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Telegraph stamps of the World

Click here for a site-map.
Select currency. Default = GBP (1.0)
GB £   US $   Can $   Aus $
Euro   Other
Up a level Not my site, but
a good reference:
Post Office Telegraphs Ceylon Telegraphs HongKong Telegraphs India Telegraphs Jamaica Telegraphs Orange Free State Telegraphs Orange Free State Telegraphs Australia
GB Ceylon Hong Kong India Jamaica Natal OFS Australia and states
Up a level by Dave Elsmore.
Matabeleland Telegraphs Sarawack Telegraphs Sudan Telegraphs Transvaal Telegraphs Uganda Railway NSW Telegraphs Western Australia Telegraphs Western Australia Telegraphs
Other Africa Sarawak Sudan Transvaal Uganda New South Wales Western Australia Other Australia

 


  I have brought these prices up to date and added currency selection.

Until recently, I have not needed to make any additions to Hiscocks' listing,
probably a testimony to his main source, C. S. F. Crofton.
  Now though, I need to make an addition and I will use my 'RH' (Revised Hiscocks)  
numbering system as I have had to for many other countries. Currently there
  are few additions, RH61b and RH168A-C, so it does not seem to be worth going  
through all the others adding an extra column, the 'RH' number would be the same
  as the 'H' numbers that I use. I simply wanted to avoid any confusion that might arise  
if I added it simply with an 'H' number, and to be consistent with what
I have done on other pages.

CheckList         Setup

Contributors:

Socrates Antypas - storypost
Peter Arnett - bygonesofbridlington
Keith Attwood - attwood12010
Mike Bender - ibredguy.co.uk
Gerard Bissett
    cg.stamps
RL - Rolf Lamprecht
Harry Patsalos
Martin Robinson - Mareval2
Peter Singer - psinger869
Wimal Suaris
Nicholas Turner - capital-collectables
Wendy - wendiwoo-2008
ye_olde_world
Grosvenor Auctions

 

Shortcuts to different sections
Stamps of India used in Ceylon 'CEYLON' overprint Cancels QV double-headed 1882-94 provisionals 1892-1903 provisionals KEVII double-headed 1910 provisionals Afterwards

 

Ceylon

Steve Hiscocks wrote:

The telegraph stamps of Ceylon form one of the most extensive and complex groups, and in attempting to produce a logical and orderly listing, I have leaned heavily on the superb scholarship of C. S. F. Crofton whose notes were posthumously published in the Philatelic Journal of India in 1910.

The early status of the Ceylon Telegraph Department is not clear. It seems to have been effectively separate from that of India, but under the same superintendent as that of the Madras Presidency. In 1868 an international convention agreed a reduction on international tariffs which made the Ceylon system, which was largely dependent on international business, unviable. It therefore became part of the Indian system from late 1868 to 1880 when Ceylon resumed control of its own system. Throughout this period the normal Indian telegraph stamps were used (all of the earlier watermark) and in theory the Electric Telegraph stamps could also have been used although there is no evidence that they were.
In 1880 Ceylon overprinted sufficient Indian stamps 'CEYLON' to tide them through until their own stamps, of similar type, arrived from England.

The Queen Victoria double head issue continued with only a breif paper variation until 1894, when the watermark was changed and then until 1903 when a completely different King Edward VII set was introduced. This was produced on paper of a different watermark the following year, and this last set continued until separate telegraph stamps were abandoned on 1 August 1910.

The overall picture however, is very much more complicated than the above. A new tariff introduced on 1 January 1882 caused a sudden demand for 20, 40, 60 and 80 cent values, and these were overprinted on other values. This state of affairs continued for 10 years with new settings of overprints for the same values being introduced once or twice each year until the Ceylon Government put its foot down, and a locally produced set of these values (each including its date of printing and with various sizes of control number) was introduced. Three further values were added to this provisional set to take care of a further tariff change, and order was finally restored with the introduction of the first King Edward VII set in 1903.
There was a final set of provisionals introduced shortly before telegraph stamps were discontinued in 1910, but apparently never used.

Cancellation of the earlier issues is almost always by roller stamps in black. Circular date stamps began to creep in about 1889 and are very common on the second King Edward VII issue. One special cancellation deserves mention and that is that of the Pearl Fishing grounds off northwest Ceylon. These are in manuscript and those I have seen (five) have been in the same hand, in red ink, on first and second issues (Ceylon on India and first Ceylon proper) and read "Pearl Fishing [date] 1881", where the date is in April or May. On piece they command a considerable premium.

For a week or so in July 1898 there was a shortage of certain values in Colombo and the use of postage stamps was apparently authorized. These were bisected in use as were telegraph stamps and, used on piece with Telegraph stamps and properly tied, are very rare. The postage stamps I have seen thus used appear to be the 2c dull green (SG 147) and the 3c terracotta (and blue green, although that part is removed) (SG 245).

My notes:
I am still missing a lot of the overprint images that I need. Scans to help complete them would be much appreciated (you don't need to identify them).

I can now show examples of these, in the Cancels section.

Similarly, an example of these really needs illustration. A scan would be much appreciated.


 

Stamps of India used in Ceylon

1869-1880 Telegraph stamps of India used in Ceylon. Watermark W1 of India. Perf. 14
(Numbers in brackets refer to the Indian reference numbers.)

Hisc. Description Mint Used
H1 1A yellow-green (H4) - 8.00
H2 2A maroon (H5) - 2.00
H3 4A pale blue (H6) - 1.50
H4 8A brown (H7) - 1.50
H4a         imperf (Oct. 1878, Colombo, H7c)   - 150.00
H5 1R grey (H8, Die I) - 20.00
H6 1R grey (H9, Die II) - 1.50
H7 2R 8A orange-yellow (H10, Die I) - 2.00
H8 2R 8A orange (H11, Die II) - 8.00
H9 5R orange-brown (H12) - 3.00
H10 10R green (H13, Die I) - 3.00
H11 10R green (H14, Die II) - 20.00
H12 14R 4A lilac (H15) - 20.00
H13 25R violet (H16, Die I) - 6.00
H14 25R violet (H17, Die II) - 20.00
H15 28R 8A yellow-green (H18) - 30.00
H16 50R rose (H19, Die I) - 20.00
H17 50R rose-carmine (H20, Die II) - 4.00

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. Only used stamps can be identified as "used in Ceylon", mint stamps are therefore not priced in this  
                section. The complete list of cancellations which should be found is as follows:-
ANURADHAPURAGAMPOLAMATALLE
BADULLA JAFFNA / JAFFRA (error) NAWALAPITYA
BATTICALOAKALATURA NEWARAELLYA
COLOMBOKANDYPANADURE
GALLEMANAARTRINCOMALLEE
                These cancellations were at that time normally in block capitals, along with the date, such that
                three or, at the most, four letters fell on each stamp. Care is therefore needed in
                identification since some groups of letters occur in both Ceylonese and Indian
                cancellations.. The most common pitfall is "OMB" which may be COLOMBO, but is
                much more often BOMBAY. Pairs of stamps or stamps on piece with complete
                cancellations command a premium.
                While looking out for cancels, also look for 'GOA', this comes under the
                heading of Portuguese India.
Note 2. The 1A (No. 1) was only used in Ceylon for about 18 months.
Note 3. It was intended that the use of Indian telegraph stamps in Ceylon should begin on  
                1 February 1869 but, due to administrative confusion, use did not apparently begin until
                around 1 July 1869. See also Note 7 of New South Wales.
Map of Ceylon

The map shows the initial 15 Telegraph Stations, which as usual, mostly lay along
the railway lines. Newara Ellya seems to have been a little way away.
I have additionally also marked a place in Magenta, because I would have
expected there to be an early Telegraph Station there, but it is not on the list.
Kurunagala was once the capital of Ceylon and is surrounded by coconut plantations
and rubber estates. I'm sure there must have been a reason for the omission,
but to me it seems strange.


Indian stamps used in Ceylon
A selection of Indian stamps used in Ceylon, courtesy of Socrates Antypas (storypost) on ebay.

 

'CEYLON' overprint

1880 (1 July) 'CEYLON' overprint on Indian Telegraph stamps as above. Watermark W1 of India. Perf. 14
India Nos. and quantity in brackets.

Ceylon overprint H18 Ceylon overprint H19 Ceylon overprint H20 Ceylon overprint H21
2 As.   H18 4 As.   H19 8 As.   H20 1 Rp.   H21

Ceylon overprint H22 Ceylon overprint H23 Ceylon overprint H24  
2 Rps.8As.   H22 5 Rps.   H23 10 Rps.   H24  

Ceylon overprint H25 Ceylon overprint H26
25 Rps.   H25 50 Rps.   H26
Courtesy of Wimal Suaris

 

Ceylon overprints
This strip shows the typical cancel used, with location followed by date.
Image courtesy of Socrates Antypas (storypost) on ebay.

 

Hisc. Description Mint Used
H18 2A maroon (H5, 2000) - 30.00
H19 4A blue (H6, 2450) - 24.00
H20 8A brown (H7, 20000) - 12.00
H21 1R grey (H9, Die II, 35000) - 10.00
H22 2R 8A orange (H11, Die II, 6000) - 20.00
H23 5R brown-orange (H12, 2000)   - 30.00
H24 10R green (H14, Die II, 3250) - 20.00
H25 25R violet (H17, Die II, 2450) - 35.00
H26 50R rose-carmine (H20, Die II, 100)   - 200.00

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. These stamps are virtually unknown mint, although copies of the 4A and 25R (Nos. 19 & 25),  
                are in the Royal Collection. A few lower halves (also overprinted) are known (Price x 4) and  
                a 2½R (No. 22) is known used whole.
Note 2. Beware of forgeries — especially of No 26.
Note 3. Those on piece command a premium.

Forgeries

Note 2 looks like good advice
But how exactly do you do that?
The first thing is that These should not have a cancel of india. Also it should not be on Die I.
If it is cancelled in Bombay, it is not a stamp of Ceylon !
However, it does point to the overprint being forged, and it becomes possible to recognise some of the forgeries.
Wimal Suaris, who was in contact with Steve Hiscocks, has spent time on this. He has identified 5 types of counterfeit overprints.
In his own words, with his own illustrations:

Forgery No.1
This is easy to spot as the period is missing
after “CEYLON.” Most of the examples I have
seen also have forged cancellations with wrong
dates and fonts.

Additional note: The top serif on the 'C' also
is sloping rather than vertical.

Note also the genuine date part of the cancel
in combination with a fake 'OMBO'.
Ceylon overprint Forgery 1
Forgery No.2
The two top strokes in “Y” are unsymmetrical and
there is a larger space between the serifs at
the top as compared to the genuine.

My note: This is a Bombay cancel
Ceylon overprint Forgery 2
Forgery No.3
The lower part of “N” is narrower than at the top
whereas it has the same width in the genuine.
The bottom serif of ‘E” is also angled more than in
the genuine where it is almost vertical.
Ceylon overprint Forgery 3
Forgery No.4
The top serif of “C” is angled more than in
the genuine.

My note: this is on Die I instead of Die II.
The serif on the foot of the 'L' is also much bigger.
Ceylon overprint Forgery 4
Forgery No.5
The vertical stroke in “Y” is smaller
than in the original.

My note: This is die I instead of Die II.
Ceylon overprint Forgery 5
Ceylon H21 whole mint

A whole mint H21
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

John Barefoot also illustrates
a whole 4As stamp, H19.

There are likely to be others. If you have a stamp with this overprint that was not used in Ceylon,
and the overprint does not match any of these,then please send me a scan so that the characteristics of other forgeries can be added to the list.

 

 

Cancels

Up to this point, a knowledge of the cancels used is quite important since it is important to know if the stamps were used in Ceylon and that the cancel is genuine.

 

Colombo

Cancels-Colombo-1
Cancels-Colombo-2
Cancels-Colombo-3
Colombo will figure prominently. The normal stamps of India were used in Ceylon from 1869 to 1880 and should be dated accordingly.
Most towns appear to have two types, a narrow-thick type and wide thin type. Colombo had two different heights of the thin type.
The three images above are courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

The ones with the 'CEYLON' overprint were only used from 1 July 1880 until the 1881 issue was available, on or shortly after 14 February.

Ceylon overprint H19 Ceylon overprint H21
Fake H19 from RL Fake H21, one of mine
Both of these have part of a genuine cancel, with an additional fake 'MBO' cancel.
They also both have 'CEYLON' forgery type 1. This is a common combination.
These may never have even been to Ceylon.



Apart from Colombo, 14 other towns were initially issued with Telegraph stamps.

 

Anuradhapura

Anuradhapura Cancels
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Badulla

Badulla Cancels
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Batticaloa

Batticaloa Cancels - 1
Batticaloa Cancels - 2
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Galle

Galle Cancels - 1 Galle Cancels - 2
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.


It may be worth mentioning here a note that Hiscocks added under New South Wales:

Note 7. An interesting correspondence in the records of the India Office in London implies that up to 1869 or
                1870 telegrams from New South Wales to Europe were transported by ship to Ceylon and sent
                from there (Galle) by the land route through India. In February 1869, 500 Rupees worth of Indian
                telegraph stamps were sent to Sidney so that such telegrams could be pre-paid before shipment.
                It is not known whether they were cancelled in Sidney before shipment or only in Galle on dispatch.
                Whether the receipts were returned to Sidney as evidence of dispatch is also not known.
                It is interesting to note that the stamps in question were the first Indian double headed issue which
                were due to be issued in Ceylon on 1 February 1869.
                Due to administrative confusion these were not in fact issued in Ceylon until around 1 July 1869 so
                they may have been used in New South Wales and have reached Galle in Ceylon before being
                issued in Ceylon itself.
                Any Galle cancelled Indian telegraph stamps dated before July 1869 would probably have been
                used in New South Wales but none has been reported.

 

Jaffna

Jaffna Cancels - 1 Jaffna Cancels - 2
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Kalatura

Images are needed for this if anyone can help.

 

Kandy

Kandy Cancels - 1 Kandy Cancels - 2
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Manaar

Manaar thick Cancel     Manaar thin Cancel
Narrow-thick type on a die I and wide-thin type on die II. This neatly illustrates the chronological order of them.
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Matalle

Images are needed for this if anyone can help.

 

Nawalapitya

Nawalapitya Cancel
Image courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

More images are needed for this if anyone can help.

 

Newaraellya

Newaraellya Cancels - 1 Newaraellya Cancels - 2
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Panadure

Images are needed for this if anyone can help.

 

Trincomalee

Trincomalee Cancels - 1 Trincomalee Cancels - 2
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

 

Other

Steve Hiscocks made a point of mentioning the Pearl Fishing grounds off northwest Ceylon.

Cancels-Pearl Fishing

Here are two examples, courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

 

Queen Victoria 'double-headed'

watermarks

1881 (14 February) Surface printed by de la Rue on white wove paper. Watermark CA / Crown (W1). Perf. 14

Ceylon-12c pair Ceylon-H28 Ceylon-25c used
12c.   Pair showing shades (H27/H39). 25c.   (H28) 50c used   (H29/H41)
Image courtesy of Wimal Suaris. Courtesy of Socrates Antypas (storypost). Image courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-50c pair Ceylon-1R mint Ceylon-2R 50c mint
50c.   Pair showing shades (H29/H41). 1R.   (H30) 2R.50c   (H31/H43)
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-5R pair Ceylon-Type 8 Ceylon-25R mint Ceylon-50R mint
5R.   Pair showing shades (H32/H44). 10R.   (H33), from Steve Hiscocks' book. 25R   (H34/H46) 50R   (H35/H47)
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris. Anyone have a scan ? Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Hisc. Description Mint Used
H27 12c yellow-bistre (shades) 15.00 0.65
H27a         olive bistre 20.00 0.80
H27b         bistre 20.00 0.80
H27c         ochre 25.00 1.00
H27d         on 'semi-laid' paper (1883) 30.00 1.50
H27e         watermark inverted (yellow bistre)   50.00 4.00
H28 25c blue-green 175.00 15.00
H28a         green-blue 175.00 15.00
H29 50c blue 15.00 0.65
H29a         on 'semi-laid' paper (1883) 25.00 1.00
H29b         watermark inverted 50.00 4.00
H30 1R red-brown 75.00 4.00
H30a         imperf. 250.00 60.00
H31 2R 50c slate-grey 30.00 0.70
H31a         blue-grey 30.00 0.70
H31b         on 'semi-laid' paper (1883) 45.00 1.00
H31c         watermark inverted 60.00 4.00
H32 5R orange 45.00 1.00
H32a         brownish orange 50.00 1.20
H32b         on 'semi-laid' paper (1883) 68.00 1.20
H32c         watermark inverted 90.00 4.00
H33 10R reddish lilac 200.00 6.00
H33a         imperf. 500.00 100.00
H34 25R bright rose 500.00 1.50
H34a         carmine 500.00 1.20
H34b         on 'semi-laid' paper (1883) 750.00 3.00
H34c         watermark inverted 1000.00 6.00
H35 50R brown-rose 750.00 4.00
H35a         brown-lilac 750.00 4.00
H35b         on 'semi-laid' paper (1883) 1000.00 8.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. The printing on 'semi-laid' paper, which shows periodic vertical lines in the watermark, was a  
                temporary expedient which affected only one year's supply.

 

1882 (March) New designs — other details as above.
The original 25c, 1R and 10R just had the value in the centre. The new designs had the value at the top and bottom.

Ceylon-25c Type 11 mint Ceylon-1R pair Ceylon-10R Type 13 mint Ceylon-H45
25c.   (H36/H40) 1R.   Pair showing shades (H37/H42). 10R.   (H38/H45) 10R.   H38 / H45 used
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris. Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk

 

Hisc. Description Mint Used
H36 25c green (shades) 10.00 0.80
H36a         on 'semi-laid' paper (1883)   15.00 1.00
H37 1R red-brown 15.00 1.00
H37a         on 'semi-laid' paper (1883)   25.00 2.00
H37b         watermark inverted 50.00 10.00
H38 10R rose-lilac 80.00 2.00
H38a         claret (shades) 80.00 2.00
H38b         reddish-purple (shades) 80.00 2.00
H38c         on 'semi-laid' paper (1883)   120.00 6.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. The original designs of the 25c, 1R and 10R were such that the actual value was  
                often lost on half stamps. This made checking difficult and was quickly rectified  
                by the introduction of the new designs.  

 

1894 As above but watermark CA / Crown (W2).

Hisc. Description Mint Used
H39 12c olive bistre 20.00 0.80
H39a         bistre 20.00 0.80
H40 25c green 20.00 0.60
H40a         bluish green 20.00 0.60
H41 50c blue 20.00 0.80
H41a         dark blue 20.00 0.80
H42 1R red-brown (shades)   20.00 0.60
H43 2½R pale slate grey 24.00 0.80
H43a         slate grey 24.00 0.80
H44 5R brown orange 32.00 1.00
H44a         yellow orange 32.00 1.00
H45 10R purple (shades) 96.00 1.50
H45a         claret 96.00 1.50
H45b         dull magenta 96.00 1.50
H46 25R carmine (shades) 360.00 1.50
H47 50R lake (shades) 720.00 10.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Both the 1881 and 1894 issues are found overprinted 'specimen' or 'cancelled' by hand.  
                Prices roughly as mint.

 

1882-1894 Provisionals


1882 — 94 Provisionals. Surcharged by the Ceylon Government printer on Nos. 27 to 38 (i.e. watermark W1 except where stated to be W2)
in black except where red (R) or vermilion (V) is stated.

 

I found it a bit of a pain working out which each overprint was,
so I created this (sortable) table to help. Click 'instructions'
for information on using it.
size-up                 size-down
 

 

1882 issues.

 

Ceylon-H48 Ceylon-H49 Ceylon-H50 Ceylon-H51
40c on 50c.   H48, Type 14,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
60c on 1R.   H49, Type (15),
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 1R.   H50, Type 15,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
40c on 2½R.   H51, Type (16),
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.


Ceylon-H52 Ceylon-H53 Ceylon-H55 Ceylon-H56 Ceylon-H60
50c on 2½R.   H52, Type 17,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
60c on 1R.   H53, Type 16,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 1R.   H55, Type 19. 40c on 2½R.   H56, Type 20.
Ceylon-H57 Ceylon-H57 bottom Ceylon-H58 Ceylon-H59
60c on 1R.   H57, Type (21), top and bottom halves of the overprint, with the bottom being inverted
So they are both on top halves of stamps. This confusion factor may have led to the preservation.
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 1R.   H58, Type 21,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
60c on 1R.   H59, Type 22,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 1R.   H60, Type 23,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.



Can anyone provide scans of any of the missing ones?
These type numbers can also have different values of the same style (which is then quoted in brackets).

Ceylon-H54

Type 18 (H54), courtesy of Peter Arnett of
(bygonesofbridlington) on ebay.
Hisc. Type 1881-2 Description Mint Used
H48 14 40c on 50c (No. 29) 23.12.81 (800) 150.00 45.00
H48a           surcharge double 450.00 90.00
H49 (15) 60c on 1R (No. 30) 23.12.81 (6000) 75.00 9.00
H50 15 80c on 1R (No. 30) 10.1.82 (8400) 75.00 7.50
H51 (16) 40c on 2½R (No. 31) 18.1.82 (1200) - 24.00
H52 17 50c on 2½R (No. 31) 16.2.82 (400) - 60.00
H53 16 60c on 2½R (No. 31) 16.2.82 (400) - 60.00
H54 18 25c TELEGRAPH Stamp Duty pair, lilac 7.2.82 (540 pairs)   - 600.00
H55 19 40c on 50c (No. 29) 10.1.82 (4000) 90.00 12.00
H56 20 40c on 50c (No. 29) 6.3.82 & 18.10.82 (4800) 90.00 12.00
H57 (21) 60c on 1R (No. 37) 6.3.82 (3600) 90.00 12.00
H58 21 80c on 1R (No. 37) 6.3.82 (2400) 90.00 15.00
H59 22 60c on 1R (No. 37) 18.10.82 (2400) 90.00 15.00
H60 23 80c on 1R (No. 37) 18.10.82 (2400) 90.00 15.00

Hiscocks added the following 4 notes:

Note 1. No. 48(a) is a true double printing, of equal intensity, and separated by about 3.6mm.
Note 2. No 54 has TELE reading upwards on the lower of the vertical pair and GRAPH on the upper.
                In fact no mint pair or lower half is known to exist. Perf. 14 and watermark narrow CA
                (similar to that in W1) and crown.
Note 3. The dates given above and subsequently are those of printing. Nos. 48 & 49 were issued 1.1.82  
                and the others were normally issued within days of printing.
Note 4. The price quoted for No 54 is roughly the market price but it will be noted below that other  
                provisionals are priced at much less although even less were printed. Presumably this is because  
                No 54 is distinctive and well known to be scarce while the others have not previously been  
                recognised as such.

 

Ceylon-H61-type 1 Ceylon-H61-type 2 Ceylon-H62 Ceylon-H63
40c on 50c.   H61
(Hiscocks noted that there are two different spacings, but see my note under the 1889 issues.)
60c on 50R.   H62 80c on 25R.   H63
Courtesy of (ye_olde_world) Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-H67 Ceylon-H68 Ceylon-H83
40c on 50c.   H67
(avoid confusion with H61 above)
60c on 2R 50c.   H68
(overprints 29 and 31 are easily confused)
60c on 1R.   H83
Courtesy of Wimal Suaris. Image courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk

 

1883 issues.

Ceylon-H61 Ceylon-RH61b mockup Ceylon-H62 Ceylon-H63
40c on 50c.   H61, Type 24. (1 bar) 40c on 50c.   *RH61b, Type 24. (1 bar).
This is a mockup of John Barefoots' description.
60c on 50R.   H62, Type 25. 80c on 25R.   H63, Type 23 from RL.

1883 issues.

Ceylon-H64 mockup Ceylon-H65 mockup Ceylon-H66 mockup Ceylon-H67
40c on 50c.   H64, Type 26, This is a mockup,
it's like H71 but with a black overprint.
60c on 50R.   H65, Type (26).
This is just a mockup based on the description.
60c on 1R.   H66, Type 27.
This is just a mockup based on the description.
40c on 50c.   H67, Type 28.
(2 bars). See also H74.

1883 issues.

Ceylon-H68 Ceylon-H69 Ceylon-H70
60c on 2½R.   H68, Type 29. 80c on 25R.   H69, Type (30)
Note: 2 bars over old value.
From RL.
80c on 50R.   H70, Type 30, from RL.

H61 and H62 are courtesy of Socrates Antypas (storypost) on ebay.
H68 is courtesy of Keith Attwood on ebay.

These type numbers can also have different values of the same type (which is then quoted in brackets).

RH # Hisc. Type 1883 Description Mint Used
RH61 H61 24 40c on 50c (No. 29) (V) 5.2.83 (4000) see note. 45.00 9.00
RH61a H61a           on 'semi-laid' paper 45.00 9.00
*RH61b - 24         overprint in black - -
RH62 H62 25 60c on 50R (No. 35) 5.2.83 (3600) 45.00 9.00
RH62a H62a           on 'semi-laid' paper 45.00 9.00
RH63 H63 23 80c on 25R (No. 34) 5.2.83 (2400) 60.00 15.00
RH63a H63a           on 'semi-laid' paper 60.00 9.00
RH64 H64 26 40c on 50c (No. 29) (see Note 1 below) - 60.00
RH64a H64a           on 'semi-laid' paper - 60.00
RH65 H65 (26) 60c on 50R (No. 35) (see Note 1 below) - 60.00
RH65a H65a           on 'semi-laid' paper - 60.00
RH66 H66 27 60c on 1R (No. 37) (see Note 1 below) - 60.00
RH66a H66a           on 'semi-laid' paper - 60.00
RH67 H67 28 40c on 50c (No. 29) (V) 20.7.83 (6000) see note. 45.00 6.00
RH67a H67a           on 'semi-laid' paper 45.00 6.00
RH68 H68 29 60c on 2½R (No. 31) (V) 20.7.83 (6000)   45.00 6.00
RH68a H68a           on 'semi-laid' paper 45.00 6.00
RH69 H69 (30) 80c on 25R (No. 34) 20.7.83 (2000) 90.00 15.00
RH69a H69a           on 'semi-laid' paper 90.00 15.00
RH70 H70 30 80c on 50R (No. 35) 20.7.83 (2500) 90.00 13.50
RH70a H70a           on 'semi-laid' paper 90.00 13.50

*RH61b has been added to accommodate John Barefoots' type 58 which was not listed by Hiscocks.

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. Nos 64, 65 and 66 are unaccounted for in the records and neither the date of printing or the
                numbers surcharged are known. They seem to be related and No 65 is known dated June 1883  
                which is why they are placed here. All are scarce.
Note 2. I have copies of No 61 on two shades of blue with the spacing between the single upper line, and  
                the top of the word 'cents' being nearly 1mm more on the darker. The significance of this is not  
                clear at present and further information is needed.

 

1884 issues.

Ceylon-H71 Ceylon-H72/75 Ceylon-H73 Ceylon-H67/74
40c on 50c.   H71, Type 26, from RL. 60c on 2½R.   H72/75 (see Note 2), Type 31. 80c on 25R.   H73, Type (15),
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
40c on 50c.   H74/67 (see Note 2), Type 28.

 

Ceylon-H76 Ceylon-H77 Ceylon-H78
80c on 5R.   H76, Type 32B,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 10R.   H77, Type 32,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 50R.   H78, Type 32A,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

These type numbers can also have different values of the same type (which is then quoted in brackets).

Hisc. Type 1884 Description Mint Used
H71 26 40c on 50c (No. 29) (R) 23.4.84 (4000) - 12.00
H71a           on 'semi-laid' paper - 12.00
H72 31 60c on 2½R (No. 31) (R) 23.4.84 (5000) see note. 60.00 9.00
H72a           on 'semi-laid' paper 60.00 9.00
H73 (15) 80c on 25R (No. 34) 23.4.84 (2000) 90.00 15.00
H73a           on 'semi-laid' paper 90.00 15.00
H74 28 40c on 50c (No. 29) (R) 3.9.84 (5040) see note. 45.00 6.00
H74a           on 'semi-laid' paper 45.00 6.00
H75 31 60c on 2½R (No. 31) (R) 3.9.84 (4000) see note. 60.00 9.00
H75a           Surcharge misplaced — see Note 1 150.00 120.00
H75b           on 'semi-laid' paper 60.00 12.00
H76 32B 80c on 5R (No. 32) 3.9.84 (1040) - 30.00
H76a           on 'semi-laid' paper - 30.00
H77 32 80c on 10R (No. 38) 3.9.84 (560) - 45.00
H77a           on 'semi-laid' paper - 45.00
H78 32A 80c on 50R (No. 35) 3.9.84 (400) - 60.00
H78a           on 'semi-laid' paper - 60.00

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. This surcharge is placed so low that on some copies an additional upper bar has been added in ink
                to delete the original value. This would presumably have been necessary only for the top row and
                lower rows should have a double surcharge at the top but these have not been reported.
Note 2. No 74 and No 75 have been listed separately but appear to be reprints of No 67 and No 72  
                respectively. Perhaps someone with dated copies can discover distinguishing features — the shades  
                of Nos 74 and 67 may be different perhaps. There do seem to be two types of Type 31 — one  
                which the distance between the numerals and the top letters is 12mm and where it is 11½mm.  
                The alignment between the two parts of the overprint also differ by about 1mm.
                None of the eight or so copies I have been able to examine has been clearly dated and the sample  
                is too small for relative rarities to help.

 

1885 issues.

Ceylon-H79 Ceylon-H80 mockup Ceylon-H81 Ceylon-H82
40c on 50c.   H79, Type 33 40c on 50c.   **H80, Types 33 & 37,
This is just a mockup based on the description.
60c on 1R.   H81, Type (33),
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 2½R.   H82, Type 34,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-H83 Ceylon-H84
60c on 1R.   H83, Type 35,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 1R.   H84, Type (35), from RL.

 

Hisc. Type 1885 Description Mint Used
H79 33 40c on 50c (No. 29) (R) 2.3.85 (10000) - 6.00
H80 33 + 37 40c on 50c (No. 29) as No 79(R) + as No 86 in black (see note)   **   - 135.00
H81 (33) 60c on 1R (No. 37) 2.3.85 (1600) - 18.00
H82 34 80c on 2½R (No. 31) 2.3.85 (3600) - 12.00
H83 35 60c on 1R (No. 37) 6.7.85 (8000) 75.00 7.50
H84 (35) 80c on 1R (No. 37) 6.7.85 (8000) 75.00 7.50
H84a           surcharge double (one faint) 150.00 75.00

** Hiscocks lists this as on 50R (No.29) which I think is a typo for 50c. Presumably this was produced in 1886.

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. The black surcharge on No 80 is not exactly like that of No 86 below but similar to it (smaller type).  
                It has not in fact been observed on its own.

My comment on this:   Hiscocks description could have been clearer,
I have used the '+' symbol in place of the original to make it clear that
there are two overprints, one red and the other black.
Also Hiscocks originally describes this as "40c on 50R (No 29)",
No 29 is 50c which is what I think he means.
To me, the fact that the black surcharge is not known on anything else,
strongly suggests that it is a forgery.
Can anyone supply an image of H80 ?

 

1886 issues.

Ceylon-H85 Ceylon-H86 Ceylon-H87 Ceylon-H88
20c on 25c.   H85, Type 36 40c on 50c.   H86, Type 37. 60c on 1R.   H87, Type 38, from RL. 80c on 2½R.   H88, Type (38).

 

Hisc. Type 1886 Description Mint Used
H85 36 20c on 25c (No. 36) 9.7.86 (7000) 45.00 7.50
H85a           surcharge at marked angle to horizontal 150.00 90.00
H86 37 40c on 50c (No. 29) 9.7.86 (20000) 30.00 4.50
H86a           surcharge double (very slight displacement)   90.00 60.00
H87 38 60c on 1R (No. 37) 9.7.86 (5000) 60.00 10.50
H87a           surcharge double (one faint and inverted) 120.00 90.00
H88 (36) 80c on 2½R (No. 31) 9.7.86 (8000) 60.00 9.00

 

1887 issues.

Ceylon-H89 Ceylon-H90 Ceylon-H91 Ceylon-H91 bottom
60c on 2½R.   H89, Type 39 20c on 25c.   H90, Type (40), from RL. 20c on 50c.   H91, Type 41. 20c on 50c.   H91, bottom part,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-H92 Ceylon-H93 Ceylon-H94 Ceylon-H95 mockup
60c on 1R.   H92, Type 42, from RL. 80c on 5R.   H93, Type (42) 80c on 10R.   H94, Type (42),
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 50R.   H95, Type (42).
This is just a mockup based on the description.

H89 is courtesy of Keith Attwood on ebay.
Can anyone provide more scans of the missing ones ?
These type numbers can also have different values of the same type (which is then quoted in brackets).

Hisc. Type 1887a Description Mint Used
H89 39 60c on 2½R (No. 31) 25.2.87 (6000)   60.00 7.50
H90 (40) 20c on 25c (No. 36) 7.4.87 (6000) 90.00 7.50
H91 41 20c on 50c (No. 29) 7.4.87 (6480) 90.00 7.50
H91a           surcharge double - 75.00
H92 42 60c on 1R (No. 37) 7.4.87 (4000) 90.00 9.00
H93 (42) 80c on 5R (No. 32) 7.4.87 (3760) 90.00 9.00
H94 (42) 80c on 10R (No. 38) 7.4.87 (3600) 90.00 9.00
H95 (42) 80c on 50R (No. 35) 7.4.87 (400) 450.00 105.00

 

 

Ceylon-H96 Ceylon-H97
12c on 25c.   H96, Type 40, from RL. 12c on 50c.   H97, Type 43.

Ceylon-H98 Ceylon-H99 Ceylon-H100
60c on 1R.   H98, Type 44, from RL. 60c on 2½R.   H99, Type 45, from RL. 80c on 5R.   H100, Type 46,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

For the moment I am having to take most of these from page 60 of Hiscocks book. Can anyone provide scans of any of these ?

Hisc. Type 1887b Description Mint Used
H96 40 12c on 25c (No. 36) 20.4.87 (800) 180.00 75.00
H97 43 12c on 50c (No. 29) 20.4.87 (8000) 90.00 7.50
H98 44 60c on 1R (No. 37) 10.8.87 (2000) - 12.00
H99 45 60c on 2½R (No. 31) 10.8.87 (1040)   - 24.00
H100 46 80c on 5R (No. 32) 10.8.87 (1600) - 18.00

 

 

Ceylon-H101 Ceylon-H102 Ceylon-H103 mockup Ceylon-H104 Ceylon-H104 bottom
80c on 10R.   H101, Type 47,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 25R.   H102, Type (44),
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 10R.   H103, Type 48.
This is just a mockup based on the description.
40c on 50c.   H104, Type 49. 40c on 50c.   H104, used bottom half,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-H105 Ceylon-H106 Ceylon-H107
60c on 1R.   H105, Type 50, from RL. 80c on 5R.   H106, Type 51,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 10R.   H107, Type 51,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-H108 Ceylon-H109
80c on 25R.   H108, Type 51,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 50R.   H109, Type 52,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
Ceylon-H104

Mint H104.

 

Hisc. Type 1887c Description Mint Used
H101 47 80c on 10R (No. 38) 10.8.87 (1600) - 18.00
H102 (44) 80c on 25R (No. 33) 10.8.87 (1600)    - 18.00
H103 48 80c on 10R (No. 38) date? (400?) - 150.00
H104 49 40c on 50c (No. 29) 14.11.87 (30000) 36.00 3.00
H105 50 60c on 1R (No. 37) 21.12.87 (8000) - 7.50
H106 51 80c on 5R (No. 32) 21.12.87 (1600) - 18.00
H107 51 80c on 10R (No. 38) 21.12.87 (2400) - 12.00
H108 51 80c on 25R (No. 34) 21.12.87 (2400) - 12.00
H109 52 80c on 50R (No. 35) 21.12.87 (1600) - 18.00


Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. While it is reported that the December issues are all unknown unused, lower halves are known; price x 5.  
Note 2. No 103 is reported in only one case and its type would suggest an 1887 printing. It does not appear
                in the records however (several others are also missing from the records so this is not in itself cause
                for suspicion) and no other details are known. A printing of 400 is suggested as the usual minimum.

 

 

1888 issues.

Ceylon-H110 Ceylon-H112 Ceylon-H113
20c on 25c.   H110 80c on 1R.   H112 12c on 50c.   H113
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-H111 Ceylon-H111 bottom Ceylon-H114 Ceylon-H115
60c on 1R.   H111, Type 54, from RL 60c on 1R.   H111, bottom half,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 2½R.   H114, Type 56,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
60c on 2½R.   H115, Type 57,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Hisc. Type 1888 Description Mint Used
H110 53 20c on 25c (No. 36) 13.4.88 (4000) 60.00 9.00
H111 54 60c on 1R (No. 37) 13.4.88 (4000) 60.00 9.00
H112 (54) 80c on 1R (No. 37) 13.4.88 (4000) 60.00 15.00
H112a           surcharge at marked angle to horizontal   450.00 120.00
H113 55 12c on 50c (No. 29) 7.5.88 (4000) 45.00 7.50
H114 56 80c on 2½R (No. 31) 26.9.88 (4000) 90.00 9.00
H114a           word at top above figure (100?) 450.00 240.00
H115 57 60c on 2½R (No. 31) 29.10.88 (3200) 60.00 12.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. The guess at 100 copies of No 114(a) originally printed is based on the supposition that there was  
                one such error in each sheet of 40.

 

1889 issues.

Ceylon-H116 Ceylon-H122 Ceylon-H123 Ceylon-H126
12c on 25c.   H116, Type 58 60c on 1R.   H122, Type 63 80c on 1R.   H123, Type (63) 40c on 50c.   H126, Type (66)
Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

My Note: I do not know if the broken digit on H123 is constant, but if it is, we know it is in the first column of the sheet because of the beginning of the bars.
Though the lettering was laid down a stamp at a time, the bars were ruled across a row of stamps at a time. Because of this, slight inaccuracies
can lead to variations of line thickness and the distance between lines and lettering, particularly between stamps on different rows.


Ceylon-H116 Ceylon-H117 Ceylon-H118 Ceylon-H119
12c on 25c.   H116, Type 58 12c on 25c.   H117, Type 59,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
12c on 50c.   H118, Type 60, from RL. 12c on 50c.   H119, Type 61,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-H120 Ceylon-H121 Ceylon-H122 Ceylon-H123
20c on 50c.   H120, Type 62. 40c on 50c.   H121, Type (62).
courtesy of Harry Patsalos.
60c on 1R.   H122, Type 63,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 1R.   H123, Type (63), from RL.

Ceylon-H124 Ceylon-H125 Ceylon-H126 Ceylon-H127
80c on 1R.   H124, Type 64.
Used in Hatton (on Colombo-Badulla railway line)
80c on 2½R.   H125, Type 65. 40c on 50c.   H126, Type (66), dated in 1889
H134 is very similar, see note 3
20c on 50c.   H127, Type 67, from RL.

Ceylon-H128 Ceylon-H129
80c on 1R.   H128, Type 68. 60c on 1R.   H129, Type 69,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

 

Much of this is taken from page 62 of Hiscocks book. H129 is courtesy of Keith Attwood on ebay.
H119 is courtesy of Nicholas Turner (capital-collectables) on ebay.
Martin Robinson of Mareval2 on ebay has also been helpful in the past.
Can anyone provide scans of any of the missing ones ?
These type numbers can also have different values of the same type (which is then quoted in brackets).

Hisc. Type 1889 Description Mint Used
H116 58 12c on 25c (No. 36) 16.1.89 (1800?) 60.00 12.00
H117 59 12c on 25c (No. 36) 16.1.89 (600?) 120.00 36.00
H118 60 12c on 50c (No. 29) 16.1.89 (1200?) 75.00 18.00
H119 61 12c on 50c (No. 29) 16.1.89 (400?) 150.00 60.00
H120 62 20c on 50c (No. 31) 16.1.89 (8000) 54.00 6.00
H121 (62) 40c on 50c (No. 31) 16.1.89 (20000) 45.00 3.00
H122 63 60c on 1R (No. 37) 16.1.89 (13600) 45.00 4.50
H123 (63) 80c on 1R (No. 37) 16.1.89 (8000) 54.00 7.50
H124 64 80c on 1R (No. 37) 16.1.89 (2400) 75.00 12.00
H124a           19mm gap between letters and upper line   75.00 12.00
H125 65 80c on 2½R (No. 31) 16.1.89 (4000) 75.00 9.00
H126 (66) 40c on 50c (No. 29) 23.7.89 (16000) see note 3 45.00 4.50
H127 67 20c on 50c (No. 29) 2.8.89 (8000) 60.00 7.50
H128 68 80c on 1R (No. 37) 2.8.89 (4000) 90.00 12.00
H129 69 60c on 1R (No. 37) 12.12.89 (14400) 45.00 6.00

Hiscocks added the following 5 notes:

Note 1. It seems likely that Nos. 116 & 117 and Nos. 118 & 119 represent cases where two types were
                printed on the same sheet with the straight based '2' occuring in one row and the curly based '2'
                in the other three rows in each case. The printings of each type are therefore queried although the
                total printings, 2400 and 1600, are known.
Note 2. No. 124 seems to exist in two forms. In one the space between the upper line and the letters is 19mm  
                and in the other it is 18mm. The latter spacing is the same as that between letters and upper line
                in No. 125.
Note 3. No. 126 is very similar in its upper half to No. 134 of 1890. No. 126 is on a lighter blue 50c base
                stamp than 134, and this is the only distinguishing mark on half stamps unless the cancellation date
                can be read. Whole stamps are easily distinguishable in that No. 134 has words on the lower half
                while No. 126 has only a number '40'.
Note 4. No. 128 shows a slight variation in the letter to line distance — 25¾mm and 25¼mm.
Note 5. No. 129 was printed with a very greasy ink which tended to smudge somewhat giving in some cases
                the (erronious) impression of a double printing. There is again a slight variation in the distance
                between the two lines — 25¾mm and 25¼mm.

 

1890 issues.

Ceylon-H130/142 Ceylon-H132/145 Ceylon-H134
20c on 50c.   H130/142   type 70.
For differences, see note 3 below H145
80c on 1R.   H132/145   type 71.
For differences, see note 3 below H145
40c on 50c.   H134/126   type (66).
Images courtesy of Socrates Antypas (storypost) on ebay. Courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-H135 Ceylon-H134 Ceylon-H138
80c on 2R.50c.   H135   type 73. 20c on 50c.   H136   type (66). 60c on 1R.   H138
Courtesy of Socrates Antypas (storypost). Courtesy of Wimal Suaris. Courtesy of Socrates Antypas (storypost).

Ceylon-H130 Ceylon-H131 Ceylon-H133 Ceylon-H134
20c on 50c.   H130, Type 70. (Dated July 1890)
See also the note below H142.
40c on 50c.   H131, Type (70), 18mm gap.
See also H143 and note below it for 14.6mm gap.
80c on 2½R.   H133, Type 72, from RL. 40c on 50c.   H134/H126, Type (66), from RL.
see note 3 above.

Ceylon-H136 Ceylon-H137 Ceylon-H139 Ceylon-H139a
20c on 50c.   H136, Type 66. 40c on 1R.   H137, Type (66). 80c on 5R.   H139, Type (66). 80c on 5R.   H139a, from RL.

Ceylon-H140 Ceylon-H140a Ceylon-H141
80c on 10R.   H140, Type (66),
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 10R.   H140a, from RL. 80c on 25R.   H141, Type 74.

 

Hisc. Type 1890 Description Mint Used
H130 70 20c on 50c (No. 29) 18.1.90 (6400) 60.00 9.00
H131 (70) 40c on 50c (No. 29) 18.1.90 (19200)   36.00 4.50
H132 71 80c on 1R (No. 37) 18.1.90 (8000) 54.00 9.00
H133 72 80c on 2½R (No. 31) 18.1.90 (5600) 60.00 12.00
H134 (66) 40c on 50c (No. 29) 26.8.90 (24000) 30.00 3.00
H135 73 80c on 2½R (No. 31) 16.9.90 (8000) 54.00 9.00
H136 66 20c on 50c (No. 29) 26.9.90 (16000) 36.00 6.00
H137 (66) 40c on 1R (No. 37) 26.9.90 (20000) 30.00 4.50
H138 (66) 60c on 1R (No. 37) 26.9.90 (12000) 45.00 6.00
H139 (66) 80c on 5R (No. 32) 26.9.90 (4000) 75.00 12.00
H139a           '00' in place of '80' (100?) 450.00 150.00
H140 (66) 80c on 10R (No. 38) 26.9.90 (4000) 75.00 12.00
H140a          '00' in place of '80' (100?) 450.00 150.00
H141 74 80c on 25R (No. 34) 26.9.90 (4000) 75.00 12.00

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. No. 134 is very similar in its upper half to No. 126 — see Note 3 for 1889 issues.
Note 2. The spacing between bar and numeral on No. 136 varies by about ½mm.
Note 3. The numbers of '00' errors of Nos 139 and 140 are estimated on the basis of one per sheet.
                A mint strip of these — two No.139 with No.139(a) between them — was exhibited in June 1901.  

Note 2 also applies to H137 with variation from about 22mm to about 23mm.
This is not unusual, it is because they were applied separately.

 

1891 issues.

Ceylon-H143 mint
Ceylon-H142-a Ceylon-H143 Ceylon-H142-a
20c on 50c.   H142, Type 70. (See notes below) 40c on 50c. (dated)   H143, Type 71 (14.6mm)
See notes below - Courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk
20c on 50c.   H144, Type 71.

Hisc. Type 1891 Description Mint Used
H142 70 20c on 50c (No. 29) 24.6.91 & 23.12.91 (11200)   45.00 6.00
H143 (71) 40c on 50c (No. 29) 24.6.91 & 23.12.91 (22400) 36.00 4.50
H144 (71) 60c on 1R (No. 37) 24.6.91 & 23.12.91 (12800) 45.00 6.00
H145 71 80c on 1R (No. 37) 24.6.91 & 23.12.91 (12400) 45.00 6.00

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. For all four values the same setting was used for both printings which are therefore indistinguishable.
Note 2. No. 143 is similar to No. 131, but in the latter case the separation between the words at the top and
                the large 40 is 18mm and in the former 14½mm.
Note 3. Nos. 142 & 145 are similarly almost the same as Nos. 130 & 132. In this case the printings may be
                distinguished by the separation between the top words and the large number which is about 1mm
                less in 142 & 145 (both 18mm) than in 130 & 132 (both 19mm) respectively.
                The blue of No. 142 is also consistently darker than in No 130. The spacing between the two words  
                at the top is also about 1mm wider in No 145 than in No 132, but there is some confusion in
                Crofton over which is properly allocated to which date — perhaps some reader has one clearly
                dated before 24.6.91.
Ceylon-H144 mint
40c on 50c. (dated)   H143, Type 71 (14.6mm)
See notes below - Courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
20c on 50c.   H144, Type 71.
Courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

In My Notes: This appears to have got confused ans some is just plain wrong.
I will try to sort it out below by showing comparisons:
In Note 2, says the larger separation should be on H131, but the dated example shown has it on H143.
In Note 3, the distances of 18mm and 19mm only apply to the H132/H145 pair.

I have 3 examples of 130/142. One of which is actually a lighter colour than the other two and dated July 1890 making it H130 (shown above).
The distance from the bottom of the lettering, to the top of the digit '0' measures about 14.75mm.

Ceylon-H142-a  Ceylon-H130/142  Ceylon-H142-b
In this comparison of the three examples (scanned together at 600dpi), the lighter, dated example of H130 is in the center and they are aligned by the bottom of 'C'
and the center of '0'. The 'C' on the center example is closer to the 'Y' by 0.45mm.
The example on the left has the 'C' further to the left of '0' than the other two. Apart from the shade difference, by Hiscocks criteria these are all slight variations
of H130, however the overall width of the 'TWENTY CENTS' is about 0.9mm less on the center example than the other two, being 21.4mm against 22.3mm.
This suggests that the other two are the commoner H142, but the description of the difference given by Hiscocks has been confused, perhaps with H150/H160.

This compares the horizontal positioning between parts of H130(top) and H142(bottom). This is at 1200dpi, aligned by the back of the 'C'(red line).
Magenta is on the tip of the 'T', green on the right edge of the stem of 'Y', and blue on the extreme edge of the 'S'.

Ceylon H130 to H142 horizontal differences

Table of results, sizes in mm rounded to nearest 0.01mm.

'TWENTY' (mm) gap (mm) 'CENTS' (mm) Total (mm)
H130 11.49 1.44 8.49 21.42
H142 11.54 1.88 8.85 22.27

 

Ceylon-H130 2 x different mint However it isn't quite that simple.

Here are two examples of H130 side by side,
aligned by the top 'TWENTY CENTS'.
The bottom 'TWENTY CENTS' do not line up.

The gap in the top 'TWENTY CENTS' make
it clear that they are both H130.

The space between the bottom of '20' and
the top of the 'T' of 'TWENTY' at the bottom,
is about 23.8mm on the left against 22.8mm on the right,
a difference of just over 1 mm.


Images courtesy of Wimal Suaris.



I have 7 examples of the H132/H145 pair. I initially separated them visually on the basis of the gap between 'EIGHTY' and 'CENTS' (Note 3)
Then I noticed that there was indeed also a difference in spacing between the lettering and the large numerals as in Note 2.
It turned out that the seven examples comprised 3 x H132 and 4 x H145, including one dated August 1891.
Wimal Suaris adds a couple of examples, with an 1891 example agreeing with my 1891 example.

Ceylon-H132 Ceylon-H132 Ceylon-H145 Ceylon-H145
Undated example courtesy of Wimal Suaris. These are mine, one dated August 1891. Dated September 1891, courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
These have the following characteristics:
Distance from bottom of 'EIGHTY CENTS' to top of '80' approximately 19mm
Size of gap between stem of 'Y' in 'EIGHTY' and 'C' in 'CENTS' approximately 1.3mm
Undated
These have the following characteristics:
Distance from bottom of 'EIGHTY CENTS' to top of '80' approximately 18mm
Size of gap between stem of 'Y' in 'EIGHTY' and 'C' in 'CENTS' approximately 2mm
Dated August and September 1891

It seems reasonable to assume that the ones on the right dated in 1891 are H145 and the undated ones are H132.
However, it is possible that the dated ones are late usage H132, with the undated ones actually being H145, though it would be unlikely.
What is needed are examples clearly dated before 24/6/91 when the H145 was printed. Anyone have any?

 

 

1892 issues.

Ceylon-H146 Ceylon-H147 Ceylon-H148 Ceylon-H149
25c on 50c.   H146, Type 75, from RL. 25c on 1R.   H147, Type 75, from RL. 80c on 2½R.   H148, Type (76), from RL. 25c on 50R.   H149, Type (77), from RL.

Ceylon-H150 Ceylon-H151 Ceylon-H152 Ceylon-H153
20c on 1R.   H150, Type (75).
See also the note below H160.
40c on 1R.   H151, Type (75), from RL.
See also the note below H160.
60c on 1R.   H152, Type (75),
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 1R.   H153, Type (75), from RL.

Ceylon-H154 Ceylon-H155 Ceylon-H156
80c on 25R.   H154, Type (77),
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
80c on 50R.   H155, Type 77,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
20c on 25c.   H156, Type 76.

Ceylon-H157 Ceylon-H158
40c on 50c.   H157, Type (75),
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
5R on 25R.   H158, Type 78, from RL.

 

Hisc. Type 1892 Description Mint Used
H146 75 25c on 50c (No. 29) 20.1.92 (1200) - 24.00
H147 75 25c on 1R (No. 37) 3.2.92 (800) - 60.00
H148 (76) 80c on 2½R (No. 31) 3.2.92 (3000) - 15.00
H149 (77) 25c on 50R (No. 35) 26.2.92 (800) - 60.00
*H150 (75) 20c on 1R (No. 37) Feb & March 1892 (5200) - 9.00
*H151 (75) 40c on 1R (No. 37) Feb & March 1892 (14000)   - 6.00
H152 (75) 60c on 1R (No. 37) Feb & March 1892 (7200) - 7.50
H153 (75) 80c on 1R (No. 37) March 1892 (3600) - 15.00
H154 (77) 80c on 25R (No. 34) March 1892 (1000) - 30.00
H155 77 80c on 50R (No. 35) March 1892 (1000) - 45.00
H156 76 20c on 25c (No. 36) 1.4.92 (2400) - 12.00
H157 (75) 40c on 50c (No. 29) 1.4.92 (2400) - 12.00
H158 78 5R on 25R (No. 34) 1.4.92 (5200) 30.00 9.00
H158a          lower case 's' in 'RUPEEs' (130?) 50.00 60.00

* H150 and H151 are very similar to H160 and H159 respectively of the 1894 issue,
the difference being in the distance between the words at the top and the large digits, 18mm in 1892 and 19mm in 1894.
See Note 2 below H163.


Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. The number guessed at for No 158(a) is again assuming one in each sheet of 40.
Note 2. I have specimens of No 157 with both 20mm and 21mm between centre number and bar.  

 

1894 issues.

Ceylon-H159 Ceylon-H159 bottom Ceylon-H160 mockup
40c on 1R.   H159, Type (75), from RL. 40c on 1R.   H159(probably), bottom half. See
note 2 below. Image courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
20c on 1R.   H160, Type (75), this is a mockup,
like H150 but with a 19mm gap rather than 18mm.

Ceylon-H161 Ceylon-H162 bottom Ceylon-H163 Ceylon-H163 bottom
5R on 50R.   H161/162, Type 79. top and bottom used halves
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
5R on 25R.   H163, Type 80. top and bottom used halves
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Hisc. Type 1894 Description Mint Used
*H159 (75) 40c on 1R (No. 37) 12.1.94 (4000) 54.00 10.50
*H160 (75) 20c on 1R (No. 37) 20.3.94 (2400) 60.00 12.00
H161 79 5R on 50R (No. 35) 13.8.94 H161/2 qty 120.00 36.00
H162 79 5R on 50R (No. 47) 13.8.94 75.00 24.00
H163 80 5R on 25R (No. 46) 26.11.94 (1200) 105.00 30.00

* H160 and H159 are very similar to H150 and H151 respectively of the 1892 issue,
the difference being in the distance between the words at the top and the large digits, 18mm in 1892 and 19mm in 1894.
See Hiscocks Note 2 below.

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. Lower halves of all 1894 issues are fairly common since there was considerable leakage from the
                checking office around that time.
Note 2. The upper words to large figure separation for Nos 159 & 160 was 19mm, while those for Nos 150  
                and 151 (otherwise very similar) was 18mm.
Note 3. Nos. 162 & 163 are on stamps of Watermark W2. The split of the 2500 Nos 161 & 162 between
                the two watermarks is not known but in my experience No 162 (wide CA) is the more common
                and I have priced accordingly.

Ceylon-H159 Ceylon-H160
40c on 1R.   H159, Type (75) 20c on 1R.   H150, Type (75)
Images of full stamps, each made from 2 halves) from RL

On the 40c stamp, the top of the '40' can just be seen on the top half at a gap of 19.26mm making it H159.
On the 20c, the gap on the top half is 18mm making it H150.

I do not know the criteria for distinguishing between the 1892 and 1894 bottom halves.
The three I have seen are in the range of 18.12mm to 18.42mm.
Hiscocks says that 1894 bottom halves are quite common, so it is likely the these 3 are all from that issue.


I have not been able to obtain images of all the provisional overprints. Some are quite scarce.
For some (H64, H65, H66, H80, H95, H103 and H160) I have created mockups based on their descriptions, these are marked as such.
Can anyone provide scans of any of those ?

 

 

1892-1903 Provisionals

Even though these started to be introduced in April 1892,
the previous provisionals were still being produced until
the last printing of 26 Novenber 1894. They continued to be used,
presumably until stocks were exhausted.

On the right is an example of H139a (printed September 1890),
that was used in Newera Eliya (spelling variable) on 27 February 1898.

Image courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
H139a used 1898


1892-1903 Type-set provisionals. White wove paper. No watermark. Line-Perf. 14
Dates and Controls in black.

 

40c Proof 60c Proof 80c Proof 60c Proof
A series of proofs, courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

 

1 April 1892

Ceylon-H164 Ceylon-H164a Ceylon-H165 Ceylon-H165a
20c.   Large control, H164 20c.   Small control, H164a 40c.   Large control, H165 40c.   Small control, H165a
These images are from RL. One of mine.

Ceylon-H166 Ceylon-H166a Ceylon-H167 Ceylon-H167b
60c.   Large control, H166 60c.   Small control, H166a 80c.   Large control, H167 80c.   Small control, H167b
These images are from RL.

Hisc. Type 1892 Description Mint Used
H164 81 20c (10500) (large control figures) cyan 30.00 3.00
H164a          small control figures 30.00 3.00
H164b          as 164(a) but upper bar extends only over '1/4' (see note)   - 20.00
H165 82 40c (24000) (large control figures) blue 24.00 2.00
H165a          small control figures 24.00 2.00
H166 83 60c (10000) (large control figures) dark brown 30.00 3.00
H166a          small control figures 30.00 3.00
H167 84 80c (12000) (large control figures) olive 30.00 3.00
H167a          imperf. 80.00 40.00
H167b          small control figures 30.00 3.00
from Wikimedia Commons
Note. This issue alone had its date figures separated by oblique lines thus 1/4/92.  
                Later dates (except the rare 1.5.92) are hyphenated thus 1-9-92.

 

1 May 1892

RH168A number 00020 RH168A number 00027 RH168A number 00039 H168 number 00007
RH168B, courtesy of Wimal Suaris. RH168B, from Wikimedia Commons. RH168B, from RL. H168, courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.
(Sale 113, lot 311)

These are the only examples that I have seen dated 1 May 1892. Only ne matches Hiscocks' description of 80c, the rest are all 40c stamps.
For this date, Hiscocks only listed H168 as being an 80c stamp. It does exist, but the 40c appears to be more common.
If anyone has any other May 1892 examples, I would like to hear from you.


RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH168A - 81 20c cyan, imperf. (may not exist)   - -
*RH168B - 84 40c blue, imperf. (not issued)   80.00 -
RH168C - 81 60c dark brown, imperf. (may not exist)   - -
RH168 H168 84 80c olive, imperf. (not issued)   100.00 -

* This has been added due to the examples shown.
If the 40c and 80c were prepared for issue, it is  
highly likely that all values were.
I have therefore added these,
although they may not exist.

 

1 September 1892. As above. Small control and small date.

Ceylon-H169 Ceylon-H170 Ceylon-H171 Ceylon-H172
20c.   H169 40c.   H170 60c.   H171 80c.   H172
Image courtesy of (Socrates Antypas). Image courtesy of Wimal Suaris. Image courtesy of (Socrates Antypas). Image courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-H169 Ceylon-H170 Ceylon-H171 Ceylon-H172
20c.   H169 40c.   H170 60c.   H171 80c.   H172
These images are from RL.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H169 81 20c (14300) cyan 30.00 3.00
H170 82 40c (24000) blue 24.00 2.00
H171 83 60c (12800) dark brown   30.00 3.00
H172 84 80c (12800) olive 30.00 3.00

 

9 January 1893. As above. Small control and small date.

Ceylon-H173 Ceylon-H174 Ceylon-H175 Ceylon-H176
20c.   H173 - from RL 40c.   H174 60c.   H175 - from RL 80c.   H176 - from RL

Hisc. Type 1893 Description Mint Used
H173 81 20c (28000) cyan 24.00 2.00
H174 82 40c (94000) blue 16.00 1.50
H175 83 60c (22000) dark brown   24.00 2.00
H176 84 80c (13000) olive 24.00 2.00

 

1 May 1894. As above. Mixed large and small controls and small date.

Ceylon-H177 Ceylon-H178 Ceylon-H179 Ceylon-H180
20c.   H177 40c.   H178 60c.   H179 80c.   H180
These images are from RL.

Hisc. Type 1894 Description Mint Used
H177 81 20c (27000) cyan 24.00 2.00
H178 82 40c (57000) blue 20.00 1.50
H179 83 60c (5950) dark brown   50.00 5.00
H180 84 80c (18000) olive 24.00 2.00

 

1 November 1894. As above.

Ceylon-H181 Ceylon-H182 Ceylon-H183
20c.   H181 40c.   H182 60c.   H183
These images are courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

Ceylon-H182 Ceylon-H183 Ceylon-H184
40c.   H182 - from RL 60c.   H183 80c.   H184 - from RL

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H181 81 20c (33000) cyan 20.00 2.00
H182 82 40c (104000) blue 16.00 1.00
H183 83 60c (14000) dark brown   24.00 2.00
H184 84 80c (21000) olive 20.00 2.00

 

1 November 1895. As above.

Ceylon-H187 Ceylon-H188
60c.   H187 80c.   H188

Hisc. Type 1895 Description Mint Used
H185 81 20c (16000) cyan 24.00 2.00
H186 82 40c (69000) blue 16.00 1.50
H187 83 60c (13000) dark brown   24.00 2.00
H188 84 80c (25000) olive 20.00 2.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Numbers printed from 1892 to 1895 are from official records.
                Those from 1896 to 1901 inclusive are estimated from highest control numbers  
                observed and may therefore be on the low side. Information on higher control
                numbers would be welcome.

 

1 September 1896. As above.

Ceylon-H190
40c.   H190 - courtesy of (Socrates Antypas).

Ceylon-H189 Ceylon-H190 Ceylon-H191 Ceylon-H192
20c.   H189 - from RL 40c.   H190 60c.   H191 - from RL 80c.   H192 - from RL

Hisc. Type 1896 Description Mint Used
H189 81 20c (31000) cyan 20.00 2.00
H190 82 40c (150000) blue 12.00 1.00
H191 83 60c (30000) dark brown   20.00 2.00
H192 84 80c (45000) olive 20.00 2.00

 

1 April 1897. As above but new values.

1892 New type 5c 1897 New type 5c 1900 New colour 5c 1902 80c complete used
5c. Die I   H193 5c. Die II   H195a 5c. Die II   H213a 80c.   H227 complete used.
Courtesy of Wimal Suaris. Images courtesy of Socrates Antypas (storypost) on ebay. Courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Ceylon-5c-die-II H193a Ceylon-10c-die-I
5c die II   -   (Type 86)   H193a 10c die I   -   (Type 86)   H194
From RL. Image courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk

 

Hisc. Type 1/4/97 Description Mint Used
H193 85 5c Die I } (49000) lilac-rose 24.00 2.00
H193a      5c Die II 24.00 2.00
H193b      se-tenant pair 70.00 8.00
H194 86 10c Die I } (36000) yellow 24.00 2.00
H194a      10c Die II 24.00 2.00
H194b      se-tenant pair 70.00 8.00

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes that I have added illustrations to:

Note 1. The basic set was extended to include the two new values above to meet a
                new inland tariff which also necessitated the provisional
                25c (No. 198) listed below.
Note 2. Both the 5c and 10c exhibit the use of two dies within each sheet in roughly
                equal quantities. The points to note are:-
5 Cents
Die IDie II
1. Separation of upper 'cents' and
'Department' is ¾mm.
5c-die I 5c-die II 1. Separation 1¼mm.
2. Upper-right petals of 6th & 11th
flowers of right border missing.
2. Not so.
3. Row of diamonds under upper value
meets flower above centre at right.
3. Meets flower below centre.  

10 Cents
Die IDie II
1. Top but one 'leaf' in right
border filled in.
10c-die I 10c-die II 1. Not so.
2. Line of ornaments below lower
date ends opposite two pearls at right.
2. Ends opposite one pearl.
3. Space above bottom right
ornament.
3. No such space.

 

1 November 1897.

Ceylon redeipt of 1898
A receipt of 31 August 1898 from Dickoy to Bogawantalawa with 35c payment (H40 + H196). - From RL.
Most likely it was about tea.

Ceylon-5c-1897 H195 Ceylon-5c-1897 H195a Ceylon-10c-1897 H196 Ceylon-20c-1897
5c die I, H195 - from RL. 5c die II, H195a - from RL. 10c die I, H196 - from RL. 20c H197 - courtesy of cg.stamps

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H195 85 5c Die I } (58000) lilac-rose 20.00 2.00
H195a      5c Die II 20.00 2.00
H195b      se-tenant pair 60.00 8.00
H196 86 10c Die I } (50000) yellow 20.00 2.00
H196a      10c Die II 20.00 2.00
H196b      se-tenant pair 60.00 8.00
H197 81 20c (58000) cyan 20.00 2.00

 

1 December 1897 - Date only, no control number.

Ceylon Type 87
Type 87 courtesy of Harry Patsalos.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H198 87 25c (46700) deep olive, No controls (date figures in blue)   50.00 3.00

 

1 July 1898.

Ceylon-5c-1898 H199a Ceylon-5c-1898 H200 Ceylon-5c-1898 H201
5c die II, H199a - from RL. 60c, H200 - from RL. 80c, H201 - from RL.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H199 85 5c Die I } (16000) lilac-rose 30.00 4.00
H199a      5c Die II 30.00 4.00
H199b      se-tenant pair 80.00 10.00
H200 83 60c (58000) dark brown 20.00 2.00
H201 84 80c (16000) olive 24.00 2.00

 

1 December 1898.

Ceylon-5c-die-I Ceylon-5c-die-II Ceylon-10c-die-II
5c die I, H202 - from RL. 5c die II   H202a, Type (85),
courtesy of cg.stamps
10c die II, H203a - from RL.

Ceylon-20c-H204 Ceylon-60c-H205 Ceylon-80c-H206
20c, H204 - from RL. 60c, H205 - from RL. 80c, H206 - from RL.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H202 85 5c Die I } (40000) lilac-rose 20.00 2.00
H202a      5c Die II 20.00 2.00
H202b      se-tenant pair 60.00 8.00
H203 86 10c Die I } (47000) yellow 20.00 2.00
H203a      10c Die II 20.00 2.00
H203b      se-tenant pair 60.00 8.00
H204 81 20c (38000) cyan 20.00 2.00
H205 83 60c (10000) dark brown 36.00 6.00
H206 84 80c (2900) olive 40.00 8.00

 

1 December 1899.

Ceylon-5c-die-I Ceylon-5c-die-II Ceylon-10c-die-II
5c die I   H207, Type (85),
courtesy of cg.stamps
5c die II, H207a - from RL. 10c die II, H208a - from RL.

Ceylon-20c-H209 Ceylon-20c-H210 Ceylon-20c-H211 Ceylon-20c-H212
20c, H209 - from RL. 40c, H210 - from RL. 60c, H211 - from RL. 80c, H212 - from RL.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H207 85 5c Die I } (60000) lilac-rose 16.00 1.50
H207a      5c Die II 16.00 1.50
H207b      se-tenant pair 40.00 5.00
H208 86 10c Die I } (57000) yellow 16.00 1.50
H208a      10c Die II 16.00 1.50
H208b      se-tenant pair 40.00 5.00
H209 81 20c (29000) cyan 20.00 2.00
H210 82 40c (10100) blue 30.00 4.00
H211 83 60c (9500) dark brown 30.00 4.00
H212 84 80c (10100) olive 30.00 4.00

 

1 December 1900 (new colour for 5c).

Ceylon-5c-die-I Ceylon-5c-die-II Ceylon-20c
5c die I, H213 - from RL. 5c die II, H213a - from RL. 20c, H215 - from RL.

Ceylon-40c Ceylon-40c Ceylon-40c
40c, H216 - from RL. 60c, H217 - from RL. 80c, H218 - from RL.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H213 85 5c Die I } (58100) deep purple 8.00 1.50
H213a      5c Die II 8.00 1.50
H213b      se-tenant pair 20.00 5.00
H214 86 10c Die I } (5000) yellow 20.00 6.00
H214a      10c Die II 20.00 6.00
H214b      se-tenant pair 50.00 20.00
H215 81 20c (10000) cyan 18.00 3.00
H216 82 40c (18000) blue 15.00 3.00
H217 83 60c (14500) dark brown 18.00 3.00
H218 84 80c (13000) olive 15.00 3.00

 

1 December 1901.

H219 Ceylon-10c-die-II H221
5c deep purple from 1900, H219 (Die I),
courtesy of cg.stamps
10c, H220a (Die II)
courtesy of cg.stamps
20c, H221

Ceylon-40c H223 Ceylon-80c
40c, H222 - from RL. 60c, H223 80c, H224 - from RL.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H219 85 5c Die I } (60000) deep purple 20.00 2.00
H219a      5c Die II 20.00 2.00
H219b      se-tenant pair 60.00 8.00
H220 86 10c Die I } (51000) yellow 16.00 2.00
H220a      10c Die II 16.00 2.00
H220b      se-tenant pair 40.00 8.00
H221 81 20c (33000) cyan 24.00 3.00
H222 82 40c (16000) blue 30.00 4.00
H223 83 60c (16000) dark brown 30.00 4.00
H224 84 80c (16500) olive 30.00 4.00

 

1 December 1902.

Ceylon-5c-die-I H225
5c, Die I, H225 - from RL.

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H225 85 5c Die I } (29000) deep purple 20.00 2.00
H225a      5c Die II 20.00 2.00
H225b      se-tenant pair 60.00 8.00
H226 83 60c (9000) dark brown 36.00 4.00
H227 84 80c (10000) olive 30.00 4.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. This printing was on very thin paper.

 

18 May 1903. Printed on bluish paper.

Ceylon-5c-die-I H228 Ceylon-20c H230 80c-1903, H233
5c, Die I, H228 - from RL. 20c, H230 - from RL. 80c olive H233,
courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H228 85 5c Die I } (5450) deep purple 40.00 6.00
H228a      5c Die II 40.00 6.00
H228b      se-tenant pair 100.00 20.00
H229 86 10c Die I } (5100) yellow 40.00 6.00
H229a      10c Die II 40.00 6.00
H229b      se-tenant pair 100.00 20.00
H230 81 20c (5400) cyan 40.00 6.00
H231 82 40c (5800) blue 40.00 6.00
H232 83 60c (5100) dark brown 40.00 6.00
H233 84 80c (5200) olive 40.00 6.00

 

 

King Edward VII 'double-headed'


1903. New design. King Edward VII. Watermark W2. Perf. 14
Main colour given first, tablet colour second.

Ceylon-H249 Ceylon-H250 Ceylon-H251 Ceylon-H252
5c.   H234 / H249   -   Type 88 10c.   H235 / H250   -   Type 88 12c.   H236 / H251   -   Type 88 20c.   H237 / H252   -   Type 88

 

Ceylon-H253 Ceylon-H254 Ceylon-H255 Ceylon-H256
25c.   H238 / H253   -   Type 88 40c.   H239 / H254   -   Type 88 50c.   H240 / H255   -   Type 88 60c.   H241 / H256   -   Type 88

 

Ceylon-H242 Ceylon-H243 Ceylon-H244 Ceylon-H245
75c.   H242 / H257   -   Type 88,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
1R.   H243 / H258   -   Type 88,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
2R.50c.   H244 / H259   -   Type 88,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
5R.   H245 / H260   -   Type 88,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.

 

Ceylon-H247 Ceylon-H259 Ceylon-H260 Ceylon-H261
25R.   H247 / H262   -   Type 88,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
2R50c.   H259   -   Type 88 5R.   H260   -   Type 88 10R.   H261   -   Type 88
from RL.

 

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H234 88 5c brown & green (1903) (122720) 25.00 4.00
H235 88 10c bluish green & ochre (1903) (80480) 30.00 4.00
H236 88 12c olive-bistre & green (1904) (12160) 100.00 12.00
H237 88 20c drab & purple (1903) (122720) 75.00 6.00
H238 89 25c green (1904) (329120) 40.00 3.00
H239 88 40c purple & brown (1903) (40400) 75.00 6.00
H240 88 50c blue & purple (1904) (48000) 75.00 6.00
H241 88 60c olive & ochre (1903) (32160) 90.00 6.00
H242 88 75c pale blue & blue (1903) (39040) 90.00 6.00
H243 88 1R red-brown (1904) (73120) 60.00 5.00
H244 88 2½R slate & ochre (1904) (24320) 90.00 6.00
H245 88 5R orange & carmine (1904) (20160) 90.00 6.00
H246 88 10R reddish purple & green (1904) (16000)   200.00 12.00
H247 88 25R carmine & scarlet (1904) (3200) 900.00 32.00
H248 88 50R claret & blue (1904) (1200) 1200.00 60.00

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. There were two main dies — 25c and the rest. In all cases above the second colour given is that of
                the value tablet.
Note 2. Those given as 1903 were received in Ceylon in June of that year and presumably released soon after.
                Those given as 1904 were received in December 1903 but it has been assumed that the usual
                practice was followed and that these were therefore issued early in 1904.
Note 3. The direct sale of mint telegraph stamps to the public was not allowed at this time, which accounts for  
                their rarity. It is not known when this rule came into effect but it was apparently allowed to lapse  
                before the termination of the next and last issue in 1910. There was however some leakage of bottom  
                halves, cancelled by the punching of two or three holes, from the checking office — price 2-3 times
                used. The occasional whole used stamp is met with — usually a case of late use: price as for mint.

 

1905. As above but watermark Multiple CA and Crown (W3).

Hisc. Type Description Mint Whole
Used
Half
Used
H249 88 5c brown & green 15.00 5.00 1.25
H250 88 10c bluish green & ochre 15.00 5.00 1.25
H251 88 12c olive-bistre & green 20.00 7.50 1.50
H252 88 20c drab & purple 25.00 12.50 2.50
H253 89 25c green 15.00 5.00 1.25
H254 88 40c purple & brown 20.00 12.50 2.00
H255 88 50c blue & purple 25.00 10.00 2.00
H256 88 60c olive & ochre 20.00 7.50 1.50
H257 88 75c pale blue & blue 25.00 10.00 2.50
H258 88 1R red-brown 20.00 7.50 1.25
H259 88 2½R slate & ochre 30.00 12.50 2.50
H260 88 5R orange & carmine 40.00 15.00 3.00
H261 88 10R reddish purple & green   50.00 25.00 3.75
H262 88 25R carmine & scarlet 200.00 75.00 10.00
H263 88 50R claret & blue 350.00 125.00 30.00
 watermark W3

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. In their later years these stamps were quite commonly used whole and the centre column of prices
                above refers to them so used.
Note 2. No printings are available for the 1905 issue but from the large numbers I have examined it seems likely  
                that printings of Nos. 262 and 263 were, as usual, much lower than for lower values.

 

1910 Provisionals


1910. Provisional issue. Surcharges on Nos. 251, 253 and 258.

Ceylon-H264 Ceylon-H266 Ceylon-H268 Ceylon-H268
20c on 12c.   H264   -   Type 90,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
40c on 12c.   H266   -   Type 90,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
60c on 12c.   H268   -   Type 90,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
60c on 12c.   H268   -   Type 90,
courtesy of Peter Singer.

Ceylon-H265 Ceylon-H267 Ceylon-H267
20c on 25c.   H264   -   Type 91,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
40c on 1R.   H266   -   Type 90,
courtesy of Wimal Suaris.
40c on 1R.   H268   -   Type 90,
courtesy of Peter Singer.

 

1910 provisional overprints Type 91
Specimen of H265 from page 71 of Hiscocks book on the left,
followed by an example of the type described in Note 3(c) below, courtesy of Nicholas Turner (capital-collectables) on ebay.
the third is a mint example courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley, and last an example from ibredguy.co.uk on eBay.
I see differences in the lettering of 'TWENTY CENTS', particularly the 'W', 'Y' and 'S'.
I would say the two stamps on the right are genuine. The 'diamonds' also fit on those, but not on the used stamp.

 

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H264 90 'CENTS TWENTY' on 12c (No. 251) (4000) May 1910   150.00 -
H265 91 'CENTS TWENTY' on 25c (No. 253) (4000) July 1910 150.00 -
H266 90 'CENTS FORTY' on 12c (No. 251) (9600) May 1910 150.00 -
H267 90 'CENTS FORTY' on 1R (No. 258) (3000) July 1910 150.00 -
H268 90 'CENTS SIXTY' on 12c (No. 251) (3200) May 1910 150.00 -
H269 90 'RUPEES FIVE' on 12c (No. 251) (3600) May 1910 600.00 -
H270 90 'RUPEES FIVE' on 1R (No. 258) (2000) July 1910 600.00 -
H271 90 'RUPEES TEN' on 12c (No. 251) (3000) May 1910 600.00 -

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. 'Specimens' sell at mint prices or a little less.
Note 2. It is not clear why these were prepared but it is known that the date on which use of Telegraph stamps
                would cease (1.8.10) was announced well in advance so it seems likely that this issue represents an
                attempt to convert values for which stocks were large to values which might be expected to run out
                before that date. I know of no proof of their actual use so perhaps normal stocks did in fact hold out.  
                It seems probable that all outstanding stock, both of provisionals and normals, was destroyed after
                1 August 1910: there was certainly no flood of remainders on the market.
Note 3. Forgeries of these stamps have not been reported but a recently acquired accumulation of Ceylon
                telegraph stamps, which has every appearance of not having been added to since formed by a dealer
                in Ceylon in the 1900-25 period, contains some interesting examples of this type:-

(a)            Apparently genuine mint copies of the lower values (Nos 264 - 268) which compare well with a
                'SPECIMEN' set (certainly genuine) in my possession.
(b)            Very similar high values (Nos 269 and 271) but showing slight differences — less well formed
                letters, more tendency to partial inking, less sharply defined 'diamonds' across old values with a
                slightly greater space between them and measuring 10mm across four (centre to centre) as distinct
                from 9.75mm in the genuine.
(c)            Copies of No 265 both mint and apparently used whole with surcharges analogous to those under
                (b) above.
                The only readable date is 2 May 1910 some two months before their reported appearance.
(d)            Copies of Nos 266 - 271 apparently used whole in Colombo in February or March 1909.
                The printing is rough and the 'diamonds' over the values measure 3½mm vertically (compared with
                3mm on genuine) and about 10½mm across four of them (centre to centre).
                While second opinions are required on type (b) we would certainly seem to have one,
                and possibly two, types of early forgeries.

 

Here are examples of the forgeries mentioned in Hiscocks Note 3(d) above:
Courtesy of Gerard Bissett.
1910 forged overprints - 1
1910 forged overprints - 2

Here is a comparison with a (stated to be) genuine overprint second from the top.
1910 forged overprint - comparisons

The forged H269 (5R on 12c) is shown above and a different forgery I have of H267 (40c on 1R) is shown below.
The one below has very rounded 'C' of 'CENTS and 'O' of 'FORTY'. Diamond sizes: 3mm x 10mm (Note.3b ?).
I have added an example of the H265 forgery (Note 3c) at the bottom.

 

 

Afterwards

The use of telegraph stamps was abandoned on 1 August 1910.
After that, normal postage stamps were used and can only be identified by cancel if not on peice.

KGVI 50c KGVI 1R

Here are a couple of KGVI examples from RL.

 

Here is a selection of later stamps from 1957 to 1971 with various telegraph cancels:
1957 - 85c 1965 - 50c 1968 - 20c 1968 - 50c 1971 - 20c

 

It should be noted though that telegraph and post offices were often combined and telegraph cancels could be applied to non-telegraphic mail.

1951 - Kegalla registered envelope

Kegalla cachet   Kegalla backstamp

This registered envelope of 1951 has a Telegraph cancel of Kegalla and was mailed to an Insurance Company in Colombo.
It might be thought that Kegalla received a telegram for Colombo and mailed it on, but Colombo had the telegraph for many decades by then.
Additionally, the enhanced cachet on the front shows it was mailed by a "Proctor and Notary", not the telegraph office.
It presumably contained documents required by the Insurance Company. The backstamp is also shown.
Images courtesy of wendiwoo-2008.

 

This page has improved a lot, thanks to those who have helped. A few scans are still needed though.

If anyone can provide scans to help with this, I am happy to give appropriate credit.

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

Contact:     Emale

Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Last updated 6th. December 2020

©Copyright Steve Panting 2012-19 except where stated.
Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.

 

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