General Telegraph 6d

Telegraph stamps of Great Britain.

Until recently, only the Post Office telegraphs were well known.
This is changing but the printed information is still out of date.
I hope to gather further information and present it here.

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General Telegraph 6d Electric Telegraph Submarine British English & Irish British & Irish LDTC UK Electric South Eastern Railway London, Chatham and Dover Railway
General Telegraph Electric Telegraph Submarine British Telegraph English & Irish British & Irish London District UK Electric S.E.R. L.C. & D.R.
 
Bonelli Universal Private Telegraph Company National Telephone Company Army Telegraphs-1 Army Telegraphs-2 Railway Telegraph cancel on 10s Post Office Telegraphs Unusual Unexpected Contributions
Bonelli's Universal Tel. National Telephone Army Telegraphs 1 Army Telegraphs 2 Railway Post Office Unusual Unexpected Contributions

 

The London District Telegraph Company (Limited).

Established 1859.

 

The original page became very large, so I have split it into two parts.
This part contains my evidence for claims made in the other part that are
either not given or disagreed with by earlier writers.

Shortcuts to different sections
1860 6d sheets 1860 6d Scenarios 1860 4d sheets 1860 6d/4d calculator 1860 3d sheets 1860 3d Scenarios 1860 3d calculator Provisional
1865 type 1865 Calculator 3d characteristics 6d characteristics First, small or large 3d reconstruction 6d reconstruction Statistics & end notes

 

The first set had the values 3d, 4d and 6d, Perf.12½.



Steven Roberts also says on How The Companies Worked (about two thirds of the way down)
"The London District Telegraph Company sold its 6d message stamps bound into small books with ten pages of six stamps in 1861."
According to Steve Hiscocks, these were reported to have been issued in booklets of 10 panes of six stamps, but he didn't give any dates.

 

So far, I have 115 scans of the following:

3d Yellow 4d Blue 6d Vermilion
A661,
A1112, A1144,
A1221, A1262, A1267,
A1310, A1320, A1324, A1336, A1338, A1357,
A1364, A1379, A1386, A1395(L&H),
A1401, A1404, A1415*, A1423, A1424, A1429,
A1443, A1448, A1463, A1469, A1480,
A2121, A2382, A4853, A4999.
A2315, A2333, A2340, A2342,
A2354, A2356, A2358, A2364,
A2367,
A2375, A2378, A2383, A2392,
A2464, A2465, A2466, A2468.
A1967, A1968, A1979, A1984, A1991, A1993,
A2006, A2013, A2017, A2020, A2023, A2032, A2041, A2042,
A2057, A2059, A2064, A2092, A2099,
A2102, A2108, A2111, A2114, A2115, A2122, A2135, A2146, A2166, A2174, A2181, A2194,
A2200, A2210, A2211, A2217, A2226, A2229(L&H),
A2338, A2341, A2345, A2371, A2387, A2414, A2425, A2435,
A3543, A3544, A3546, A3547, A3548,
A4110, A4418, A4419, A4722,
A5304, A5312, A5317, A6244, A6248, A6261, A6269, A6272, A6274,
A7404, A7409, A8852, A9855.
31 17 67

* this is apparently a proof. Evidence suggests that these were made some time after production started to test surface coloured rather than coloured paper production.

 

I have more scans of the 6d than the other two together, so I started with those.

 

6d  -  sheets of 40, 5 rows of 8 stamps per row.

Consecutive serial numbers are usually vertical pairs numbered downwards:


LDTC Early 6d Pair.   LDTC Early 6d Pair.   LDTC Early 6d Pair.
Three digitally reconstructed vertical pairs, the left pair (A1967/A1968 are the lowest numbers I have seen) - courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
The next pair, A2041/A2042 look like they fitted, though with the bottom having additional trimming - courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
The last pair, A2114 of mine and A2115, source unknown, look like they fit.

 

LDTC Early 6d used vertical Pair. LDTC Early 6d used vertical Pair. LDTC Early 6d non-fitting Pair.
This pair additionally has A3548 underneath in a
horizontal pair with A3543 (see below).
- A3546 courtesy of Martien Blank
and A3547 courtesy of the late Mike Holt.
This pair seems to fit.
In addition they are the only apparently used ones that
I have seen. - A4418 courtesy of Steve Lawrie
and A4419 courtesy of Andrew Higson.
This pair, A2210 and A2211, clearly does not fit, indicating
that the stamps are from different vertical columns
- both courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

Horizontal pairs have serial numbers 5 apart, increasing right to left:

LDTC Early 6d pair - A2059-2064. LDTC Early 6d pair - A1979-1984.
These two look like they were once joined. - A2059 and A2064 Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. These two also, A1979 Courtesy of Steve Lawrie and A1984 courtesy of Derek Harborne.

 

LDTC Early 6d pair.
This 6d pair of stamps indicate that the numbering system is vertical with 5 rows of stamps on the sheet.
A3543 and A3548 ourtesy of Andrew Higson.

 

LDTC Early 6d pair.
Until recently, these were the highest controls I had seen for the 6d. Again these indicate 5 rows of stamps on the sheet.
The selvedge on the right indicates a sheet edge. A7404 and A7409 courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

Next I need to know how many stamps there were in a sheet.

 

Sources of flaws.

There is an excellent description of stamp production using lithography at stampsofvictoria.com

Basically, for high-quality work, a steel die was engraved and used to make a transfer stone of secondary images,
The transfer stone was then applied multiple times to create the printing stone.

For low quality work, images could be drawn directly onto a stone with a water-repelling substance.

Flaws could arise at each step of the process :

1) Each transfer from the original to a member of the 'Transfer Group' on the transfer stone. These are called primary flaws.
2) Each transfer from the transfer stone to the printing stone. These are called secondary flaws.
3) Each transfer from the printing stone to a sheet of stamps.

In addition, the printing stone did not last forever. With use, the impressions degraded, altering existing flaws and perhaps adding new ones.
ultimately the surface of the limestone had to be ground down and new impressions laid down from the transfer stone.

Flaws can comprise either marks where they were not intended, of an absence of ink. Sometimes flaws were repaired by 'retouching' by hand.

Distinguishing between these layers of flaws necessarily entails many images and more would be welcome.

Pairs with matching flaws have serial numbers a multiple of 40 apart:

LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A1991 is mine and A2111 (C2R1) (120 apart) courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

LDTC 6d Early flaws. LDTC Early 6d A6274
A2114 is mine, A2194 (C2R4) (80 apart) and A6274 (C2R4) (another 4080 apart) courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A2108 courtesy of Steve Lawrie and A3548 (C3R3) (1440 apart) courtesy of Andrew Higson.

LDTC 6d Early flaws. LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A2341 and A6261 (C4R1) (160, 3920 (98x40) apart) courtesy of Steve Lawrie, together with A2181 (one of mine).

LDTC 6d Early flaws. LDTC 6d Early A1984 LDTC 6d Early A3544
A2064 and A5304 (C4R4) (1760, 1480 apart) courtesy of Steve Lawrie, together with A1984 courtesy of Derek Harborne, and A3544, postally cancelled at Totton (mine).

LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A2017, A2057 and A2217 (C5R2) (200, 40 apart) courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A2338 courtesy of Martien Blank and A4418 (C5R3) (2080 apart) courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A1979 and A2059 (C5R4) courtesy of Steve Lawrie, A4419 (2360, 80 apart) courtesy of Andrew Higson. A2099 shown below also matches.

LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A2211 and A2371 (C6R1) (160 apart) courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A2174 and A2414 (C6R4) (240 apart) courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A2006 Courtesy of Steve Lawrie and A2166 (C7R1) (160 apart) courtesy of Mark Gibson.

LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A1968 Courtesy of Steve Lawrie and A6248 (C7R3) (4280 apart) courtesy of Martien Blank.

LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A2122 courtesy of capital-collectables on ebay, with A2042 and A4722 (C8R2) (2600, 80 apart) courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
Note straight edges on the right of 2 of these. A2122 remains puzzling.


LDTC 6d Early flaws.
A7404 Courtesy of Steve Lawrie and A6244 (C8R4) (1160 apart) , now mine Ex-Andrew Higson.

 

Pairs with serial numbers 20 apart do not have matching flaws.

LDTC Early Set. 6d A1993 LDTC Early 6d - A2013
A1993 (C2R3) - courtesy of  Mike Jackson. A2013 (C6R3) - courtesy of Martien Blank.

Other non-matching pairs are 2115-2135, 2174-2194 and 5304-6244 which is 940 apart (47x20).

 

LDTC Early Set. 6d A2200 LDTC Early Set. 6d A2200 flaws
A2200 (C1R5) - This is a recent acquisition and was the first example I had seen from Column 1.
I show it here as column 1 is important in the following analysis. The selvedge proves it is from the left edge of the sheet.
One of the problems with surface coating is that it is susceptible to damage by water or solvents. This has no gum,
has some surface abrasion and a closed tear at the top. It has survived though, where apparently most did not.

6d Scenarios.

If we assume that each matching pair is from the same position on different sheets, then the difference between their
control numbers (assuming consistent numbering) must be a multiple of the number of stamps on the sheet.

The next step was to look at these differences:

high62612371241421942064530420572217472221662059354874044419441862482111
low23412211217421141984206420172057204220061979210862442059233819681991
difference392016024080802404016026801608014401160236020804280120
interpretation98 x 404 x 406 x 402 x 402 x 406 x 401 x 404 x 4067 x 404 x 402 x 4036 x 4029 x 4059 x 4052 x 40107 x 403 x 40
Position in sheet2111143424241717261928419 18831
Column (1-8)46624455875385572
Row (1-5)11444422214344331
  Sheet positions in terms of row and column.
R\C12345678
13631262116116 1
237322722171272
338332823181383
439342924191494
5403530252015105

It would seem that regardless of how they were sold to the public, they were printed and consistently numbered in sheets of 40 stamps.
From the horizontal pairs, we can see this was in 5 rows of 8 stamps per row.

This gave me the characteristic flaws of 14 out of the 40 stamps, or 35% of them.

 

ControlSheetColumnRow
A1967 50 7 2
A1968 50 7 3
A1979 50 5 4
A1984 50 4 4
A1991 50 2 1
A1993 50 2 3
A2006 51 7 1
A2013 51 6 3
A2017 51 5 2
A2020 51 5 5
A2023 51 4 3
A2032 51 2 2
A2041 52 8 1
A2042 52 8 2
A2057 52 5 2
A2059 52 5 4
A2064 52 4 4
A2092 53 6 2
A2099 53 5 4
A2102 53 4 2
A2108 53 3 3
A2111 53 2 1
A2114 53 2 4
A2115 53 2 5
A2122 54 8 2
A2135 54 6 5
A2146 54 3 1
A2166 55 7 1
A2174 55 6 4
A2181 55 4 1
A2194 55 2 4
A2200 55 1 5
A2210 56 7 5
A2211 56 6 1

 

 

On that basis, I continued this for all 6d scans from each position I now have.
Until recently (January 2019) there were none from column 1, now there is 1, with the selvedge to prove it.
As of November 2020, there are now 2.

R\C123 45678 Totals
10 2 3 3 0 2 2 1 13
2 1 (5317) 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 16
30 1 2 2 2 1 2 0 10
40 3 2 4 4 2 1 2 18
5 1 (2200) 2 1 2 1 2 1 0 10
Totals 2 11 10 12 10 9 7 6 67

But how was this divided up to make booklet panes of 6?

It might seem that there is no way to know. In the sense that nothing can be proven, this is correct.
However we do have some clues in the pattern of surviving stamps, though at the moment the sample-size is insufficient for any certainty.
When I started this I had 43 scans, that has crept up to 67. Thanks for the help everyone.

LDTC had certain criteria to be met. Profitability was of course King, efficiency also played a part as did clearly defined instructions to staff.

As an aside, on the last part, although some things (like the order in which control numbers were applied) may have been unimportant, it is clear that Victorians liked consistency.
Although I have found apparent 'mistakes', most if not all were due to substituted clichés, so it is clear that procedures have in general been consistently followed by all of the Private Telegraph Companies wherever possible.
Without it, any attempt at plating would be folly.

Firstly, the significance of column 1 needs to be appreciated. I have only two scans from column 1 !
Why do you think that is? What makes column 1 special ? All other columns have at least 6 scans.
Only 3 out of the 61 scans are used stamps (ignoring the Totton stamp). Two of the used form a pair, the other adjoins a column 1 stamp.
Perhaps column 1 stamps were preferentially used and subsequently destroyed.

Known examples are from sheets 50-56, 59-61, 89, 103, 111, 119, 133, 157, 186, 222 and 247.
To me, that suggests that 250 sheets of 40 were printed yielding 10,000 stamps. 67 represents a 0.67% survival rate.

If the images in the argument below look outdated compared to the quantity table above,
you may have javascript disabled (in which case, other tools on this site will not work). However the argument still applies.
ControlSheetColumnRow
A2217 56 5 2
A2226 56 3 1
A2229 56 3 4
A2338 59 5 3
A2341 59 4 1
A2345 59 4 5
A2371 60 6 1
A2387 60 3 2
A2414 61 6 4
A2425 61 4 5
A2435 61 2 5
A3543 89 4 3
A3544 89 4 4
A3546 89 3 1
A3547 89 3 2
A3548 89 3 3
A4110 103 3 5
A4418 111 5 3
A4419 111 5 4
A4722 119 8 2
A5304 133 4 4
A5312 133 2 2
A5317 133 1 2
A6244 157 8 4
A6248 157 7 3
A6261 157 4 1
A6269 157 3 4
A6272 157 2 2
A6274 157 2 4
A7404 186 8 4
A7409 186 7 4
A8852 222 6 2
A9855 247 6 5

To me the biggest difference was whether or not the stamps were included in booklets (I stand to be corrected).
If we assume that column-1 stamps are rare because they were not included in booklets, then other stamps not included in booklets would have equal scarcity.
If it was decided to have only one kind of booklet and to secure the stamps by the selvedge, then the most likely ones they chose would be these two.

LDTC-6d-Booklet-selection-scenario-1.
LDTC-6d-Booklet-selection-scenario-2.

Of these, the horizontal format is the most likely, otherwise it would be difficult to account for the number of row 1 and 2 stamps but no column 1 stamps.
With the horizontal format, there is still the problem of accounting for all the row-3 stamps we have with no column-1 stamps.
Another possibility is to have two types of booklet, one with a horizontal format, the other vertical:

LDTC-6d-Booklet-selection-scenario-3a.
LDTC-6d-Booklet-selection-scenario-3b.

Together these give 5 horizontal panes and 5 vertical panes from two sheets leaving 20 (including column 1) leftover stamps for sale over the counter.
An alternative would be these (or mirror images):

LDTC-6d-Booklet-selection-scenario-4a.
LDTC-6d-Booklet-selection-scenario-4b.

It still requires an explanation as to what happened to the column-1 stamps ?
However panes of 6 are selected, it leaves some loose stamps that still survived, why not column 1.

I have scans of only two intact pairs. There is no way to know if they were ever in booklets, but if the column-1 stamps are scarce
because they were not in booklets, then that implies that most of the stamps I have scans of, were from booklets.

One other constraint is that the layout has to account for the existing still-joined pairs..
The pairs are 3543/3548 and 7404/7409. These were from R3-C3/4 and R4-C7/8
The layout also has to account for the known stamps with selvedge.

Selvedge is known only on the left and right sides of stamps, not top or bottom, however they could have been perforated with it later being torn off.

LDTC-6d-intact-pairs.

The likely scenarios we were left with included no stamps with selvedge at left or right, basically because column 1 was not included.
This makes it clear that the lack of column-1 stamps makes it unlikely that stamps with selvedge on the left or right sides were from booklets.

Though most stamps may have been from booklets, stamps with selvedge may have been preferentially collected.
(Sorry for the vagueness, but the lack of concrete evidence causes recourse to statistics with associated get-out clauses ;o)

The scenario I suggest, implies one pair from a booklet and one from sheet. It will be very interesting to see further pairs.

LDTC Early 6d - A2122
A2122 courtesy of capital-collectables on ebay
This is from column 8, Row 2, along with A2042 and A4722 having
matching flaws. The last two have the expected straight edges on
the right, as do the others. Why doesn't this ?
The perforations have every appearance of being genuine.
Though the sheets were all printed the same, they seem not
to have all been perforated the same.

A possibility that has to be considered is that the statement "reported to have been issued in booklets of 10 panes of six stamps"
was in error and should have been "reported to have been issued in booklets of 6 panes of ten stamps".
This would certainly be easier to manage with sheets of 8 x 5 stamps, but there is still the problem of the scarcity of column-1 stamps.

If both left and right sides were horizontally printed through the selvedge, but with no perforations vertically between the last stamp and sheet edge,
it may have been convenient to remove left and right columns and just use the middle 3 blocks of 10 stamps for booklets.
There is still no explanation though as to why column 8 has survived in preference to column-1.
Perhaps Column-1 was given to counter staff and did not generally get bought by the public to take away, whilst column-8 stamps were used as samples by salesmen.

 

Knowing the pattern makes it possible to predict which should match.

LDTC Early 6d A6272 LDTC Early 6d A6272 LDTC Early 6d A2032
A6272 (C2R2) now one of mine. A5312 (C2R2) courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley. A2032 (C2R2) courtesy of Auktionshaus Christoph Gärtner.

These three are from the same position. Difficult to see if the last matches.


LDTC Early 6d A5312-7 pair

The system of numbering told me that these two formed a pair.
A5317, courtesy of Steve Lawrie, from the rare left side of the sheet, unused, digitally reunited with the used A5312 from above.
Used are almost as scarce as left side of sheet.

 

These two match well.

LDTC Early 6d A2387 LDTC Early 6d A3547
A2387 (C3R2) - A new one of mine A3547 (C3R2)
courtesy of the late Mike Holt.

 

So do these.

LDTC Early 6d A2146 LDTC Early 6d A2226 LDTC Early 6d A3546
A2146 (C3R1)
Courtesy of capital-collectables
A2226 (C3R1)
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
A3546 (C3R1)
Courtesy of Martien Blank.

 

Two more that should match.

LDTC Early 6d A2135 LDTC Early 6d A9855
A2135 (C6R5) - Anonymous. A9855 (C6R5) the highest number I have seen.
courtesy of Auktionshaus Christoph Gärtner.

Not very convincing, but likely.

 

LDTC Early 6d A2229 LDTC Early 6d A6269
A2229 (C3R4) - From Langmead & Huggins book Fig.33
Courtesy of the Great Britain Philatelic Society.
A6269 (C3R4)

This is a good match.

 

LDTC Early 6d A2435 LDTC Early 6d A2115
A2435 (C2R5) A2115 (C2R5) - Anonymous

The right-hand image is rather poor, but some features match.

 

LDTC Early 6d A2425 LDTC Early 6d A2345
A2425 (C4R5) courtesy of Mark Gibson.
This should match the last one, A2345.
A2345 (C4R5) courtesy of Edward Coombes.

These have a rather conspicuous flaw to give them a match.

 

LDTC Early 6d A2092 LDTC Early 6d A8852
A2092 (C6R2) one of mine. A8852 (C6R2) courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

These have a rather conspicuous flaw to give them a match.

 

There are 5 other scans of 6d stamps not yet shown, these are shown below.

 

LDTC Early 6d A2023 LDTC Early 6d A2102 LDTC Early 6d A4110
A2023 (C4R3) courtesy of Steve Lawrie. A2102 (C4R2) courtesy of Steve Lawrie. A4110 (C3R5) courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

LDTC Early 6d A2099 LDTC Early 6d A2020
A2099 (a fourth C5R4) one of mine. A2020 (C5R5) courtesy of Andrew Higson.

 

 

4d  -  sheets of 42 (6 rows of 7).

To work that out from only 12 scans involved a lot of luck. (Now I have 17 scans)

 

Consecutive serial numbers are usually vertical pairs:

LDTC Early 4d used vertical Triplet.
These seems to fit :
A2464 (courtesy of Steve Lawrie) and
A2465 (courtesy of Martien Blank) and
A2466 (courtesy of Andrew Higson).
They are the only vertically connecting stamps so far.

 

Despite only having 12 scans of different 4d examples, I was lucky enough to find two matches.
LDTC 4d Early flaws.
A2466(courtesy of Andrew Higson) and A2340(courtesy of Mark Gibson) are 126 apart. this is (42 x 3), (21 x 6), or (7 x 18).
However, 18 stamps per sheet would put A2356 and 2392 in the same position and also A2315 and A2333. But neither seems to match well.
A2333 does match A2375 though.

 

LDTC Early A2333. LDTC Early A2375.
A2333 courtesy of Steve Lawrie. A2375

These numbers are 42 apart, suggesting 6, 7 or 42 stamps per sheet.

 

LDTC Early 4d A2342. LDTC Early 4d A2468.
A2342 courtesy of Steve Lawrie. A2468 courtesy of Andrew Higson.

A new scan provides another match. These are 126 apart, or 3 x 42.


If there were only 6 or 7 stamps per sheet, I would have a lot more than 3 matches with 17 stamps.
The answer would indeed appear to be 42 stamps per sheet, since it is also compatible with the match above.
The next question is, is this 6 rows of 7 or 7 rows of 6? (assuming it isn't 14 x 3)


LDTC Early A2333. LDTC Early A2340.
These are 7 apart, if there were 7 stamps to a column, they would be adjacent and the same height. They are clearly not the same height.
The stamps with edging on them shown below make it certain that these two are on the same sheet.
That means it must be 6 stamps to a column, i.e. 6 rows, and therefore 7 stamps to a row.

 

LDTC Early A2315. LDTC Early A2354. LDTC Early A2356. LDTC Early A2358.
A2315 courtesy of the late Mike Holt   -
It is the only one I've seen with a broken line under 'LIMITED'.
A2354 courtesy of Steve Lawrie. A2356 courtesy of Steve Lawrie. A2358

Experience with the 6d makes me confident that these are on the edge of a sheet.
Although, considering the last 3 have to be on the edge of the same pane, it looks like some have been trimmed.

 

LDTC Early Set. 4d control
A2392 courtesy of Mark Gibson.

This seems to show a straight edges on the left side like the 6d and 3d ones do.
This also though shows an indications of a single perforation on that side.

 

There is another constraint on the number of stamps per sheet:

LDTC Early 4d. LDTC Early 4d.
LDTC Early 4d. LDTC Early 4d.
4d control *A2466 on dull paper. 4d control *A2468 on translucent paper.
Courtesy of Andrew Higson who remarks that for such close serial numbers, the paper and colour are very different.
A2466 and A2468 are clearly from different sheets. Assuming an unbroken numbering sequence,
A2466 would be the last in its sheet if there were 6 or 18 stamps per sheet.
They would both be on the same sheet if it were 12, 20, 21, 24, 30, 32, 36, 40, 42, 46 or 48 stamps per sheet.
This puts a fly in the ointment, as we have now concluded there are 42 stamps per sheet.
We have to throw out our initial assumption.


Things appear to be consistent up to A2375 that matches A2333, but then A2340 matches A2466,
so it is hard to see how A2468 would be on another sheet !

 

This would give us:

ControlSheetColumnRow
A2315 56 7 5
A2333 56 4 5
A2340 56 3 6
A2342 56 2 2
A2354 57 7 2
A2356 57 7 4
A2358 57 7 6
A2364 57 6 6
A2367 57 5 3
A2375 57 4 5
A2378 57 3 2
A2383 57 2 1
A2392 57 1 4
A2464 59 3 4
A2465 59 3 5
*A2466 59 3 6
*A2468 59 2 2

Combining the sheets and putting the (now 17) stamps in position :

R\C12345 67Totals
1   A2383           1
2   A2342
*A2468
A2378       A2354 4
3         A2367     1
4 A2392   A2464       A2356 3
5     A2465 A2333
A2375
    A2315 4
6     A2340
*A2466
    A2364 A2358 4
Totals 1 3 5 2 1 1 4 17



This predicts something I hadn't noticed before,
A2364 and A2358 should be next to each other.

 

LDTC A2364-A2358 pair
A2364 - courtesy of Martien Blank. A2358
Were these once joined together ?

 

There is 3 other scan of a 4d stamps not yet shown, A2367, A2378 and A2383.
These are shown below.

LDTC Early 4d - A2367. LDTC Early 4d - A2378. LDTC Early 4d - A2383.
A2367 - courtesy of Steve Lawrie. A2378 - courtesy of Steve Lawrie. A2383 - courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

 

3d  -  probably sheets with 2 panes vertically, each having 42 stamps (6 rows of 7).

I initially thought 28 stamps per sheet which would have been good for producing booklet panes.
The problem was that it would imply that I should have a lot of matching scans that do not in fact match.

Perhaps surprisingly, I have only one scan of consecutive numbers of the 3d. Also (perhaps) one horizontal pair.
I do have several scans with matching flaws however:

LDTC 3d Early flaws.
A661 and A1221 (560 apart) courtesy of Steve Lawrie. I originally matched these because of the bottom-right corner,
however it causes problems for me (see below). I am now inclined to think this similarity is a coincidence. There are differences.


LDTC 3d Early flaws.
A1320 courtesy of Steve Lawrie, and A1404 (84 apart) - courtesy of the late Mike Holt.

LDTC 3d Early flaws.
A1112 courtesy of Steve Lawrie and A1448 (336 apart) courtesy of Martien Blank.

LDTC 3d Early flaws.
A1144 (anonymous) and A1480 (336 apart) courtesy of Auktionshaus Christoph Gärtner.
I didn't expect to be able to match the image on the right, but the numbers said I should check against A1144. Here it is.

3d Scenarios.

high1221140414481480
low661132011121144
difference56084336336
interpretation-114 x 407 x 1228 x 1228 x 12
interpretation-240 x 146 x 1424 x 1424 x 14
interpretation-320 x 283 x 2812 x 2812 x 28
interpretation-4 - 1 x 844 x 844 x 84

One of them could be mis-numbered, but the 6d stamps seem very consistent.
With just the first pair it looked like the early ones were in sheets of 40, but later ones were in sheets of 12 or 6.

Now though, the ranges overlap.
The first pair (A661/A1221) do not look very convincing, perhaps they are not really a match. What else do we have?

A1267 and A1262 (with selvedge) are just 5 apart.
If they were both from sheets with 5 stamps per column, then they should be a horizontal pair.
LDTC 3d Early pair ?
A1267 courtesy of Steve Lawrie and A1262 now mine, Ex-Andrew Higson.
Clearly they are not from the same row, they have different heights. If they were numbered like the 6d stamps, they did not have 6 stamps per column.
If there were 5 stamps per row, A1267 should also have selvedge.

The selvedge on A1262 (courtesy of Andrew Higson) has to be accounted for.
If they were all in sheets of 28, this would be the second stamp on its sheet.

A sheet starting with A1261 (following 105 sheets of 12) could be like this:

R\C123
1126912651261
2127012661262
3127112671263
4127212681264

The problem with this is that it puts 6 other pairs in the same locations that do not actually appear to match.
Indeed, my simulations suggest that to get only two matching pairs out of 22 stamps, there should be about 80 or so stamps per sheet.

A sheet starting with A1261 (following 45 sheets of 28) could be like this:

R\C1234
11282127512681261
21283127612691262
31284127712701263
41285127812711264
21286127912721265
31287128012731266
41288128112741267

This would put A1267 on the right edge under A1262. However it doesn't have selvedge !

 

ControlSheetColumnRow
A661 24 3 1
A1112 40 3 4
A1144 41 2 4
A1221 44 3 1
A1262 46 7 2
A1267 46 6 3
A1310 47 2 2
A1320 48 7 4
A1324 48 6 4
A1336 48 3 4
A1338 48 2 2
A1357 49 4 1
A1364 49 3 4
A1379 50 6 3
A1386 50 4 2
A1395 50 2 3
A1401 51 7 1
A1404 51 7 4
A1415 51 4 3
A1423 51 2 3
A1424 51 2 4
A1429 52 7 1
A1443 52 4 3
A1448 52 3 4
A1463 53 6 3
A1469 53 4 1
A1480 53 2 4
A2121 76 2 1
A2382 86 7 2
A4853 174 5 1
A4999 179 4 3

However it could also look like this (adding in additional recent scans):

R\C1234567
1 1285 1281 1277 1273 12691265 1261
2 1286 1282 1278 1274 1270 1266 1262
3 1287 1283 1279 1275 1271 1267 1263
4 1288 1284 1280 1276 1272 1268 1264

 

R\C1234567 Totals
1 0 1 2 2 1 0 2 8
2 0 2 0 1 0 0 2 5
3 0 2 0 3 0 3 0 8
4 0 3 4 0 0 1 2 10
Totals 0 8 6 6 1 4 6 31

Giving the 31 stamps with none in the first column.
Just like the 6d sheets were at the time.

This divides easily into 4 panes of 6 for booklet use plus column 1 leftover for counter use.

The only thing is that this gives other matches that I had not noticed.
I had matched A1112 and A1448 at Column 3, Row 4, A1364 does also,
but according to this A1336 should also match them.
In addition there should be 4 others matches:
C2/R3-A1395/1423,   C4/R1-A1357/1469,   C6/R3-A1267/1463   and   C7/R1-A1401/1429.
As shown below, these do not appear to match.
LDTC 3d Early vertical pair ?
The perforations between these two are not entirely convincing,
but together with the straight-edge on the left of both of them
strongly suggest that are a pair from the left of a pane.
This scenario though, puts them in column 2.
A1423 courtesy Mark Gibson, A1424 courtesy Steve Lawrie.

I like widgits.

They take a little while to make, but make life much easier.
Click on 'popup' to open it in another small window.

This gives positions for the early 6d type on a 5 rows of 8 basis.
for the 3d it does the same for the first 31 sheets (1240 stamps) then switches to 12 stamps per sheet.

Enter a Control number to check            

  6d  
Sheet (1++) Column (1->8)Row (1->5)
   
  40 stamps per sheet
in 5 rows of 8.

 

  4d  
Sheet (1++) Columns (1->7) Rows (1->6)
   
 
42 stamps per sheet.
6 rows of 7.

 

  3d  
Sheet (1++) Columns (1->7) Rows (1->4)
   
 
28 stamps per sheet,
4 Rows of 7.
See below for the
revised versions.

LDTC 3d Early flaws. LDTC Early 3d A1336 LDTC Early 3d A1364

A1112 courtesy of Steve Lawrie and matching A1448 courtesy of Martien Blank from above, together with A1336 courtesy of Andrew Higson,
and now A1364. With 4 rows of 7 stamps, these would all be Col.3, Row 4.
The first two and last match, but not the third.

LDTC Early  3d A1463LDTC Early  3d A1379 LDTC Early  3d A1269

A1267 and A1463 courtesy of Steve Lawrie, with A1379 courtesy Geoff Wright of Sandysstamps
With 4 rows of 7 stamps, these would all be Col.6, Row 3. Again, the first two match but not the third.

LDTC Early 3d A1423 LDTC Early 3d A1423
A1423 courtesy of Mark Gibson. A1395 is illustrated by Langmead and Huggins (colour plate 2) and is Courtesy of the Great Britain Philatelic Society.
With 4 rows of 7 stamps, these would both be Col.2, Row 3. They do not appear to match.

LDTC Early 3d A1357 LDTC Early  3d A1469
A1357 courtesy of Steve Lawrie and A1469 courtesy of Mark Gibson.
With 4 rows of 7 stamps, these would both be Col.4, Row 1. They do not appear to match either.

LDTC Early Set. Highest 3d control LDTC Early 3d
A1401 courtesy of Mark Gibson and A1429 courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
With 4 rows of 7 stamps, these would both be Col.7, Row 1. They look about as different as they can get.

 

The large number of false matches suggests that there are more stamps in the sheet.
But if there are more than 6 rows then A1267 will be in column 7 under A1262, but it does not have selvedge.
If we ignore the A661/A1221 match as being a coincidence, there is the possibility of 84 stamps per sheet.
If we keep 4 rows, then this would need 21 columns (3 panes of 7).
If there are 6 rows, then this would need 14 columns (2 panes of 7).

 

Modifying the 3d for 21 x 4 gives :

 

Enter a Control number to check        

  3d  
Sheet (1++) Columns (1->21) Rows (1->4)
   
  84 stamps per sheet,
4 Rows of 21 stamps.
See below for the
next revised version.

 

3d
Control Sheet Column Row
A661 8 3 1
A1112 14 17 4
A1144 14 9 4
A1221 15 10 1
A1262 16 21 2
A1267 16 20 3
A1310 16 9 2
A1320 16 7 4
A1324 16 6 4
A1336 16 3 4
A1338 16 2 2
A1357 17 18 1
A1364 17 7 4
A1379 17 13 3
A1386 17 11 2
A1395 17 9 3
A1401 17 7 1
A1404 17 7 4
A1415 17 4 3
A1423 17 2 3
A1424 17 2 4
A1429 18 21 1
A1443 18 18 3
A1448 18 17 4
A1463 18 13 3
A1469 18 11 1
A1480 18 9 4
A2121 26 16 1
A2382 29 14 2
A4853 58 5 1
A4999 60 11 3

 

I have added colour-coding for :
stamps with a straight-edge on the right (A1221, A1262, A1429)
and
stamps with a straight-edge on the left (A1386, A1423, A1424, A1469).

R\C 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Totals
1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 3
2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
3 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 2
4 0 1 1 0 0 1 3 6
Totals 0 3 2 1 1 1 4 12

 

R\C 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Totals
1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2
2 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 3
3 0 1 0 1 0 2 0 4
4 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
Totals 0 4 1 3 0 2 1 11

 

R\C 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Totals
1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 3
2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 (1262) 1
3 0 0 0 1 0 1 (1267) 0 2
4 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2
Totals 0 1 2 2 0 1 2 8

Again a grand total of 31 stamps of course, with none in the first column of each pane.
Just like the 6d sheets (were). There are none in 2 other columns also though.

Each pane divides into 4 blocks of 6 for booklet use plus columns 1, 8 & 15 leftover for counter use.
One problem though is that the A1423/A1424 pair is still in column 2.

 

Modifying the 3d for 14 x 6 gives :

 

Enter a Control number to check        

  3d  
Sheet (1++) Columns (1->14) Rows (1->6)
   
  84 stamps per sheet,
6 Rows of 14 stamps.

 

3d
Control Sheet Column Row
A661 8 2 1
A1112 14 11 2
A1144 14 6 4
A1221 15 7 3
A1262 16 14 2
A1267 16 13 1
A1310 16 6 2
A1320 16 5 6
A1324 16 4 4
A1336 16 2 4
A1338 16 2 6
A1357 17 12 1
A1364 17 11 2
A1379 17 9 5
A1386 17 8 6
A1395 17 6 3
A1401 17 5 3
A1404 17 5 6
A1415 17 3 5
A1423 17 1 1
A1424 17 1 2
A1429 18 14 1
A1443 18 12 3
A1448 18 11 2
A1463 18 9 5
A1469 18 8 5
A1480 18 6 4
A2121 26 11 3
A2382 29 10 6
A4853 58 4 5
A4999 60 7 1


I have added colour-coding for :
stamps with a straight-edge on the right (A1221, A1262, A1429)
and
stamps with a straight-edge on the left (A1386, A1423, A1424, A1469).

R\C 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Totals
1 1 (1423) 1 0 0 0 0 1 (4999) 3
2 1 (1424) 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
3 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 (1221) 3
4 0 1 0 1 0 2 0 4
5 0 0 *1 1 0 0 0 2
6 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 3
Totals 2 3 1 2 3 4 2 17

 

R\C 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Totals
1 0 0 0 0 1 1 (1267) 1 (1429) 3
2 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 (1262) 4
3 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2
4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 1 (1469) 2 0 0 0 0 0 3
6 1 (1386) 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Totals 2 2 1 4 2 1 2 14

Again 31 stamps in total, but there are stamps in the first column of both panes.
3 columns have only 1 example and no columns have no examples unless you
count column 3, immediately above column 10, only having the proof, A1415.
A1415 is ostensibly on sheet 17 with 9 others. It clearly wasn't.
A1415 must be a fictitious number.

This puts the A1423/A1424 pair in the right place at last.
It also implies that A1463 and A1469 should be a horizontal pair.

LDTC possible pair
Here are A1463 and A1469. It's close and the straight edge on 1469 suddenly finds an explanation (which it doesn't in the other scenarios).
Looking at the other 3d examples with straight edges, A1221 and A1429 are at 7/3 and 14/1, both on the right sides (of a block of 7 columns) and both
having straight edges that side. A1386 is from 8/6 on the left side with that edge straight.
A bit much for a coincidence, each of the other scenarios get 1 out of 3 correct, but the fact of straight edges on 7/3 and 14/1 may be significant.
Admittedly someone could have snipped off perforations on a whim, but if not perhaps the sheets were actually 12 rows of 7 to make 84.
So does this pair fit together? What do you think ?

That would suggest that 12 rows of 7 stamps arranged in panes as shown (for the straight edges) as the most likely option.

 

Here is a potential fly in the ointment. The 3d is normally on yellow paper, but of variable transparency.

LDTC Early 3d. LDTC Early 3d.
3d control A1262   (16/14/2 ?) 3d control A1336   (16/2/4 ?)
Reverse of stamps shown above, courtesy of Andrew Higson. Are these from the same sheet?
They were on different panes, could the different panes have been on different sheets of paper?
A1379 (sheet 17) appears to be on the same kind of paper as A1336. There is a similar problem with the 4d stamps.
The bottom-right corner of A1262 though looks a bit more translucent, perhaps some were affected by oil or something.

This A1262 example presents another problem. It is very tall, how far apart were the rows of stamps?
It looks like it is from the top of a sheet but in our current scenario it isn't.

Here is another problem.

The stamp below presents something of an enigma. This is one of 5 scans I have between A1400 and A1430, but the others are all normal.
It is imperf. and surface coated rather than being on yellow paper.
It was sold as a proof. The number appears to have been random. There was almost certainly a real A1415.

LDTC Early 3d. LDTC Early 3d.
3d control A1415 sold as a proof. 3d control A1415 sold as a proof.
Courtesy of Andrew Higson.

 

One more fly to add to the ointment :

LDTC Highest number Early 3d - A4999.

This should be on the right side of the sheet. Other stamps in that position have a straight edge on the right.
Is there a problem with this proposed arrangement? This is the highest number that I've seen for the 3d. Perhaps something changed,
perhaps they started perforating around the edges ? On the other hand it may have been torn from a stub on the left-hand side.

 

There are 8 other scans of 3d stamps not yet shown.
These are A1310, A1324, A1338, A1386, A1443, A2121, A2382 and A4853 and are shown below.

 

  LDTC Early 3d A1310   LDTC Early 3d A1324   LDTC Early 3d - A1338   LDTC Early 3d A1386
A1310 courtesy Derek Harborne, A1338 courtesy of Martien Blank, A1324 and A1386 courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

 

  LDTC Early 3d A1386   LDTC Early 3d A2121   LDTC Early 3d A2382   LDTC Early 3d A4853
A1443 (mine); A2121 courtesy of Mark Gibson; A2382 and A4853 courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

More scans needed.

 

 

1865   Perf.11½

Later the design was changed, initially with manuscript controls.

LDTC Transitional 3d control 240. LDTC Transitional 6d control 860. LDTC Transitional 6d control 427. LDTC Transitional 6d control 444. LDTC Transitional 6d control 863 ?.
3d on blue-green paper,  RH4
Number 240
6d on vermilion paper,  RH5
Number 860
6d  RH5
Number 427
6d  RH5
Number 446 ?
6d  RH5
Number 363 changed to 863 ?
From Langmead & Huggins, Colour Plate 1, Courtesy of the Great Britain Philatelic Society. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

If I assume that these are the same sheet format and numbering as the later stamps, 5 rows of 8, horizontally from top-left, I get:

I have now one scan of the 3d, control 240, as illustrated in the Langmead and Huggins book.
This matches row 5 stamp 8 of the later type (see below), the last stamp on the 6th. sheet of 40.
240 is the correct control number for the last stamp on the sixth sheet.

6d Control 860 is illustrated by Langmead and Huggins and matches row 5, stamp 4, though 860 would be expected at row 3 stamp 4.
6d control 427 is a Group 2 stamp matching row 2 stamp 4 of the later type stamps, though 427 would be expected at row 4 stamp 3.
6d control 446 is a Group 2 stamp matching row 1 stamp 6 of the later type stamps.
6d control 863(?) is also a Group 2 stamp but matches row 3 stamp 5 of the later type stamps, though 863 would be expected at row 3 stamp 7.

If I assume that these are 5 rows of 8, vertically numbered from top-left, I get:

It makes no difference to the 3d, it is still the last stamp in the sheet,
but now the 6d stamps numbered 860 and 863 are correct, but the last would need to be 417 to match.

Transitional VERTICAL numbering.

Enter a Control number to check  
       

Sheet (1+)Row (1->5) Column (1->8)
   

 

From Langmead & Huggins, Colour Plate 1.
Courtesy of the Great Britain Philatelic Society.
One of mine. Courtesy of  Roger de Lacy-Spencer. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Transitional 3d control 240. LDTC Later 3d 4000. LDTC Later 3d 1520. LDTC Later 3d 6800.
240 (6/5/8) 4000 (100/5/8) 1520 (38/5/8) 6800 (170/5/8)


The 6d stamps, though of the same type, appear to have had a different arrangement on the plate.

From Langmead & Huggins, Colour Plate 1.
Courtesy of the Great Britain Philatelic Society.
One of mine. Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Anonymous.
LDTC Transitional 6d control 860. LDTC Later 6d 2836. LDTC Later 6d 4036. LDTC Later 6d 4436.
860 (22/5/4) 2836 (71/5/4) 4036 (101/5/4) 4436 (111/5/4)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Martien Blank.
LDTC Transitional 6d control 427. LDTC Later 6d 3292. LDTC Later 6d 3932. LDTC Later 6d 3092.
417 misnumbered? (11/2/4) 3292 (83/2/4) 3932 (99/2/4) 3092 (78/2/4)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of  Andrew Higson. One of mine.
LDTC Transitional 6d control 446. LDTC Later 6d 3486. LDTC Later 6d 2806. LDTC Later 6d 3806.
446 (12/1/6) 3486 - 88/1/6 (Group 3) 2806 - 71/1/6 (Group 3) 3806 - 96/1/6 (Group 3)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of mirak5 on ebay.
LDTC Transitional 6d control 863 ?. LDTC Later 6d small 9141. LDTC Later small 6d 3141.
863 (22/3/5) 9141 (229/3/5) 3141 (79/3/5)

6d Group 2 stamps have the characteristic mark above 'ES' of 'MESSAGE' and extended bottom line of 'E' in 'CHIEF'.

There are matching flaws between the manuscript and later types, however the 6d later types share common flaws that do not appear to be on the manuscript types.
These presumably were picked up on a transfer from the manuscript type.
Additionally, and more importantly the later type appear to be in different positions.
This may account for the 'scrambled' Group arrangement of the later type.

The 3d later types may have been printed from the same plate as the manuscript 3d types.


More scans needed.

 

 

Later type

Despite L&H saying these are Perf. 12½, I make them Perf. 12
The controls were printed in either large or small type. The colours were changed to those below.

LDTC Later 3d. LDTC Later 3d. LDTC Later 6d. LDTC Later 6d.
Hiscocks H6 Hiscocks H6a courtesy of Mark Gibson. Hiscocks H7 Hiscocks H7a

 

Layouts.

In the beginning I had little in the way of multiples, re-joined pairs at best and it was painstaking to make a case for the sheet layouts.
Fortunately larger multiples have now come to light that make a simpler and more convincing case.
The block below is courtesy of Steve Lawrie.

LDTC Later 6d block of 8.

The difference of 8 between the top stamps and the bottom, makes it clear that there were 8 stamps in a row. It also implies that this sheet ended with number 16440, so 16440 should be divisible by the number of stamps per sheet.

For a long time, it bothered me that I never saw a pair crossing the left-right division but, getting ahead a bit, the strip below does, though it is re-joined. I suspect that the complete sheets were routinely quartered before use.

Re-joined strip of 4 courtesy of Andrew Higson.
LDTC Later 3d rejoined strip.
4850 to 4853 are from row 2, columns 2 to 5

 

The next step is to determine the number of stamps (and thus rows) in a sheet.
As with the first series, matching flaws are needed.

I now have many choices, but this is a good example.

Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Anonymous Anonymous. Anonymous
LDTC Later small 3d 1569. LDTC Later 3d 4529. LDTC Later 3d 8249. LDTC Later 3d 1693.
1569 (40/2/1) 4529 (114/2/1) 8249 (207/2/1) 1693 (43/2/5)

 

high 8249 4529 1693 4529
low 4529 1693 1569 1569
difference 3720 2836 124 2960
interpretation 93 x 40 709 x 4 31 x 4 74 x 40
Position in sheet - - - -
Column (1-8) - - - -
Row (1-5) - - - -

One thing that quickly became apparent is that there were slight differences between types.
1693 has an extra flaw (left of the 'L' corner) that the others do not have. It is from a different (though related) position.
I started to use the term 'alt' for alternative to indicate the similar ones.
Below is a more complete list of stamps like this:

 

Row-2   PRIMARY flaws  

All have the following flaws in common:
1) Bulge left of 'T' corner.
2) Bulge bottom-right of 'T' corner.
3) Frame-break above 'G' of 'MESSAGE'.
4) Mark on outer frame left of first 'O' in 'LONDON'.
5) Dot between frame lines under 'E' of 'SECy'.
6) Dot between lines under 'M' of 'MANAGER'.
7) Mark on vertical frame left of 'MESSAGE'.
-
SECONDARY flaws

1) 'T' joined to frame in 'T' corner.
2) White dot under 'AM' of 'STAMP'.
3) White dot between 'SA' of 'MESSAGE'.
The 'alt' has an additional mark left of the 'L' corner.

Controls:
large 853, 1413, 1653, 1693, 3973, 4529, 4853, 4893
small 1569, 1649, 8209, 8249


These stamps are quite distinctive.
Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
853 = 22/2/5
1413 = 36/2/5
1569 = 40/2/1
1649 = 42/2/1
1653 = 42/2/5
1693 = 43/2/5
3973 = 100/2/5
4529 = 114/2/1
4853 = 122/2/5
4893 = 123/2/5
8209 = 206/2/1
8249 = 207/2/1

Splitting the two types gives:

high 8249 8209 4529 1649
low 8209 4529 1649 1569
difference 40 3680 2880 80
interpretation 1 x 40 92 x 40 72 x 40 2 x 40
Position in sheet 9 9 9 9
Column (1-8) 1 1 1 1
Row (1-5) 2 2 2 2
high 4893 4853 3973 1693 1653 1413
low 4853 3973 1693 1653 1413 853
difference 40 880 2280 40 240 560
interpretation 93 x 40 22 x 40 57 x 40 1 x 40 6 x 40 14 x 40
Position in sheet 13 13 13 13 13 13
Column (1-8) 5 5 5 5 5 5
Row (1-5) 2 2 2 2 2 2

 

Knowing there are 40 stamps per sheet and 8 stamps per row tells me that there are 5 rows per sheet.
I have broken the control number down into Sheet(1+), Row(1 to 5) and Column(1 to 8) using the 'widget' below.

Tha 'alt's are 4 columns away. The right and left halves of the sheet appear to be close copies of each other.

Notice that this works with large and small controls.
Images of all of these can be found under 'Row-2' lower down.

 

This calculator made my life easier.

On the evidence that at least some sheets with 5 rows of 8 stamps were used, I made a 'widget' to decode sheet position from control number.
Click on 'popup' to open it in another small window.

Enter a Control number to check          

Sheet (1+)Row (1->5) Column (1->8)
   

 

 

Characteristics on the 3d.

I originally chose arbitrary groups until I understood the pattern. I will now list by Row Number / Stamp Number.
I have put a thick green line around some major characteristics and a thin one around lesser associated ones I have listed.
The magenta lines represent smaller ones I did not list. Smaller marks may be visible or not depending on under/over inking and age of the stone.
I have used green to indicate primary flaws in which case the blue indicates secondary flaws.

 

Row-1 PRIMARY flaws
All five have the following flaws in common:
1) Notch in left of 'C' in 'Co' corner.
Latent
2) Notch in 'D' of 'D' corner.
3) Dot between 'EC' of 'SECy'.
 
One of mine. Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 1481. LDTC Later 3d 885. This pair have the following flaws in common
that the other pairs do not have:
1) Black mark between 'ST' of 'DISTRICT'.
2) Frame break above first 'S' in 'MESSAGE'.
3) Frame break on top border.
4) White dot in 'D' corner.
5) White dot above 'M' of 'MESSAGE'.
6) White dot below-left of 'L' in 'L' corner.

Row-1, Stamps-1 & 5  Controls: 885, 1481, 1485, 1685, 2085, 2845
small: 685, 10325


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
685 = 18/1/5
885 = 23/1/5
1481 = 38/1/1
1485 = 38/1/5
1685 = 43/1/5
2085 = 53/1/5
2845 = 72/1/5
10325 = 259/1/5
1481 (38/1/1) 885 (23/1/5)
 
One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 4242. LDTC Later 3d 4242. This pair have the following flaws in common
that the other pairs do not have:

1) Frame-break above 'T' corner.
2) White dot below 'A' of 'STAMP'.
3) Mark between frames to right of 'STREET'.
4) Broken leg of 'R' in 'DISTRICT'.
5) Black mark above 'SS' of 'MESSAGE'.
6) Black mark between 'Ch" of 'Charles'.
7) Several frame breaks.

Row-1, Stamp-2     Controls: 1482, 1562, 4242

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1482 = 38/1/2
1562 = 40/1/2
4242 = 107/1/2

.
4242 (107/1/2) 1562 (40/1/2)
 
One of mine. Anonymous. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 206. LDTC Later 3d 1646. This pair have the following flaws in common
that the other pairs do not have:

1) Frame-break above 'T' corner.
2) White dot right of 'T' in 'T' corner.
3) Mark in 2nd. 'O' of 'LONDON'.
4) Broken leg of 'R' in 'DISTRICT'.
5) White mark above 'M' of 'MESSAGE'.
6) Numerous marks between frame lines.

Row-1, Stamp-6     Controls: 206, 1286, 1646, 3966,
4886


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
206 = 6/1/6
1286 = 33/1/6
1646 = 42/1/6
3966 = 100/1/6
4886 = 123/1/6

A mark appears between 'LE' of 'TELEGRAPH' on
1646 and after.
206 (6/1/6) 1646 (42/1/6)
 
One of mine . Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 2763. LDTC Later 3d 4247. This pair have the following flaws in common:
that the other pairs do not have:
1) Black mark on 'R' of 'DISTRICT'.
2) Black mark between 'ON' of 'LONDON'.
1/3 has an additional broken 'C' in 'District'.

Row-1, Stamps-3 & 7     Controls: 843, 1363, 1487, 1767, 2163, 2763, 4207, 4247
small 3887, 10327


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
843 = 22/1/3
1363 = 35/1/3
1487 = 38/1/7
1767 = 45/1/7
2163 = 55/1/3
2763 = 70/1/3
3887 = 98/1/7
4207 = 106/1/7
4247 = 107/1/7
10327 = 259/1/7
843 (22/1/3) 4247 107/1/7)
One of mine. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 2444. LDTC Later 3d 10328. Characteristics:
1) Dot above 'T' in 'T' corner.
2) Dot below 'ME' in 'MESSAGE'.
3) Dot below 'GE' in 'MESSAGE'.
4) Dot between 'EC' in 'SECy'.
On 1/4 only:
5) Dot below 'L' in the 'L' corner.
6) Dot above-left of 'G' in 'MESSAGE'.
7) Mark on 'D' in 'D' corner.
On 1/8 only:
8) Dash outside right frame.
9) Dot below 'M' of 'MANAGER'.

Row-1, Stamp-4 & 8     Controls: 928, 2124, 2444,
3164
            small: 1648, 6164, 10328


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
928 = 24/1/8
1648 = 42/1/8
2124 = 54/1/4
2164 = 55/1/4
2444 = 62/1/4
6164 = 155/1/4
10328 = 259/1/8
2444 (62/1/4) 10328 (259/1/8)

 

Examples from row 1.

One of mine. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 1481. LDTC Later 3d 1482. LDTC Later 3d 1562.
1481 (38/1/1) 1482 (38/1/2) 1562 (40/1/2)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 4242. LDTC Later 3d 843. LDTC Later 3d 1363.
4242 (107/1/2) 843 (22/1/3) 1363 (35/1/3)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine. Anonymous. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 2163. LDTC Later 3d 2763. LDTC Later 3d 2124. LDTC Later 3d 2164.
2163 (55/1/3) 2763 (70/1/3) 2124 (54/1/4) 2164 (55/1/4)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of the late Mike Holt.
LDTC Later 3d 2444. LDTC Later 3d 6164. LDTC Later 3d 685. LDTC Later 3d 885.
2444 (62/1/4) 6164 (155/1/4) 685 (18/1/5) 885 (23/1/5)

 

One of mine. Courtesy John A. McCulloch, © 2010 ARR. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 1485. LDTC Later 3d 1685. LDTC Later 3d 2085.
1485 (38/1/5) 1685 (43/1/5) 2085 (53/1/5)

 

Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 2845. LDTC Later 3d 10325.
2845 (72/1/5) 10325 (259/1/5)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Anonymous.
LDTC Later 3d 1646. LDTC Later 3d 1286. LDTC Later 3d 1646.
206 (6/1/6) 1286 (33/1/6) 1646 (42/1/6)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 3966. LDTC Later small 3d 4886. LDTC Later 3d 3966. LDTC Later small 3d 1767.
3966 (100/1/6) 4886 (123/1/6) 1487 (38/1/7) 1767 (45/1/7)

 

Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Anonymous. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. One of mine.
LDTC Later small 3d 3887. LDTC Later 3d 4207. LDTC Later 3d 4247. LDTC Later 3d 10327.
3887 (98/1/7) small. 4207 (106/1/7) 4247 (107/1/7) 10327 (259/1/7)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 928. LDTC Later 3d 1648. LDTC Later 3d 10328.
928 (24/1/8) 1648 (42/1/8) 10328 (259/1/8)

 

 

These have a 'notch' on the left side of the 'T' corner, but it is higher than the other ones.

Row-2 PRIMARY flaws
All have the following flaws in common:
1) Bulge left of 'T' corner. 8) Dot between frame lines under 'E' of 'SECy'.
2) Bulge bottom-right of 'T' corner. 9) Dot between lines under 'M' of 'MANAGER'.
3) Dot above 'C' in 'DISTRICT'. 10) Mark on vertical frame left of 'MESSAGE'.
4) Frame-break above 'G' of 'MESSAGE'. 11) 'r-dot' - see below .
5) Mark between lines, right of 'D' corner.  
6) Mark on outer frame left of first 'O' in 'LONDON'.  
7) Dots to right of 'ON' in 'LONDON'.  
Anonymous Anonymous SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 4529. LDTC Later 3d 1693. This pair has the following flaws in common
that the others do not have:
1) 'T' joined to frame in 'T' corner.
2) White dot under 'AM' of 'STAMP'.
3) White dot between 'SA' of 'MESSAGE'.
The '-alt' has an additional mark left of the 'L' corner.

Row-2, Stamps-1 & 5                 Controls:
large 853, 1413, 1653, 1693, 3973, 4529, 4853, 4893
small 1569, 1649, 8209, 8249


These stamps are quite distinctive.
Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
853 = 22/2/5
1413 = 36/2/5
1569 = 40/2/1
1649 = 42/2/1
1653 = 42/2/5
1693 = 43/2/5
3973 = 100/2/5
4529 = 114/2/1
4853 = 122/2/5
4893 = 123/2/5
8209 = 206/2/1
8249 = 207/2/1
4529 (114/2/1) 1693 (43/2/5)
 
One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 1450. LDTC Later 3d 2134. Characteristics:
1) Mark on top of 'L' corner.
2) Line through 'M' of 'STAMP'.
On 2/6 only:
3) Mark top-right of 'E' in 'MESSAGE'.
4) Mark in 'Co' corner.


Row-2, Stamps-2 & 6   Controls: 1450, 1490, 2130, 2134, 2690, 3974, 4254, 4850
small: 1654

These stamps are quite distinctive.
Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1450 = 37/2/2
1490 = 38/2/2
1654 = 42/2/6
2130 = 54/2/2
2134 = 54/2/6
2690 = 68/2/2
3974 = 100/2/6
4254 = 107/2/6
4850 = 122/2/2
1450 (37/2/2) 2134 (54/2/6)
 
Courtesy of Andrew Higson. Courtesy of Andrew Higson. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 4851. LDTC Later 3d 4855. Distinctive varieties of note:
1) Marks in 'D' and 'T' corners.
2) Many marks in 'Co' corner.
3) Marks around frames.
4) Diagonal scratch across 'L' corner.

The 'Alt' has less marks in 'Co' corner.
but marks in 'T' and 'L' corners.

Row-2, Stamps-3 & 7   Controls: 931, 1131, 2055, 4851, 4855
small: 10331, 10335


These stamps are quite distinctive.
Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
931 = 24/2/3
1131 = 29/2/3
2055 = 52/2/7
4851 = 122/2/3
4855 = 122/2/7
10331 = 259/2/3
10335 = 259/2/7
4851 (122/2/3) 4855 (122/2/7)
 
Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 4612. LDTC Later small 3d 5252. These have the following flaws in common:
that the others do not have:
1) White dot left of 'D' in 'D' corner.
2) 2 white dots under 'D' of 'D' corner.
3) Black protrusion below 'T' corner.
4) White dot under 'T' of 'STAMP'.
5) Dot before 'C' of 'CHIEF'.
6) Black mark under 'D' corner on '-alt'.)
7) Black marks right of 'D' corner on '-alt'.)

Row-2, Stamp-4 Controls:
large 972, 1372, 2012, 4216, 4772, 4852
small 5252, 10572, 24932


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
972 = 25/2/4
1372 = 35/2/4
2012 = 51/2/4
4612 = 116/2/4
4772 = 120/2/4
4852 = 122/2/4
5252 = 132/2/4
10572 = 265/2/4
24932 = 624/2/4

4612 (116/2/4) 5252 (132/2/4)
 
Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 4216. LDTC Later 3d 4456. These have the following flaws in common:
that the others do not have:
1) White dot left of 'D' in 'D' corner.
2) 2 white dots under 'D' of 'D' corner.
3) Black protrusion below 'T' corner.
4) White dot under 'T' of 'STAMP'.
5) Dot before 'C' of 'CHIEF'.
6) Broken top serif 'L' corner. (not on '-alt')

Row-2, Stamp-8 Controls:
large 1576, 1776, 2216, 2256, 4216, 4456, 4536
small 22656


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

1576 = 40/2/8
1776 = 45/2/8
2216 = 56/2/8
2256 = 57/2/8
4216 = 106/2/8 (2 copies)
4456 = 112/2/8
4536 = 114/2/8
22656 = 567/2/8
4216 (106/2/8) 4456 (112/2/8)

 

'r-dot' : The signature near the bottom is that of the Secretary and Manager Charles Curtoys.
There is a dot above the signature written as if the 'r' in 'Charles' was an 'i' so I will refer to it as the 'r-dot'
It can be clearly seen on the mint stamp above.
.

The 'r-dot' can help us. It can be as above or missing or over to the right near the 'l' of 'Charles'.
It depends on the stamp position, but not necessarily on the control number.

 

Examples from row 2 .

Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Anonymous. Anonymous. Anonymous.
LDTC Later small 3d 1569. LDTC Later 3d 4529. LDTC Later 3d 8209. LDTC Later 3d 1649.
1569 (40/2/1) 4529 (114/2/1) 8209 (206/2/1) 1649 (42/2/1)

 

Anonymous. One of mine. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk.
LDTC Later 3d 8249. LDTC Later 3d 1450. LDTC Later 3d 1490. LDTC Later 3d 2130.
8249 (207/2/1) 1450 (37/2/2) 1490 (38/2/2) 2130 (54/2/2)

 

Anonymous. Courtesy of Andrew Higson.
LDTC Later 3d 2690. LDTC Later 3d 4850.
2690 (68/2/2) 4850 (122/2/2)

 

One of mine. One of mine. Courtesy of  Andrew Higson. Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 931. LDTC Later 3d 1131. LDTC Later 3d 4851. LDTC Later 3d 10331.
931 (24/2/3) 1131 (29/2/3) 4851 (122/2/3) 10331 (259/2/3)

 

 

One of mine. One of mine. Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 972. LDTC Later 3d 1372. LDTC Later 3d 2012.
972 (25/2/4) 1372 (35/2/4) 2012 (51/2/4)

 

Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of  Mike Jackson. Courtesy of  Andrew Higson.
LDTC Later 3d 4612. LDTC Later 3d 4772. LDTC Later 3d 4852.
4612 (116/2/4) 4772 (120/2/4) 4852 (122/2/4)

 

Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine.
LDTC Later small 3d 5252. LDTC Later 3d 10572. LDTC Later 3d 24932.
5252 (132/2/4) 10572 (265/2/4) 24932 (624/2/4) - highest number

 

Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 853. LDTC Later 3d 1413.
853 (22/2/5) 1413 (36/2/5)

 

Courtesy of  Mike Jackson. Anonymous. Courtesy of Mark Talbot. Courtesy of Andrew Higson.
LDTC Later 3d 1653. LDTC Later 3d 1693. LDTC Later 3d 3973. LDTC Later 3d 4853.
1653 (42/2/5) 1693 (43/2/5) 3973 (100/2/5) 4853 (122/2/5)

 

One of mine. One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 4893. LDTC Later 3d 1654. LDTC Later 3d 2134. LDTC Later 3d 3974.
4893 (123/2/5) 1654 (42/2/6) 2134 (54/2/6) 3974 (100/2/6)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Reproduced with permission from http://www.stampboards.com Courtesy of Andrew Higson. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 4254. LDTC Later 3d 2055. LDTC Later 3d 4855. LDTC Later 3d 10335.
4254 (107/2/6) 2055 (52/2/7) 4855 (122/2/7) 10335 (259/2/7)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. One of mine. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 1576. LDTC Later 3d 1776. LDTC Later 3d 2216. LDTC Later 3d 2256.
1576 (40/2/8) 1776 (45/2/8) 2216 (56/2/8) 2256 (57/2/8)

 

Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk.
LDTC Later 3d 4216. LDTC Later 3d 4216. LDTC Later 3d 4456.
4216 (106/2/8) used 4216 (106/2/8) unused 4456 (112/2/8)

 

Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of  Stephen Gardner.
LDTC Later 3d 4536. LDTC Later small 3d 22656.
4536 (114/2/8) 22656 (567/2/8)

 

 

 

Row-3 PRIMARY flaws
All four have the following flaws in common:
1) Outward bulge from top of 'Co' corner.
2) Dot above second 'E' in 'TELEGRAPH'.
3) Partial frame-break under 'M' of 'STAMP'.
 
One of mine. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 1537. LDTC Later 3d 2781.
There appear to be some flaws in common with all,
but 3/5 has shared flaws not on 3/1 (red).
Also 3/1 has a couple of flaws not on 3/5 (magenta).
1) Many 'speckles' in all four corners.
2) Many 'speckles' in 'MESSAGE STAMP' area.
3) Notches in 'N' of 'No.'

Row-3, Stamps 1 and 5        Controls: 1537, 2137, 2141, 2781

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1537 = 39/3/1
2137 = 54/3/1
2141 = 54/3/5
2781 = 70/3/5

1537 (39/3/1) 2781 (70/3/5)
 
Courtesy of  Stephen Gardner. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 1978. LDTC Later 3d 2822. These have the following flaws :
1) White dots in 'T' corner.
2) White protrusion from 'L' in 'L' corner.
3) Frame break under 'S' of 'SECy'.

Row-3, Stamps-2 & 6     Controls: 1498, 1978, 2142,
2262, 2782, 2822, 3182, 4862
small 1582, 15742


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1498 = 38/3/2
1582 = 40/3/6
1978 = 50/3/2
2142 = 54/3/6
2262 = 57/3/6
2782 = 70/3/6
2822 = 71/3/6
3182 = 80/3/6
4862 = 122/3/6
15742 = 394/3/6

1498 and 1978 differ in having a scratch under the
'L' corner and a feint scratch across '90'.
1978 (50/3/2) 2822 (71/3/6)
 
Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Anonymous SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 2739. LDTC Later 3d 2743. This pair have the following flaws in common
that the other pairs do not have:
1) White mark above 'E' of 'MESSAGE'.
2) White mark right of 'E' in 'MESSAGE'.
3) Higher dot right of 'T' in 'T' corner.
4) Dot below 'T' in 'T' corner.
5) Mark on 'N' of 'LONDON' (not on '-alt').

Row-3, Stamps-3 & 7   Controls: 1499, 2139, 2259, 2379, 2739, 2743, 4259, 4699
                small     23499


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1499 = 38/3/3
2139 = 54/3/3
2259 = 57/3/3
2379 = 60/3/3
2739 = 69/3/3
2743 = 69/3/7
4259 = 107/3/3
4699 = 118/3/3
23499 = 588/3/3
2739 (69/3/3) 2743 (69/3/7)
 
One of mine Courtesy of  Chris Ceremuga. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 3660. LDTC Later 3d small 1584. These have the following flaws :
1) White dot right of 'T' in 'T' corner.
2) White marks in 'L' corner.
3) White marks in 'D' corner.

Row-3, Stamps-4 & 8    Controls: 340, 1580, 1860, 2140, 2780, 3660
small 1584, 2384


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
340 = 9/3/4
1580 = 40/3/4
1584 = 40/3/8
1860 = 47/3/4
2140 = 54/3/4
2384 = 60/3/8
2780 = 70/3/4
3660 = 92/3/4
3660 (92/3/4) small 1584 (40/3/8)

 

Examples from row 3 .

One of mine. One of mine. One of mine. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 1537. LDTC Later 3d 2137. LDTC Later 3d 2141. LDTC Later 3d 2781.
1537 (39/3/1) 2137 (54/3/1) Note printing flaw. 2141 (54/3/5) 2781 (70/3/5) Note printing flaw.

 

One of mine. Courtesy of  Stephen Gardner.
LDTC Later 3d 1498. LDTC Later 3d 1978.
1498 (38/3/2) 1978 (50/3/2)

 

Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of  Mike Jackson. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 1582. LDTC Later 3d 2142. LDTC Later 3d 2262.
1582 (40/3/6) 2142 (54/3/6) 2262 (57/3/6)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 2782. LDTC Later 3d 2822. LDTC Later 3d 3182.
2782 (70/3/6) 2822 (71/3/6) 3182 (80/3/6)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 4862. LDTC Later 3d 15742.
4862 (122/3/6) 15742 (394/3/6)

 

One of mine. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 1499. LDTC Later 3d 2139. LDTC Later 3d 2259.
1499 (38/3/3) 2139 (54/3/3) 2259 (57/3/3)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 2379. LDTC Later 3d 2739. LDTC Later 3d 4259.
2379 (60/3/3) 2739 (69/3/3) 4259 (107/3/3)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Anonymous. Anonymous.
LDTC Later 3d 4699. LDTC Later 3d 23499. LDTC Later 3d 2743.
4699 (118/3/3) 23499 (588/3/3) 2743 (69/3/7)

 

Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of  Mike Jackson. Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 340. LDTC Later 3d 1580. LDTC Later 3d 1860.
340 (9/3/4) 1580 (40/3/4) 1860 (47/3/4)

 

One of mine. One of mine. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 2140. LDTC Later 3d 2780. LDTC Later 3d 3660.
2780 (54/3/4) 2780 (70/3/4) 3660 (92/3/4)

 

Courtesy of  Chris Ceremuga. Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d small 1584. LDTC Later 3d small 2384.
1584 (40/3/8) 2384 (60/3/8)

 

 

Row-4 PRIMARY flaws
All four have the following flaws in common:
1) Multiple outer frame-breaks top-right.
2) Notch in bottom of 'D' in 'D' corner.
3) Uneven shape of 'L' corner.
4) Black mark on the bottom of 'S' in 'DISTRICT'.
5) Bite out of left of 'M' of 'STAMP'.
6) Marks between 'NN' of 'CANNON'.
7) Dot above-left of 'o' in 'No'.
8) 'r-dot' over to the right near 'l' of 'Charles'.
Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine . SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 1105. LDTC Later 3d 1625. This pair have the following flaws in common:

1) Broken 'L' in 'TELEGRAPH'.
2) White dot under 'AM' of 'STAMP'.

Row-4, Stamp-1     Controls: 265, 945, 1105, 1345, 1825, 2065, 2265, 3985, 4705
small: 1625, 13825, 16665


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
265 = 7/4/1
945 = 24/4/1
1105 = 28/4/1
1345 = 34/4/1
1625 = 41/4/1
1825 = 46/4/1
2065 = 52/4/1
2265 = 57/4/1
3985 = 100/4/1
4705 = 118/4/1
13825 = 346/4/1
16665 = 417/4/1
1105 (28/4/1) 1625 (small) (41/4/1)
 
Anonymous. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 1106. LDTC Later 3d 4910. This pair have the following flaws in common:

1) Bulge on top of 'E' in 'MESSAGE' .
2) Marks above 'AM' in 'STAMP'.
3) Dot to right of 'T' in 'T' corner.
4) H' of 'TELEGRAPH' broken, and mark to right.
5) Mark between 'DI' of 'DISTRICT'. (not 'ALT')
6) Broken frame on left side. (not 'ALT')

Row-4, Stamps-2 & 6     Controls: 906, 1106, 1390, 1506, 2466, 4226, 4910
small: 10866

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
906 = 23/4/2
1106 = 28/4/2
1390 = 35/4/6
1506 = 38/4/2
2466 = 62/4/2
4226 = 106/4/2
4910 = 123/4/6
10866 = 272/4/2
1106 (28/4/2) 4910 (123/4/6)
 
One of mine. Courtesy of Martien Blank. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 2148. LDTC Later 3d 1872. This pair have the following flaws in common:

1) Mark between 'MESSAGE' and 'STAMP'.
2) Mark between 'E' and 'S' of 'MESSAGE'.
3) Dots in 'T' corner.
4) Various flaws as indicated.

Row-4, Stamps-4 & 8  Controls: 988, 1712, 1872, 2148, 2152
small 1588


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
988 = 25/4/4
1588 = 40/4/4
1712 = 43/4/8
1872 = 47/4/8
2148 = 54/4/4
2152 = 54/4/8
4188 = 105/4/4
2148 (54/4/4) 1872 (47/4/8)
 
Anonymous. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 1589. LDTC Later 3d 269. This pair have the following flaws in common:

1) Broken 'L' in 'TELEGRAPH'.
2) Dots each side of 'M' of 'STAMP'.
3) Dot to left of 'T' in 'T' corner.
4) Mark hanging from 'D' in 'D' corner.

Row-4, Stamp-5             Controls: 269, 2029, 4629
small 1589


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
269 = 7/4/5
1589 = 40/4/5
2029 = 51/4/5
4629 = 116/4/5
small 1589 (40/4/5) 269 (7/4/5)
 
Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Anonymous. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 467. LDTC Later 3d 1551. This pair have the following flaws in common:

1) Dot to left of 'L' in 'L' corner.
2) Two dots to right of 'L' in 'L' corner.
3) Additional mark in 'L' corner, not on '-alt'.

Row-4, Stamps-3 & 7   Controls: 467, 1507, 1551, 2431, 2471, 4911
small: 10867, 22231


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
467 = 12/4/3
1507 = 38/4/3
1551 = 39/4/7
2431 = 61/4/7
2471 = 62/4/7
4911 = 123/4/7
10867 = 272/4/3
22231 = 556/4/7
467 (12/4/3) this is the one illustrated by Hiscocks. 1551 (39/4/7)

 

Examples from row 4 .

Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 265. LDTC Later 3d 945. LDTC Later 3d 1105. LDTC Later 3d 1345.
265 (7/4/1) 945 (24/4/1) 1105 (28/4/1) 1345 (34/4/1)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of Andrew Higson.
LDTC Later 3d 1625. LDTC Later 3d 1825. LDTC Later 3d 2065. LDTC Later 3d 2265.
1625 (41/4/1) 1825 (46/4/1) 2065 (52/4/1) 2265 (57/4/1)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 3985. LDTC Later 3d 4705. LDTC Later 3d 13825. LDTC Later 3d 16665.
3985 (100/4/1) 4705 (118/4/1) 13825 (346/4/1) 16665 (417/4/1)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Anonymous. Anonymous.
LDTC Later 3d 269. LDTC Later 3d 2029. LDTC Later 3d 4629. LDTC Later 3d 1589.
269 (7/4/5) 2029 (51/4/5) 4629 (116/4/5) 1589 (40/4/5)

 

Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Anonymous. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 906. LDTC Later 3d 1106. LDTC Later 3d 1506.
906 (23/4/2) 1106 (28/4/2) 1506 (38/4/2)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 2466. LDTC Later 3d 4226. LDTC Later 3d 10866.
2466 (62/4/2) 4226 (106/4/2) 10866 (272/4/2)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of the late Mike Holt.
LDTC Later 3d 1390. LDTC Later 3d 4910.
1390 (35/4/6) 4910 (123/4/6)

 

Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 467. LDTC Later 3d 1507. LDTC Later 3d 10867.
467 (12/4/3) 1507 (38/4/3) 10867 (272/4/3)

 

Anonymous One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson.
LDTC Later 3d 1551. LDTC Later 3d 2431. LDTC Later 3d 2471.
1551 (39/4/7) 2431 (61/4/7) 2471 (62/4/7)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 4911. LDTC Later 3d 22231.
4911 (123/4/7) 22231 (556/4/7)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Martien Blank. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 988. LDTC Later 3d 1588. LDTC Later 3d 2148. LDTC Later 3d 4188.
988 Group (25/4/4) 1588 Group (40/4/4) 2148 Group (54/4/4) 4188 Group (105/4/4)

 

Anonymous. Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of Mark Gibson.
LDTC Later 3d 1712. LDTC Later 3d 1872. LDTC Later 3d 2152.
1712 (43/4/8) 1872 (47/4/8) 2152 (54/4/8)

 

 

Row-5 PRIMARY flaws
All have the following flaws in common:
1) Protrusion left of 'T' corner (except 5/1).
2) Frame-break below 'E' of 'SECy'.
3) Frame-break above 'D' corner.
4) Frame-break below 'D' corner.
5) Mark on frame left of 'L' corner.
6) White spot to right of 'T' in 'T' corner.
Courtesy of Mark Talbot. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 2313. LDTC Later 3d 2313. Flaws in common :
(the first 3 are also on stamp 5/5)

1) 'SA' in 'MESSAGE' joined.
2) Dot under 'E' of 'MESSAGE'.
3) Weakness under 'L' corner.
4) 'Blob' on last 'N' of 'CANNON'.
5) Dot below 'SS' in 'MESSAGE'.


this is the '-alt' of Stamp-5.

Row-5, Stamp-1                 Controls: 2313, 4193, 4633


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
2313 = 58/5/1
4193 = 105/5/1
4633 = 116/5/1

2313 (58/5/1) 4193 (105/5/1)
 
Anonymous. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 954. LDTC Later 3d 1238. Flaws in common :

1) Marks in 'Co' corner.
2) Marks in 'T' corner.
3) Broken frame on right.
4) Weakness under 'L' corner.
5) Marks in 'L' corner (faint on 954).
On 5/2 only:
6) Black Mark to right of Control No.

Row-5, Stamps-2 & 6           Controls: 954, 998, 1238, 1518, 1558, 2594, 4194


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
954 = 24/5/2
998 = 25/5/6
1238 = 31/5/6
1518 = 38/5/6
1558 = 39/5/6
2594 = 65/5/2
4194 = 105/5/2

954 (23/5/2) 1238 (31/5/6)
 
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 915. LDTC Later 3d 1439. Characteristics :
1) Black spot right of 'L' corner.
2) Black spot on frameline left of 'L' corner.
3) Spot left of 'T' in 'T' corner (weak on 5/7).
4) below is on 5/3 only, and (5) is on 5/7 only.
4) Black mark above 'ST' of 'DISTRICT'.
5) Black mark between 'IE' of 'CHIEF'.

Row-5, Stamps-3 & 7   Controls: 915, 1315, 1355,
1439, 1599, 2635, 4199
small: 6799, 10559, 17679, 20755

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
915 = 23/5/3
1315 = 33/5/3
1355 = 34/5/3
2635 = 66/5/3
1439 = 36/5/7
1599 = 40/5/7
4199 = 105/5/7
6799 = 170/5/7
10559 = 264/5/7
17679 = 442/5/7
20755 = 519/5/3
915 (23/5/3) 10559 (264/5/7)
 
Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 3d 637. LDTC Later 3d 2357. Flaws in common :

1) Major flaw in 'L' corner.
2) 'SA' in 'MESSAGE' joined.
3) Dot under 'E' of 'MESSAGE'.
4) Line joining frame-lines left of 'N' of 'No'.

Row-5, Stamp-5       Controls: 637, 1557, 2557, 4477
small 2357


These two stamps are very distinctive.
Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
637 = 16/5/5
1557 = 39/5/5.
2357 = 59/5/5.
2557 = 64/5/5.
4477 = 112/5/5.

637 (16/5/5) 1557 (39/5/5)
 
Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later small 3d 19876. LDTC Later 3d 4000. Flaws in common :
1) Mark between 'MESSAGE' and 'STAMP'.
2) Short middle horizontal to 'E' in 'CHIEF'.
3) White spot above-left of 'T' in 'T' corner.
3) Smeared comma after '90' (not on 'ALT').

Row-5, Stamps-4 & 8 Controls: 1520, 1920, 4000, 4556, 4880
(small) 1596, 6800
, 19876
Manuscript 240 (L&H on Plate 1)
Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
240 = 6/5/8
1520 = 38/5/8
1596 = 40/5/4
1920 = 48/5/8.
4000 = 100/5/8.
4556 = 114/5/4
4880 = 122/5/8.
6800 = 170/5/8.
19876 = 497/5/4

Surprisingly the manuscript control and large controls
were consistent!
6800 appears to have had the number corrected.
small 19876 (497/5/4) 4000 (100/5/8)

 

Examples from row 5 .

Courtesy of Mark Talbot. One of mine. One of mine.
LDTC Later 3d 2313. LDTC Later 3d 4193. LDTC Later 3d 4633.
2313 (58/5/1) 4193 (105/5/1) 4633 (116/5/1)

 

Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. One of mine. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 637. LDTC Later 3d 1557. LDTC Later 3d 2357. LDTC Later 3d 2557.
637 (16/5/5) 1557 (39/5/5) 2357 (59/5/5) 2557 (64/5/5)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Anonymous. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 4477. LDTC Later 3d 954. LDTC Later 3d 2594. LDTC Later 3d 4194.
4477 (112/5/5) 954 ( 24/5/2) 2594 ( 65/5/2) 4194 ( 105/5/2)

 

One of mine. One of mine. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 998. LDTC Later 3d 1238. LDTC Later 3d 1518. LDTC Later 3d 1558.
998 (25/5/6) 1238 (31/5/6) 1518 (38/5/6) 1558 (39/5/6)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson.
LDTC Later 3d 915. LDTC Later 3d 1315. LDTC Later 3d 1355.
915 (23/5/3) 1315 (33/5/3) (damaged) 1355 (34/5/3)

 

Anonymous. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 2635. LDTC Later 3d 20755. LDTC Later 3d 1439.
2635 (66/5/3) 20755 (519/5/3) 1439 (36/5/7)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 1599. LDTC Later 3d 4199. LDTC Later 3d 6799. LDTC Later 3d 10559.
1599 (40/5/7) 4199 (105/5/7) 6799 (170/5/7) 10559 (264/5/7) - with 1886 postal cancel

 

Courtesy of Andrew Higson. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk.
LDTC Later small 3d 17679. LDTC Later small 3d 1596. LDTC Later large 3d 4556. LDTC Later small 3d 19876.
17679 (442/5/7) 1596 (40/5/4) 4556 (114/5/4) 19876 (497/5/4)

 

One of mine. Anonymous. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 3d 1520. LDTC Later 3d 1920. LDTC Later 3d 4000. LDTC Later 3d 6800.
1520 (38/5/8) 1920 (48/5/8) 4000 (100/5/8) 6800 (170/5/8)

 

LDTC Later 3d 1920.
4879 is 122/5/7 and 4880 is 122/5/8
Unfortunately I do not know the source of this scan, anyone recognise it?
I would like to give credit and perhaps get a better scan.
These are also nearly the highest control numbers I have seen for these.

 

A similar analysis with the 6d.

Re-joined strip of 3 courtesy of Andrew Higson.
LDTC Later 6d rejoined strip 2806-2808.
2806 is Row-1, stamp 6 2807 is Row-1, stamp 7 2808 is Row-1, stamp 8

 

Re-joined strip of 4 (Ex Iain Stevenson, now mine)
LDTC Later 6d rejoined strip 4501-4504.
4501 is Row-3, stamp 5 4502 is Row-3, stamp 6 4503 is Row-3, stamp 7 4504 is Row-3, stamp 8

This is a reconstructed strip, held together at the back. These, like many of the others still have full gum despite being cancelled. It appears that they were generally pre-cancelled.

 

Until recently, the lack of any blocks and rarity of even pairs made this much more difficult.
This scan kindly provided by Martien Blank has confirmed much of the 'detective work'.
It certainly makes it clear that there were 8 stamps per row.

LDTC Later 6d block of 8.
I will refer to this in the text as the 'MB-block'.

 

The arrangement of the 3d plate was fairly simple with the whole of each row derived from the same prototype (Group).
I expected the same of the 6d, but it was clearly not the case. some features on stamps also appear to have 'faded' over time.
See Row-1, stamp 1 , Row-2, stamp 1 , Row-4, stamp 2 and Row-5, stamp 7

I also had an expectation that some may have been printed as booklet panes.
Despite looking for evidence of this, I have to conclude that all the examples I have seen were printed in sheets of 40 stamps as with the 3d stamps.
The large and small controls fit the same pattern, but some slight differences suggest some plate-cleaning at some stage.
I have only scans of two examples of the earlier manuscript controls which are very similar to the 'Group 2' stamps below.

Group 1Group 2Group 3Group 4Group 5

 

R1/C1R1/C2R1/C3R1/C4 R1/C5R1/C6R1/C7R1/C8
R2/C1R2/C2R2/C3R2/C4 R2/C5R2/C6R2/C7R2/C8
R3/C1R3/C2R3/C3R3/C4 R3/C5R3/C6R3/C7R3/C8
R4/C1R4/C2R4/C3R4/C4 R4/C5R4/C6R4/C7R4/C8
R5/C1R5/C2R5/C3R5/C4 R5/C5R5/C6R5/C7R5/C8

 

It is possible that the layout was intended to be the same as with the 3d stamps. My suspicion is as follows:
Two intermediate stones of 4 stamps derived from the same prototype (a manuscript type ?) were prepared,
but instead of the pairs staying together in the same finished row, they got mixed up.
It is possible that the manuscript type were in booklets of six and that five of these were used as prototypes for the later plates of 40.
With the manuscript types being so rare though, this has to remain conjecture.

 

Row-1 PRIMARY flaws
Stamps 1 to 4 are from Group 4 Stamps 5 to 8 are from Group 3
1) Damaged 'C' in 'Charles'.
2) Indented top to first 'E' in 'MESSAGE'.
3) Damaged left leg of 'A' in 'TELEGRAPH'.
4) Small notch on left of 'T' corner.

Latent
5) Dot above 'ET' of 'STREET'.
1) Frame break under 'y' of 'SECy'.
2) Dented bottom of 'C' in 'Co'.
 
Anonymous. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 1681. LDTC Later 6d 2121.
Common features:
This group has the following flaws in common:
1) Damage to top of 'L' corner.
2) Mark between frames left of 'D' corner.
3) Dot above top of frame line.
Large controls only:
4) Extra mark on top of 'C' in 'Charles'.

Row-1, Stamp 1               Controls: 1681, 3961
small: 2121, 11961, 15081, 15841


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1681 = 43/1/1
2121 = 54/1/1
3961 = 100/1/1
11961 = 300/1/1
15081 = 378/1/1
15841 = 397/1/1

On 1681, you can see the white marks in the 'L' corner
of the stamp below. That is 1689.
1681 2121 (small)
 
One of mine. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 4002. LDTC Later 6d 37882. These have the following flaws in common:


1) Quite a few small inner-frame breaks .
2) White mark under 'ST' of 'STAMP'.
3) White mark in 'T' corner.
4) White marks in 'Co' corner.
5) Black mark on 'N' of 'No'.
6) Black mark on 'M' of 'MANAGER'.
 

Row-1, Stamp 2           Controls: 4002
small: 2562, 37882


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

2562 = 65/1/2
4002 = 101/1/2
37882 = 948/1/2


37882 was cancelled by favour in Totton, 1956.
(despite the fact that it was already used)
4002 37882
 
Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Anonymous. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 3363. LDTC Later 6d small 8283. These are similar to Row-1, stamp 1 above.

1) Damage to top of 'L' corner.
2) Mark between frames left of 'D' corner.
3) Dot above top of frame line.
4) Dot above 'ET' of 'STREET'.

Row-1, Stamp 3      Controls: 2843, 3363, 4843
        small     8283, 34683


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
2843 = 72/1/3
3363 = 85/1/3
4843 = 122/1/3
8283 = 208/1/3
34683 = 868/1/3


3363 8283 (small)
 
One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 524. LDTC Later 6d small 21444. These have the following flaws in common:

1) Two small frame-breaks right of 'STREET'.
2) Large white marks in 'D' corner.
3) Dot above 'ET' of 'STREET'.
4) Numerous frame defects as indicated.

Row-1, Stamp 4           Controls: 524, 3684
        small     21444


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

524 = 14/1/4
3684 = 93/1/4
21444 = 537/1/4

524 21444 (small)
 
One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 37885. LDTC Later 6d 3805. This is similar to Row-3 stamp 1 but without
the join between 'Ch' of 'Charles'.
1) Frame-break right of signature.
2) White mark top-right from 'P' in 'STAMP'.
3) Mark on inner frame right of control Num.
4) Dot above 'ET' in 'STREET'.
5) Many other minor flaws as indicated.

Row-1, Stamp 5             Controls: 3125, 3805, 4005
Small: 37885


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
3125 = 79/1/5
3805 = 96/1/5
4005 = 101/1/5
37885 = 948/1/5

3805 adjoins 3806 below.
37885 adjoins 37886 below.


37885 3805
 
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 3486. LDTC Later 6d 3806. These have the following flaws in common.

1) Comma after 'Office' very weak.
2) White spot by frame right of 'T' in 'T' corner.
3) The frame-breaks on left side.

Row-1, Stamp 6             Controls: 2806, 3486, 3806
Small: 37886

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

2806 = 71/1/6
3486 = 88/1/6
3806 = 96/1/6
37886 = 948/1/6

2806 forms a strip with 2807 and 2808
3806 adjoins 3805 above.

3486 3806
 
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Andrew Higson. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 1687. LDTC Later 6d 2807. This shares the green flaws with 1/6 above.
It shares the light blue flaws with 3/3 below, and
has its own flaws shown in magenta.

1) Two white spots in 'T' corner.
2) The frame-breaks on left side.
3) Frame-break around 'L' corner.
4) Frame-break below 'Co' corner.
5) Black mark below right dot in 'T' corner.

Row-1, Stamp 7             Controls: 1687, 2807, 4847
small: 31847

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

1687 = 43/1/7
2807 = 71/1/7
4847 = 122/1/7
31847 = 797/1/7

2807 forms a strip with 2806 and 2808

1687 shows part of the 2/7 stamp below
with a frame-break
in the right corner.
1687 2807
 
Courtesy of Andrew Higson. Anonymous. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 2808. LDTC Later 6d 4528. Characteristics:

1) Spots by frame right of 'T' in 'T' corner.
2) Mark right of 'Co.' corner.


Row-1, Stamp 8             Controls: 2808, 4528

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

2808 = 71/1/8
4528 = 114/1/8

2808 forms a strip with 2806 and 2807


2808

 

Examples from row 1:

Anonymous. One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson.
LDTC Later 6d 1681. LDTC Later 6d 2121. LDTC Later 6d 3961.
1681 - 43/1/1 (Group 4) 2121 - 54/1/1 (Group 4) 3961 - 100/1/1 (Group 4)

 

Anonymous. Anonymous. Courtesy of Ray Cobley.
LDTC Later 6d 11961. LDTC Later 6d 15081. LDTC Later 6d small 15841.
11961 - 300/1/1 (Group 4) 15081 - 378/1/1 (Group 4) 15841 - 397/1/1 (Group 4)

 

Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. One of mine. One of mine.
LDTC 6d 2562 - lost in post. LDTC Later 6d 4002. LDTC Later 6d 37882.
2562 - 65/1/2 (Group 4) 4002 - 101/1/2 (Group 4) 37882 - 948/1/2 (Group 4)

 

Courtesy of  Mike Jackson. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Anonymous.
LDTC Later 6d 2843. LDTC Later 6d 3363. LDTC Later 6d 4843. LDTC Later 6d small 8283.
2843 - 72/1/3 (Group 4) 3363 - 85/1/3 (Group 4) 4843 - 122/1/3 (Group 4) 8283 - 208/1/3 (Group 4)

 

One of mine. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Mark Gibson.
LDTC Later 6d small 8283. LDTC Later 6d 524. LDTC Later 6d 3684. LDTC Later small 6d 21444.
34683 - 868/1/3 (Group 4) 524 - 14/1/4 (Group 4) 3684 - 93/1/4 (Group 4) 21444 - 537/1/4 (Group 4)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 3125. LDTC Later 6d 3805. LDTC Later 6d 37885. LDTC Later 6d 37885.
3125 - 79/1/5 (Group 3) 3805 - 96/1/5 (Group 3) 4005 - 101/1/5 (Group 3) 37885 - 948/1/5 (Group 3)

 

Courtesy of  Andrew Higson. Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie. One of mine. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 2806. LDTC Later 6d 3486. LDTC Later 6d 3806. LDTC Later 6d 37886.
2806 - 71/1/6 (Group 3) 3486 - 88/1/6 (Group 3) 3806 - 96/1/6 (Group 3) 37886 - 948/1/6 (Group 3)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of  Andrew Higson. One of mine. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk.
LDTC Later 6d 1687. LDTC Later 6d 2807. LDTC Later 6d 4847. LDTC Later 6d 31847.
1687 - 43/1/7 (Group 3) 2807 - 71/1/7 (Group 3) 4847 - 122/1/7 (Group 3) 31847 - 797/1/7 (Group 3)

 

Courtesy of  Andrew Higson. Courtesy of  Mike Jackson.
LDTC Later 6d 2808. LDTC Later 6d 4528.
2808 - 71/1/8 (Group 3) 4528 - 114/1/8 (Group 3)

 

 

 

Row 2 PRIMARY flaws
Stamps 1 to 4 are from Group 2 Stamps 5 to 8 are from Group 1
1) Large distinctive break above 'ES' of 'MESSAGE'.
2) Bottom of 'E' extended in 'CHIEF'.
3) Dot in 'C' of 'DISTRICT'.
4) Bite out of base of 'T' in 'T' corner.

1) Pattern of 4 marks below 'Co' corner.
Latent
2) Frame weakness below 'L' of 'LONDON'.
3) Frame weakness below-left 'M' of 'MESSAGE'.
4) Frame weakness below 'S' of 'MESSAGE'.
6) Dot above 'ET' of 'STREET'.
7) 'r-dot' - as in the 3d stamps above.
Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d small 2929. LDTC Later 6d 4809. For some reason these are very similar to 3/5.
Common features:
1) Frame-break above 'A' of 'STAMP'.

Large controls only:
2) Major multiple frame-breaks below 'SS' in 'MESSAGE'.

Row-2, Stamp 1                 Controls: 1689, 4809
        small     2929, 37889


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1689 = 43/2/1
2929 = 74/2/1
4809 = 121/2/1
37889 = 948/2/1

1689 adjoins 1681.
At the bottom can be seen a frame break
on the Row-3, stamp 1 stamp below.
2929 (small) 4809
 
One of mine. Courtesy of  Chris Ceremuga. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 3850. LDTC Later 6d 25090.
Features :

1) Similar marks between the top inner lines.
2) Mark on 'N' of 'No.'
3) Dots in 'D' corner.
4) Dot under 'R' of 'MANAGER'
5) Faint black dot over 'ST' of 'DISTRICT'.
Row-2, Stamp 2             Controls: 3850
small 25090.

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

3850 = 97/2/2
25090 = 628/2/2


3850 small 25090
 
Anonymous. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 4971. LDTC Later 6d 37891. These are similar to 3/6 and
have the following flaws in common:

1) Similar marks between the top inner lines.
2) Frame-break above 'L' corner.
3) Dot to right of 'A' in 'TELEGRAPH'.
4) Mark on frame left of 'Charles'.
5) Mark under 'h' of 'Charles'.
Row-2, Stamp 3         Controls: 3411, 4491, 4971
small: 31811, 37891


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

3411 = 86/2/3
4491 = 113/2/3
4971 = 125/2/3
31811 = 796/2/3
37891 = 948/2/3

4971 37891
 
One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 3292. LDTC Later 6d 3932. These have the following features:

1) Similar marks between the top inner lines.
2) Black dot over 'ST' of 'DISTRICT'.
3) Mark on 'N' of 'No.'
4) Other marks as indicated.
Row-2, Stamp 4       Controls: 2972,3092,3292,3932,9372
small: 8212, 34252


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

2972 =75/2/4
3092 =78/2/4
3292 =83/2/4
3932 =99/2/4
8212 =206/2/4
9372 =235/2/4
34252 =857/2/4

3292 adjoins 3293 below.

3292 3932
One of mine. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 3853. LDTC Later 6d 3733. These have the following flaws in common.
1) Major flaw in 'D' corner.
2) Frame-break on curved frame to 'D' corner.
3) Frame-break below 'AG' of 'MESSAGE'.
4) Marks below-right 'P' of 'STAMP'.
5) Mark below '&' at bottom.

Row-2, Stamp 5       Controls: 3133, 3293, 3733, 3853, 4813, 4893, 8093
        small     39773

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
3133 = 79/2/5
3293 = 83/2/5
3733 = 94/2/5
3853 = 97/2/5
4813 = 121/2/5
4893 = 123/2/5
8093 = 203/2/5
39773 = 995/2/5

3141 fits below 3133
3293 adjoins 3292 above.
3853 3733
One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 1694. This has the following flaws in common
with 4/6.

1) White mark below-right of 'P' in 'STAMP'.
2) Dot above 'ET' of 'STREET'.
3) Mark below 'Co' corner.
4) Notch in bottom of 'G' of 'MESSAGE'.
5) Frame-break below 'G' of 'MESSAGE'.
6) Mark between 'MP' of 'STAMP'.

Row-2, Stamp 6             Controls: 1694

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1694 = 43/2/6


On 1694, the top of a Row-3, stamp 6 can be
seen at the bottom.

1694
 
Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 3375. LDTC Later 6d 4735. These have the following features:
1) Frame break above 'AM' of 'STAMP'.
2) Bite out of first 'O' in 'LONDON'.
3) Bite out of 'M' in 'MANAGER'.
4) Break between 'rt' of 'Curtoys'.
5) Numerous breaks and marks as indicated.

Row-2, Stamp 7   Controls: 495, 2975, 3375, 4175, 4335, 4735
        small: 15815, 37895

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
495 = 13/2/7
2975 = 75/2/7
3375 = 85/2/7
4175 = 105/2/7
4335 = 109/2/7
4735 = 119/2/7
15815 = 396/2/7
37895 = 948/2/7

15815 adjoins 15816 below.
3375 4735
Courtesy of  Mike Jackson. Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 4016. LDTC Later 6d 15816. These have similarities with 4/8 and
the following additional flaws:

1) Mark on side of 'T' of 'DISTRICT'.
2) Broken frame above 'T' of 'STAMP'.
3) Broken frame under 'D' corner.
4) 'ET' flaw.
5) Dots right of 'ON' in 'LONDON'.

Row-2, Stamp 8             Controls: 4016
small: 1376, 13136, 15816, 15856, 38056


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1376 = 35/2/8
4016 = 101/2/8
13136 = 329/2/8
15816 = 396/2/8
15856 = 397/2/8
38056 = 952/2/8

15816 adjoins 15815 above.
4016 15816

 

Examples from row 2:

Anonymous. Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 1689. LDTC Later small 6d 2929. LDTC Later 6d 4809. LDTC Later 6d 37889.
1689 - 43/2/1 (Group 2) 2929 - 74/2/1 (Group 2) 4809 - 121/2/1 (Group 2) 37889 - 948/2/1 (Group 2)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d 3850. LDTC Later 6d 3411.
3850 - 97/2/2 (Group 2) 3411 - 86/2/3 (Group 2)

 

One of mine. Anonymous. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d 3411. LDTC Later 6d 4971. LDTC Later 6d 31811. LDTC Later 6d 37891.
4491 - 113/2/3 (Group 2) 4971 - 125/2/3 (Group 2) 31811 - 796/2/3 (Group 2) 37891 - 948/2/3 (Group 2)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Martien Blank. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d 2972. LDTC Later 6d 3092. LDTC Later 6d 3292. LDTC Later 6d 3932.
2972 - 75/2/4 (Group 2) 3092 - 78/2/4 (Group 2) 3292 - 83/2/4 (Group 2) 3932 - 99/2/4 (Group 2)

 

One of mine. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d 8212. LDTC Later 6d 9372. LDTC Later 6d 34252.
8212 - 206/2/4 (Group 2) 9372 - 235/2/4 (Group 2) 34252 - 857/2/4 (Group 2)

 

Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Anonymous. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 3133. LDTC Later 6d 3293. LDTC Later 6d 3733. LDTC Later 6d 3853.
3133 - 79/2/5 (Group 1) 3293 - 83/2/5 (Group 1) 3733 - 94/2/5 (Group 1) 3853 - 97/2/5 (Group 1)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine. Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Anonymous.
LDTC Later 6d 4813. LDTC Later 6d 4893. LDTC Later 6d 8093. LDTC Later 6d small 39773.
4813 - 121/2/5 (Group 1) 4893 - 123/2/5 (Group 1) 8093 - 203/2/5 (Group 1) 39773 - 995/2/5 (Group 1)

 

One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 1694.
1694 - 43/2/6 (Group 1)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 495. LDTC Later 6d 2975. LDTC Later 6d 3375. LDTC Later 6d 4175.
495 - 13/2/7 (Group 1) 2975 - 75/2/7 (Group 1) 3375 - 85/2/7 (Group 1) 4175 - 105/2/7 (Group 1)

 

Courtesy of  Martien Blank. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of  Mike Jackson. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d small 4335. LDTC Later 6d 4735. LDTC Later 6d small 15815. LDTC Later 6d small 37895.
4335 - 109/2/7 (Group 1) 4735 - 119/2/7 (Group 1) 15815 - 396/2/7 (Group 1) 37895 - 948/2/7 (Group 1)

 

Courtesy of  Martien Blank. Courtesy of  Mike Jackson. Courtesy of  Martien Blank.
LDTC Later 6d 1376. LDTC Later 6d 4016. LDTC Later 6d 13136.
1376 - 35/2/8 (Group 1) 4016 - 101/2/8 (Group 1) 13136 - 329/2/8 (Group 1)

 

Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie. One of mine. Courtesy of  Andrew Higson.
LDTC Later 6d 15816. LDTC Later 6d 15856. LDTC Later 6d 38056.
15816 - 396/2/8 (Group 1) 15856 - 397/2/8 (Group 1) 38056 - 952/2/8 (Group 1)

 

 

 

 

Row-3 PRIMARY flaws
Stamps 1 to 4 are from Group 3 Stamps 5 to 8 are from Group 2
1) Frame break under 'y' of 'SECy'.
2) Dented bottom of 'C' in 'Co'.
1) Large distinctive break above 'ES' of 'MESSAGE'.
2) Bottom of 'E' extended in 'CHIEF'.
3) Dot in 'C' of 'DISTRICT'.
4) Bite out of base of 'T' in 'T' corner.

 
Anonymous. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 3737. LDTC Later 6d 32137. These have the following flaws in common:
1) Frame-break right of signature.
2) White mark top-right from 'P' in 'STAMP'.
3) Mark on inner frame right of control Num.
4) Dot above 'ET' in 'STREET'.
5) Extra join between 'Ch' of 'Charles'.

Row-3, Stamp 1  Controls: 3697,3737,3817,3977,4337,4977
small: 32137, 39857


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
3697 = 93/3/1
3737 = 94/3/1
3817 = 96/3/1
3977 = 100/3/1
4337 = 109/3/1
4977 = 125/3/1
21457 = 537/3/1
32137 = 804/3/1
39857 = 997/3/1

See also 3733 at Row-2, stamp 5 above,
which is similarly centred to 3737.
3737 32137
One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 3418. LDTC Later small 6d 36658. These have the following flaws in common:

1) Line downwards towards 'E' of 'OFFICE'.
2) Black spot below 'PA' of 'COMPANY'.
3) White spot on frame right of 'T' in 'T' corner.
4) Black mark above 'O' of 'COMPANY'.
5) Frame-break above first 'E' of 'MESSAGE'.
6) Small black 'bulge' above 'o' in 'Co' corner.
7) Dots above frame over 'D' corner.

Row-3, Stamp 2                 Controls: 3418, 4218
        small     36658


These stamps are quite distinctive.
Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
3418 = 86/3/2
4218 = 106/3/2
36658 = 917/3/2

3418 36658 (small)
 
Courtesy John A. McCulloch, © 2010 ARR. Courtesy of Andrew Ridley. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d-37899. LDTC Later 6d 1899. These have the following features in common:
1) Frame break above 'AM' of 'STAMP'.
2) White marks left of 'T' in 'T' corner.
3) Frame break around 'L' corner.
4) Marks between 'CO' in 'COMPANY'.
5) Mark on 'E' of 'TELEGRAPH'.
6) White mark above 'D' in 'D' corner.

Row-3, Stamp 3         Controls: 1699, 1899
        small     8019, 13779, 37899


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1699 = 43/3/3
1899 = 48/3/3
8019 = 201/3/3
13779 = 345/3/3
37899 = 948/3/3

1699 and 1899 have fresh looking scratches
(as marked) and marks under 'M' of 'MESSAGE'
They also show the top of Row-4 stamps below.

37899 adjoins 37891 above.
37899 1899
 
One of mine. Anonymous. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 500. LDTC Later 6d 2140. Characteristic flaws:

1) White spot by frame right of 'T' in 'T' corner.
2) Black dot above 'O' of 'COMPANY'.
3) Mark on 'T' in 'T' corner.
4) White mark below 'C' in 'Co' corner.
5) Broken bottom-right corner.
6) Damaged 'D' in 'D' corner.
7) Frame-break above 'AM' of 'STAMP'.
8) The frame-break below-left of 'M'. of 'MESSAGE'
is visible on many Group 3 stamps.

Row-3, Stamp 4             Controls: 500, 2140

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
500 = 13/3/4
2140 = 54/3/4

500 adjoins 501(below) and 508.


500 2140
One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later small 6d 501. LDTC Later 6d small 9141. For some reason these are very similar to 2/1.
Common features:
1) Large white blob in 'D' corner.
2) White mark above 'L' in 'L' corner.
3) Mark on 'N' of 'No.'
4) Dot before 'T' of 'STAMP'

Row-3, Stamp 5          Controls: 461, 501, 3141, 4501
small: 9141
     


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

461 = 12/3/5
501 = 13/3/5
3141 = 79/3/5
4501 = 113/3/5
9141 = 229/3/5

The mark circled in magenta is on 461, 501, 3141
and 4501, but cannot be seen on 9141.

3141 fits below 3133 at 2/5 above.
501 9141 (small)
 
Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Anonymous. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later small 6d 15102. LDTC Later 6d 2102. These are similar to 2/3 and
have the following flaws in common:
1) Dot under 'R' of 'MANAGER'.
2) Similar marks between the top inner lines.
3) Mark on frame above 'L' corner.
4) White dots in 'D' Corner.
5) Black dot over 'ST' of 'DISTRICT'.
6) Mark on 'N' of 'No.'
7) Dot under 'C' of 'SECy.'
8) Dot to right of 'A' in 'TELEGRAPH'.
Row-3, Stamp 6             Controls: 2102, 3942, 4502
    small     13422, 15102


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

2102 = 53/3/6
3942 = 99/3/6
4502 = 113/3/6
13422 = 336/3/6
15102 = 378/3/6

15102 (small) 1663 booklet
 
Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 1663. LDTC Later 6d 4583.
Features :
1) Marks between the top inner lines.
2) Mark on left inner frame.
3) Mark on 'N' of 'No.'
4) Quite a few extra marks as indicated.
Row-3, Stamp 7             Controls: 1663, 4503, 4583
small 37903


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1663 = 42/3/7
4503 = 113/3/7
4583 = 115/3/7
37903 = 948/3/7



1663 4583
 
One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 424. LDTC Later 6d 4864. These have the following flaws in common
with 3/6 above :
1) Similar marks between the top inner lines.
2) Black dot over 'ST' of 'DISTRICT'.
3) Mark on 'N' of 'No.'
                And additionally:
4) Many other marks as indicated that may
be constant, though there are differences.
Row-3, Stamp 8         Controls: 424, 2984, 4504, 4864, 4944
small: 37904


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

424 = 11/3/8
2984 = 75/3/8
4504 = 113/3/8
4864 = 122/3/8
4944 = 124/3/8
37904 = 948/3/8

2984 has selvedge at the right and cannot be booklet.
Stamp 4944 shows the mark under
the 'Co' corner of the stamp above.
424 4864

 

Examples from row 3:

One of mine. Anonymous. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 3697. LDTC Later 6d 3737. LDTC Later 6d 3817.
3697 - 93/3/1 (Group 3) 3737 - 94/3/1 (Group 3) 3817 - 96/3/1 (Group 3)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 3977. LDTC Later 6d 4337. LDTC Later 6d 4977.
3977 - 100/3/1 (Group3) 4337 - 109/3/1 (Group 3) 4977 - 125/3/1 (Group3)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d 21457. LDTC Later 6d 32137. LDTC Later 6d 39857.
21457 - 537/3/1 (Group 3) 32137 - 804/3/1 (Group 3) 39857 - 997/3/1 (Group 3)

 

One of mine. One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson.
LDTC Later 6d 3418. LDTC Later 6d 4218. LDTC Later small 6d 36658.
3418 - 86/3/2 (Group 3) 4218 - 106/3/2 (Group 3) 36658 - 917/3/2 (Group 3)

 

Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Andrew Ridley. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk.
LDTC Later 6d 1699. LDTC Later 6d 1899. LDTC Later 6d 8019.
1699 - 43/3/3 (Group 3) 1899 - 48/3/3 (Group 3) 8019 - 201/3/3 (Group 3)

 

Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy John A. McCulloch, © 2010 ARR. One of mine. Anonymous.
LDTC Later small 6d 13779. LDTC Later 6d-37899. LDTC Later 6d 500. LDTC Later 6d 2140.
13779 - 345/3/3 (Group 3) 37899 - 948/3/3 (Group 3) 500 - 13/3/4 (Group 3) 2140 - 54/3/4 (Group 3)

 

One of mine. One of mine. Courtesy of mirak5 on ebay.
LDTC Later 6d 461. LDTC Later 6d 501. LDTC Later 6d 3141.
461 - 12/3/5 (Group 2) 501 - 13/3/5 (Group 2) 3141 - 79/3/5 (Group 2)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson.
LDTC Later 6d 4501. LDTC Later small 6d 9141.
4501 - 113/3/5 (Group 2) 9141 - 229/3/5 (Group 2)

 

Anonymous. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 2102. LDTC Later small 6d 3942. LDTC Later small 6d 4502.
2102 - 53/3/6 (Group 2) 3942 - 99/3/6 (Group 2) 4502 - 113/3/6 (Group 2)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine.
LDTC Later small 6d 13422. LDTC Later small 6d 15102. LDTC Later 6d 1663. LDTC Later 6d 4503.
13422 - 336/3/6 (Group 2) 15102 - 378/3/6 (Group 2) 1663 - 42/3/7 (Group 2) 4503 - 113/3/7 (Group 2)

 

One of mine. One of mine. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d 4583. LDTC Later 6d 37903. LDTC Later 6d 424. LDTC Later 6d 2984 with selvedge.
4583 - 115/3/7 (Group 2) 37903 - 948/3/7 (Group 2) 424 - 11/3/8 (Group 2) 2984 - 75/3/8 (Group 2) With imperf edge.

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk.
LDTC Later 6d 4504. LDTC Later 6d 4864. LDTC Later 6d 4944. LDTC Later 6d 37904.
4504 - 113/3/8 (Group 2) 4864 - 122/3/8 (Group 2) 4944 - 124/3/8 (Group 2) 37904 - 948/3/8 (Group 2)

Control 2984 above is the only one of these I have seen without perforations down the side. The 'MB-block' is perforated.
Was this an error, or was this done for a reason ?

 

 

 

Row-4 PRIMARY flaws
Stamps 1 to 4 are from Group 4 Stamps 5 to 8 are from Group 1
1) Damaged 'C' in 'Charles'.
2) Indented top to first 'E' in 'MESSAGE'.
3) Damaged left leg of 'A' in 'TELEGRAPH'.
4) Small notch on left of 'T' corner.

Latent
5) Dot above 'ET' of 'STREET'.
1) Pattern of 4 marks below 'Co' corner.
Latent
2) Frame weakness below 'L' of 'LONDON'.
3) Frame weakness below-left 'M' of 'MESSAGE'.
4) Frame weakness below 'S' of 'MESSAGE'.
6) Dot above 'ET' of 'STREET'.
7) 'r-dot' - as in the 3d stamps above.
 
Courtesy of Martien Blank. Anonymous. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 16425. LDTC Later 6d 3785. These have the following flaws in common:
1) Frame-breaks to right of 'STREET'.
2) Marks under 'STAMP'.
3) Extra mark in right 'curly bits'.

Row-4, Stamp 1         Controls: 3785, 3825
small 16425


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

3785 = 95/4/1
3825 = 96/4/1
16425 = 411/4/1

16425 is part of the MB-block

16425 3785
 
Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Courtesy of Martien Blank. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 3146. LDTC Later 6d 16426. These have the following features in common:
1) Frame-breaks to right of 'STREET'.
2) Marks under 'STAMP'.
3) Mark on 'L' of 'TELEGRAPH'.
4) Dot below 'T' of 'STREET'.

Large controls only:
5) Large mark between frame-lines above 'MP' of 'STAMP'.

Row-4, Stamp 2           Controls: 3146, 3946
        small     15106, 16426


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

3146 = 79/4/2
3946 = 99/4/2
15106 = 378/4/2
16426 = 411/4/2

16426 is from the MB-block.
It shows no sign of the mark above 'MP' seen on
the other two.
3146 16426
 
Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d small 16427. LDTC Later 6d small 37827. These have the following flaws in common:
1) Extra mark in right 'curly bits'.
2) Spot in 'D' of 'D' corner.
3) Broken 'h' in 'Charles'.
4) Dot above 'AN' of 'MANAGER'.
5) Dot below 'R' of 'MANAGER'.

Row-4, Stamp 3           Controls: 4147
        small     8267, 16427, 37827


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

4147 = 104/4/3
8267 = 207/4/3
16427 = 411/4/3
37827 = 946/4/3

4147 adjoins 4148 below.
16427 is from the MB-block.
16427 (small) 37827 (small)
Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Courtesy of Martien Blank. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 508. LDTC Later 6d 16428. These have the following flaws in common:
1) Scratch through frame + 'G' in 'MESSAGE'.
2) Frame-break above first 'E' in 'TELEGRAPH'.

Row-4, Stamp 4     Controls: 508, 2948, 4148, 8148
        small     15108, 16428, 22748


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
508 = 13/4/4
2948 = 74/4/4
4148 = 104/4/4
8148 = 204/4/4
15108 = 378/4/4
16428 = 411/4/4
22748 = 569/4/4

Note on 508 a mark can be seen between frame-lines
on the stamp below at Row-5, stamp 4.
16428 is part of the MB-block.

4148 adjoins 4147 above.
508 16428
 
One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d small 9149. LDTC Later 6d 3949. These have the following features:
1) Frame-breaks on curved frame to 'D' corner.
2) Line through 'D' of 'LONDON'.
3) White mark above-right of 'P' in 'STAMP'.
4) Various other blemishes as indicated, some not
      visible on small controls.
5) 'L' corner marks on large controls.

Row-4, Stamp 5                 Controls: 2869, 3949
        small: 9149, 15109


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
2869 = 72/4/5
3949 = 99/4/5
9149 = 229/4/5
15109 = 378/4/5

9149 3949
Two of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 1190. LDTC Later 6d 2150. This has the following flaws in common
with 2/6.
1) White mark below-right of 'P' in 'STAMP'.
2) Dot above 'ET' of 'STREET'.
3) Mark below 'Co' corner.
4) Notch in bottom of 'G' of 'MESSAGE'.
5) Frame-break below 'G' of 'MESSAGE'.
6) Mark between 'MP' of 'STAMP'.

Row-4, Stamp 6             Controls: 1190, 2150

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
1190 = 30/4/6
2150 = 54/4/6

These have an additional dot before 'D' of 'DISTRICT'.


1190 2150
 
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 30231. LDTC Later 6d 4991. Characteristic features:
1) Bite out of 'M' in 'MANAGER'.
2) Marks in 'D' corner.
3) Break between 'rt' of 'Curtoys'.
3) mark on 'C' of 'Co'.

Row-4, Stamp 7         Controls: 2111, 2831, 4991
small: 30231


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
2111 = 53/4/7
2831 = 71/4/7
4991 = 125/4/7
30231 = 756/4/7

30231 756/4/7 4991 125/4/7
Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 3272. LDTC Later 6d 3632. These have similarities with 2/8 and
the following additional flaws:
1) Frame-breaks above 'M' of 'MESSAGE'.
2) Frame-break below 'ME' of 'MESSAGE'.
3) Broken frame below-right of 'STAMP'.
4) Broken 'C' of 'Curtoys'.
5) Extra 'leaf' by 'L' corner.

Row-4, Stamp 8             Controls: 472, 3272, 3432, 3632
          small: 4872


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
472 = 12/4/8
3272 = 82/4/8
3432 = 86/4/8
3632 = 91/4/8
4872 = 122/4/8

Some of the flaws look rather weak on 472 and 4872.


3272 3632

 

Examples from row 4:

Anonymous. Courtesy of Andrew Higson. Courtesy of Martien Blank.
LDTC Later 6d 3785. LDTC Later 6d 3825. LDTC Later 6d 16425.
3785 - 95/4/1 (Group 4) 3825 - 96/4/1 (Group 4) 16425 - 411/4/1 (Group 4)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Andrew Higson. One of mine. Courtesy of Martien Blank.
LDTC Later 6d 3146. LDTC Later 6d 3946. LDTC Later 6d 15106. LDTC Later 6d 16426.
3146 - 79/4/2 (Group 4) 3946 - 99/4/2 (Group 4) 15106 - 378/4/2 (Group 4) 16426 - 411/4/2 (Group 4)

 

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d small 4147. LDTC Later 6d small 8267. LDTC Later 6d small 16427. LDTC Later 6d small 37827.
4147 - 104/4/3 (Group 4) 8267 - 207/4/3 (Group 4) 16427 - 411/4/3 (Group 4) 37827 - 946/4/3 (Group 4)

 

Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Mark Gibson.
LDTC Later 6d 508. LDTC Later small 6d 2948. LDTC Later small 6d 4148. LDTC Later 6d 8148.
508 - 13/4/4 (Group 4) 2948 - 74/4/4 (Group 4) 4148 - 104/4/4 (Group 4) 8148 - 204/4/4 (Group 4)

 

Courtesy Spink and Son. Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later small 6d 13779. LDTC Later small 6d 16428. LDTC Later small 6d 22748.
15108 - 378/4/4 (Group 4) 16428 - 411/4/4 (Group 4) 22748 - 569/4/4 (Group 4)

 

Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie One of mine. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 2869. LDTC Later 6d 3949. LDTC Later 6d small 9149. LDTC Later 6d small 15109.
2869 - 72/4/5 (Group 1) 3949 - 99/4/5 (Group 1) 9149 - 229/4/5 (Group 1) 15109 - 378/4/5 (Group 1)

 

One of mine. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 1190. LDTC Later 6d 2150.
1190 - 30/4/6 (Group 1) 2150 - 54/4/6 (Group 1)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d 2111. LDTC Later 6d 2831. LDTC Later 6d 4991. LDTC Later 6d 30231.
2111 - 53/4/7 (Group 1) 2831 - 71/4/7 (Group 1) 4991 - 125/4/7 (Group 1) 30231 - 756/4/7 (Group 1)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d 472. LDTC Later 6d 3272. LDTC Later 6d 3432.
472 - 12/4/8 (Group 1) 3272 - 82/4/8 (Group 1) 3432 - 86/4/8 (Group 1)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of  Stephen Gardner.
LDTC Later 6d 3632. LDTC Later 6d small 4872.
3632 - 91/4/8 (Group 1) 4872 - 122/4/8 (Group 1)

 

 

 

Row-5 PRIMARY flaws
These are all from Group 5
1) Double frame-break above 'SS of 'MESSAGE'.
2) Broken left serif at bottom of 'L' in 'L' corner.
3) Multiple breaks to lower right outer frame line.

Latent
4) Dot above 'ET' of 'STREET'.
5) Characteristic 'D' in 'D' corner.
 
Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later small 6d 16433. LDTC Later small 6d 27553. These have the following flaws in common:

1) Fractured 'S' in 'MESSAGE'.
2) Mark on first 'I' of 'DISTRICT'.

Row-5, Stamp 1     Controls: 833, 1713, 1913, 2993, 5433
        small     16433, 27553, 36673

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

833 = 21/5/1
1713 = 43/5/1
1913 = 48/5/1
2993 = 75/5/1
5433 = 136/5/1
16433 = 411/5/1
27553 = 689/5/1
36673 = 917/5/1

16433 is part of the MB-block..
1713 27553 (small)
 
Courtesy of Martien Blank. One of mine. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later small 6d 16434. LDTC Later 6d small 19234. These have the following distinctive flaws:
1) Mark between 'SA' of 'MESSAGE'.
2) 2 marks in 'T' corner (like 5/6).

Row-5, Stamp 2                 Controls: 514, 1714, 2834
        small     1954, 16434, 19234, 31114


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

514 = 13/5/2
1714 = 43/5/2
1954 = 49/5/2
2834 = 71/5/2
16434 = 411/5/2
19234 = 481/5/2
31114 =778/5/2

1714 adjoins 1713 above.

19234 adjoins 19235 below.

16434 is from the MB-block.
16434 (small) 19234 (small)
 
One of mine. Courtesy of  Martien Blank. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 4955. LDTC Later 6d small 16435. This pair have the following flaws in common.
1) Extra bit on 'curly' pattern below the 'D' corner.
2) dot adjoining the first 'E' of 'MESSAGE'.
3) dot above 'T' in 'T' corner.


Row-5, Stamp 3       Controls: 4955
small: 16435, 19235


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
4955 = 124/5/3
16435 = 411/5/3
19235 = 481/5/3

4955 is close to 4960 below.
19235 adjoins 19234 above.
16435 is part of the MB-block.

This is very similar to Row-5, Stamp 7.

4955 16435
 
Courtesy of Martien Blank. Anonymous. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 16436. LDTC Later 6d 4436. These have the following flaws in common:

1) Mark between frame lines at top.
2) Mark on 'MESSAGE' tablet.

Row-5, Stamp 4     Controls: 2836, 4036, 4116, 4436
small 16436

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

2836 = 71/5/4
4036 = 101/5/4
4116 = 103/5/4
4436 = 111/5/4
16436 = 411/5/4

Note, the mark at the top can be seen on one of the
Row-4/4 stamps above.
16436 is part of the MB-block.

16436 4436
 
Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 477. LDTC Later 6d 1037. These have the following
distinctive features:
1) Comma after '90' very hazy.
2) Many small blemishes.


Row-5, Stamp 5     Controls: 477, 4517
        small     1037


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

477 = 12/5/5
1037 = 26/5/5
4517 = 113/5/5

477 1037 (small)

 

 
One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 918. LDTC Later 6d 2838. These have the following distinctive features:
1) Marks in 'T' corner (like 5/2)
2) Scratch above 'P' of 'STAMP'
3) Scratch above 'M' of 'MESSAGE'


Row-5, Stamp 6     Controls: 918, 2838, 3158, 3878
        small     15118


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:

918 = 23/5/6
2838 = 71/5/6
3158 = 79/5/6
3878 = 97/5/6
15118 = 378/5/6

The scratch above 'P' of 'STAMP' is clear on 918 but
gradually fades and cannot be seen by 15118.

918 2838
 
One of mine. Courtesy of  Martien Blank. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 3319. LDTC Later 6d small 16839. These have the following flaws in common.
1) Extra bit on 'curly' pattern below the 'D' corner.
2) dot adjoining the first 'E' of 'MESSAGE'.
3) dot above 'T' in 'T' corner.
4) Mark between 'SA' of 'MESSAGE'.
5) Notch in top of 'P' in 'STAMP'.
6) Broken frame above it.
7) Notch in back of 'G' in 'MESSAGE'.
The 5, 6 and 7 are faint on 8239 and 16839.

Row-5, Stamp 7           Controls: 559, 1199, 2119, 3319
small: 8239, 16839


Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
559 = 14/5/7
1199 = 30/5/7
2119 = 53/5/7
3319 = 83/5/7
8239 = 206/5/7
16839 = 421/5/7

This is very similar to Row-5 stamp 3
559 adjoins 560 below.
3319 16839
Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. SECONDARY flaws
LDTC Later 6d 560. LDTC Later 6d 8600. These have the following flaws in common:
1) Frame-break left of 'M' in 'MESSAGE'.
2) Mark above-left of last 'N' in 'CANNON'.
3) Mark between frame lines left of 'D' in 'LONDON'.
4) Mark above 'E' in 'MESSAGE'.

Row-5, Stamp 8     Controls: 560, 1200, 2840, 3160, 4960, 8600

Using my 'widget' at the bottom gives me:
560 = 14/5/8)
1200 = 30/5/8
2840 =71/5/8)
3160 =79/5/8)
4960 = 124/5/8
8600 =215/5/8)

560 adjoins 559 above.
4960 is close to 4955 above.
560 8600

 

Examples from row 5:

Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Anonymous. Reproduced with permission from http://www.stampboards.com Anonymous.
LDTC Later 6d 833. LDTC Later 6d 1713. LDTC Later 6d 1913. LDTC Later 6d 2993.
833 - 21/5/1 (Group 5) 1713 - 43/5/1 (Group 5) 1913 - 48/5/1 (Group 5) 2993 - 75/5/1 (Group 5)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d 5433. LDTC Later small 6d 16433. LDTC Later small 6d 27553. LDTC Later small 6d 36673.
5433 - 136/5/1 (Group 5) 16433 - 411/5/1 (Group 5) 27553 - 689/5/1 (Group 5) 36673 - 917/5/1 (Group 5)

 

One of mine Anonymous. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk.
LDTC Later small 6d 514. LDTC Later small 6d 1714. LDTC Later small 6d 1954. LDTC Later small 6d 2834.
514 - 13/5/2 (Group 5) 1714 - 43/5/2 (Group 5) 1954 - 48/5/2 (Group 5) 2834 - 71/5/2 (Group 5)

 

Courtesy of Martien Blank. One of mine. Courtesy of Mark Talbot.
LDTC Later small 6d 16434. LDTC Later 6d small 19234. LDTC Later 6d 31114.
16434 - 411/5/2 (Group 5) 19234 - 481/5/2 (Group 5) 31114 - 778/5/2 (Group 5)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of  Martien Blank. Courtesy of  Mike Jackson.
LDTC Later 6d 4955. LDTC Later 6d small 16435. LDTC Later 6d small 19235.
4955 - 124/5/3 (Group 5) 16435 - 411/5/3 (Group 5) 19235 - 481/5/3 (Group 5)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of the late Mike Holt. Anonymous. Anonymous.
LDTC Later 6d 2836. LDTC Later 6d 4036. LDTC Later 6d 4116. LDTC Later 6d 4436.
2836 - 71/5/4 (Group 5) 4036 - 101/5/4 (Group 5) 4116 - 103/5/4 (Group 5) 4436 - 111/5/4 (Group 5)

 

Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d 16436. LDTC Later 6d 477. LDTC Later 6d 1037. LDTC Later 6d 4517.
16436 - 411/5/4 (Group 5) 477 - 12/5/5 (Group 5) 1037 - 26/5/5 (Group 5) 4517 - 113/5/5 (Group 5)

 

One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie. One of mine. Courtesy of Steve Lawrie.
LDTC Later 6d 918. LDTC Later 6d 2838. LDTC Later 6d 3158. LDTC Later 6d 3878.
918 - 23/5/6 (Group 5) 2838 - 71/5/6 (Group 5) 3158 - 79/5/6 (Group 5) 3878 - 97/5/6 (Group 5)

 

Anonymous. Courtesy of Mark Gibson. One of mine.
LDTC Later small 6d 15118. LDTC Later 6d 559. LDTC Later 6d 1199.
15118 - 378/5/6 (Group 5) 559 - 14/5/7 (Group 5) 1199 - 30/5/7 (Group 5)

 

Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie. One of mine. Courtesy of  Steve Lawrie. One of mine.
LDTC Later 6d 2119. LDTC Later 6d 3319. LDTC Later 6d small 8239. LDTC Later 6d small 16839.
2119 - 53/5/7 (Group 5) 3319 - 83/5/7 (Group 5) 8239 - 206/5/7 (Group 5) 16839 - 421/5/7 (Group 5)

 

Courtesy of Mark Gibson. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. Courtesy of Mark Talbot.
LDTC Later 6d 560. LDTC Later 6d 1200. LDTC Later 6d 2840.
560 - 14/5/8 (Group 5) 1200 - 30/5/8 (Group 5) 2840 - 71/5/8 (Group 5)

 

One of mine. Anonymous. Courtesy of Mark Gibson.
LDTC Later 6d 3160. LDTC Later 6d 4960. LDTC Later 6d 8600.
3160 - 79/5/8 (Group 5) 4960 - 124/5/8 (Group 5) 8600 - 215/5/8 (Group 5)

 

 

 

On the question of which came first, small or large controls.

Here is an interesting series:

LDTC Later 3d 1557. LDTC Later small 3d 1569. LDTC Later 3d 1576. LDTC Later 3d 1589.
1557 (large - 39/5/5) 1569 (small - 40/2/1) 1576 (large - 40/2/8) 1589 (small - 40/4/5)

I think it unlikely that it is the same 'sheet 40' for both large and small controls.
I think it is possible that the same number may exist with large and small controls.

There are several possibilities, either large and small were used concurrently from the beginning, and the large either discarded (or not) when it got to maximum count.
Alternatively The large could have been used first and replaced by the small when it got to the maximum count (or before).
I do not see the small being used first, then replaced by the large (having less digits) unless of course it had more digits that never got used.
However the highest count I have seen is less than 40,000 and I'm sure we would have seen numbers above that if they all came before the large controls.

Look closely at the pair below. It may provide the answer.

LDTC Later 3d 1920.
1105 (28/4/1) fairly well centred, and 1106 (28/4/2) poorly centred.

I would have expected this (digitally constructed) pair to fit together better if they were from the same sheet.

However, most of my reconstructions are compatible, so I suspect that the re-use
was only until a replacement machine with more digits could be obtained.
Alternatively, all the used examples are from a narrow time period (the takeover) and previous ones were destroyed.

It should also be noted though that as well as the 4879/4880 pair shown,
I have seen 4886 and 4893, but nothing higher than these, another indication of a narrow time slice.

 

 

3d sheet reconstruction 100% complete. though 2 locations are represented by only 1 stamp each.

3d Column Number
1234  5678
First digit 1 1/1 (1481)
LDTC Later 3d 1481.
1/2 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 4242.
1/3 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 2763.
1/4 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 2444.
  1/5 (7 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 885.
1/6 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 206.
1/7 (6 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 4247.
1/8 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 10328.
2 2/1 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 4529.
2/2 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1450.
2/3 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 4851.
2/4 (9 stamps)
LDTC Later small 3d 5252.
  2/5 (7 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1693.
2/6 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 2134.
2/7 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 4855.
2/8 (9 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 4216.
3 3/1 (2 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1537.
3/2 (2 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1978.
3/3 (8 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 2739.
3/4 (6 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 340.
  3/5 (2 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 2781.
3/6 (8 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 2822.
3/7 (2743)
LDTC Later 3d 2743.
3/8 (2 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d small 1584.
4 4/1 (12 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1105.
4/2 (6 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1106.
4/3 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 467.
4/4 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 2148.
  4/5 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1589.
4/6 (2 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 4910.
4/7 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1551.
4/8 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1872.
5 5/1 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 2313.
5/2 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 954.
5/3 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1355.
5/4 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later small 3d 1596.
  5/5 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 637.
5/6 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1558.
5/7 (6 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1439.
5/8 (6 stamps)
LDTC Later 3d 1920.

When I started to classify the flaws into groups, I had in mind that each group would represent a member of the transfer group.
On the Waterlow sheets the transfer group was a half-row of stamps.
Here it was a column of 5 stamps which was used to create half of the columns. This was copied by transfer to create the other half of the plate.
I think columns 1 to 4 were created first and 5 to 8 were the copies since 2/5 has an extra mark not present on 2/1.

The 6d was not done the same way.

 

6d sheet reconstruction now 100% complete, though 1 location is represented by only 1 stamp (Row 2, Column 6).

6d Column Number
1234  5678
First digit 1 Group 4 (6 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 4002.
Group 4 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 4002.
Group 4 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3363.
Group 4 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d small 21444.
  Group 3 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 37885.
Group 3 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3486.
Group 3 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 1687.
Group 3 (2 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 4528.
2 Group 2 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d small 2929.
Group 2 (2 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3850.
Group 2 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 4971.
Group 2 (7 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3292.
  Group 1 (8 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3853.
Group 1 (1694)
LDTC Later 6d 1694.
Group 1 (8 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 4735.
Group 1 (6 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 4016.
3 Group 3 (9 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3737.
Group 3 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3418.
Group 3 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 1899.
Group 3 (2 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 500.
  Group 2 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later small 6d 9141.
Group 2 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later small 6d 15102.
Group 2 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 4583.
Group 2 (6 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 424.
4 Group 4 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3785.
Group 4 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3146.
Group 4 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d small 37827.
Group 4 (7 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 508.
  Group 1 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3949.
Group 1 (2 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 2150.
Group 1 (4 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 30231.
Group 1 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3272.
5 Group 5 (8 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d Pair - 1713 and 1714.
Group 5 (7 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d Pair - 1713 and 1714.
Group 5 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 4955.
Group 5 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 4436.
  Group 5 (3 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 477.
Group 5 (5 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 2838.
Group 5 (6 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 3319.
Group 5 (6 stamps)
LDTC Later 6d 560.


The 3d stamps were easier to plate, with those, most of the discrepancies resulted from a 4-column difference.
It suggests that in each row, the second batch of 4 stamps are a repeat of the first batch with minor (usually) differences.
I now get a 100% reconstruction this way.

The 6d are more complicated, causing me to think they were not all stamps from sheets having 5 rows of 8.
I tried to match the remainder with booklets of 2 rows of 6, or 10 rows of 12, but neither worked.
Now, by accepting that four of the positions have some minor differences, I have 100% reconstruction.

The differences are mostly between the large and small controls, and suggest cleaning of the plate at some stage.

The difference between groups on the left hand and right hand halves of the 6d also made
me wonder if there were in fact two plates, each having 5 rows of 4 stamps each. I wanted a pair that straddled column 4 and 5.
Multiples, even joined halves are scarce, but I can show a pair that was once joined:

LDTC Later 6d 3292/3 pair.

This shows fairly convincingly that these were once joined as Sheet 83, row 2, stamps 4 and 5.
Stamp 4 being from Group-2, and stamp 5 from Group-1.

 

 

* Assuming the highest control number seen reflects the quantity issued.

These figures beg an explanation.
The survival rate for Large controls is higher for used stamps, whereas for Small controls it is higher for unused.

Fortunately there may be an explanation.
Steven Roberts records about halfway down Competitors Allies, the Companies' claim:
“The low rate charged for messages, sixpence for fifteen words exclusive of address, and half-rates for pre-paid answers,
does not by any means affect the precautions taken for the safe keeping and delivery of the messages entrusted to the Company’s care.
Each receives its particular and goes through its regular course from desk to desk and room to room, until its work is finally accomplished,
when it is carefully put up in company with all papers bearing in any way upon it, and preserved for three months
in one of the numerous presses close at hand, from thence to descend at the end of that period to the cellar,
after a two years’ sojourn in which it is finally destroyed.”

The used LDTC stamps currently available can then be seen as (primarily) a sample of
the last two years or so of the companies telegraph forms, 'liberated' at the time of its' takeover.

These would seem to be mostly Large controls! This is a great surprise to me, but (at the moment) I can see no other interpretation.
It might also explain why there are so many unused small control stamps about if they were left over at the end.

My chief objection to this is that mainly the 6d were used and if they only used 8600 of these in 2 years, that implies about 12 per day !
Not exactly the usage I would expect for the whole of London.
This suggests that the majority were diligently destroyed at the takeover, or perhaps handed over to the Post Office.
Perhaps a member of Post office staff was responsible for releasing most of the existing ones.

The control-number sequence can be used over and over, but pairs tend to mostly match-up and I would expect to see some in the 9000's.

LDTC Later 3d 4216. LDTC Later 3d 4216.
Courtesy of Martien Blank. Courtesy of the late Mike Holt.
(Now also owned by Martien Blank).
Two examples of 3d, large control 4216 (row 2, column 8). Used and unused.
Clearly the numbers were re-used. An adjoining stamp is only likely to match one of them.

Possibly each branch was sent a batch of sheets and used them sequentially, with the used examples coming from only one or two branches.

Unused examples would be a combination of those deliberately 'collected' plus leftovers after the Post Office takeover.

 

Definitive evidence.

The most telling piece of evidence is the fact that most of the cancelled large control stamps still have their gum.
This implies that they were pre-cancelled ready for use, but not in fact used.
Almost certainly this is because the Post Office takeover intervened, which would imply that these were the type last used.

 

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.
Contact:   Emale
Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Last updated 98th. February 2022

©Copyright Steve Panting 2012/13/14/15/16/17/18/19/20/21/22 except where stated.
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