18a           perf. 12½ 4.50 4.50
H18c           perf. 13 6.00 6.00
H18d           perf. 10½ x 9½ 9.00 9.00
H18e           perf. 10½ x 12 9.00 9.00
H18f           perf. 10½ x 13 3.00 3.00
H18g           perf. 12 x 13 9.00 9.00
H18h           perf. 12 x 12½ 9.00 9.00
Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H19 2 50Kr deep lilac-grey perf. 9½ 12.00 12.00
H19a           perf. 10½ 4.00 4.00
H19b           perf. 12 4.00 4.00
H19c           perf. 13 6.00 6.00
H19d           perf. 10½ x 12 9.00 9.00
H19e           perf. 10½ x 13 12.00 12.00
H20 2 60Kr deep carmine perf. 9½ 12.00 12.00
H20a           perf. 10½ 12.00 12.00
H20b           perf. 12 14.00 14.00
H20c           perf. 12½ 14.00 14.00
H20d           perf. 13 12.00 12.00
H20e           perf. 12½ x 13 14.00 14.00
H21 2 1F deep orange-yellow to deep brownish yellow perf. 9½     15.00 15.00
H21a           perf. 10½ 6.00 6.00
H21b           perf. 12 6.00 6.00
H21c           perf. 12½ 7.50 7.50
H21d           perf. 13 7.50 7.50
H21e           perf. 10½ x 9½ 9.00 9.00
H21f           perf. 10½ x 12 15.00 15.00
H21g           perf. 10½ x 13 15.00 15.00
H22 2 2F deep reddish violetperf. 10½ 6.00 6.00
H22a           perf. 12 6.00 6.00
H22b           perf. 13 9.00 9.00
H22c           perf. 10½ x 12 12.00 12.00
H22d           perf. 10½ x 13 12.00 12.00
H22e           perf. 12½ x 12 15.00 15.00

Hiscocks added the following 4 notes:

Note 1. It is not clear whether the perf. 12½ quoted for several values of the engraved series is significant,
                or if not, whether it is a variant on 12 or 13 — a variant of 12 seems more likely since 12¼
                occurs and I have yet to see 12¾.
Note 2. 'Specimens' are at least as common as mint and fetch perhaps 75% of mint prices.
Note 3. The most common cancellation in my experience is two black pen strokes — a cross or part of
                a cross depending on how many stamps were on the original form. Oval cancellations including
                the name of the town and 'TELEGRAPH' or 'TELEGRAF' in various configurations, usually in
                black but also in blue, etc., are also common and other cancellations, e.g. box, are known.
Note 4. Except in a few cases, I do not really have sufficient information to reflect relative rarities of
                different perforations in the prices. I have therefore used Morley's relativities which could be
                somewhat arbitrary.

My note: Used prices are for handstamp cancels. Half price for pen cancelled.

 

Telegraph cancel on postage stamp (1901, half scale).
Postage stamp - Scott 84

 

Telegraph cancel on postage stamp (1890).
Postage stamp - Scott 42
This one (courtesy of Jeff Turnbull) has a perfin of Ing. Eisler Food products, Vienna.

 

 

Telephone Cards.

According to John Barefoot, these are listed in postal stationery catalogues such as Michel.
Not having that, I will list what I know about by whatever criteria seems appropriate.

 

Posts & Telegraph Institution (Anstalt).

(240 dpi)

1885   Imperf. Plain white or coloured back. This is a 5 minute card for use on the line between Vienna and Brünn(Brno), Moravia (now Czech Republic).

Austrian Telephone card 1fl
Type 1,   RH1  "Sprechkarte zur telephonischen Correspondenz zwischen ..."  -  Courtesy of Dr Joe on ebay.

 

1886   Similar to above, but wording changed, ("Sprechen" for "Correspondenz")

Austrian Telephone card 1fl
Type 2,   RH2  "Sprechkarte zum telephonischen Sprechen zwischen ..."  -  From RL.

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH1 - 1 1fl black and purple on white - -
RH1a - 1         black and purple on tan     - -
RH2 - 2 1fl black and purple on white - -

 

Posts & Telegraph Administration (Verwaltung).

1888   Similar to above, but now just Karte - 5 Minutes on Local Line

Austrian Telephone card 20kr
Type 3,   RH3  "Karte zum telephonischen Sprechen im Localverkehr ..."  -  From RL.

 

 

1888   Imperf. Plain colored backs. These are 5 minute 'interurbanen' (interurban) line (between Vienna and Budapest) cards.
According to Wikipedia this line was "completed by 1890, with all major cities being connected during the next three years".
Austrian Telephone card 20k
Austrian Telephone card 30k
Austrian Telephone card 50k
Type 4,   RH4, 5 & 6   -  Courtesy of Dr Joe on ebay. This shows three different ways that these were cancelled
The first is dated 29/1/89, the last looks like 14/12/89.
I'm puzzled why these have different values if they are all for 5 minutes on the inter-urban line and all used about the same time.
They were also all used in Vienna. Presumably the rate was determined by the distance on the line.

The image below shows what is cut off in use:
Austrian Telephone unused card 50k
Image courtesy of Spink and Son.

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH3 - 3 20 kr black and grey on pink - -
RH4 - 4 20 kr black and grey on pink - -
RH5 - 4 30 kr black and grey on green - -
RH6 - 4 50 kr black and grey on orange     - -

 

1890 ?   Imperf. This card for work on the inter-urban line.
(I am unsure of the translation of Werkehre.)
Austrian Telephone card 1fl

Type 5,   RH7  Werkehre without time limit.

 

1888   Similar to above, but bi-lingual version, German and Czech.
Probably for sale in Brno (Brünn).

Austrian Telephone card 1fl
Type 6,   RH8  "Karte / Lístek"  -  From RL.

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH7 - 5 1fl black and purple on cream     - -
RH8 - 6 1 fl black and violet on white - -

 

1890 ?   Imperf. Plain colored back. This card for urgent work on the inter-urban line.
(I am unsure of the translation of Werkehre.)
Austrian Telephone card 3fl
Austrian Telephone card 3fl
Type 7,   RH9 with dated back - Courtesy of Dr Joe on ebay.

I have seen a bi-lingual version of this also, but do not have an image that I can use. I will reserve a space for this as Type 8.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH9 - 7 3fl black, grey and purple on cream     - -
RH10 - 8 3fl black, grey and purple on cream     - -

 

1905   New design, unfranked, no time limit - Inter-Urban Line.

1905 Austrian Telephone card
Type 9,   RH11  No printed franking, can be used for any time/distance.
At the bottom it says Issue October 1905, but this was used in 1916.  -  From RL.

 

 

1906 ?   New design - Local Line.

Austrian Telephone card 20h
Type 10,   RH12  "20h Sprechkarte Lokalverkehr "  -  From RL.

 

1908 ?   New design - Local Line.

Austrian Telephone card 20h
Type 11,   RH13   "20h Karte Lokalverkehr "  -  From RL.

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH11 - 9 Unfranked black and green     - -
RH12 - 10 20h black and brown on cream     - -
RH13 - 11 20h brown on cream     - -

 


Small Format.

This is a 3 minute local for Vienna
Austrian Telephone card ?
Type 12,   RH14 (half size) - Courtesy of Spink and Son. John Barefoot dates this at 1894 and the one below at 1900.

Austrian Telephone card ?
Type 12,   RH15 - From RL

1908 ?   New design.

Small Telephone card 20h
Type 13,   RH16  "20h Karte Lokalverkehr "  -  From RL.

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH14 - 12 1894?   10 heller blue-grey and salmon / cream     - -
RH15 - 12 1900?   20 heller green and gold / cream - -
RH16 - 13 1908   20 heller brown - -


 

3. Railway.

Issued around 1900 by the K. K. St. B. State Railway.
Thin hard Pelure ('onionskin') paper. No watermark. Perf. 12½.
Austrian Telephone card ?
Type 14,   RH17 - Taken from page 12 of Hiscocks' book.

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH17 H1 14 20 heller black / yellow     - -

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. This stamp, which was brought to my attention during the last stages of the preparation of this book, was apparently issued around 1900 by the
                K. K. St. B. ('Kaiser Königlich Stadts Bahnen' or 'Royal Imperial State Railway'?). Other values and issues may exist.

 

 

Pneumatic Post.

Though not actually sent by telegraph, these were clearly administered by the Telegraph department.
It is likely that the Pneumatic system was used to expedite delivery of telegrams.

The system in Vienna began operations on March 19th 1875, initially with only 10 offices (within the central region.
The compressors and air storagetanks were in the Laurenzerbuilding at the "Fleischmarkt" (Meat Market).

 

This half sized image (of front and back) shows an item from 1879 (I have a similar one dated 1876).
Pneumatic Post
Pneumatic Post
A 5kr printed stamp with a Pneumatic Station cancel from Vienna meat market.
Instructions for using, printed on the back.

 

This half sized image shows an interesting item.
Pneumatic Post
This is folded in half, but there is nothing printed on the parts that you cannot see.
the 20 kr stamp is normal size and printed directly onto the stationery.

 

This half sized image shows a Correspondence Card.
Pneumatic Post - Correspondence Card
This has a plain back with only the written correspondence which is dated 26/4.85. On the left is a list of the Offices and areas served by them.
The address on the front identifies the office to which it should be sent. It has a 10 kr impressed stamp.

 

This half sized image shows the front and back of a letter.
Pneumatic Post - Letter front  Pneumatic Post - Letter back
This letter has a similar list of Offices on the flap of the back. The front has a 20 kr impressed stamp, and is dated 5/3/85.

 

Telegram Seals.

A range of different seals were used on Austrian telegrams at different times.

This half sized image shows a sample of them.
German Seals

Steve Hiscocks made a start on cataloguing seals of the world in a book he published in 2007.
It was his hope to update it later, but unfortunately that was not to be.
His original book can be viewed at Telegraph Seals: A World Catalogue. There are links from the pages to my updates.

Alternatively you can view the latest page for Austria.

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

Contact:     Emale

Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Alternatively Yahoo Group Yahoo-Group is a forum.

 

Last updated 1st. Dec. 2018

©Copyright Steve Panting 2012/13/14/15/16/17/18 except where stated.
Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.

 

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