General Telegraph 6d

Telegraph stamps of Great Britain.

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General Telegraph 6d Electric Telegraph Submarine British English & Irish British & Irish LDTC UK Electric South Eastern Railway London, Chatham and Dover Railway
General Telegraph Electric Telegraph Submarine British Telegraph English & Irish British & Irish London District UK Electric S.E.R. L.C. & D.R.
 
Bonelli Universal Private Telegraph Company National Telephone Company Army Telegraphs-1 Army Telegraphs-2 Railway Telegraph cancel on 10s Post Office Telegraphs Unusual Unexpected Contributions
Bonelli's Universal Tel. National Telephone Army Telegraphs 1 Army Telegraphs 2 Railway Post Office Unusual Unexpected Contributions

 


Prices have been brought up to date, and are for stamps in 'average' condition.  
The currency is now selectable, the default is British Currency (£).
  I have revised Hiscocks' original listing, though leaving references to the original designations. 
CheckList         Setup

 

The Electric Telegraph Company.

Steve Hiscocks wrote:
"This company, founded in 1846, was the first of all the British telegraph companies and developed an extensive network of inland lines with
connections to continental Europe. Stamped prepaid forms were introduced in 1851 and are occasionally met with but these are beyond the scope of this
catalogue. Various dates have been quoted for the adhesive stamps but those given below derive from the records of the printers, Perkins, Bacon &
Co. Ltd. and are probably correct. The first issue (Nos. 1—21) were all derived from the same plate by altering the wording (distance or value)
below the words "FRANKED MESSAGE" by hand. There are thus 16 varieties of each stamp (the number of stamps in a sheet) except in the single
case indicated. When the company was purchased by the Postmaster-General in 1869 all plates and stamps in stock were destroyed so remainders
are not common.
"


My Note:
The International Telegraph Company was formed in 1853. The two companies merged in 1855, to become The Electric & International Telegraph Company.

Shortcuts to different sections
Message Paper 1854 by distance 1855 with values 1860 perforated 1860-4 RG/JSF 1864-70 RG/HW 1861-70 Continental 1857-70 Directors 1875 Samples Cancels Message Forms Tariffs Stationery

 

Head Office at Lothbury, Bank of England.

Message Paper.

Though beyond the scope of Steve Hiscocks' catalogue, I think these are worth listing.
Individually numbered, single sheets of thin, coloured wove paper about 7¼ x 9 inches (18.4 x 22.9 cm).
They are watermarked with the name of the company in double-lined Roman capitals. Printer unknown, but L&H suggest 'probably Waterlow & Sons'.
Philbrick & Westoby (1881) on page a 319 dagger comment say they have ascertained that the sheets were not made by either Perkins, Bacon and Co., or Waterlow & Sons.
Their later stamps were printed on paper made by T. H. SAUNDERS, so perhaps these were also, though with a custom watermark.
It is thought that these forms were first used to pay for messages at the London Exhibition in Hyde Park from May to October 1851.

ET Pre-stamp.

These set a pattern of including a number, the secretaries signature, terms & conditions and a standard of one shilling for many years to come.
Notice that the 1/- one is marked 'FRANKED', as are all the other values I have seen except 2/6d (bottom) one which is marked 'FREE'.
E. D. Bacon mentions another 2/6d Message Form (Control 2824) but makes no mention of it being different. Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie
Note on these, the signature at top-left is J S FOURDRINIER, containing three 'R's. Since Raymond Lister (1961) it appears to have been consistently miss-spelled as FOUDRINIER.

Larger sized images of both sides of these complete forms are shown at the bottom, now additionally with fronts of the other values.

Later (in 1853) there were price changes with the 1/- replaced by 1/6d, 2/6d replaced by 2/-, 5/- replaced by the 3/- and 4/-. These had the control on the right preceded by 'A' and a blank 'Prefix'.

RH # Hisc. Franked / Free Authentication. Message Form Description (1851?) Prefix Controls known Prices - GB £
RHF1 - Franked J S Fourdrinier 1/- Black and light-blue on pink within 50 miles. (Serial No. on left) F 3189 2100
RHF1a - Franked J S Fourdrinier         1/- (1852?) Black and light-blue on pink within 50 miles. (Serial No. on right) F 29930 900 cancelled
RHF1b - Franked JLR / JSF         1/- (1853?) Black and light-blue on pink within 50 miles. (Serial No. on right) F 38323 -
RHF2 - Franked JLR / JSF 1/6d (1855) Black and dark-blue on pink within 50 miles. - A5449, A5451 900
RHF3 - Franked JLR / JSF 2/- (1855) Black and dark-blue on green over 50 miles but within 100 miles. - A7048 900
RHF4 - Free J S Fourdrinier 2/6d  Black and light-blue on blue over 50 miles but within 100 miles. ZD +7588, +7666 1250
*RHF4a - Franked JLR / JSF         2/6d (1852?) Black and light-blue on blue over 50 miles but within 100 miles. ZD 2824 -
RHF5 - Franked JLR / JSF 3/- (1855) Black and dark-blue on blue over 100 miles but within 150 miles. - A2331 900
RHF6 - Franked JLR / JSF 4/- (1855) Black and blue on white over 150 miles. - A5890 900
RHF7 - Franked J S Fourdrinier 5/- Black and blue on white, over 100 miles. F 18415 1700

* RHF4a - See also L & H page 3. This was the first 2/6d to be reported in philatelic literature, however for the 1/-, the message forms authenticated by J S Fourdrinier alone have the
lowest control numbers. I do not have an image of this, but the description (1927 page 6) by the discoverer in the Record Room of the G.P.O., E. D. Bacon, which does
not specify the Authentication, does not note any difference between it and the 1/- item, control 38323, except that it
"has printed at the top in red ink in a straight line: 'This 2s. 6d. Message Paper can only be used for distances within a circuit of 100 miles.'",
so rightly or wrongly, though it is different to RHF4, it has been assumed that it says 'Franked' and was authenticated by 'JLR / JSF', though I have my doubts about both.
Does anyone have an image of it ?

E. D. Bacon illustrates RHF1b and describes it with "An illustration of the One Shilling value, in reduced size", with no credit for the image, and later mentions
"that in the Royal Collection is printed on the wrong side of the paper and has the control-number 38,323; the other, which was in the collection of the late Dr. A. Legrand,
passed into the Ferrari collection. The control-number on this is 29,930. The latter form has the word 'Cancelled' written across it in pen-and-ink."
I take that to imply that his image of 38323 (RHF1b) pre-dates the acquisition by the Royal Collection, unless there was a mix-up with the numbers.
It also implies that he thought that RHF1a and RHF1b were the same, which undermines the assumptions regarding RHF4a.

You can click on the reference numbers on the left to jump to the image/s.

 

Perkins, Bacon printings 1854 - 1861.

Philbrick & Westoby (1881) say ".. appear to have been lithographed by means of a transfer from an engraved plate."

Initially just the distances were given. According to Langmead & Huggins, the construction of these plates by Perkins, Bacon
is described by E. D. Bacon in The British Philatelist, Vol. 19, numbers 11 & 12 (Jan/Feb 1927). They were in sheets of 16 stamps (4 x 4).

According to Raymond Lister (1961), These were on thick wove paper with thick, brownish gum and watermarked with open-faced capitals of the paper-maker's name T. H. SAUNDERS.

 

First series, issued 1st. June 1854.

Due to the large size of these, most are illustrated at 150dpi, rather than my usual 300 dpi.

ET First Set under 50 miles. ET First Set under 100 miles. ET First Set above 100 miles.
Hiscocks H1 black on rose. 9993 Hiscocks H2 black on blue. 9995 Hiscocks H3 black on white. 9992
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie - (half-size, click image for a larger version).

 

RH # Hisc. First series Description Rarity Mint Used
RH1 H1 20 words under 50 miles, black on pink (1s, controls 1-10000). R4 1200.00 -
RH1a              '   '   '       No control number.   800.00 -
RH2 H2 20 words under 100 miles, black on blue (2s6d, controls 1-10000). R4 1000.00 -
RH2a              '   '   '       No control number.   800.00 -
RH3 H3 20 words above 100 miles, black on white (5s, controls 1-10000). R4 1000.00 -
RH3a              '   '   '       No control number.   800.00 -

Apparently, the RH3 plate of 16 impressions was created first, and the other two by altering the distance wording on
each of the 16 impressions individually, creating 16 slightly different types each of RH1 and RH2.

 

Here are some more examples, all with very similar control numbers. According to Langmead & Huggins, all known controls are in the range 9780 to 10000.

ET First Set under 50 miles. ET First Set under 100 miles. ET First Set under 100 miles. ET First Set under 100 miles.
Hiscocks H1 black on pink. 9998 Hiscocks H2 black on blue. 9991 Hiscocks H2 black on blue. (see below) Hiscocks H2 black on blue. 10000
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie - click image for a larger version.

 

Something interesting is going on with the control number here:
Control Number Close-up
Can you make it out ? I think 8165 was changed to 9962. Control numbers of stamps used were required to be recorded by the clerks.

 

ET First Set above 100 miles. ET First Set above 100 miles. ET First Set above 100 miles.
Hiscocks H3 black on white. 9990 Hiscocks H3 black on white. 9992 (repeated from above) Hiscocks H3 black on white. 9995
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie - click image for a larger version.

 

A plate proof of H3. Click image for a larger version.

ET half-size proof sheet of above 100 miles.
Langmead and Huggins say that two plate proof sheets of these are known, one of which is quartered.
I suspect they did not know about this one courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
Because of the size and mounting, some problems were experienced scanning this. It was done in two scans that were then joined.
Some parts are also slightly out of focus. Click on the image to get it full-size in another window.

It has to be said, that the affects of toning etc. over the years sometimes make paper colours difficult to judge.
Also, these are said to have thick, brownish gum, so that probably shows through to the front.

Raymond Lister gave some notes on how these were sold, which explains why people bought the stamps:
(1) Not less than £10 worth of stamps were supplied at any one time and the purchaser was allowed a discount of 20% which was given in stamps, not money.
Thus £10 would purchase 250 1/-, 100 2/6 or 50 5/- stamps, or stamps of different denominations in a similar ratio.
(2) The stamps were available for use only in 'conexion' with messages sent on the Company's lines in Great Britain.
They could not be used for messages beyond its lines or to the Continent (cf. Continental issue).


On 21st June 1854 the company ordered that the values should be given instead of distances.
This was done by modifying the plates and inserting the values 1s, 2s and 2s6d respectively.

 

 

Second series, January 1855.

Coloured laid paper in sheets of 4 x 4 stamps. Hiscocks says no watermark L&H say watermarked 'T. H. SAUNDERS' in open-face capitals (probably in a corner).

These were made from the first series by removing the distances from the plates and inserting the values in their place.
The 'Under 50 miles' (plate 1), 'Under 100 miles' and 'Above 100 miles' were converted to the 1s, 2s and 2s6d values (I am not sure if it is known which converted to what).
The 1s was later converted to 3s and the 2s6d was converted to 1s6d.
New plates were made for the 3d and 4s, and the 'Under 50 miles' (plate 2) was later converted to a new 1s.

Electric Telegraph Company 3d Proof. Electric Telegraph Company 1s 6d Proof. Electric Telegraph Company 2s Proof RH9a. Electric Telegraph Company 2s Proof RH10a. Electric Telegraph Company 4s Proof.
Proof of 3d - RH4a black on pale yellow.
Proof of 1s6d - RH8a black on pink. Proof of 2s - RH9a black on green. Proof of 2s - RH10a black on blue-green. Proof of 4s - RH13a black on white.
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions. Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

Some with serial numbers, as well as part of the 'T. H. SAUNDERS' watermark.

Electric Telegraph Company 1s RH6 Corner Block watermark Electric Telegraph Company 1s RH6 pair watermark
Electric Telegraph Company 1s RH6 Corner Block
This is an interesting corner-block of four of RH6, courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
The control numbers imply that the previous sheet ended with number 16266. Since there were 16 stamps to a sheet
you would expect that to be a multiple of 16, but it isn't. It isn't even a multiple of 4.
Electric Telegraph Company 1s RH6 pair RetroReveal

The 'T. H. SAUNDERS' watermark on the Universal Private Telegraph Co. stamps has the date of 1864 underneath,
the year of formation of that company. These have the year 1839 or 1859 underneath. 1859 is too late for these.
1839 appears to be the year of T. H. SAUNDERS first (of many) paper mill acquisitions.
Enhancement by RetroRevel.org.       Images courtesy of Mark Gibson.


Electric Telegraph Company 1s. 16249 Electric Telegraph Company 1s. H7. 14636 Electric Telegraph Company 1s6d. H8. 14636 Electric Telegraph Company 2s. A15698
1s Hiscocks H6 black on buff (plate 2) 1s Hiscocks H7 black on pink (plate 1) 1s6d Hiscocks H8 black on pink (plate 1) 2s. Hiscocks H10 black on blue-green
Serialised 1s plates 1 and 2 (difference shown below), 2s and 4s - courtesy of Steve Lawrie.  - click image for a larger version.

Electric Telegraph Company 4s. 24958 Electric Telegraph Company 4s. 12216
4s mint example. Hiscocks H13 black on white 4s used example. Hiscocks H13 black on white
4s mint and used - courtesy of Steve Lawrie.  - click image for a larger version.

 

Imperf.

Hiscocks (1982) lists the following, Dates from Raymond Lister(1961), Rarity-guide taken from L&H(2003):

RH # Hisc. Second series Description Rarity Mint Used
RH4 H4 3d Black on pale yellow (Sept. 1857, controls 1-50000) R4 400.00 -
RH4a              '   '   '       Proof, no control number.   200.00 -
* H5 1s Black on yellow brown (Plate 1, Nov. 1854) *    
RH6 H6 1s Black on buff (Plate 2, Nov. 1857, controls 1-40000) R4 300.00 -
RH6a              '   '   '       Proof, no control number.   200.00 -
RH7 H7 1s Black on pink (Plate 1, 7/17 May 1855, controls 10001-20000) Unknown 1200.00 1000.00
RH8 H8 1s6d Black on pink (Sept. 1855, made from 1s plate 1, controls 1-100000, A1-A60000) R4 600.00 -
RH8a              '   '   '       Proof, no control number. Unrecorded 400.00 -
RH9 H9 2s Black on green (17 Jan. 1855, controls 1-10000) Unknown - -
RH9a              '   '   '       Proof, no control number.   400.00 -
RH10 H10 2s Black on blue-green (1856? Controls 10001-100000 and A1-A50000) R4 500.00 -
RH10a              '   '   '       Proof, no control number.   350.00 -
RH11 H11 2s6d Black on blue (22 June / 10 July 1855, controls 10001-20000) Unknown - -
RH12 H12 3s Black on bright blue (Sept. 1856, controls 20001-80000)                 ** Unknown - -
RH12a              '   '   '       Proof, no control number.   - -
RH13 H13 4s Black on white (April 1856, controls 1-100000, A1-A70000) R4 500.00 500.00
RH13a              '   '   '       Proof, no control number.       ***   350.00 -

Look here for an explanation of the table.

Steve Hiscocks noted here:
Printings of the 1/- on yellow brown were recorded for 1854 and 1857 using different plates.
There were 16 varieties of each but how the plates may be distinguished is not known at present.


My notes:
The One Shilling Plate 1 and 2 ( H7 / H6 ) differences are detailed below.
** despite listing it as unknown, L & H say on Pg.6 that one is in the Royal Collection. Control No. 30312.
*** for 4s imperf. with control number at top right-hand corner see H21 below.

* H5 seems to have been the result of a misunderstanding. Lister uses the same illustration for H1, H2, H3, H5 and H6.
All the 1854 printings and deliveries of the 1s were for H1.

H1, H2 and H3 plates were used to produce H7, H9 and H11 (Jan '55). In August '55, H7 (1s) was modified to 3s (H12) and a new plate was made for the 1s (H6)
Also in August '55, H11 (2s6d) was modified to 1s6d (H8) and a new plate was made for the 4s (H13). A new plate was made for the 3d in July '57.
Unfortunately due to all these modifications, Hiscocks list is not chronological.

 

Some more examples.

Electric Telegraph Company 1s. 8746 Electric Telegraph Company 1s. 10256 Electric Telegraph Company 1s. 16250
1s. Hiscocks H6 black on yellow-brown (or buff L & H) - courtesy of Steve Lawrie.  - click image for a larger version.

 

One Shilling Plate 1 and 2 difference:

Langmead & Huggins say that over 30 stamps are known from the 1s plate 2 (H6).  
They list the following control numbers:
8746, 10252, 10254, 16245-16275 and 21025.
I have seen a (poor) image of 10254 and it is bottom-marginal.

10256 shown above should be added to this list.

The used example shown on the right was sold by
Grosvenor Auctions described as black on pink (Hiscocks H7).
The scan, courtesy of Steve Lawrie, shows that it is indeed different in more than just the colour.

There are 16 stamps (4 x 4) in each sheet and there is
some variation between these, but the differences are mainly in the value.
1s variations - 8746. 1s variations - 10256 1s variations - 14636 1s variations - 16249 1s variations - 16250
1s-8746 1s-10256 1s-14636 1s-16249 1s-16250
Close-ups of the end of "Shilling" on the 1s stamps shown.
Which is the odd one out?

14636 clearly has a more upright 'g', it is from a different hand.
The dot on the tail of the 'g' is also further to the right of the 'H'.
This is a way to distinguish between H6(plate 2) and H7(plate 1)
without relying on colour.
The Langmead & Huggins book
There are probably other differences, but this is the first I have noticed.
It is the only example that I have seen of H7.

Control numbers 10001-20000 were produced by both plate 1 and plate 2.
Controls numbers above or below that range, have to be plate 2.
Electric Telegraph Company 1s. H7. 14636
1s. Plate 1, Hiscocks H7 black on pink - courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

Electric Telegraph Company 1s RH10 76705   Electric Telegraph Company 1s RH10 A15985
A couple of examples of RH10. These were produced about 1858. At that time the second batch of stamps from this plate were printed on greenish-blue paper.
The first batch with controls 1 to 10000, was delivered in 1855 printed on green paper, only plate proofs are known.
This batch had controls 10001 to 100000 and A1 to A50000. Illustrated is a manuscript Cancelled example numbered 76705 (from the top row of sheet 4794),
together with control A15985, the first stamp of the 1000th sheet of the A. series. - Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

Over-view of plate manufacture and use, 1854-61.

The Perkins, Bacon plates went through a series of modifications which is documented in the 1927 book by E. D. Bacon.
I will attempt to tabulate this information in a more accessible form.

In February 1854 The Electric Telegraph Company decided to introduce adhesive stamps and asked Perkins, Bacon for suitable designs.
The Perkins, Bacon engraving book shows drawings made on February 22nd and March 1st, 10th and 23rd, 1854.

A master die was engraved 8th April, with the words "Above 100 miles", but without the words 'Incorpd. — 1846' and a roller-impression taken.
The first plate of 16 impressions (4x4) was completed on 8th May.
The word "above" was removed from the roller impression.
The second plate was made and the word "under" was added by hand to each of the 16 spaces making 'under 100' on 16th May.
The "10" of the distance was removed from the roller impression.
The third plate was made and "5" as well as "under" were added by hand to each of the copies making 'under 50' on 22nd May.

The words 'Incorpd. — 1846' were an afterthought and had to be added by hand to each of the 16 impressions on each of the three plates.
All three plates were made of steel, and because of the additions by hand, they all had 16 slightly different varieties.

These were printed and delivered in two batches in 1854:

Dates Type RH# Qty. Controls
May 23-30 under 50 miles, black on pink (1s) RH1 1600 1 - 1600
May 23-30 under 100 miles, black on blue (2s6d) RH2 6400 1 - 6400
May 23-30 above 100 miles, black on white (5s) RH3 6400 1 - 6400

Dates Type RH# Qty. Controls
June 1-24 under 50 miles, black on pink (1s) RH1 8400 1601 - 10000
June 1-24 under 100 miles, black on blue (2s6d) RH2 3600 6401 - 10000
June 1-24 above 100 miles, black on white (5s) RH3 3600 6401 - 10000

These were first issued on 2st. June 1854. On 21st. of June, J. S. Fourdrinier, the Secretary of the company, sent a letter to Perkins, Bacon
requesting alterations to the plates, noting that they had not yet been hardened:
'We wish the words— "of 20 words—above 100 miles" — "under 100 miles" and "under 50 miles" obliterated in the three plates
and the words introduced in their place— "Two shillings and sixpence" to be printed on blue paper.
"Two shillings" to be printed on green paper.
"One shilling" to be printed on pink paper.
I shall be obliged by your sending me a proof.'
Perkins, Bacon then did all the erasures and added "Two shillings and sixpence" on one impression on one of the plates on June 28th.,
sending a proof of it for approval before continuing. The Engraving book shows that this plate was subsequently completed on July 12th.
Another plate was completed as "One shilling" on July 17th. and the last as "Two shillings" on July 19th.
It was not actually stipulated which plate should be used for what.

The following printings were made from these modified plates:

Note: 10000 stamps is 625 sheets of 16 stamps each.

Dates Type RH# Qty. Controls
17 Jan. 1855 2s black on green RH9 10000 1 - 10000
7-17 May 1855 1s [pink] RH7 10000 10001 - 20000
22 June / 10 July 2s6d blue RH11 10000 10001 - 20000

Pursuant to new instructions from the Electric Telegraph Co. Two of the plates were again altered and a new plate made.
The 1s plate was altered to 3s on 9th August 1855
The 2s6d plate was altered to 1s6d on 9th August 1855
A new plate for 4s was created on 18 August 1855.
A new plate for 3d was created on 7 July 1857.
A new plate for 1s (plate 2) was created on 8 October 1857.
These three new plates were made from the original roller-impression after removal of "of 20 words — above 100 Miles."
It was then necessary to add the value and 'Incorpd. — 1846' to each of the 16 impressions of each plate by hand again.

E. D. Bacon quotes a Tariff given for 1855 as follows:

Within a circuit of 50 miles1s. 6d.
Within a circuit of 100 miles2s. 0d.
Within a circuit of 150 miles3s. 0d.
Beyond a circuit of 100 miles4s. 0d.
To and from Dublin5s. 0d.

No charge was made for names and addresses of either
sender or receiver, and telegrams were delivered free within
half a mile of the Company's offices. The company had at
that date upwards of 350 stations in Great Britain and Ireland.


Subsequent printings (according to the records) :
The colours are not always given.
E. D. Bacon wrote on page 11 of his 1927 book:

There is a good deal of discrepancy in the list regarding the colours attached to the paper
of some of the values, where the colours are named.
The Three Pence is designated "yellow" and sometimes "straw," the One Shilling appears as "brown"
and "buff," and the Two Shillings as "green" and "blue." This probably arose from the divergent views
in which different employees of the firm regarded the colours, or the papers may not always have
been of uniform shade. The only difference of real importance is in the case of the Two Shilling value.

Dates Type RH# Qty. Controls Notes
5-1- Sept. 1855 1s6d pink RH8 10000 1 - 10000
20 Dec. 1855 2s RH10 10000 10001 - 20000 2
16 April 1856 1s6d RH8 10000 10001 - 20000
16 April 1856 4s RH13 10000 10001 - 20000
3-30 Sept.1856 2s green ? RH10 10000 20001 - 30000 2
3-30 Sept.1856 3s blue RH12 10000 20001 - 30000
14-31 Oct.1856 1s6d pink RH8 10000 20001 - 30000
14-31 Oct.1856 4s white RH13 10000 20001 - 30000
18 Dec.1856 1s6d RH8 2000 30001 - 32000
31 Dec.1856 1s6d RH8 7200 32001 - 39200
18-31 Dec. 1856 2s RH10 7600 30001 - 37600 2
14 Jan. 1857 1s6d RH8 800 39201 - 40000
28 Feb. 1857 2s RH10 2400 37601 - 40000 2
18 April 1857 4s RH13 10000 30001 - 40000
12 June1857 1s6d RH8 8000 40001 - 48000
12 June1857 3s RH12 8000 30001 - 38000
20 July 1857 1s6d RH8 2000 48001 - 50000
20 July 1857 3s RH12 2000 38001 - 40000
26 Aug.1857 3d RH4 10000 1 - 10000
7 Sept. 1857 2s RH10 2000 40001 - 50000 2
29 Oct. 1857 1s [buff] RH6 10000 1 - 10000 1
12 Nov.1857 4s RH13 10000 40001 - 50000
16 Nov. 1857 1s6d RH8 10000 50001 - 60000
4-12 Feb. 1858 2s blue RH10 10000 50001 - 60000 2
18 Feb. 1858 4s RH13 10000 50001 - 60000
27 April 1858 1s6d RH8 10000 60001 - 70000
20 May 1858 3d RH4 10000 10001 - 20000
17 July 1858 2s green ? RH10 1600 60001 - 61600 2
17 July 1858 4s white RH13 1600 60001 - 61600
21 July 1858 2s blue RH10 8400 61601 - 70000 2
21 July 1858 4s white RH13 8400 61601 - 70000
25 July 1858 1s6d RH8 10000 70001 - 80000
25 July 1858 3s RH12 10000 40001 - 50000
19 Nov. 1858 4s RH13 10000 70001 - 80000
Dates Type RH# Qty. Controls Notes
9 Dec. 1858 1s6d RH8 5040 80001 - 85040
15 Dec. 1858 1s6d RH8 4960 85041 - 90000
15 Dec. 1858 2s [blue] RH10 10000 70001 - 80000 2
7-8 Feb. 1859 4s white RH13 10000 80001 - 90000
24 Feb. 1859 1s6d pink RH8 10000 90001 - 100000
16 Mar. 1859 1s brown RH6 10000 10001 - 20000 1
24 Mar. 1859 3d yellow RH4 10000 20001 - 30000
26 Mar. 1859 3s blue RH12 10000 50001 - 60000
26 Mar. 1859 4s white RH13 10000 90001 - 100000
5-7 May 1859 2s [blue] RH10 10000 80001 - 90000 2
30 June 1859 4s white RH13 10000 A1 - A10000
9 July 1859 1s6d pink RH8 10000 A1 - A10000
5 Sept. 1859 2s blue RH10 10000 90001 - 100000 2
7-8 Sept. 1859 1s6d pink RH8 10000 A10001 - A20000
9 Sept. 1859 4s white RH13 10000 A10001 - A20000
20 Sept. 1859 3d yellow RH4 10000 30001 - 40000
16 Nov. 1859 1s buff RH6 10000 20001 - 30000 1
16 Nov. 1859 1s6d pink RH8 10000 A20001 - A30000
16 Nov. 1859 2s green ? RH10 10000 A1 - A10000 2
18-26 Nov. 1859 3s blue RH12 10000 60001 - 70000
18-26 Nov. 1859 4s white RH13 10000 A20001 - A30000
16 Jan. 1860 4s white RH13 8000 A30001 - A38000
19 Jan. 1860 4s white RH13 2000 A38001 - A40000
19 Jan. 1860 1s6d pink RH8 10000 A30001 - A40000
8-13 Mar. 1860 4s white RH13 10000 A40001 - A50000
13 Mar. 1860 2s [blue] RH10 10000 A10001 - A20000 2
13 Mar. 1860 3d straw RH4 10000 40001 - 50000
13-23 Mar, 5 Apr.1860 1s6d pink RH8 10000 A40001 - A50000
19 Apr. 1859 3s blue RH12 10000 70001 - 80000
20-23 Apr. 1860 4s white RH13 10000 A50001 - A60000
30 May 1860 1s buff RH6 10000 30001 - 40000 1
31 May 1860 4s white RH13 10000 A60001 - A70000
11 June 1860 1s6d pink RH8 10000 A50001 - A60000

Notes.

1 The records apparently do not distinguish between the plates. The 1855 printing was plate 1 (RH7) with controls 10001-20000 following on from RH1. The 1s plate 1 was altered to 3s on 9th August 1855. A new 1s plate 2, was made on 8 October 1857, so subsequent printings were plate 2.
2 Only proofs of the 2s are known in what could reasonably be called green, despite that having been the specified colour. The rest are blue-green at best. I illustrate 76705, A15698 and A15985. E. D. Bacon saw 86452. I have put corrections to colours in square brackets.

 

 

 

Fading.

Stamps from this period printed on coloured paper, often look very different today.
The affects of environmental conditions (temperature, humidity, UV and atmospheric pollutants) over
long periods of time has bleached and/or discoloured many of them. Different pigments may suffer more than others so that paper
with a mixture of pigments may change colour over time. Also the ones on white paper are often very 'toned' today due to oxidisation.

 

July 1860.

Perforated by Perkins, Bacon using a machine from James Griffiths in June 1860.
The 23-inch row of pins was un-evenly spaced, giving a variable gauge of 14 to 16½ according to E. D. Bacon, Hiscocks and Lister, 14 to 15½ according to L&H

Philbrick & Westoby (1881) give the size of these as 52 by 67 mm.
Walter Morley (The Fiscal Philatelist March 1893 says

"This is given as imperforate, but Mr. Fred. Geo. C. Lundy has unearthed a Three pence, black on light yellow paper, with the perforation 17. In respect to perforation, this stamp is a curiosity, as no other English stamps (either Postage, Telegraph or Fiscal) exist with one so small. The copy is in Mr. Philbrick's possession, but whether this value only was perforated by Messrs. Perkins, Bacon & Co. (or by other hands) or the entire six values; or whether the printers only used a sheet or two as trials of the gauge 17, I am unable to say. At least one sheet must have been perforated, because the original owner had three together, which he found in his desk, and which had originally been bought while the stamps were in circulation. The other two are still in his possession."

Langmead and Huggins say these were controls 56280, 56281 and 58354 with 58354 being in the Royal Philatelic Collection.
They illustrate 56280, and it appears to be life-size judging by the measurements (52 x (nearly)67 mm or 2 1/16 x 2 5/8 inches.
L&H also say the perforations are irregular from 14 to 15½. I make the first 3 of these about Perf.15½

Here are the 3d controls 56280 and 56281 (H14), together with a 4/- control A91920 and A91928 (H20, all half size).

Electric Telegraph Company perforated 3d - 56280 Electric Telegraph Company perforated 3d - 56281 Electric Telegraph Company perforated 4s - A91920 Electric Telegraph Company perforated 4s - A91920
3d. Hiscocks H14 control 56280 3d. Hiscocks H14 control 56281 4s. Hiscocks H20 control A91920 4s. Hiscocks H20 control A91928
From Langmead & Huggins' book (Fig.5),
courtesy of the Great Britain Philatelic Society
These were part of the A. J. Lowe collection sold by Phillips on 2 November 1990.
Black and white image courtesy of Phillips, Son & Neale.
I make this 14-14½ at the top, 15-15½ bottom
by left 15-15¾, right 15¼-15¾
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

Perforated.


RH # Hisc. Description Rarity Mint Used
RH14 H14 3d Black on pale yellow (July 1860, controls 50001-70000) R5 1000.00 -
RH15 H15 1s Black on yellow brown (March 1861, controls 40001-50000) Unknown - -
RH16 H16 1s6d Black on pink (Aug. 1860, controls A60001-A90000) R5 - -
RH16a     '   '   '   Imperf., control number top-right *   - -
RH17 H17 2s Black on dull blue (July 1860, controls probably A20001-A50000) R5 - -
  H18 2s Black on green. (probably does not exist, H17 should be blue-green) - - -
RH19 H19 3s Black on bright blue (December 1860, controls 80001-90000) Unknown - -
RH20 H20 4s Black on white (Aug. 1860, controls A70001-A100000) R5 1000.00 -
RH21 H21   '   '   '   Imperf., control number top-right *
(January 1861 ? Controls A100001-A110000)
Mentioned
But unlisted
1000.00 -

* Lister says his type '11' is found like this. His type 11 is the 1s6d value.
He does not mention the 4s value like this. The records of E. D. Bacon only mention this for the 4s.
I suspect the '11' is a typo for '13' which would have been the 4s shown to the right.
This was described as:
"imperforate from the perforated period due to a breakdown in the perforating machine."
Click image for a larger version.

H21 4s
* 4s. Hiscocks H21 courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
106071 is in the Royal Collection.

 

Printings according to E. D. Bacon in 1927:

Dates Type RH# Qty. Controls Notes
9-17 July 1860 3d straw RH14 10000 50001 - 60000
9-17 July 1860 2s green RH17 10000 A20001 - A30000 2
16-21 Aug. 1860 4s white RH20 10000 A70001 - A80000
16-21 Aug. 1860 1s6d pink RH16 10000 A60001 - A70000
20-26 Sept. 1860 2s green RH17 10000 A30001 - A40000 2
27 Sept. 1860 1s6d pink RH16 8000 A70001 - A78000
27 Sept. 1860 4s white RH20 3200 A80001 - A83200
3 Oct. 1860 4s white RH20 6800 A83201 - A90000
23 Oct. 1860 1s6d pink RH16 2000 A78001 - A80000
6 Nov. 1860 4s white RH20 8000 A90001 - A98000
7-13 Dec. 1860 1s6d pink RH16 10000 A80001 - A90000
7-13 Dec. 1860 3s blue RH19 10000 80001 - 90000
7-27 Dec. 1860 4s white RH20 2000 A98001 - A100000 1
7-27 Dec. 1860 4s white RH21 10000 A100001 - A110000 1
13 Dec. 1860 3d straw RH14 10000 60001 - 70000
20 Dec.1860 2s green RH17 10000 A40001 - A50000 2
7 Mar. 1861 1s buff RH15 10000 40001 - 50000  

Notes.

1 Apparently there was a problem with the perforating machine on this batch of the 4s. The first 2,000 were perforated, the remaining 10,000 were delivered imperforate.
2 Langmead & Huggins (Pg.6) state that A.38248 is greenish-blue paper and in the Royal Collection. It is likely that they were all blue-green, despite being described as green as was specified.

 

 

Waterlow and Sons printings.

RG   /   JSF     1861 - 1864

Electric Telegraph Company 10s Drawing.
This image from Langmead & Huggins' book (colour plate 1), is described as a Die proof but would appear to be the artists drawing by Charles Henry Jeens
of the 10/- stamp used to tender for the contract. This is recorded by Raymond Lister in his 1961 book where it was valued at £50.
Image courtesy of the Great Britain Philatelic Society. According to E. D. Bacon, Perkins, Bacon & Co. also submitted a tender with a drawing, but nothing is now known of it.

These were issued 1861 to 1864 with the initials 'R.G.' (Robert Grimston - Chairman) and 'J.S.F.' (James Sealy Fourdrinier - Secretary).
These were initially Perf.12 but changed to Perf.12½ in 1863. They were in sheets of 10 rows of 10 stamps.

Langmead & Huggins say "The highest serial numbers recorded for the RG/JSF issues are: 1s 64969; 1s6d 67804; 3s 23149."
I think their figure for the 1s must have a digit missing, 231352 is shown lower down, and 1s6d 67836. I have also seen 3s 37729.

Electric Telegraph Company 3d. Electric Telegraph Company 6d. Electric Telegraph Company 1s. Electric Telegraph Company 1s.
3d. Perf.12 Hiscocks H22 6d Perf.12½ Hiscocks H33 1s. Perf.12 Hiscocks H24 1s. Perf.12½ (white tablet) Hiscocks H34
Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

 

Electric Telegraph Company 1s6d. Electric Telegraph Company 2s. Electric Telegraph Company 2s6d. Electric Telegraph Company 3s.
1s6d. Perf.12 Hiscocks H25 2s. Perf.12 Hiscocks H26 2s6d. Perf.12½ Hiscocks H37 3s. Perf.12 Hiscocks H28
Images courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

 

4s Column 3 Electric Telegraph Company 4s. ETC 5s 3750. Electric Telegraph Company 10s.
4s. (black control tablet) - Hiscocks H29 4s. Perf.12½ Hiscocks H39 5s. Perf. 12 Hiscocks H31 dated 28/3/63 10s. Perf.12½ Hiscocks H41
Image courtesy of Martien Blank. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Anonymous.

I have only seen three of the 10s, two from the same row of the same sheet, 3982 and 3986. The other badly damaged, numbered 2902 with 'cancelled' written across it.
They display flaws but they do not match.

 

RG/JSF

Perf.12Perf.12½
RH # Hisc. Description Rarity Mint Used
RH22 H22 3d Ochre (plate 1) R2 50.00 45.00
RH22a H22   '   '   '   plate 2 - 150.00 135.00
RH23 H23 6d Scarlet (reported) Unlisted - -
RH24 H24 1s Orange (plate 1a) R1 45.00 40.00
RH24a H24   '   '   '   plate 1b (control 98547) - 150.00 135.00
RH24b H24   '   '   '   plate 2a - 45.00 40.00
RH24c -   '   '   '   plate 2a, imperf., no control. - 25.00 -
RH25 H25 1s6d Rose R3 45.00 40.00
RH25a -   '   '   '   imperf., no control. - 100.00 -
RH26 H26 2s Green (plate 1) R2 45.00 40.00
RH26a -   '   '   '   plate 1, imperf., no control. - 30.00 -
RH27 H27 2s6d Brown R3 80.00 70.00
RH28 H28 3s Blue R2 35.00 30.00
RH29 H29 4s Black (plate 1a) R3 100.00 90.00
RH30 H30 4s Black (White tablet, plate 1b) R3 80.00 70.00
RH31 H31 5s Purple (White tablet) R3 150.00 135.00
RH # Hisc. Description Rarity Mint Used
RH32 H32 3d Ochre (plate 2) R3 60.00 55.00
RH33 H33 6d Scarlet (plate 1) R4 70.00 60.00
RH34 H34 1s Orange (White tablet, plate 2b) R2 65.00 58.00
RH34a H34a As above with letter A in control (plate 2c) R3 50.00 45.00
RH35 H35 1s6d Rose R3 90.00 80.00
RH36 H36 2s Green (plate 1) R3 130.00 120.00
RH36a H36   '   '   '   plate 2 - 150.00 135.00
RH37 H37 2s6d Brown R3 150.00 135.00
RH38 H38 3s Blue R2 65.00 58.00
RH39 H39 4s Black (White tablet, plate 1b) R2 75.00 67.00
RH40 H40 5s Purple (White tablet) R3 200.00 180.00
RH41 H41 10s Purple-brown. R3 130.00 120.00
.
.
.
.
.

Used prices are for pen cancels, hand-stamp cancels are worth a premium over mint.
Philbrick & Westoby (1881) list a 2s imperforate in blue.

 

Proofs:

Electric Telegraph Company Proof.

Electric Telegraph strange 3d.Electric Telegraph strange 3s.


A die proof and a couple of strange items - courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

Electric Telegraph Company 1s6d - 1. Electric Telegraph Company 1s6d - 2. Electric Telegraph Company 2s. Electric Telegraph Company 2s.
1s6d. Imperf. of H25.
- Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
1s6d. Imperf. of H25.
- Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
2s. Imperf. of H26
Plate 1 (see below)
.
2s. Imperf. of H26 plate 1.
sewing-machine Perforated ?
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

ETC 1s Plate 2a bottom row, column 5.
Plate 2a (see below) bottom row column 5
showing Waterlow & Sons imprint.
 
Langmead and Huggins say the imperforate stamps without controls exist with values of 1s, 1.6d and 2s and 'are probably of proof status.'
He does not however list them in the Rarity Guide as he does the Bonelli 6d.
I would suggest listing them as R1 (over 100 copies exist).
Raymond Lister (1961) describes these as remainders, so what is the evidence either way ?


So are they proofs or remainders?

For most of the GB Private Telegraph Companies, the remainders were what was left over when the companies were taken over
by the Post Office. When the Electric Telegraph Co. was taken over, it was very unwelcome.
The company had put a lot of work and investment into gaining dominance and was set to reap the rewards.

When it happened, the directors ordered that the whole of the papers of the company should be destroyed.
This presumably included the remainders since there are no known remainders, or proofs of the later RG/HW stamps.
To have avoided this destruction, either someone defied the directors, or they were already out of the company.

The stamps existing imperforate, without control that I have seen are 1s, plate 2a, 18d of the only plate known and 2s plate 1.
There are later plates of the 1s and 2s at least, and earlier plates of the 1s, so apparently not stamps leftover from the switch from JSF to HW.

The most likely source of these would seem to be the printers, Waterlow and Sons, who presumably had at least reference samples for colours,
and likely archives of proofs. Remainders though would seem to be the wrong description.

It is possible that other plates and perhaps even values also exist imperforate without controls.
I would certainly like to hear of any.
 
ETC 1s Plate 2a reperf.
Plate 2a with added guage 12½ perforations.
Genuine issued plate 2a stamps were Perf. 12.
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

Raymond Lister reported the 1s imperforate without control being known postally used on registered covers cancelled in Liverpool on 24th May 1882.
Certainly there does appear to have been a joker in Liverpool. They are presumably cancelled by
favour like the Totton examples, since they certainly were never valid for postage.
Electric Telegraph Company 1s. Electric Telegraph Company 1s.
This example is dated 16th December 1881.
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
This squared-circle example is dated 24th May1882.
Image courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions. (Ex. Iain Stevenson)
A similar entire can be seen here.

 

These stamps were printed by Waterlow & Sons who also printed stamps for
Bonelli's Electric Telegraph Company Limited and
The Universal Private Telegraph Company.

On those stamps, flaws were repeated every 5 stamps.
Dr Mark Gibson offered to help with checking for the same pattern on these.

The results have been interesting and not at all what I expected.
Many blemishes are not constant, but the few repeated ones show a different patterns for at least some of them.

In doing this I am assuming the last digit of the controls run from 1 to 0 as the others.
I have not found anything to contradict this, but blocks that might confirm it are scarce.
The blocks owned by Steve Lawrie certainly support it.

 

Shortcuts to different RG / JSF value details
3d 6d 1s 1s6d 2s 2s6d 3s 4s 5s 10s

 

RG / JSF   3d Ochre. (at least 2 plates)

There seems to be two fundamentally different types of these, with the earliest having a flaw to the left of the 'Terms & Conditions'.

3d with flaw 3d without flaw
I have seen this on controls
in the range 2126 to 55062.
I have seen these on controls
in the range 77077 to 186163.
Images courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

 

With flaw - plate 1 (perf.12).

Lowest seen 2126, highest seen 55062

3d Column 1 3d Column 2 3d Column 3 3d Column 4 3d Column 5
3d Column 1. 3d Column 2. 3d Column 3. 3d Column 4. 3d Column 5.
Ex Iain Stevenson, Courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions. Image courtesy of Martien Blank. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

3d Column 6 3d Column 7 3d Column 8 3d Column 9 3d Column 0
3d Column 6. 3d Column 7. - Scan needed. 3d Column 8. - Scan needed. 3d Column 9. 3d Column 0.
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.     Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk and Mark Talbot. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

3d Column 6  3d Column 6
These two present a problem though, they are both column 6, but they are different.
One has a malformed frame above the 'A' of 'STAMP', the other has it above the 'T'.
Possibly mis-numbering, perhaps an indication of another similar plate, plate-position flaws, or perhaps these are not constant flaws.
Alternatively, as I have seen with other telegraph stamps, it could be a substituted cliché.

 

Without flaw - plate 2 (perf.12 switching to 12½ somewhere between 80199 and 86400).

Lowest seen 77077, highest seen 186163. Above about 100,000 the controls are larger.

3d - 114031 3d Column 2 3d Column 3 3d Column 4 3d - 146485
3d Column 1. 3d Column 2. 3d Column 3. 3d Column 4. - Scan needed. 3d Column 5.
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.   Anonymous - The marked flaws
are also on 186163, 100636 and 184469.
  Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

3d Column 6 3d Column 7 3d - 90968 3d Column 9 3d Column 0
3d Column 6 - similar to column-3. 3d Column 7. 3d Column 8. 3d Column 9. 3d Column 0.
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

Columns 3, 6 and 9 have common flaws.

 

 

RG / JSF   6d Scarlet (perf.12½).

I have few scans. Lowest control number seen 1050, highest 49842.
These are reported to exist perf. 12, but I have not seen any and L & H do not list them. However I have not seen any with control numbers below 1050, so the first 1,000 could have been perf. 12.

JSF-6d-48751 JSF-6d-33612 JSF-6d-49842 JSF-6d-11143 JSF-6d-36653
Column-1, 48751 Column-2, 33612 Column-2, 49842 Column-3, 11143 Column-3, 36653
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

JSF-6d-1050 JSF-6d-1060 JSF-6d-12070 These have a pattern different to others that I have seen,
in that columns 0 and 2 are strangely similar.

JSF-6d-1050 detail a  JSF-6d-1060 detail a  JSF-6d-49842 detail a  JSF-6d-33612 detail a
These are details of the top-right corner of, in order,
  1050, 1060, 49842 and 33612, the last having the tip bent over.  

The breaks in the vertical white frame are unusual.
Column-0, 1050 Column-0, 1060 Column-0, 12070 - without the flaws
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

Other details :

1050   JSF-6d-1050 detail-b   JSF-6d-12070 detail-b   12070
1060   JSF-6d-1060 detail-b   JSF-6d-48751 detail-b  48751
33612   JSF-6d-33612 detail-b   JSF-6d-36653 detail-b  36653
49842   JSF-6d-49842 detail-b   JSF-6d-11143 detail-b   11143

At the moment these are all the scans I have, but it forms the basis for comparisons. Anyone have more ?
12070 seems strangely different. It does not match any of the others and has "SIX PENCE" further to the left.

 

 

RG / JSF   1s Orange - plate 1(a) (perf.12).

These all have a blemish right of '61' at bottom right corner. Lowest control number seen 803, highest 78531.

1s Column 1 1s Column 2 1s Column 3 1s Column 4 1s Column 5
1s Column 1.
Blemish right of '61' at bottom right corner.
1s Column 2.
1s Column 3. 1s Column 4. 1s Column 5.
Courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

1s Column 1 1s Column 1 1s Column 8 1s Column 9 1s Column 0
1s Column 6. 1s Column 7. 1s Column 8. 1s Column 9. 1s Column 0.
Scan needed. Scan needed. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

RG / JSF   1s Orange - plate 1b (perf.12).

This perhaps seems a bit tenuous based on one stamp, but 98547 appears to be plate 1 with the blemish repaired.
It is the only example I have seen between control numbers 78531 and 117181,
but keep in mind I do not currently have an image of a normal plate 1 from columns 6 or 7.

1s Plate 1, Column 1 1s Plate 2, Column 7 1s Plate 3, Column 7
Plate 1a characteristics - (lowest seen 803, highest seen 78531) Plate 1b Col-7. Plate 2a Col-7 characteristics - (lowest seen 117181)
Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

Scans of shilling stamps with controls between 78599 and 117100 would be very welcome.

 

RG / JSF   1s Orange - plate 2a (perf.12).

Lowest seen 117181, highest seen 184958

1s Column 1 1s Column 2 1s Column 3 1s Column 4 1s Column 5
1s Column 1.
Frame-break left of 'SHILLING'.
1s Column 2.
Characteristic frame-breaks and corners.
1s Column 3.
Multiple frame breaks below 'SHILLING'.
1s Column 4.
Like column 1.
1s Column 5
Like column 2.
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie Courtesy of Steve Lawrie Courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie Courtesy of Steve Lawrie

 

1s Column 6 1s Column 7 1s Column 8 1s Column 9 1s Column 0
1s Column 6, like column 3.
This also has a new style large control number.
1s Column 7.
Like column 1.
1s Column 8, like column 2.
Large control number.
1s Column 9, Scan needed. 1s Column 0, Scan needed.
Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie Courtesy of Steve Lawrie Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie

Note that 131868, 183446 and 184958 seem to have larger control numbers, though the difference is not great, about 3.0 mm as against 2.75 mm.
The '4' is characteristic.

1s - 131868 1s - 183446 1s - 184958
1s - 131868.
Large control number.
1s - 183446.
Large control number.
1s - 184958 highest control seen.
Large control number.
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie Courtesy of  Mark Gibson Courtesy of Steve Lawrie

 

 

RG / JSF   1s Orange - plate 2b (perf.12½). Control Tablet cleared to white, 'No.' moved to left.

Plate characteristics inherited from plate 2a.
Lowest seen 139886, highest seen 286558 (this overlaps with Plate 2a numbers).

1s Column 1 1s Column 2 1s Column 6 1s Column 8
1s Column 1, this has the characteristics as plate 2a,
but two former weaknesses are now strengthened.
1s Column 2,
Characteristics as plate 2a.
1s Column 6,
Characteristics as plate 2a.
1s Column 8, like column 2
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

RG / JSF   1s Orange - plate 2c (perf.12½), letter 'A' inserted at the end (H34a).

Plate characteristics still inherited from plate 2a.
Lowest seen 8230A, highest seen 705205A.

1s Column 1 1s Column 2 1s Column 3 1s Column 4 1s Column 5
1s Column 1. This is like plate 2b. 1s Column 2. This is still like plate 2a. 1s Column 3 needed. 1s Column 4 needed. 1s Column 5. This is like plate 2a.
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.     Ex Iain Stevenson, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.

 

1s Column 6 1s Column 2 1s Column 2 1s Column 2 1s - 8230
1s Column 6 needed. 1s Column 7 - same characteristics as Column 1. 1s Column 8 - matches Column 2. 1s Column 9 - matches columns 3 and 6 of Plate 2a. 1s Column 0 - matches column 1 and 7
  Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

Interestingly columns 1 and 7 have a taller 'A' after the serial number than the other examples so far seen I presume column 4 will also..

The pattern of flaws on Plate 2a/b/c is consistent with the pattern I arrive at for the RG/JSF issue, see below.
I am not sure about plates 1 / 1a yet.

 

 

RG / JSF   1s6d Rose (perf.12 switching to 12½ somewhere between 109407 and 133750).

I have seen control numbers in the range 4542 to 175069

18d Column 1 18d Column 2 18d Column 3 18d Column 4 18d Column 5
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

18d Column 6 18d Column 7 18d Column 8 18d Columns 9 & 10
Column 6 Column 7 (perf. 12) Column 8 Column 9 Column 0
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

18d block of 4 18d Column 9
Block of 4 - courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Column 9, 4 examples showing common flaws - courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

The only flaws I have seen so far are on all stamps or are non-constant. Some are probably once in a sheet.

 

 

RG / JSF   2s Green - plate 1 (perf.12 switching to 12½ somewhere between 88904 and 93797).

These all have characteristics in common:

1) Scratches on the 'A' of 'TELEGRAPH'.
2) Frame weakness above 'T' of 'TWO'.
3) Mark on frame-line above 'o' of 'only'.

I have seen control numbers from this plate in the range 2889 to 88904(Perf.12) and 93797, 101676 and 127647(Perf.12½)
Control numbers 111544 and 131801 are from a different plate, even though the control numbers overlap the above range!

2s Column 1 2s Column 4 2s Column 5
2s Column 1.
showing characteristic flaws of the plate.
2s Column 2, 'A' of 'TELEGRAPH'
has more scratches.
2s Column 3. 2s Column 4. (Perf.12) 2s Column 5.
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Ex Iain Stevenson, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

2s - 65076 2s - 127647 2s Column 8 2s Column 9 2s Column 0
2s Column 6. 2s Column 7. (perf.12½) 2s Column 8. 2s Column 9. 2s Column 0.
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

RG / JSF   2s Green - plate 2 (perf.12½).

I have seen only 3 examples so far, controls 111544, 131063 and 131801. These do not have the characteristics of the plate detailed above.
The lowest number I have seen for the following RG/HW type is 175437. It is possible that the numbering followed on from these.

2s Plate 2 - 111544 2s Plate 2 - 131063 dated 5/3/65 2s Plate 2 - 131801

131063 is dated 5/3/65. Henry Weaver became the secretary in 1864, but presumably it took a while to produce stamps with his initials on.
If they had only just printed sheets from a new plate they may have decided to finish using them first.


Plate comparison:

2s Column 1 2s Plate 2
2s Plate 1 (Column 1).
showing characteristic flaws of the plate.
2s Plate 2 (Column 1).
showing possible characteristic flaws.
Image courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk.

 

Obviously more examples from this plate are needed.

 

 

RG / JSF   2s 6d Brown (perf.12 switching to 12½ somewhere between 3095 and 34233).

I have seen control numbers in the range 2669 to 83707.

2s6d Column 1 2s6d Column 2 2s6d Column 3 2s6d Column 4 2s6d Column 5
2s 6d Column 1. 2s 6d Column 2. 2s 6d Column 3. 2s 6d Column 4. 2s 6d Column 5.
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Scan needed. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

2s6d Column 6 2s6d - 83707 2s6d Column 8 2s6d  - 35379 2s6d - 34230
2s 6d Column 6. 2s 6d Column 7. 2s 6d Column 8. 2s 6d Column 9. 2s 6d Column 0.
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

Columns 3, 6 and 9 appear to have a flaw in common.
That may indicate the same pattern as some of the others.

 

 

RG / JSF   3s Blue (perf.12 switching to 12½ somewhere between 24898 and 53713).

I have seen control numbers in the range 3071 to 77937.
Controls from about 4100 to 4500 appear to have been affixed to Forwarded Forms 277W for a promotion of Bridport during the time of Chairman Robert Stephenson. Expect them to be without gum or with disturbed gum.
Examples outside that range are quite scarce.

3s Column 1 3s Column 2 3s Column 3 3s Column 4 3s Column 5
3s Column 1.
3s Column 2.
3s Column 3.
3s Column 4. 3s Column 5.
Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of  Roger de Lacy-Spencer. One of mine. Courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
 
3d Column 6 3d - 77937 3d Column 8 3d Column 9 3d Column 0
3d Column 6.
3d Column 7.
3d Column 8. 3d Column 9. 3d Column 0.
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Anonymous Images courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Images courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

 

Image Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
3s Column 2 3s Column 2 3s Column 2 3s Column 2
These two are from the same sheet position in different sheets.
The Magenta-ringed marks are common (more or less) to all the 3s stamps.
The Green-ringed marks are common to the two '32's.
These two are from the same column but different rows. They are clearly different.

 

Courtesy of  Roger de Lacy-Spencer. Anonymous. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.
3s Column 4 3s Column 4 3d Column 9 3d Column 9 3d Column 9
These two from column-4, have nothing in common that I can see
other than the normal 3s characteristics.
The first two are from the same position on consecutive sheets. The third, while also from column-9, has little in common
other than the normal 3s characteristics.
I see a miniscule dot at the top, but it looks like this is faintly on others too.

All the blemishes and flaws I have found so far seem to be 'one-offs', general characteristic of all the 3s stamps or on all stamps of the same sheet position.

 

 

RG / JSF   4s Black (perf.12 switching to 12½ somewhere between 86523 and 90526).

I have seen control numbers in the range:
Patterned control (plate 1a) 10492 to 11971.
    Cleared  control (plate 1b) 20458 to 104985.

4s Column 1 4s Column 2 4s Column 3 4s - 103474 4s - 104985
Column 1.   (Perf.12½) Column 2.   (Perf.12) Column 3. Column 4. Column 5.
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

4s Column 6 4s Column 7 4s Column 8 4s Column 9 4s Column 0
Column 6. Column 7. Column 8. Column 9. Column 0.
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Scan needed. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

Electric Telegraph Company 4s (black tablet). Electric Telegraph Company 4s (black tablet). 4s Column 3 4s Column 1 4s Column 5
There are a few plate flaws that seem to be present on all of these (with two exceptions - 20458 and 92334 are missing the top-right flaw).
These need to be ignored when looking for flaws common to a particular column.

The two stamps on the left show some of the same flaws, but it looks like a few were gained when the control background was cleared.

10493 is courtesy of Martien Blank. The other 3 are courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

4s - 92334 4s - 104985 - detail
4s - 20458 - detail
4s - 92334 - detail
4s fake 99430
20458 and 92334 are missing the top-right flaw.
103474 that I show in column 4 has it.
It cannot be a different plate
Top - A normal stamp, 104985 with the top flaw.

Middle - 20458 looks repaired in that area.

Bottom - 92334 looks like it never had the flaw.
Then there is this curious item, It appears to be a poor copy of a stamp,
in slate grey, including the control number, perforated about 13¾.
It all seems very amateurish, apart from the fact it appears to be
comb-perforated! The originals were all line-perforated 12 or 12½.
Number 99429 is shown above. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

 

RG / JSF   5s Purple (perf.12 switching to 12½ somewhere between 8806 and 14169).

I have seen control numbers 3750, 8806, 14169 and 18011.

ETC 5s 3750. ETC 5s 8806. ETC 5s 14169. ETC 5s 18011.
3750 Perf.12. Dated 28-3-1863 8806 Perf.12.
(Roches Point)
14169 Perf.12½.
(Columbine Quay, Queenstown)
18011 Perf.12½.
My only 4 images, courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

8806 and 14169 (Columns 6 and 9) appear to have the value written the same way, with a distinctive first 'S' and 'G'.
3750 has a larger 'V' than the others.

 

 

RG / JSF   10s Purple-Brown (perf. 12½).

I have seen control numbers 1335, 2795, 2902, 3982 and 3989.
If there are any Perf. 12 at all, they must be below control 1335.
Most are used at Roches Point or have manuscript 'Cancelled'.

ETC 10s 1335. ETC 10s 2795. ETC 10s 2902. Electric Telegraph Company 10s 3982. ETC 10s 3989.
1335 Perf.12½.
(Roches Point)
2795 Perf.12½.
(Roches Point)
2902 Perf.12½. 3982 Perf.12½. 3989 Perf.12½.
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Anonymous image. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

 

 

RG   /   HW     1864 - 1870

In 1864 Henry Weaver became the secretary and the initials were changed to 'R.G.' and 'H.W.' accordingly.
Initially Perf.12½ still, then in 1866 the perforations were changed again to Perf.10
Hiscocks lists Perf.11½ also for the 6d and 1s as H53 and H54. L&H does not list these.

Langmead & Huggins say "The highest serial numbers recorded for the RG/HW issues are: 6d 269885; 1s 707907." Here are some a little higher.

3d Perf.12½   Hiscocks RH32 6d Perf.12½   Hiscocks RH43 1s Perf.10   Hiscocks RH49 1s6d Perf.10   Hiscocks RH50
Electric Telegraph Company 3d. 6d Column 0 Electric Telegraph Company 1s. RG/HW 1s6d. - 599526
Electric Telegraph Company 3d.
Part of the 'Waterlow' imprint at the bottom (courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson).
1s Perf.10   Hiscocks RH49 1s6d Perf.10   Hiscocks RH50

 

Electric Telegraph Company 3d. Electric Telegraph Company 6d. Electric Telegraph Company 1s.
3d. Perf.12½ Hiscocks RH42 6d. Perf.12½ Hiscocks RH43 1s. Perf.12½ Hiscocks RH44
Images courtesy of  Steve Lawrie

 

Electric Telegraph Company 1s6d. Electric Telegraph Company 2s. Electric Telegraph Company 3s.
1s6d. Perf.12½ Hiscocks RH45 2s. Perf.10 Hiscocks RH51 3s. Perf.10 Hiscocks RH52
Images courtesy of  Steve Lawrie

 

RG/HW
Description
Perf.12½ Perf.10 Perf.11½
RH # Hisc. Rarity Mint Used RH # Hisc. Rarity Mint Used RH # Hisc. Rarity Mint Used
3d Buff RH42 H42 R1 30.00 50.00 RH47 H47 R2 40.00 60.00          
6d Scarlet RH43 H43 R1 25.00 50.00 RH48 H48 R2 50.00 60.00 RH53 H53 Unlisted 100.00 -
1s Orange RH44 H44 R2 30.00 50.00 RH49 H49 R1 40.00 60.00 RH54 H54 Unlisted 100.00 -
1s6d Rose RH45 H45 R1 50.00 - RH50 H50 R2 65.00 -          
2s Green. RH46 H46 R1 65.00 - RH51 H51 R2 70.00 -          
3s Blue           RH52 H52 R2 70.00 -          

Used prices for stamps cancelled as shown below.
Hiscocks lists (unpriced) a H44a with the description "as for No. 34(a) but with 'A' partially removed" !
This makes no sense as it implies that the RG/HW 1s was produced from the RG/JSF 1s Plate 3c, but it was not, the flaws are different.
Similarly it was not produced from RG/JSF 1s plate 1 or 2 either (yes, I did check).
Perhaps the report comes from a stamp with marks in that area?

I have also not (yet) seen H53, but I have seen a H54.

 

RG/HW
Description
Perf.  12½ x 11½
RH # Hisc. Rarity Mint Used
1s6d Rose. RH45a H45a Unlisted - -

I have not seen H45a. Anyone have a scan of H45a?

Walter Morley writing in the Fiscal Philatelist, March 1893, Acknowledges the Perf 10 and 12½ but not 11½ or 12½ x 11½.
He does however also list the following:

Perf. 9½3d, 6d, 1s, 2s
Perf. 10½6d, 2s
Perf. 121s
Perf. 131s

Clearly some differences of opinion here!
I think perhaps it was caused by the perforations still being rather unevenly spaced and often very rough, coupled with rounding to the nearest ½.
It is also possible there may be some scarce perforation varieties unrecognised in collections.
You might want to check yours.

 

Shortcuts to different RG / HW value details
3d 6d 1s 1s6d 2s 3s

 

RG / HW   3d Ochre (perf.12½ phasing over to 10 between 242235 and 352229).

I have seen control numbers in the range 195945 to 384908.

195945 perf.12½
202105 perf.12½
210145 perf.12½
224670 perf.12½
242235 perf.12½
257179 perf.10
267076 perf.10
277701-10 perf.10
282905 perf.10
290001 perf.10
299075 perf.10
301656 perf.12½
313485 perf.12½
315031 perf.12½
317682 perf.12½
317693 perf.12½
325570 perf.12½
326214 perf.12½
329905 perf.12½
330736 perf.12½
352229-37 perf.10
371038 perf.10
384834-77 perf.10
384908 perf.10

3d Column 1 3d - 236812 3d - 388603 3d Column 4 3d - 352225
3d Column 1,
3d Column 2,
3d Column 3
3d Column 4, 3d Column 5,
Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.


3d - 384856-7 pair 3d Column 8 3d Column 9 3d Column 0
3d Column 6,
3d Column 7,
3d Column 8, 3d Column 9, 3d Column 0,
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Images courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

 

Columns 1, 4, 7 and 0 have shared characteristics and
Columns 2, 5 and 8 have shared characteristics.
Columns 3, 6 and 9 have shared characteristics.

  Columns 1, 4, 7 and 0 Columns 2, 5 and 8 Columns 3, 6 and 9  
  1) Mark across left limb of the 'T' in 'TELEGRAPH'.
2) The left leg of the 'R' in 'THREE' is distorted.
3) Frame-breaks under first 'E' in 'THREE' .
1) The bottom left corner of 'T' in 'TELEGRAPH' is shaded.
2) 3 frame-breaks under 'THR' in 'THREE' .
3) Frame-break above 'S' in 'STAMP' .
1) White triangle in value tablet.
2) Frame-breaks under value.
 
  3d Column 1 3d Column 8 3d Column 3  
  Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.  

This follows the pattern:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

 

 

RG / HW   6d Scarlet (perf.12½ phasing to 10 between 121355 and 186790).

I have seen control numbers in the range 50410 to 346450.

60002 perf.12½
68958 perf.12½
72473 perf.12½
84243 perf.12½
121353-5 perf.12½
135005 perf.10
142535 perf.10
183593 perf.10
186470 perf.10
186790 perf.10
191161-65 perf.10
200171 perf.10
222419 perf.12½
228350 perf.12½
240941 perf.12½
242652 perf.12½
247579-85 perf.12½
247598 perf.12½
247675 perf.12½
253896 perf.12½
269885 perf.10
270011 perf.10
247598 perf.12½
296195 perf.10
300501-20 perf.12½
303436 perf.12½
314460 perf.12½
320615 perf.10
321719 perf.10
334804 perf.10
336238 perf.10
343868 perf.10
343902-08 perf.10
346447-50 perf.10

6d - 121351 6d Column 2 6d Column 3 6d - 121344 6d - 343905
6d Column 1, Perf.10
6d Column 2,
6d Column 3
6d Column 4, Perf.10 6d Column 5, Perf.10
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
 
Electric Telegraph Company 1s. 6d Column 7 6d - 247598 6d Column 9 6d Column 0
6d Column 6, (slightly different shade to
it's neighbour on the right !)
6d Column 7,
6d Column 8, 6d Column 9, 6d Column 0, Perf.10
Anonymous. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

 

Here I have found a pattern that :
Columns 1, 4, 7 and 0 have shared characteristics,
Columns 2, 5 and 8 have shared characteristics and
Columns 3, 6 and 9 have shared characteristics.
  Columns 1, 4, 7, 0 Columns 2, 5 and 8 Columns 3, 6 and 9  
  1) Frame break above first 'E' of 'TELEGRAPH'.
2) Frame break above left of 'A' in 'TELEGRAPH'.
3) Frame break below 'G' in 'TELEGRAPH'.
4) Frame weak above '1' of '18' bottom left.
5) 'Intrusion' under 'd' of 'printed'
1) Frame break above 'NC' of 'PENCE'.
2) Small frame break below 'P' of 'PENCE'.
1) Diagonal line through first 'E' of 'TELEGRAPH'.
2) Frame break below right of 2nd 'E' of 'PENCE'.
 
  6d Column 7 6d Column 5 6d Column 9  
Images courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

 

Electric Telegraph Company 1s. Electric Telegraph Company 1s.
This block of 6d courtesy of Steve Lawrie shows the constant flaws on columns 1, 2 and 3, as above
with an additional broken ' I ' on column 1.
The lowest number I have seen,
50410 showing the same flaws on column 1.
  Ex Iain Stevenson, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.  

This follows the pattern:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

 

6d Column 4   6d Column 4   6d Column 4   6d Column 4
To add a bit of complication, here are four from the {1, 4, 7, 0} group, three have the broken ' I '.
It can be seen also on 50410, 121341 and 121351 above, but is not on 228350, 272541, 300517, 300501, 300520, 334804 or 346450.
The only explanation I can think of is that the flaw was noticed and the plate repaired somewhere between 136107 and 228350.

 

6d Column 4   Electric Telegraph Company 1s.
60436 courtesy of victoire1 on ebay,
together with a much later one also from column-6 showing the same flaws as shown above.

 

 

RG / HW   1s Orange.

I have seen control numbers in the range 4919 to 975930
The 3d and 6d stamps did not reach the end of the counter. The sequence shows that perf.12½ came first, followed by perf.10

For the 1s the, perf.12½ transition to perf.10 seems to have vacillated about the time the counter reached the end. This complicates things.

There are also perf.11½ stamps, listed by Hiscocks (following Lister) but not listed by Langmead & Huggins. One known and illustrated.

Perforations:
12½ 312445
313583
319278
342197
356446
359643
407420
412056
443379
472664
483736
530760
661799
----------------------------------------
728431
----------------------------------------
941891, 941892
941898-9
Perforations:
10

707907
----------------------------------------
756967
780455
796159
810583-4
859088-859100 (old)
975885
975930
----------------------------------------
4919
54281-85
54297-99 (new)
124424
135298-300 (new)
137599 (new)
144429
150745, 150746

11½ 87369

 

1s Column 1 1s Column 2 1s - 150743 1s Column 4 1s Column 5
1s Column 1   (perf.10)
1s Column 2   (perf.12½)
1s Column 3   (perf.10)
1s Column 4   (perf.10) 1s Column 5   (perf.10)
Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Anonymous. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.
 
1s Column 6 1s Column 7 1s - 859088 1s - 859089 1s Column 0
1s Column 6   (perf.12½) 1s Column 7   (perf.10) 1s Column 8   (perf.10) 1s Column 9   (perf.10) 1s Column 0   (perf.12½)
Image courtesy of victoire1 on ebay. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of  Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of  Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

 

Here there are similar patterns:

Columns 1, 4, 7 and 0 have shared characteristics and
Columns 2, 5 and 8 have shared characteristics.
Columns 3, 6 and 9 have shared characteristics.

Columns 1, 4, 7, 0 Columns 2, 5, 8 Column 3, 6 and 9  
1) The top point of 'G' in 'SHILLING' is cracked.
2) A 'tail' hangs from the right of the 'A' in 'TELEGRAPH'.
3) Frame-break below-left 'S' in 'SHILLING'.
4) Frame-break below first 'I' in 'SHILLING'.
5) Frame-break below 'o' in 'No' of control tablet.
6) Extra dot above 'i' of 'Electric'.
1) The top point of 'G' in 'SHILLING' is broken off.
2) Protrusion inward from frame left of 'N' of 'No' in control.
3) Protrusion outside stamp below '18' in bottom left corner .
4) Frame damage under 'S' and 'G' in 'SHILLING'.
1) The top point of 'G' in 'SHILLING' is intact.
2) Protrusion inward from frame left of 'N' of 'No' in control.
3) Weakness of white frame to left of '18'.
Shown for a comparison of perforations,
being the only scan I have of perf. 11½.
Expect more examples around control number 87369.

But notice also,
this is a column 2/5/8 stamp, not column 9 !!!
1s Column 7 1s Column 2X 1s Column 3 1s Column 9 perf 11½
Perf. 10 Perf. 12½ Perf. 12½ Perf. 12½                                Perf. 11½                                 Perf. 10
Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Perforation comparisons, images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

1s No. 342197 1s No. 54297   1s No. 941898 1s No. 135298
I have found one other inconsistency. 54297 has the flaws I would expect to see on 54298.
342197, the perf. 12½ on the left is correct. I have examples of substituted clichés with other
companies on the bottom row, so I thought that position 97 could be another.
This got me started looking for others. I have found a lot.
  Position 98, No.941898 has the correct flaws with the protrusion downwards below the '18'. it is perf. 12½, with a
high control number. 135298 is perf. 10 with the flaws of a 1,4,7,0 stamp (Extra dot above 'i' of 'Electric'.)
It would seem that cliché 98 has been swapped out. Now look at 99 below.

Substituted clichés.

 

1s - 661799 1s - 941899   1s - 54299 1s - 137599
Perf. 12½ - Position 99 on the bottom row. These are both, correctly column 3, 6, 9 stamps, but 941899 has
developed a broken frame on the right side. It is from sheet 9418, near the end of its count.
Perf. 10 - presumably due to the damage, this impression has been replaced by a new one, but this is not a column 9
type, it is the type expected in column 2, 5 or 8. The bottom row tends to have longer stamps. It was also vulnerable.
1s Column 3

 

So far each row of RG / HW has followed this pattern:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

For the 3d, 6d and 1s at least.

Large numbers of the 1s stamps were printed.
After the first million, it looks like plate repairs were made.
There is evidence of at least 14 clichés being replaced.
Namely 19, 20, 29, 30, 45, 46, 69, 83, 85, 90, 97, 98, 99 and 00.

It also looks the same as the pattern used for the RG/JSF 1s Plate 3a/b/c stamps.
Perhaps there are substituted clichés to be found there also.

 

1s Column 2
Normal flaws for  3, 6, 9 stamps Normal flaws for  2, 5, 8 stamps

I had five lucky scans of the 99 position, but for the last on the row, 00, I only have two, one in the block further below.

 

Electric Telegraph - 707907 Electric Telegraph Totton   1s No. 135300
Perf. 10 - 707907. A close number to the stamp
on the right, but a different perforation. This has
the correct flaws, 1, 4, 7, 0, unlike the stamp at
the far right, both images courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
For the sake of interest, here is another Totton example.
Unusually though, this has actually been through the post,
Apparently at Bristol. 728431 - Ex Alain Stevenson.
Perf. 12½ - Image courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.
  135300 has a sheet margin on the right that has been
folded under, so we know it is in column 0. However it
has the flaws of a 3, 6, 9 stamp (break to left of '18')
This is perf. 10 and is a substituted cliché.

 

This block, when taken with the above, provides interesting results.

859088 is still an original 2, 5, 8 stamp 859089 is still an original 3, 6, 9 stamp 859090 has been replaced by a 2, 5, 8 stamp
Electric Telegraph block
859098 is still an original 2, 5, 8 stamp with a blemish
it has not yet been replaced.
859099 still has the damaged frame.
it has not yet been replaced.
859100 is still an original 1, 4, 7, 0 stamp.
It doesn't seem to need replacing.

This block, shows an earlier state than the ones above, but is Perf.10 with much higher control numbers. Clearly the numbers are not a good guide to chronology.
It also adds 90 to the list of substituted clichés. It must have been done earlier. There appears to be no attempt to replace a cliché with the appropriate type.
They were probably considered to be all equivalent. In any repair operation, probably the same type was used to replace all that needed replacing.
Statistically, a replacement would be the correct type one third of the time and therefore less easy to spot.
Therefore there are probably 50% more substituted clichés than will be easily noticed. Some may be replaced more than once.
135300 can be seen above. It is a substitute, but is it later, or an earlier one that got substituted again?

 

Positions 45 and 46.

Perf. 12½ (with higher control numbers) This has the correct flaws.
Electric Telegraph 1s 312445
This is a pair of perf. 10 1s stamps with marked flaws of type-1.4.7.0 followed by type-2.5.8
They are both substituted, but presumably at different times. Electric Telegraph 1s pair 150745-6
Perf. 12½ (with higher control numbers) from the This has the correct flaws.
1s Column 6

 

As has been mentioned, a cliché may be substituted for another of the correct type.
Here are some from position 83.


Perf. 10. This has the correct flaws.
Electric Telegraph 1s 54283
The bottom-left break is fairly narrow.
Perf. 12½ (with higher control numbers)
This has developed a break at top-right.
Electric Telegraph 1s 313583
Not major, but won't fix itself.
Perf. 10 (with higher control numbers) That flaw has gone,
to be replaced with another flaw.
Electric Telegraph 1s 810583-4
810584 is the correct 1, 4, 7, 0 type.

It is difficult to see how these three examples of position 83 can exist without it being substituted for a new one of the correct type.

 

Here are a couple from the next position, 85.

Perf. 10 - 54285.
Electric Telegraph 1s 54285
Perf. 10 - 975885.
Electric Telegraph 1s 54285
These both have the flaws of a 1, 4, 7, 0 stamp, with a nice constant variety at the bottom.
Presumably there are earlier perf. 12½ stamps with the correct 2, 5, 8 flaws, but without
that constant variety. 84 and 85 could have been substituted at the same time for the same type.

 

Here are a few others with substituted clichés for which I cannot show you the earlier states.

Perf. 10 - 4919.
Electric Telegraph 1s 4919
2, 5, 8 type on position 19.
Perf. 12½ - 407420.
Electric Telegraph 1s 407420
3, 6, 9 type on position 20.
Perf. 10 - 144429.
Electric Telegraph 1s 144429
2, 5, 8 type on position 29.
Perf. 10 - 975930.
Electric Telegraph 1s 975930
3, 6, 9 type on position 30.

There is a pattern here. Coincidence ?

 

 

 

As yet, I do not have many scans of the RG/HW higher values.

RG / HW   1s6d Rose (perf.12½ and 10)

I have scans in the range 124357 to 599526.
The perforations on these are :

124357 is Perf. 12½
159043 is Perf. 12½
253588 is Perf.10
259768 is Perf.10
283110 is Perf.10
283113 is Perf.10
307525 is Perf.10
322946 is Perf.10
323002 is Perf.10
323792 is Perf.10
347086 is Perf.10
360031 is Perf. 12½
363902 is Perf. 12½
421381-83 are Perf. 12½
421389-90 are Perf. 12½
443917 is Perf. 12½
448693 is Perf. 12½
469722 is Perf.10
496292 is Perf.10
507014-16 are Perf.10
559256 is Perf.10
586279 is Perf.10
586765 is Perf.10
599526 is Perf.10

Hiscocks also lists a Perf. 12½ x 11½ type.

RG/HW 1s6d. RG/HW 1s6d. 2 RG/HW 1s6d. 9
Perf.10   courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson. Perf.12½   courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Perf.12½   courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

The two column-2 stamps appear to have some shared flaws that are not on the column-9 stamp.

 

3d Column 1 RG/HW 1s6d. - 323792 1s6d  -448693 RG/HW 1s6d. - 283110 3d Column 5
Column 1 - Perf. 12½ Column 2 - Perf.10 - Like Col-5, 8 and 0 Column 3 - Perf.12½ - Broken 'E' in 'TELEGRAPH' Column 4 - Perf. 10- Like Col-1 Column 5 - Perf. 10 - Like Col-2, 8 and 0
Ex Iain Stevenson, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.   courtesy of Steve Lawrie. courtesy of Steve Lawrie. courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Ex Iain Stevenson, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.

 

RG/HW 1s6d. - 599526 3d Column 7 RG/HW 1s6d. - 253588 RG/HW 1s6d. 9 RG/HW 1s6d. - 421390
Column 6 - Perf. 10 - Like Col-3 and 9 Column 7 Column 8 - Perf. 10 - Like Col-2, 5 and 0 Column 9 - Perf.12½ - Like Col-3 and 6 Column 0 - Perf.12½ - Like Col-2, 5 and 8 !
Highest number courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Need Scan. Lowest perf.10 number seen, courtesy of Steve Lawrie.. courtesy of Steve Lawrie. courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

This is also a transfer group of three, but strangely the zero position matches columns 2, 5 and 8 !
{1, 4, 7}, {2, 5, 8, 0}, {3, 6, 9}.


This follows the pattern:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

 

 

 

RG / HW   2s Green (perf.12½ and 10)

I have scans in the range 143051 to 286394.
175437-38, 215900, 226579, 234631, 249805, 254689, 256441, 261679, 265018-20 and 286394 are Perf.10
145452, 146051, 187309, 204160 and 207196 are Perf. 12½

Hiscocks also lists a Perf. 12½ x 11½ type.

 

RG/HW 2s. - 146051 2s Column 2 2s Column 3 2s Column 4 RG/HW 2s. - 215895
Column 1 - Perf. 12½ Column 2 - Perf. 12½ Column 3 Column 4 - Perf. 10 Column 5 - Perf. 10
courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Ex Iain Stevenson, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions. Need Scan. Ex Iain Stevenson, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions. courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

RG/HW 2s. - 254686 RG/HW 2s - 254687. RG/HW 2s. - 175438 2s Column 9 RG/HW 2s - 204160
Column 6 - Perf. 12½ Column 7 - Perf. 10 Column 8 - Perf.10 Column 9 - Perf.12½ x Perf.12¾ Column 0 - Perf.12½  
courtesy of Steve Lawrie. courtesy of  Steve Lawrie. courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Ex Iain Stevenson, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions. courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

The 2s also has a transfer block of 3, but this time the 0 column pars with 9 rather than 1.
We have {147}, {258}, {3690}.


This follows the pattern:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

 

 

RG / HW   3s Blue (perf.10)

I have 8 scans in the range 73249 to 107208, all Perf.10.
If Perf. 12½
exists, it must have controls below 73201.

RG/HW 2s. - 73811 3s Column 2 3s Column 3 RG/HW 2s. - 91054 RG/HW 2s. - 79905
Column 1 - mark in frame under 'G', thin bottom to 'S' Column 2 - scan needed Column 3 - scan needed Column 4 - like 1, 7 and 0 Column 5 - mark within white frame above 'T'
courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

3s Column 6 RG/HW 2s. - 97697 RG/HW 2s. - 107208 RG/HW 2s. - 73249 RG/HW 2s. - 96200
Column 6 - scan needed Column 7 - like 1, 4 and 0 Column 8 - like 5 Column 9 - expected to match 3 and 6. scans needed Column 0 - like 1, 4 and 7
courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

This is back to this pattern:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

 

 

 

 

These scans have virtually all been supplied by Dr Mark Gibson, the Iain Stevenson collection and Steve Lawrie.
Can anyone help fill in any of the gaps ?

Somewhere between the first and the last Electric Telegraph Co. stamps,
Waterlow & Sons produced the stamps for the Bonelli's and Universal Private Telegraph Co.
They were done with a different pattern to what we have seen so far with the Electric Telegraph Co.

However I have not analyzed all of them yet:
1) The 10s Purple-brown is only known Perf.12½ so was presumably prepared after the other RG/JSF plates.
2) The RG/HW 3s blue is not known Perf.12½ so was presumably prepared after the other RG/HW plates.    

 

 

 

 

Continental Service     1861

The design includes the monograms of RG / JSF.
According to Philbrick & Westoby (1881), these were engraved by Waterlow & Sons and then transferred to stone for printing by lithography.
These were used to pay the rates to Denmark, Hamburg and Hanover. I do not know when these ceased to be used, but Lister and Hiscocks say Perf. 12, 12½ which I presume that means both 12
for the early ones and 12½ later, as with the other stamps inscribed "RG / JSF". They were therefore used until after 1863, but since they are not known initialled "RG / HW",
so probably not much into 1864. It may be that Henry Weaver had them replaced by the normal stamps, that might explain their scarcity.

Electric Telegraph Company Continental Service Proofs.
Die Proof of Continental Service Stamps, Hiscocks H58 (half size)
Similar proofs exist without the alternate centres at the bottom.
Courtesy Steve Lawrie

 

Transfer block of two, so two types of Eight Shillings exist in alternate columns.

Electric Telegraph Company RH55a. Electric Telegraph Company Continental Service. Electric Telegraph Company Continental Service.
RH55a - 3d with vertical bar, perf.12
L&H say Controls 566, 570 and 944 of the 3d are also known.
Remainder(?) of Continental Service Stamps, Hiscocks H58. Plate Proof of Continental Service Stamps, Hiscocks H58
Note the line through the 'T' of 'EIGHT'.
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Image courtesy of Martien Blank. Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

Hiscocks also lists these overprinted with a vertical Bar (3d) and 4 Bars (8s) and gives them an 'a' suffix.   H55a - £25.00 / £25.00,   H58a - £50.00 / £50.00

 

Electric Telegraph Company Continental Service block of 4
This block of 4 remainders? shows the line through the 'T' of 'EIGHT' on one column. The other column has a line through the S of SHILLING.
Image courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

RH # Hisc. Description Rarity Mint Used
RH55 H55a 3d Black with control number and vertical centre band R4 - -
RH55a H55         no control number or vertical bands. imperf. R4 - -
RH56 H56a 1s6d Black with control number and vertical centre band Unknown - -
RH56a H56         no control number or vertical bands. imperf. Unknown - -
RH57 H57a 4s Blue(?) with control number and vertical centre band Unknown - -
RH57a H57         no control number or vertical bands. imperf. Unknown - -
RH58 H58a 8s Black with control number and vertical centre band R5 - -
RH58a H58         no control number or vertical bands. imperf. R5 - -

The reference to the 4/- blue comes from the Walter Morley catalogue of 1900. Quite a few of the things that he listed have not been recorded since.
Have they all perished? Perhaps hidden in a collection or maybe an error. He did illustrate a RH55a (number 1608).

The Royal Collection lists examples of a 3d and 8s issued stamps. L & H give control numbers for them as 8s (2055) and 3d (944)
They also list more 3d examples as being 566(?) and 570 (Tapling).
Hiscocks illustrated a 3d numbered 1608.

 

 

 

Directors' Message stamps (or more properly Franks)     JLR/JSF 1857?   And   RG/HW 1864 - 1870

JLR/JSF stamp of circa 1857 for the use of (G.P. George Parker) Bidder Esq only. (small control numbers)
Lithographed on thick, blue, unwatermarked paper in sheets of 100 by Waterlow & Sons. Imperforate.

Hiscocks H60
ETC Directors' Message - G.P.Bidder - 109.
Courtesy Steve Lawrie.

The wording on the bottom "This (A) message must be signed by the Director, and be sent without prepayment",
probably relates to a later, 1868 form shown under Miscellaneous on the Stationery page, with similar instructions signed by Henry Weaver.
In that the '(A)' stands for 'annexed'.

 

RG/HW stamp of circa 1864 for the use of Captain (Mark) Huish only. (Died 18 January 1867)
There are two types that appear to have alternated on the sheets. Larger control numbers.

Hiscocks H62 - Type I   (mostly even numbers).
Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1002. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1012. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1014. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1032.
Courtesy Steve Lawrie.
The one illustrated by Walter Morley in 1900
Courtesy Grosvenor Auctions,
Ex Hiscocks.
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy Mike-Holt.com,
Ex A. J. Lowe.

Hiscocks H62 - Type I   (mostly even numbers).
Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1040. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1058. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1074. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1076.
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. From Langmead & Huggins' book (Fig.20),
courtesy of the Great Britain Philatelic Society
Courtesy Grosvenor Auctions,
Ex Iain Stevenson.
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

Hiscocks H62 - Type II   (mostly odd numbers).
Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-994. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1001. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1005. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1007. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1011.
Courtesy of Mark Talbot. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of  Roger de Lacy-Spencer.

Hiscocks H62 - Type II   (mostly odd numbers).
Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1015. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1027. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1033. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1067. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1069.
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Ex-Andrew Higson, now mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy Grosvenor Auctions,
Ex Iain Stevenson.

Hiscocks H62 - Type II   (mostly odd numbers).
Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1071. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1073. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1075. Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1077.
Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Mark Gibson.

I have scans of 8 even numbers with shared characteristics and 13 odd numbers with different shared characteristics.
Since writing the above, I have been sent a scan of 994 which I show above with the 'Odd' numbered stamps !

The reason is that 994 has the flaws I have so far only seen on odd numbered stamps. It also has larger margins than is usual.
Langmead & Huggins also point out that this stamp is on a "paler shade of blue" to the others.
These stamps were supplied "in batches of 100 at a time" [Philbrick & Westoby (1881), page 328],
so this stamp is from a different batch to the others (1002-1077) that I have seen. It would be interesting to see more from that batch.

Interestingly, although 994 has good margins all around, on the next sheet most examples are cut into somewhere and
none show parts of adjoining stamps. 1014 and 1015 for example should show parts of each other.
They all appear to have been pre-trimmed for some reason.
This is very similar to serialised examples of The English & Irish Magnetic Telegraph Company stamps.
With the English and Irish, indications are they were trimmed to fit a dispenser of some kind, perhaps Captain Huish trimmed his to fit a stamp box?

Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1073.  Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1074.  Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-1075.
Here are three consecutive numbers from above. They do not fit together however you arrange them. There are probably no multiples of these.
I can't help noticing the different colours of these that were printed together. In part this might be due to different environments in the last 150 years,
but may also be due to differences in scanners and/or post-production work.


Based on the scans I have for numbers: 994, 1002, 1005, 1011, 1014, 1015, 1027, 1032, 1033, 1058, 1067, 1069, 1071, 1073-1077.

Even Columns (except 994) Odd Columns (plus 994)
1) Mark through the RH frame by second 'pearl' down.
2) Mark inside the frame under 'm' of 'prepayment', and mark above 'p'.
3) Mark inside the frame to left and another below-left of 'be' in 'be sent'.
4) Line through 'SE' and 'OF' of 'USE OF'.
1) Two dots near frame left of 'CAPTn'.
2) Two dots near frame low right of 'HUISH'.
3) Two dots below-left of 'sent' on bottom row.
4) Horizontal line through top row of pearls.

 

RG/HW stamp of 1864c for the use of Charles William Earle Esq only.
Lithographed on thick, blue, unwatermarked paper in sheets of 100 by Waterlow & Sons. Imperforate.

Hiscocks H63
Electric Telegraph Company Directors' Message-H63 - 111.
From Langmead & Huggins' book (Fig.19),
courtesy of the Great Britain Philatelic Society

Notice that this also has large margins like the Captn. Huish.

 

Directors' Message stamps were to enable directors to send telegraphs, presumably at a discount or free, in exchange for their signature.
The designs include the initials of the Chairman and Secretary, together with the name of the Director in question.

J.L.R. - J.S.F.  prior to 1859 (John Lewis Ricardo - J. S. Fourdrinier) R.G. - J.S.F.     1859-1863 R.G. - H.W. from 1864 (Robert Grimston - Henry Weaver)
RH # Hisc. Description Rarity Mint Used
RH59 H59 "Honorable Robert Grimston" Unlisted - -
RH60 H60 "G.P. Bidder" (George Parker) R5 750.00 -
RH61 H61 "Thos. Brassey"   (Thomas Brassey) R5 - -
J.L.R. was Chairman John Lewis Ricardo,
replaced by Robert Grimston (R.G.) in 1859
and died August 1862 (aged 50).
Philbrick & Westoby consider it likely that there
were once (1859 to 1863) stamps bearing the
initials R.G. - J.S.F, but none are currently known.
J.S.F. was replaced by H.W. in 1864.
RH # Hisc. Description Rarity Mint Used
RH62 H62 "Captn. Huish" Type I (even) R3 150.00 -
RH62a H62 "Captn. Huish" Type II 150.00 -
RH63 H63 "Charles William Earle"   perhaps this? R5 - -
RH64 H64 "Lord Alered Paget" (see below) R5 - -

On RH64, Raymond Lister says (1961) "A specimen one issued for Lord Alered Paget (control No. 1097) is in the Royal Collection. It is unique."
I have now seen an image of it and that is how it is written, 'Alered', an embarrassing error. The correct name was  Lord Alfred Paget.
The Royal Collection also lists (for JLR-JSF) a G.P.Bidder(41) and a pen cancelled Thos. Brassey(1076), as well as (for RG-HW) a Captn Huish and a Charles William Earle(149).

 

 

Samples 1875?

Perf. 15 well-centred, No controls.
Since Waterlow & Sons did not use perf.15 before 1875, it is thought these were produced as samples of their work.
With the possible exception of the 3s, these are from a new set of plates that were not used to produce stamps for the Electric Telegraph Company.
These are on whiter, better quality paper.

Differences:

3dthe originals all had frame-breaks around the value tablet.
1sthe originals had a white control tablet.
1s6d the originals had the value sloping.
2sthe originals had a distorted 'W' in 'TWO'.
4s this value was not used for the H.W. stamps. If it had been, it would probably have had a white control tablet.

 

ETC Perf15 3d. ETC Perf15 1s. ETC Perf15 18d.
3d. Perf.15 1s. Perf.15 1s6d. Perf.15
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie

ETC Perf15 1s. ETC Perf15 1s. ETC Perf15 1s.
2s. Perf.15 3s. Perf.15 4s. Perf.15
Images courtesy of Steve Lawrie

 

RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH65 - 3d Buff. 50.00 -
RH66 - 1s Orange 50.00 -
RH67 - 1s6d Rose 50.00 -
RH68 - 2s Green 50.00 -
RH69 - 3s Blue 50.00 -
RH70 - 4s Black 50.00 -

 

Cancellations:

Early ones have 'The Electric Telegraph Company', later ones have 'Electric & International Telegraph Co.'

 

7-Segment rings on ETC 1s ! Electric Telegraph Company 1s6d with pen cancel. Example cancel Electric Telegraph Company 1s with LY cancel.
British & Irish Magnetic Telegraph Co. cancel
on 1s. (very unusual) - courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
24/5/62 pen cancel on 1s6d. "L.Y." cancel in red - courtesy Steve Lawrie.
Dated 21/2/1862 on JSF 3s perf. 12.
The same cancel on JSF 1s plate 1.
courtesy Steve Lawrie.

 

Electric Telegraph Company 2s6d with LV cancel. ETC 5s 8806. Example cancel Cork cancel
looks like Oct 12 / 1864 and "LV" for Liverpool?
Image courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.
Roches Point
courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
The same type cancel
courtesy of Andrew Higson.
Cork Station - now clearly.
Ex Iain Stevenson, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.

 

Electric Telegraph Company 3d with KX cancel. Electric Telegraph Company 3s with LY International cancel. 4s Column 5
"KX" cancel - courtesy Steve Roberts.
I thought initially that 'KX' stood for Kings Cross.
However, Steve Roberts informs me that it was actually the Stock Exchange branch office, until the code was changed by Mr Scudamore.
A cancel for No.64 Old Broad Street Station.
Courtesy Steve Lawrie.
Similar with blue cancel.
Courtesy Steve Lawrie.

 

 

Raymond Lister (1961 book, page 13) gives a list of cancels used, though without illustration.

1)"THE ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH COMPANY"
inside circle.
"INCORPORATED / 1840"
in centre. (Blue.)
2)"THE ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH COMPANY"
arranged in circular form (no outline) around date etc. in three lines. (Red.)
3)"THE ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH COMPANY"
arranged in circle (with outline) around date etc. in three lines. (Blue.)
4)"THE ELECTRIC AND INTERNATIONAL TELEGRAPH COMPANY"
within double oval. Address within inner oval. (Blue.)
5)"- THE ELECTRIC & INTERNATIONAL - TELEGRAPH CO. "
Date in centre. (Indigo.)
6)"- THE ELECTRIC & INTERNATIONAL - TELEGRAPH CO. "
Address in centre. (Blue and Black.)

Receipt stamp? for Sheffield.
This is perhaps an example of the last used at Sheffield
Courtesy of Mark Talbot, bought from Steven Allen off ebay.

This rendition of the cancel on the H13 at the top, does not appear to be in the list.
Receipt stamp? for Sheffield.

 

Electric Telegraph Company 2s6d with LV cancel.
This is similar to the cancellation type 4) described above.



Though not used as a cancel here, this matches the description of Type 4 cancel above. - courtesy Mark Gibson.
Electric Telegraph Company Stationery.



A similar usage. - courtesy of  Roger de Lacy-Spencer.
Electric Telegraph Company Stationery.

 

An interesting use of a 1/- remainder, presumably cancelled by favour in 1882.
ET remainder on Registered cover.
This was part of the A. J. Lowe collection sold by Phillips in November 1990.
Image courtesy of  Roger de Lacy-Spencer

 

First Message forms.

Each has a sheet watermark across the middle like this :
ET Message form watermark.

FRANKED MESSAGE PAPER / PRICE ONE SHILLING - Front and back, courtesy of Steve Lawrie. - My Ref. RHF1
These were not to be used for Continental Messages and 3d stamps were intended to be used for extra words.
This has Control Number 3189 at the top-left with the facsimile signature of the Secretary J S Fourdrinier below it.
I initially thought that they were all like that, but see below.
ET One Shilling Form - front.
ET One Shilling Form - back.

 

A later FRANKED MESSAGE PAPER / PRICE ONE SHILLING - Front and back, courtesy of Steve Lawrie. - My Ref. RHF1a
This is similar to the last, but the Control Number 29930 is now on the right with the words "No OF MESSAGE" above.
It also has "No. OF WORDS" added below the "CODE TIME" on the left.
ET One Shilling Form 29930 - front.

The red note about porterage has been removed from the top and integrated into the instruction section which has been extensively updated.
ET One Shilling Form 29930 - back.

 

Another FRANKED MESSAGE PAPER / PRICE ONE SHILLING - Front, this monochrome image is taken from "The Stamps of The Electric Telegraph Company (Great Britain)" by E. D. Bacon (1927). - My Ref. RHF1b
As with the last, this has Control Number 38323 on the right side, but now with the facsimile initials of the Secretary J. S. Fourdrinier above it, and initials JLR of the Chairman John Lewis Ricardo on the left side.
Bacon indicated that this was then in the Royal Collection and that the 1/- numbered 29930 (the one above) was in the Ferrari collection.

ET One Shilling Form - 38323.

 

FRANKED MESSAGE PAPER / PRICE ONE SHILLING AND SIXPENCE - courtesy of Steve Lawrie, Ex Iain Stevenson. - My Ref. RHF2
This was needed due to a price increase of the lowest rate in 1853. It is otherwise similar to the last 1/- immediately above.

ET One Shilling and Sixpenny Form 5449 - front.
150 dpi.

The Conditions section is for Un-insured Messages and ends with the name of the Chairman, J. L. Ricardo.
ET One Shilling and Sixpenny Form 5449 - back.

 

FRANKED MESSAGE PAPER / PRICE TWO SHILLINGS - Front and back, courtesy of Steve Lawrie. - My Ref. RHF3
This is for distances over 50 miles, but within 100 miles.

ET Two Shillings Form - front.

The Conditions section is for Insured Messages with distances over 50 miles, but within 100 miles.
It omits the insurance information and does not name the Chairman.
ET Two Shillings Form - back.

 

FREE MESSAGE PAPER / PRICE TWO SHILLINGS AND SIXPENCE - Front and back, courtesy of Steve Lawrie. - My Ref. RHF4
ET Two and Sixpenny Form - front.

E. D. Bacon describes another 2/6d form as being endorsed in red with:
"This 2s. 6d Message Paper can only be used for distances within a circuit of 100 miles."
ET Two and Sixpenny Form - back.
The watermark can be clearly seen on this. This is numbered 7588, number 7666 of the Iain Stevenson collection is illustrated in the L & H book, it is dated 14th July 1854 but not filled in.

 

FRANKED MESSAGE PAPER / PRICE THREE SHILLINGS - Front, courtesy of Steve Lawrie. - My Ref. RHF5
ET Three Shillings Form - front.

This was for insured messages with distances over 100 miles, but within 150 miles.
ET Three Shillings Form - back.

 

FRANKED MESSAGE PAPER / PRICE FOUR SHILLINGS - Front and back, courtesy of Steve Lawrie. - My Ref. RHF6
ET Three Shillings Form - front.

This was for insured messages with distances over 150 miles.
ET Three Shillings Form - bak.

 

FRANKED MESSAGE PAPER / PRICE FIVE SHILLINGS - courtesy of Steve Lawrie, Ex Iain Stevenson. - My Ref. RHF7
Part of the watermark can be seen.
ET Five Shillings Form - front.

This was for insured messages with distances over 100 miles. It is the only known example of this value.
ET Five Shillings Form - back.

 

 

 

Tariffs.

The back of some of the delivery forms shown below have tariff information, but these items are specifically intended
to provide information about policies and tariffs.

June, 1857 - 4 pages courtesy of Edward Coombes.

Page 1, overview signed by the Secretary, J. S. Fourdrinier.
EITC 1857 Tariff - page 1.

Page 2, with a list of principal stations.
EITC 1857 Tariff - page 2.

Page 3, with a list of charges and available Franked Message Papers and Stamps, as well as an available discount of 12½% above £5.
EITC 1857 Tariff - page 3.

Page 4, with a map of the telegraph network in the UK and Europe.
EITC 1857 Tariff - page 4.
This map has been turned sideways.

 

July, 1865 - General Revision of Tariff, courtesy of Edward Coombes.

EITC 1865 Revision of Tariff.

The competing Company referred to was the United Kingdom Electric Telegraph Co. Ltd. (UKET)

 

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.
Contact:   Emale
Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Last updated 13th. October 2020

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