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Telegraph stamps of the World

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  I have brought these prices up to date and added currency selection.  
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Private Telegraphs Government Telegraphs - Typo. Government Telegraph - Engraved Telephone Cards Pneumatic Telegram Seals

 

AUSTRIA.

1870 Private Telegraph stamps - Wiener Privat-Telegrafen-Gesellschaft. White wove paper without watermark. Imperf.

Wiener Privat-Telegrafen 10kr Wiener Privat-Telegrafen 20kr Wiener Privat-Telegrafen 40kr
10kr. Remainder - H1a. 20kr. - H2. 40kr. Remainder - H3a.

 

Wiener Privat-Telegrafen 80kr Wiener Privat-Telegrafen 1F.20kr
80kr. Remainder - H4a. 1Fl.20kr Remainder - H5a.

I would like to be able to illustrate a used example, but I have not seen any. Can anyone provide a scan ?

Hisc. Description Mint Used
H1 10Kr scarlet and bluish grey 100.00 90.00
H1a         cancelled (black line across upper half)     10.00 -
H2 20Kr scarlet and bright blue 100.00 90.00
H2a         cancelled (black line across upper half) 8.00 -
H3 40Kr scarlet and light green 100.00 90.00
H3a         cancelled (black line across upper half) 15.00 -
H3b         green printed on reverse 500.00 -
H4 80Kr scarlet and lilac 100.00 90.00
H4a         cancelled (black line across upper half) 15.00 -
H5 1F 20Kr scarlet and bistre 150.00 120.00
H5a         cancelled (black line across upper half) 10.00 -

 

Government Telegraph Stamps.

There are differences in the background of the value tablets.

Hiscocks Type 3 Hiscocks Type 2
Hiscocks Type 3 Hiscocks Type 2

 

Line-engraved - 1 Line-engraved - 1
Line-engraved Type   Interestingly there are differences between examples.
The cross-hatch pattern is indicative of the later series, but may not be apparent in more heavilly inked examples.


1873 (July). Franz-Josef I. Typographed on white wove paper without watermark. Various perfs. as indicated.
Beware, examples of the later (cheap) type are often sold as the earlier type. This is in part due to confusion of terminology.
The first series were printed by Typography, otherwise known as letterpress (buchdruck in German) or surface printing. The ink comes from the high points on the plate.
The initial preparation involves engraving a die, rather than Lithography that does not. These are described as lithographed in some catalogues (e.g. Yvert et Tellier).

H6 H7 Specimen H8
Hiscocks H6 Hiscocks H7 Hiscocks H15a specimen,  for comparison Hiscocks H8

 

H10 H12 H13b H14
Hiscocks H10a Hiscocks H12 Hiscocks H13b Hiscocks H14

Images of H7, H13b and H14 are courtesy of Les and Paul Bottomley.

 

Hisc. Type Typo. Description Mint Used
H6 2 5Kr deep brown perf. 10½ 80.00 65.00
H6a           perf. 9½ x 10½ 80.00 65.00
H6b           light brown perf. 10½ 80.00 65.00
H6c           light brown perf. 9½ x 10½ 100.00 80.00
H7 3 5Kr deep brown perf. 10½ 60.00 50.00
H7a           light brown 60.00 50.00
H8 3 20Kr deep blue perf. 10½ 80.00 65.00
H8a           perf. 9½ 100.00 80.00
H8b           perf. 9½ x 10½ 80.00 65.00
H8c           blue perf. 10½ 100.00 80.00
H9 2 25Kr black (November) perf. 10½ 1500.00 1000.00
H9a           perf. 9½ x 10½ 1500.00 1000.00
H10 3 40Kr deep green perf. 10½ 80.00 65.00
H10a           perf. 9½ 120.00 96.00
H10b           perf. 9½ x 10½ 100.00 80.00
H11 2 50Kr deep lilac grey (shades) perf. 10½     600.00 480.00
H11a           perf. 9½ x 10½ 650.00 520.00
H12 3 60Kr deep carmine perf. 10½ 100.00 80.00
H12a           perf. 9½ 120.00 96.00
H12b           perf. 9½ x 10½ 120.00 96.00
H13 2 1F deep yellow perf. 10½ 2000.00 400.00
H13a           perf. 9½ x 10½ 2000.00 400.00
H13b           yellow-orange perf. 10½ 2000.00 400.00
H13c           yellow-orange perf. 9½ x 10½ 2000.00 400.00
H14 2 2F deep reddish violet perf. 10½ 550.00 320.00
H14a           perf. 9½ x 10½ 700.00 350.00
H14b           perf. 12 700.00 350.00

The perforations on these stamps are very erratic and Hiscocks gave 'categories' of perforation rather than precise perforation.
Specimens seem more common than ordinary mint.

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. For reasons explained in the introduction to Austria perforation, types are grouped into 9½ (i.e. 9 to 9½),
                10½ (i.e. 10 to 11), 12, 13 and compounds of these both above and below.
                'Perf. 10½' thus includes anything from 10 x 11 to 11 x 10 since such variations can be found within
                single sheets and are not therefore of philatelic significance.

 

 

1874-1876 As above (type 2 only) but line-engraved (intaglio). Various perforations as indicated.
These are usually described as simple 'engraved', since the first series were initially described as 'Litho.' and 'engraved' would distinguish them.
It is now known that the first series was in fact typographed, which also involves engraving a die, so 'line-engraved' would be a better description.
The ink on the stamps come from ink held in the grooves in the printing plate. This makes fine detail more visible, though is not good for lage areas of colour.
This explains the cross-hatching behind the values, though I'm puzzled why it was not simply done on the master die.
I do not know how many stamps were in a sheet, and I do not recall seeing blocks of these, though individual stamps are common.
The Michel catalogue, whilst getting the first series correct, lists this series as Lithographed, which is plain wrong.

H15 H16 H17 H18
Hiscocks H15b   Perf. 12 Hiscocks H16b   Perf. 11¾ Hiscocks H17a   Perf. 10½ Hiscocks H18b   Perf. 12 with typical cancel.

 

H19 H20 H21 H22
Hiscocks H19   Perf. 9½ x 9¼ Hiscocks H20c   Perf. 12¾ Hiscocks H21a   Perf. 10½ Hiscocks H22   Perf. 10½ x 10¾

 

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H15 2 5Kr deep brown (shades) (1876) perf. 9½ 6.00 6.00
H15a           perf. 10½ 3.00 3.00
H15b           perf. 12 2.25 2.25
H15c           perf. 13 3.00 3.00
H15d           perf. 10½ x 13 9.00 9.00
H16 2 20Kr indigo (shades to deep blue) perf. 9½ 4.50 4.50
H16a           perf. 10½ 2.25 2.25
H16b           perf. 12 2.25 2.25
H16c           perf. 13 6.00 6.00
H16d           perf. 10½ x 9½ 9.00 9.00
H16e           perf. 10½ x 12 9.00 9.00
H16f           perf. 10½ x 13 15.00 15.00
H17 2 25Kr black perf. 9½ 9.00 9.00
H17a           perf. 10½ 3.00 3.00
H17b           perf. 10½ x 9½ 9.00 9.00
H17c           perf. 12 3.00 3.00
H17d           perf. 13 4.50 4.50
H17e           perf. 10½ x 12 12.00 12.00
H17f           perf. 10½ x 13 12.00 12.00
H18 2 40Kr bottle green(shades to deep green) perf. 9½     9.00 9.00
H18a           perf. 10½ 3.00 3.00
H18b           perf. 12 3.00 3.00
H18a           perf. 12½ 4.50 4.50
H18c           perf. 13 6.00 6.00
H18d           perf. 10½ x 9½ 9.00 9.00
H18e           perf. 10½ x 12 9.00 9.00
H18f           perf. 10½ x 13 3.00 3.00
H18g           perf. 12 x 13 9.00 9.00
H18h           perf. 12 x 12½ 9.00 9.00
Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H19 2 50Kr deep lilac-grey perf. 9½ 12.00 12.00
H19a           perf. 10½ 4.00 4.00
H19b           perf. 12 4.00 4.00
H19c           perf. 13 6.00 6.00
H19d           perf. 10½ x 12 9.00 9.00
H19e           perf. 10½ x 13 12.00 12.00
H20 2 60Kr deep carmine perf. 9½ 12.00 12.00
H20a           perf. 10½ 12.00 12.00
H20b           perf. 12 14.00 14.00
H20c           perf. 12½ 14.00 14.00
H20d           perf. 13 12.00 12.00
H20e           perf. 12½ x 13 14.00 14.00
H21 2 1F deep orange-yellow to deep brownish yellow perf. 9½     15.00 15.00
H21a           perf. 10½ 6.00 6.00
H21b           perf. 12 6.00 6.00
H21c           perf. 12½ 7.50 7.50
H21d           perf. 13 7.50 7.50
H21e           perf. 10½ x 9½ 9.00 9.00
H21f           perf. 10½ x 12 15.00 15.00
H21g           perf. 10½ x 13 15.00 15.00
H22 2 2F deep reddish violetperf. 10½ 6.00 6.00
H22a           perf. 12 6.00 6.00
H22b           perf. 13 9.00 9.00
H22c           perf. 10½ x 12 12.00 12.00
H22d           perf. 10½ x 13 12.00 12.00
H22e           perf. 12½ x 12 15.00 15.00

Hiscocks added the following 4 notes:

Note 1. It is not clear whether the perf. 12½ quoted for several values of the engraved series is significant,
                or if not, whether it is a variant on 12 or 13 — a variant of 12 seems more likely since 12¼
                occurs and I have yet to see 12¾.
Note 2. 'Specimens' are at least as common as mint and fetch perhaps 75% of mint prices.
Note 3. The most common cancellation in my experience is two black pen strokes — a cross or part of
                a cross depending on how many stamps were on the original form. Oval cancellations including
                the name of the town and 'TELEGRAPH' or 'TELEGRAF' in various configurations, usually in
                black but also in blue, etc., are also common and other cancellations, e.g. box, are known.
Note 4. Except in a few cases, I do not really have sufficient information to reflect relative rarities of
                different perforations in the prices. I have therefore used Morley's relativities which could be
                somewhat arbitrary.

My note: Used prices are for handstamp cancels. Half price for pen cancelled.

 

Telegraph cancel on postage stamp (1901, half scale).
Postage stamp - Scott 84

 

Telegraph cancel on postage stamp (1890).
Postage stamp - Scott 42
This one (courtesy of Jeff Turnbull) has a perfin of Ing. Eisler Food products, Vienna.

 

 

Telephone Cards.

1. Posts & Telegraph Administration (Verwaltung).

 

1889 ?   Imperf. Plain colored backs. These are 5 minute 'interurbanen' (interurban) line (between Vienna and Budapest) cards.
According to Wikipedia this line was "completed by 1890, with all major cities being connected during the next three years".
Austrian Telephone card 20k
Austrian Telephone card 30k
Austrian Telephone card 50k
Type 1 - Courtesy of Dr Joe on ebay. This shows three different ways that these were cancelled
The first is dated 29/1/89. The image below shows what is cut off in use:
Austrian Telephone unused card 50k
Image courtesy of Spink and Son.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H1 1 20 kr black and grey on pink - -
H2 1 30 kr black and grey on green - -
H3 1 50 kr black and grey on orange     - -

 

1890 ?   Imperf. This card for work on the inter-urban line.
(I am unsure of the translation of Werkehre.)
Austrian Telephone card 1fl

Type 2 , Werkehre without time limit.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H4 2 1fl black and purple on cream     - -

 

1890 ?   Imperf. Plain colored back. This card for urgent work on the inter-urban line.
(I am unsure of the translation of Werkehre.)
Austrian Telephone card 3fl
Austrian Telephone card 3fl
Type 3 with dated back - Courtesy of Dr Joe on ebay.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H5 3 3fl black, grey and purple on cream     - -

 

2. Posts & Telegraph Institution (Anstalt).

 

Date ?   Imperf. Plain colored back. This is a 5 minute card for use on the line between Vienna and Brünn(Brno), Moravia (now Czech Republic).

Austrian Telephone card 1fl
Type 4 - Courtesy of Dr Joe on ebay.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H6 4 1fl black and purple on tan - -
H6a 4         black and purple on white     - -


Small Format.

This is a 3 minute local for Vienna
Wiki Commons have grabbed the image of H8 and date it at 1900.
Austrian Telephone card ?
Type 5,   H7 (half size) - Courtesy of Spink and Son.

Austrian Telephone card ?
Type 5,   H8 - Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
*H7 5 1894?   10 heller blue-grey and salmon / cream     - -
H8 5 1900?   20 heller green and gold / cream - -
*H9 6 1908   20 heller brown - -

*These are listed by John Barefoot who quotes a size of 70x30mm for H7, I have scaled the Type 5 image to that size.
The 1908 H9 in a different type which I will call Type 6 - image needed.

 

3. Railway.

Issued around 1900 by the K. K. St. B. State Railway.
Thin hard Pelure ('onionskin') paper. No watermark. Perf. 12½.
Austrian Telephone card ?
Type 7 - Taken from page 12 of Hiscocks' book.

 

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H9 7 20 heller black / yellow     - -

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. This stamp, which was brought to my attention during the last stages of the preparation of this book, was apparently issued around 1900 by the
                K. K. St. B. ('Kaiser Königlich Stadts Bahnen' or 'Royal Imperial State Railway'?). Other values and issues may exist.

 

 

Pneumatic Post.

Though not actually sent by telegraph, these were clearly administered by the Telegraph department.
It is likely that the Pneumatic system was used to expedite delivery of telegrams.

This half sized image (of front and back) shows an item from 1879 (I have a similar one dated 1876).
Pneumatic Post
Pneumatic Post
A 5kr printed stamp with a Pneumatic Station cancel from Vienna meat market.
Instructions for using, printed on the back.

 

This half sized image shows an interesting item.
Pneumatic Post
This is folded in half, but there is nothing printed on the parts that you cannot see.
the 20 kr stamp is normal size and printed directly onto the stationery.

 

 

Telegram Seals.

A range of different seals were used on Austrian telegrams at different times.

This half sized image shows a sample of them.
German Seals

Steve Hiscocks made a start on cataloguing seals of the world in a book he published in 2007.
It was his hope to update it later, but unfortunately that was not to be.
His original book can be viewed at Telegraph Seals: A World Catalogue. There are links from the pages to my updates.

Alternatively you can view the latest page for Austria.

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

Contact:     Emale

Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Alternatively Yahoo Group Yahoo-Group is a forum.

 

Last updated 23rd. Mar. 2017

©Copyright Steve Panting 2012/13/14/15/16/17 except where stated.
Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.

 

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