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Telegraph stamps of the World

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URUGUAY.

Steve Hiscocks wrote:
No background information on these stamps has been found. It seems probable that,
like a number of the earlier British Empire stamps and the Argentinian issues of
three years later, they were designed to be separated such that part remained on
the receipt and part of the message section of the form.


My note:
These were actually used as a surcharge for incomplete addresses.
In use, these had to be presented with the bottom part still attached.
Used top parts are canceled with the National Telegraph dater postmark.
I have not seen used bottom parts.



According to Gustavo Coll, The first submarine cable in South America was laid between Argentina and Uruguay in October 1866 by the River Plate Telegraph Co.:
Montevideo, Santa Lucia, San José, Rosario, Colonia by landline a distance of 132 miles.
Colonia, Uruguay to Punta Lara, Argentina by submarine cable, a distance of 26 miles.
Punta Lara to Buenos Aires going west a distance of 36 miles, for a total of 194 miles.

The cable was made and laid by W.T. Henley's Telegraph Works Co. It was abandoned in 1970.

According to Atlantic-Cable.com another cable was laid across the River Plate in 1873 between Montevideo and Punta Lara near Buenoa Aires for the River Plate Telegraph Company.

According to Bill Glover, the Companhia Telegrafica Platino-Brasilera was set up in Brazil in 1874 to lay a cable from Rio de Janeiro to Chuy, Uruguay with the Western and Brazilian Telegraph Company (W&B) operating the service. The 1026 nm cable was manufactured by Siemens Brothers who also undertook the installation.

At Chuy, a cable laid by W.T. Henley using CS Mazeppa ran to Montevideo and was owned by the Montevideo and Brazilian Telegraph Company. From Montevideo a landline followed the River Plate for about sixty miles and then crossed into Argentina via the cable laid by W.T. Henley in 1866. In 1873 the IRGP laid a cable from Montevideo to Punta Lara, Argentina, and this was later diverted to replace the landline. These cables were owned by the River Plate Telegraph Company and this company which was later taken over by W&B. Connections to the West Coast of America Telegraph Company were made via the landlines of the Pacific and Europe Telegraph Company.


There were additional cables laid in 1920 by All America Cables, Inc. from Brazil to Argentina via Uruguay: The two main cables, from Atalaya to Rio de Janeiro (1270 nm.) and Montevideo to Santos (1068 nm.), were manufactured by Telcon and laid by CS Colonia.
Three cables across the River Plate, from Atalaya, Argentina to Montevideo, Uruguay, also manufactured by Telcon, were laid using Caceres, a vessel chartered locally and manned by men from CS Colonia.


A telegram of 1931 of Compañía Telegráfico-Telefónica Del Plata advertised "Use la TT para sus Telegrammas entre Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Rosario, Santa Fe, Cables a Brasil, Europa, Norte América, etc. Radios a los Vapores en viaje". Of these, only Montevideo is in Uruguay.
The telegrams that I have are from Montevideo to cities on the southern coast of Uruguay - Nueva Palmira, Colonia(del Sacremento) and Punta del Este.

The 1866 Telegraph route and first phonecall are all places on the railway line. It seems reasonable that this was deliberate policy, as in Argentina. I have there fore marked the railway system and labelled the Cities on it. However Nueva Palmira in the south-west, for which I have a 1951 telegram, is not on the rail network.

A list of 1906 for wireless-Telegraph stations lists only Montevideo as having a Telefunken Station with a range of 200km owned by the 'Society for W. T.' (World Trade ?).
A similar list for 1910 shows an additional Installation at Punta del Este, both now listed as Commercial with a range of 250 miles.

A detailed map (14.8MB) of 1914 showing Submarine cables, Telegraph routes and railways for Argentina and Chile can be found at Wiki Commons.

This is here to get consistent results on different browsers.

 

Antel of Uruguay, give a timeline of telecommunications in Uruguay, they don't count anything before the telephone apparently, but goes up to 2014 :

1878 (February 16) - The first telephone call was made over networks of the "Brazilian Platinum Telegraph Company" between Montevideo and Canelones to the north.
1888 The "Compañía Telefónica de Montevideo Ltda." (Commonly known as "Montelco"), acquires the rights and facilities of the Company Río de la Plata and the Telephone Company La Uruguaya, operating in Montevideo in competition with the "Sociedad Cooperativa" National Telephone ".
1889 (1st November) the first telephone communication between Montevideo and Buenos Aires was made, using the lines of the "Compañía Telegráfico-Telefónica del Plata".
1896 A decree established the superintendence of the General Post and Telegraph Office on the networks, thus creating the first state telecommunications network.
1915 The General Administration of Post, Telegraphs and Telephones is created to, establish a state monopoly of the Postal, Telegraph and Telephone services.
1931 The General Administration of State Power Plants and Telephones (UTE) is established to take over the development of telephone communications in Uruguay and exercise its monopoly.
1933 The first automatic public telephone exchanges were installed in Uruguay, and together with them the first dial phones.
1974 The National Telecommunications Administration (ANTEL) was created as a decentralized public service. The replacement of remaining manual exchanges by new automatic exchanges begins.
1976 Antel conducts a tender for national companies to digitize and automate Telex services. It is won by the consortium of the Interfase and Controls companies.
Uruguay Map

 

1927 Lithographed by the National Press, Montivideo, on white wove paper. Perf 10¾.

Uruguay - H1 Uruguay - H2 Uruguay - H3 Uruguay - H4
Type 1 5c   (H1) Type 1 10c   (H2) Type 1 20c   (H3) Type 1 50c   (H4)

 

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H1 1 5c yellow 8.00 8.00
H2 1 10c deep blue 10.00 10.00
*H2a 1 very deep blue 15.00 15.00
H3 1 20c blue-green 12.00 12.00
H4 1 50c vermilion 18.00 18.00

*I have added this due to a reference to TE 2a in the
Ciardi Catalogue.

These were used as a surcharge for incomplete addresses.
In use, these had to be presented with the Duplicate 'heel' still attached.
Used ones have no heel and are canceled with the National Telegraph dater postmark.

 

Watermark.

Hiscocks described these as not having a watermark, but the four stamps of my set all show signs of one.
It is not easy to see what it is, but looks like "TELEGRAFOS / ~ ~ DEL ~ ~ / URUGUAY/REPUBLIC" is included, sideways in 4+ lines repeated throughout the sheet.

Uruguay wml '~ ~ DEL ~ ~' ~ DEL ~ Uruguay 20c used'   Uruguay Cancel'

A 20c used by the Western Telegraph Company
(division of Cable & Wireless). in Montevideo in 1933.
Uruguay wml 'URUGUAY' DEL / URUGUAY
Uruguay wml 'De' DEL / = O =
Uruguay wml '3 lines' URUGUAY
REPUBLIC
???

The last image on the left and the 20c used are courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

 

 

Telegram Seals.

A range of different seals were used on telegrams in Uruguay.

This half sized image shows a sample of them.
Uruguay Seals

Steve Hiscocks made a start on cataloguing seals of the world in a book he published in 2007.
It was his hope to update it later, but unfortunately that was not to be.
His original book can be viewed at Telegraph Seals: A World Catalogue. There are links from the pages to my updates.

Alternatively you can view the latest page for Uruguay.

 

 

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

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Last updated 1st. Dec. 2018

©Copyright Steve Panting 2012/13/14/15/16/17/18 except where stated.
Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.

 

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