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Telegraph stamps of the World

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Contributors:

Iain - (gloriosa2000.
Niki - Niki Oquist.
Paolo - Erosky.
RL - Rolf Lamprecht.
Ecuador P.S.G..
K. Zwart

 

Shortcuts to different sections
Punch Cancels 1894 1900 1919 1926 1928 1938 1940 1945 1950 Officials Tax Stamps Prepaid Forms Telegram Seals


These are turning out to be much more complicated than earlier works would suggest.
With a lot of help from others, the picture is gradually becoming clearer.
  I have revised Hiscocks' original listing, though leaving references to the original designations.  
I have added a few new items and removed the listing of centrally perforated
items later found to be seals. These can now be found in the section on telegram seals.
I have brought the prices up to date and added currency selection.
The new designations have 'RH' numbers (Revised Hiscocks) to avoid confusion.
CheckList         Setup

 

Ecuador.

Steve Hiscocks wrote:
The listing below is clearly incomplete since isolated telegraph stamps which appear to have been issued since 1945, the date of the last issue in
earlier catalogues, are met with from time to time. Attempts to obtain background information on the telegraph stamps of Ecuador and their use
and to find more complete information on later issues have so far, however, been unsuccessful.
A word should be said about the so called "Seebeck issues". N. F. Seebeck was a director fo the Hamilton Bank Note Co. of New York, USA, who
obtained contracts from the Governments of Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua to provide stamps (of all sorts) free on an annual basis
providing the demoneterised remainders were returned to him at the end of each year and that he was free to sell to collectors and dealers all such
remainders together with any reprints he might make from the old plates which remained his property. Seebeck's contract with Ecuador ran from
1892 to mid 1896. There seems no reason to doubt that most used values from this period together with the local overprints are as they seem but mint
copies of the first issue are more common than they should be. It is fair to say however that Seebeck's effect on the telegraph stamps of Ecuador is
slight — especially when compared with Nicaragua — and there appears to have been no malpractice with the telegraph issues of 1893 and 1894.


My notes:

On the Seebeck issues, it was required to have the year of validity on the stamps to avoid returned stamps or reprints being used.
Therefor the Seebeck issue of 1894 continued to recieve overprinted dating even after the end of the Seebeck contract.
There are known 'cancelled to order' cancels on the 1894 issue (shown below), the tell-tale being that they still have gum.

I have not seen documentation regarding what Ecuador used for Telegraph purposes before 1892, probably ordinary
postage stamps, though there is the possibility that some of the fiscal stamps that I show under 1895 were actually
used much earlier, since the dates on them only show their original fiscal validity.



According to this Summary of Telecommunications history :
1871: The Government of Gabriel García Moreno accommodated a concession to Central and South American Telegraph Company to provide the country with an international telegraphy service using submarine cable. The cable ran along the west coast of South America connecting Baltos (Panama) with Valparaíso (Chile) through different stations in Buena Ventura (Colombia), Salinas (Ecuador) and Callao (Peru). The link from Panama as far as Callao was completed between 1881 and August 1882. The link to Valparaiso was initially via Argentina from the West coast cable, and not connected to Callao (via Chorillos) until 1906.
1884: The first internal telegram in Ecuador was transmitted on a line between Quito and Guayaquil.
The national organization to regulate telecommunications & telegraph management was created in the 1880s.
1900: The country's first telephone exchange was installed Quito in 1900 using a semiautomatic system.
1920: Quito and Guayaquil were connected by the telegraph.
1934: In Ecuador there were 7,000 kilometers of telegraph / telephone lines, 167 telegraph offices and 26 wireless stations that collectively provided communication between the main towns 'coastal cities' of the sierra.
It continues on to the year 2001.
A list of 1906 for wireless-Telegraph stations lists projected stations for Guayaquil. and nearby Isla de Puna.
A similar list for 1912 gives the same.

This is here to get consistent results on different browsers.

 

The Ecuador Philatelic Study Group has provided some useful information about the early history of the telegraph network. additional information about the bridge of Chimbo was found here :
As with most countries, the telegraph was initially spread by the railways. The first section between Yaguachi and Milagro was inaugurated on 1 May 1874 with the telegraph having been operational since December 1873. The next step was to extend from Milagro to Naranjito and the bridge of Chimbo, crossing the river Chimbo, at that time only wooden and no town, but it was the terminus until it was decided to complete a line between Guayaqil and Quito. A new metal bridge was commissioned from Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel which was completed in 1886. The first telegraphic offices were established in Guayaquil, Yaguachi, Chimbo, Riobamba,
Ambato, Latacunga and Quito. In 1885 new lines were built, one between Guayaquil and Daule and another between Alausí and Cuenca, which was completed in August 1887. Between 1886 and 1888 the line was extended to Tulcán in the north and Loja in the south and branches were built to Guaranda, from Loja to Machala, from Yaguachi to Babahoyo and from Santa Elena to Bahía de Caráquez.   In February of 1888, the Ecuadorian line connected with the Colombian one.      The Telegraph Service was available to the public from 9 July 1884 under control of the Postmaster General. The system was connected internationally by cable from 12 July 1884. By 1892, there were 52 telegraph offices and the length of the telegraph line was estimated at 1,500km. This increased to more than 2,000km in 1894. Four years later, in 1898, there were 87 telegraph offices, and the line had a length of 2,195km

I have added these locations to the map and shown the modern rail route in green for those still having a railway station. Many do not. The modern route may also be slightly different to the original route.

Map of Ecuador


Note on seals - In Hiscocks' 2007 book on Telegraph Seals of the World, he says that perforation across the middle vertically or horizontally, was done to
convert them for use as telegraph seals. Similarly fiscal stamps were overprinted with a thick black line.

Steve Hiscocks had hoped to update it later, but unfortunately that was not to be.
The reference above has links from its pages to my updates.

 

Punch cancels.

In the early days, punch cancels were sometimes used rather than hand-stamps.
punch-1   punch-2   punch-2
punch-2   punch-3
These last are fairly distinctive. The second and fourth are courtesy of K. Zwart
.



 

According to the Ecuador Philatelic Study Group, the telegraphic service to the public was established in 1884 and, initially,
only postage stamps were used to pay the telegrams fee. These were from the 1881 and 1887 issues and were pen cancelled with the date (month/day/year), or punch cancelled.

Postage stamps used telegraphically
Postage stamps used telegraphically prior to the existence of telegraph stamps.
Image from the Ecuador Philatelic Study Group.

 

1892 (April 1) Postage stamp of 1892 (SG 34-41) overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS' as below in black or carmine. Wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12
Sheets of 10 x 10. Image of type 1 with type 2 overprint.

H1 H2 H3 H4
1c - RH1 2c - RH2 5c - RH3 10c - RH4

H5 H6 H7 H8
20c - RH5 50c - RH6 1s - RH7 5s - RH8


Some used examples:

2c used 2c used 1s used 5s used
A couple of used 2c stamps Used 1s and 5s stamps - from RL.

5c red CDS 5c manuscript 20c used
A red CDS on a 5c stamp - from RL. A manuscript cancel on a 5c stamp. Manuscript cancel on a 20c - from RL.

Most of these look like postal cancellations. The manuscript telegraph cancels have dates in month, day, year format.
In fact the low values were useless for the telegraph service since their minimum charge for anything was 10c for additional single words.
The 1c, 2c and 5c were used for postage or returned to Seebeck according to contract and sold by him to collectors.
The 1c and 2c values are unknown used telegraphically. The 5c, though known, is very scarce used telegraphically.
The 10c was the most needed value and they ran out. 5c were used in place of them until RH10 became available.
The 1s and 5s were also little used by the Telegraph service and most of the 5s were overprinted 5c for the postal service, see RH9.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH1 H1 1, 2 1c bluish grey (carmine overprint) 0.50 1.50
RH2 H2 1, 2 2c yellowish green (black overprint) 0.50 1.50
RH3 H3 1, 2 5c yellow (black overprint) 1.00 4.50
RH3a H3a           double overprint 15.00 -
RH4 H4 1, 2 10c steel blue / bluish paper (carmine overprint) 0.50 1.80
RH5 H5 1, 2 20c greenish brown (black overprint) 0.50 1.80
RH6 H6 1, 2 50c bluish green (black overprint) 1.25 1.80
RH6a H6a           imperf. between vertical pair 20.00 -
RH7 H7 1, 2 1s orange-brown (black overprint) 0.75 2.20
RH7a H7a           imperf. between vertical pair 20.00 -
RH8 H8 1, 2 5s carmine (black overprint) 2.50 5.00

 

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. Cancellation was most commonly by circular date stamp (cds) in black or, rarely, blue.
                Oval strikes are also known. Manuscript cancellations consisting of the date and/or
                initials are also common and punched cancellation, usually circular but sometimes
                'axe-head' shaped are less commonly found.
Note 2. The position of the overprint can vary both vertically and horizontally.

My Note: There is some variability to this overprint

Overprint example 1
Overprint example 2
Overprint example 3
Overprint example 4
Much of it is due to variability in the amount of inking, but the base of the 'T' has variations.
The last one looks rather strange, but cannot be a forgery, as a forged overprint would have to be applied to postage stamps which were in different colours.
It would seem to be very watery ink.

 

1893 (20 December) As above surcharged '5 CENTAVOS' in black.

H9 mint   H9 used
Type 3 on RH8 to make RH9.

The stamps intended for postal use, without the 'TELEGRAFOS' overprint, were printed in different colours from these.

1c - orange2c - dark brown5c - vermilion10c - green 20c - red-brown50c - maroon1s - blue5s - violet

Apparently in 1893 a shortage of 5c postage stamps led to a couple of similar surchages (25½x2½mm and this 24x2¼mm) to the postal issue, being used on
the 50c maroon, 1s blue and 5s purple. Later due to a continued shortage it was also applied to the telegraph stamp RH8, though still intended for postal use.

The Scott catalogue(2007) lists this, saying "It is stated that No. 38 was used exclusively as a postage stamp and not for telegrams."

The Michel Catalogue(2007) and the SG catalogue(2014) do not list it as postal. Yvert et Tellier(2005) list it as telegraphic.
I am told though that the Michel 2013/2014 lists under A 29 III (value 1,50 1,50 Euro), Scott quote $1. My thanks to K. Zwart for this clarification.

This is very similar to an issue with the Nicaragua issue of 1894, to the extent that there is according to
the Scott catalogue, also a 5s in green that is said to be an essay or colour trial.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH9 H9 (1), 3 5c on 5s carmine - -


Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. No. 9 may have been used exclusively as a postage stamp.

This is now confirmed, RH9 was for postal use only.
After all, the minimum charge for even an extra word was 10c, Overprinting it 5c for telegraphic use would be perverse.

 

1892(November ?) As above but with different overprint as type 4 below on the 10c postage stamp (SG37).
(These are usually listed as issued in 1893, but the earliest recorded used is 4 November 1892)

Type 4 examples H10 H10 earliest known use
Type 4 overprint examples and an example of RH10.
Here are 3 examples of mine to scale, compared to a black bar 18mm long.
The top example corresponds to the stamp on the right.
The bottom example has a punch hole (3.5 x 4mm).
The 'RA' does seem to be consistently flawed.
Earliest known use of 4 November 1892
This was previously listed as issued in 1893.
Courtesy Medio Real, January-March 2019,
November 24 and 28 1892 are also known.
Published by the
Ecuador Philatelic Study Group.

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH10 H10 (1), 4 10c blue-green 10.00 5.00
RH10a H10a           overprint inverted at base of stamp 50.00 -
RH10b - (1), 4A         overprint 4A described in Note 1 - -

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. The overprint on my copy of No. 10a differs in fact from that on No. 10 being some 2mm longer at 19mm
                and very rough with incomplete letters and a dropped 'G' — I have not seen it the right way up and view
                it with some suspicion. The ordinary type 4 overprint is said to exist inverted.
Note 2. There seem to be two positions of the overprint — at the top of the stamp and, more commonly, across
                the forehead of the portrait (Juan Flores).

My note: For Type 4A see RH18 and RH20 below.

 

1893 New design. White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12

Type 5, H11 Type 5, H12 Type 5, H13
Type 5 - RH11 Type 5 - RH12 Type 5 - RH13

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH11 H11 5 10c yellow 6.00 4.00
*RH11a -           imperf. - -
RH12 H12 5 20c vermilion 1.50 1.50
RH13 H13 5 40c deep blue 1.50 2.00

*I have seen two imperforate proofs / colour trials as shown below, as well as an apparently used imperf. 10c in the issued colour.

1893 imperf 1 1893 imperf 2 1893 imperf 3
Images from RL.

 

 

 

1894 New design (President Rocafuerte). White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12. Sheets of 100 (10x10).

Types 6, 7 and 8
Types 6, 7 & 8 — Type 6 is cancelled to order.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH14 H14 6 10c yellow-green 6.00 3.00
RH15 H15 7 20c vermilion 2.00 1.50
RH15a H15a           dull scarlet 10.00 6.00
RH16 H16 8 40c reddish-brown 9.00 6.00

An interesting pair
An interesting pair (scanned together). The one on the left has strangely white paper.
The one on the right has the usual creamy paper, but with an cancel that is unusual for Ecuador, as well as having full gum.
I am told by K. Zwart that this cancel was used for cancelled to order after 1900. I am also told that there were reprints of the 20c,
with the original being vermilion on a fine weave paper and the reprint being dull vermilion on a 'strong' weave paper.
Perhaps H15a represents the reprint, or possibly H15a is the stamp on the left.

1894 imperf 1894 imperf 1894 imperf 1894 imperf
Some imperforate colour trials ? - from RL.

 

Steve Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. While all the cancellations mentioned in Note 1 below No. 8 above are found, punched cancellations are now more common and varied.
                They include: circles of various sizes, rough triangles, 'funnel' and 'chalice'. The 'axe-head', quite common in the 1893 issue, appears
                to have dropped out.

 

The above stamps are dated 1894 and there is an equivalent postal version dated 1894 which was then followed
by the same, but dated 1895, followed by a new design dated 1896.
This implies that the annual nature of the Seebeck contract (see note at the beginning) was taken very seriously.
However there were no new Seebeck Telegraph designs supplied. This necessitated improvisation.

Initially outdated 10c Fiscal Stamps were overprinted for Telegraphic use. For 1895 they were not dated as such,
but in 1896 it appears that a manuscript '1896' was additionally added.

Notes on the Forbin listing:
For simplicity I will confine this to the 10c value since it is the only one known to have been used for these, and prefix his numbers with 'F'.
Forbin says that all the stamps before 1884 were essays. F1 to F5 are undated for values of 1c, 2c, 5c, 20c, 50c respectively.
F6 to F11 are engraved with a date of 1881-1882 for the same values, but now including a 10c orange as F9.
F12 is F5(50c) surcharged with 1881-1882,
F12a is F3(5c) surcharged with 1883-1884,
F13 to F15 is F1 to F5 plus an additional 10c yellow orange(F16) and 1p overprinted 1884-1885 in the date tablet.
F16 was issued for its fiscal purpose and appears to have played no part in telegraphic use.

Forbin # Issued Description *Postal use *Hiscocks RH # *T Note
F23B 1886 F9 surcharged 1886-1887. - - RH17 Yes  
F30 1887 Engraved 1887-1888. Sc72/72c - RH18 Yes  
F37 1889 F30 surcharged 1889-1890. - - RH19 No 1
F44 1891 F30 surcharged 1891-1892. - - RH20 Yes  
F51 1891 Engraved 1891-1892. - H17, H18 RH21 Yes  
F58A 1893 F30 surcharged 1893 y 1894. - H19?, H20 RH22 Yes 2
F66 1893 Engraved 1893-1894. Sc72d H19? RH23 Yes 2
F73 1895 Engraved 1895-1896. - - - No 3

* Some were also overprinted for postal use in 1896.
* Basic stamp, ignoring the uncertainty of overprint.
* Seen and illustrated with Telegraph overprints.      

My notes:

Note 1. Forbin says there are 2 types of this surcharge.
Note 2. Hiscocks described H19 and H20 as being on F66, but illustrates H19 on F58A.
Note 3. The 1895 issue was in new colours. This stamp was printed in grey.
Note 4. F30 was also overprinted for postal purposes in November 1896.

 

1894-5 Fiscal stamps of 1886 to 1893 overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS' of type 4A or type (10) diagonally in black.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12

F23B F30 Type 4A H2
RH17a, Type 4A on Forbin 23B
(double overprint).
RH18, Type 4A on Forbin 30.
Image from RL
Type 4A
I have called it that because
it matches the description in
Note 1 under H10.
RH20, Type 4A on Forbin 44

 

Hiscocks H17 Hiscocks Type 10 Hiscocks H19 RH23
RH21, Type 9 Type 10 overprint. RH22, Type 11
from Hiscocks'book page 96.
RH23, Type 4a on Forbin 66
courtesy of K. Zwart.

Anyone else have more (similar) types?

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH17 - (9), 4A 10c orange (1886/7, Forbin 23B) - -
RH17a -           1886 1887 overprint double - -
RH18 - (9), 4A 10c orange (1887-8, Forbin 30) - -
RH19 - (9), 4A 10c orange (1889-90, Forbin 37) - -
RH20 *H18 (9), 4A 10c orange (1891/2, Forbin 44) - -
RH21 H17 9 10c orange (1891/2, Forbin 51) 15.00 5.00
RH21a H17a           overprint double 30.00 15.00
RH22 H19 11 10c orange (1893/4, Forbin 58A) 25.00 20.00
RH23 *H20 (11), 4A 10c orange (1893/4, Forbin 66) - -

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. Nos. *18 and 20 have been reported but I have seen no other evidence for their existence.
Note 2. All used copies I have seen (about 20) have been cancelled with a 'funnel' shaped punch.
Note 3. The overprint on No. 17 is 17mm long and seems very similar to that on No. 10.
                That on No. 19 is of identical type but 19mm long. The left hand arm of the 'T' is missing
                in both cases. The overprints seem to have been applied with a rubber stamp leading to
                slightly different heights of letters depending on the angle at which the stamp was applied.

*My note: Hiscocks listed H18 and H20 as having overprint Type 10.
They are actually the type I have illustrated as Type 4A.

 

1896 The only candidates I have seen are these. Manuscript 1896 on 1894 and 1895 issues.

RH24 - 1894 RH24 - 1896 1896 RH14 - 1897
RH21, Type 9 with manuscript cancel of
30 September 1894.
Hiscocks dated these 1895
Image from the Ecuador Philatelic Study Group.
RH24, Type 9 with manuscript '1896'
(on RH21 of 1894/5) - From RL
RH26, Type 7 with manuscript '1896'
(on RH15 of 1894)
RH14 used in 1897 with no overprint.
These were later overprinted, see below.
Image from the Ecuador Philatelic Study Group.

It is uncertain what was used in 1896.
For postal use there were UPU issues for 1895 and 1896, but for telegraphic use things appear to have largely been improvised.
The 1895 stamps were not specifically dated as such, but were there sufficient stocks at all offices ?
They went through a lot of different 10c Fiscals.
I will list the set, plus RH21 with manuscript overprints, since they are reasonably convincing
and I need to re-number things now anyway (hopefully for the last time).

RH # Hisc. Type. 1896 Description Mint Used
RH24 - 9 10c orange (RH21) - -
RH25 - 6 10c yellow-green (RH14) - -
RH26 - 7 20c vermilion (RH15) - -
RH27 - 8 40c reddish-brown (RH16) - -

 

1897 1897 1897
1897 This is an interesting item. It has only the year of 1897, but no month, day
or time, but instead a word that I could not read.
Around the top this appears to say 'ADMINISTRACION DE CORREOS'.
Thanks to K. Zwart I now know that the cancel reads 'ENCOMIENDA' (Ensure), though I would expect
that in 1897 this would have an appropriate overprint. Anyway, this does not appear to be telegraphic.

 

1897 Fiscal stamps of 1897/8 (Forbin 92-96 but not issued as a fiscal stamp) overprinted as above.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

Type 12 - H21
Type 12 with Type 10 overprint - RH28

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH28 H21 12, 10 20c steel blue 3.00 5.00
RH29 H22 12, (4) 20c steel blue - -

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. No. 22 has been listed elsewhere but again I have seen no evidence of its existence.

 

1897 Stamps of 1894 (Nos. 14-16) overprinted '1897 - 1898' in six types as below in black.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

Hiscocks types 13-15 from page 96
As of Hiscocks page 96. Type 15 is from RL

 

Hiscocks types 16-18 from page 97
My example of Type 16 is inverted. I have added it below as *RH38a. Type 17 is courtesy of Iain (gloriosa2000 on ebay).

 

RH34A
Image from RL
This has a different overprint to the others.
The numerals are thinner, taller and of a different style.
It does not appear to be the product of a rubber hand-stamp.
For the moment I will call it RH34A with Type 17A
to avoid re-numbering again.
The overprint measures 17 x 4.4mm.
K. Zwart is of the opinion that the overprint is not genuine.
I agree. Does anyone else have examples of this type or know
anything more about them ?
RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH30 H23 6, 13 10c yellow-green 30.00 15.00
RH31 H24 6, 14 10c yellow-green 45.00 22.50
RH32 H25 6, 15 10c yellow-green 37.50 22.50
RH33 H26 6, 16 10c yellow-green 60.00 30.00
RH34 H27 6, 17 10c yellow-green 45.00 30.00
RH34A - 6, 17A 10c yellow-green - -
RH35 H28 7, 13 20c vermilion 10.00 5.00
RH36 H29 7, 14 20c vermilion 15.00 7.50
RH37 H30 7, 15 20c vermilion 12.50 7.50
RH38 H31 7, 16 20c vermilion 20.00 10.00
*RH38a - 7, 16         overprint inverted - -
RH39 H32 7, 17 20c vermilion 15.00 7.50
RH40 H33 7, 18 20c vermilion - 50.00
RH41 H34 8, 13 40c reddish brown 20.00 10.00
RH42 H35 8, 14 40c reddish brown 30.00 15.00
RH43 H36 8, 15 40c reddish brown 25.00 15.00
RH44 H37 8, 16 40c reddish brown 40.00 20.00
RH45 H38 8, 17 40c reddish brown 30.00 15.00

* In the notes below, Hiscocks mentions that the overprints can go
from bottom left to top right or top left to bottom right, but it
appears that they can also be inverted.
I presume that other types can also be found inverted.

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. These overprints would appear to be handstamped with rubber stamps and are variable with
                respect to both orientation and exact dimensions of the numerals. The dimensional variability
                can make separation of the types difficult. Taking each type in turn :—

13     About 17.8mm long by 2.8mm high. Diagonally bottom left to top right in 90% of cases and
                top left to bottom right in remainder. The most common type.
                Quality of overprint very varied, probably with age of rubber stamp.

14     About 18.2mm long by 3.8mm high but numerals can be 'stretched' to as much as 4.5mm high
                by stamping process. About equally top left to bottom right and bottom left to top right.

15     About 19mm long by 2.8mm high. '1897 y 1898' and thus easily distinguished.
                Top left to bottom right in most cases.

16     Very similar to type 14 but numerals about 3.3mm high. Apparently equally common in both
                orientations.

17     Very similar to type 13 but the '9's curl upwards at the bottom.

18     Found only on the 20c and quite distinct. About 19mm long with stops after both dates.
                Numerals '1' about 2mm and other numerals 3mm with '8's extending upwards by 1mm
                and '9's and '7' extending downwards by 1mm. This overprint is so different from the
                others its status must be in doubt (see note below).
Note 2. All the above overprints were applied to prevent the use of large quantities of stamps
                (both postage and telegraph) which had been stolen. Perhaps the overprint of type
                18 (No. 33) was applied by the theives to counter this measure!
Note 3. The majority of these stamps were cancelled in manuscript in use although cds
                cancellations are found. Punched cancellations were by now very rare.

My note: For 1895 and 1896 there were Seebeck UPU stamps supplied for postal use.
After that, these overprints were used on postage stamps and also on the telegraph stamps of 1894 and 1895.
The original plan was that the outdated stamps should be returned to Quito to be oberprinted '1897-1898' for
the purposes of validating them for use and making use of outdated stock. The problem was that most of the provincial
offices did not comply with the order to return the old stock. Instead some continued to be used without overprint
and some had overprints made locally for use. There are therefor different categories of these overprints.
The Official ones, created in Quito and delivered to the provinces of Guayas, Esmeraldas, El Oro, Manabí and Loja;
Local issues created by local postmasters for genuine use;
Private ones created by individuals with large stocks of unoverprinted stamps and those created purely for philatelic purposes.

This is well written up by Georg Maier and published in Boletín No.11 of April 2013 by the Asociatión Filatélica Ecuatoriana of Quito.
Two covers are shown from Guayaquil and one from Quito which should all have had the Official overprint. The stamps on them had overprint Type 17.
The Ecuador Philatelic Study Group recognises 5 types in the first two categories.
They do not include Type 18, so perhaps Hiscocks was right in his Note 2 above.

 

1897 Stamp of 1894 (No. 15) surcharged as below.

Hiscocks type 19 from page 98     H39
Type 19 from Hiscocks book page 98, together with an example of RH43.

 

Hiscocks type 20 from page 98       H40  H40a
Type 20 from Hiscocks book page 98, together with examples of RH47 and RH47a.

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH46 H39 7, 19 10c on 20c vermilion 7.50 5.00
RH47 H40 7, 20 10c on 20c vermilion 7.50 5.00
RH47a H40a           strengthened '1' in '1897' 15.00 10.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Completely legible strikes of both 19 and 20 are rare. In particular the '1' of '1897' in 20 is normally completely
                absent and this was evidently replaced with a rather thicker '1' of the same height. It is quite distinct in being
                much more heavily printed than the rest of the overprint when present.

Anyone know what was used in the first half of 1899?

 

August 1899 New design (Waterlow & Sons Ltd.,) black centre medalions.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

Types 21 - 23
Types 21, 22 and 23. It looks like the 20c colours can change.

According to K. Zwart this colour change is due to the use of lead in the pigment. It is thus similar to the early British red and blue stamps that became darkened due to the presence
of hydrogen sulphide or sulpher dioxide in the atmosphere creating lead sulphate in the pigment. Treatment with dilute hydrogen peroxide or vapour from it, can reverse the process,
but requires great care, particularly in the case of mint stamps.

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH48 H41 21 10c black and pale grey-blue (shades) 2.50 5.00
RH49 H42 22 20c black and orange-vermilion (shades) 1.30 3.75
RH50 H43 23 40c black and carmine-lake 1.30 3.75

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Used copies are scarce. Cancellation was by cds or by linear stamps of blue letters either 5mm or 10mm high.

My Notes. These are known in mini-sheets of 9 (3 x 3), with each stamp having a security hole and a black inscription in two diagonal lines,
"WATERLOW & SONS LTD / SPECIMEN".

Unlike the Seebeck issue, these could be used indefinitely. So why are there so many mint examples still available and I have not seen used examples?
The reason turns out to be that, due to loss of revenue from the failure of employees to follow proper procedure, it was decided to use Telegraph Stationery with impressed stamps.
Either the wrong rate was used or stamps were not cancelled, resulting in re-use. This information comes from the Medio Real magazine of the Ecuador Philatelic Study Group, who go on to say that these stamps were first used in August 1899 but retrieved from circulation in December, to be replaced by Prepaid Telegraph Stationery in January 1900.

 

1911-1913 ? Fiscal stamps dated 1911-1912 (Forbin 181 etc.) or 1913-1914 (Forbin 190 etc.) as indicated, and overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS' in black (26.5mm x 3.4mm).
Reading downwards. White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12

RH51 H45 RH52b H46 H46a
Type 24. RH51 - from RL Type 24. RH52. Type 24. RH52b - from RL Type 24. RH53. Type 24. RH53a.

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH51 H44 24 1c sepia (1911-1912) 3.75 5.00
RH51a H44a           second 'E' larger and thinner 7.50 10.00
RH51b H44b           'O' larger and thinner 7.50 10.00
RH52 H45 24 1c sepia (1913-1914) 5.00 7.50
RH52a H45a           second 'E' larger and thinner 10.00 12.50
RH52b H45b           'O' larger and thinner 10.00 12.50
RH53 H46 24 2c bright scarlet (1911-1912) 5.00 5.00
RH53a H46a           second 'E' larger and thinner 10.00 10.00
RH53b H46b           'O' larger and thinner 10.00 10.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Used copies are normally cancelled with large circular or oval purple stamps.

My note: These are traditionally listed as being issued in 1919, but evidence has come to light that these were actually invalidated before that
and being used as telegram seals by 1917. It is considered likely by Juan Pablo Aguilar that the overprint was undated because the Fiscal date was correct.
Further information would be welcome.

 

1919 As above but overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS / 1919—1920' reading upwards or downwards.

Hiscocks type 27, H47 Hiscocks type 27, H48 Hiscocks type 27, H49 Hiscocks type 27, H49b/c
Hiscocks Type 25,
RH54 reading upwards.
Hiscocks Type 25,
RH55 reading upwards.
Hiscocks Type 25,
RH56 reading downwards.
Hiscocks Type 25,
RH56b/c reading downwards.

For H56b/c see Hiscocks Note 2 below.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH54 H47 25 1c sepia (1911-1912) 3.75 5.00
RH54a H47a           second 'E' larger and thinner 7.50 10.00
RH54b H47b           'O' larger and thinner 7.50 10.00
RH55 H48 25 1c sepia (1913-1914) 3.75 5.00
RH55a H48a           second 'E' larger and thinner 7.50 10.00
RH55b H48b           'O' larger and thinner 7.50 10.00
RH56 H49 25 2c bright scarlet (1911-1912) 5.00 7.50
RH56a H49a           second 'E' larger and thinner 7.50 10.00
RH56b H49b           'O' larger and thinner 7.50 10.00
RH56c H49c           spaced between '2' and '0' in '1920' 7.50 10.00
RH57 H50 25 2c bright scarlet (1913-1914) 10.00 12.50
RH57a H50a           second 'E' larger and thinner 12.50 15.00
RH57b H50b           'O' larger and thinner 12.50 15.00
RH57c H50c           spaced between '2' and '0' in '1920' 12.50 15.00

Hiscocks added the following notes:

Note 1. The registration between the 'TELEGRAFOS' and the '1919—1920' varies although
                both were apparently applied together.
Note 2. In my specimens the large 'O' and spaced '20' varieties occur on the same stamps.
                It is not clear whether the latter is a separate variety.
Note 3. Omissions of letters due to poor printing occur.
Note 4. Unlike Nos. 44-46 where the overprints seem always to read downwards, the
                overprints on Nos. 47-50 seem to read upwards or downwards in roughly equal
                quantities. I have not regarded these as separate varieties.

 

1920 As above but overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS / 1920—1921' in carmine.

RH58 RH59
Type 26, RH58 from RL Type 26, RH59 from RL

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH58 H51 26 10c black (1911-1912) 25.00 25.00
RH59 H52 26 10c black (1913-1914) 40.00 40.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Overprints appear to read up or down in roughly equal quantities.

 

According to the Ecuador Philatelic Study Group, on November 12, 1919 (Official Gazette 942 of November 13, 1919),
the National Congress established that, as of January 1 of the following year, an additional cent per word be added to
the telegraphic rate, so that the product it is used in the construction of roads for the east and in the establishment
of military colonies (fifty percent for each of these two purposes). "Region Oriental" was overprinted on stamps to indicate this purpose.

 

1920 As above but overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS / Region Oriental / 1920—1921' upwards or downwards.

Hiscocks type 27, H53 Hiscocks type 27, H54 Hiscocks type 27, H55
Hiscocks Type 27,
RH60 reading upwards.
Hiscocks Type 27,
RH61 reading downwards.
Hiscocks Type 27,
RH62 reading upwards.

 

Hiscocks type 27, H56 Hiscocks type 27, H57 Hiscocks type 27, H57b
Hiscocks Type 27,
RH63 reading downwards.
Hiscocks Type 27,
RH64 reading downwards.
Hiscocks Type 27,
RH64a - from RL

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH60 H53 27 1c sepia (1913-1914) 10.00 5.00
RH61 H54 27 1c deep blue (1917-1918) 20.00 15.00
RH62 H55 27 2c green (1917-1918) 7.50 5.00
RH63 H56 27 5c green (1913-1914) 15.00 10.00
RH64 H57 27 5c brown (1917-1918) 7.50 5.00
RH64a H57b           overprint misplaced 12mm to left 10.00 -

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. My copy of No. 57(b) has just the dates (1920-1921) up the left margin of the stamp. It is thus a 12mm shift to the
                left rather than a 7mm shift to the right [SIC ?].
Note 2. The overprints on Nos. 53-57 and on No. 58 below again read upwards or downwards in roughly equal proportions.

 

1920 'Patriotic Stamp' (i.e. fund-raising tax stamp) of 1920 overprinted as above in black, reading upwards or downwards.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12

Hiscocks type 28 from page 100   Hiscocks type 28 from page 100
Hiscocks Type 28 (RH65)

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH65 H58 28 10c red and blue (centre) 15.00 15.00

 

1922 Telegraph stamps ('Region Oriental' above value at bottom and 'Impuesto Adicional' at the top).
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12

H59 H60 H61
Type 30   -   1c, RH66 Type 30   -   2c, RH67 Type 30   -   10c, RH68

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH66 H59 30 1c orange-yellow 10.00 5.00
RH67 H60 30 2c deep blue 10.00 5.00
RH68 H61 30 10c vermilion 10.00 4.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Nos. 59 and 60 were also overprinted 'Casa de Correos y Telegrafos de Guayanas' in blue for postal use.

 

1922 Telegraph stamps ('Timbre Fiscal' above value at bottom).
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12

Hiscocks type 31 from page 101
Hiscocks Type 31.

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH69 H62 31 1c orange-yellow 10.00 5.00
RH70 H63 31 2c deep blue 10.00 5.00
RH71 H64 31 10c vermilion 10.00 4.00

The 10c is known used in 1925, bisected on a form which is shown below.

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Stamps of the same design as Nos. 62-64 but in different colours were issued in 1928, 1939 and 1945.

 

1922-3 Various telegraph stamps overprinted 'CENTENARIO / GUAYAQUIL / 1921—1922' (32) or '1923—1924' (33) in black. (See note below)
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12

Hiscocks Type 32 Hiscocks type H65 Hiscocks Type 33 RH75c RH77
Type 32 - Normally reading upwards. RH72 - from Hiscocks book. Type 33 - Normally reading upwards. RH77 - (33 on Type 31) from RL *RH77A - (33 on Type 30)

 

Hiscocks Type 25 RH75c RH75c RH75c
Type 25 (reading up or down) RH75 - from RL *RH75c - (33 reading down) from RL *RH76a - (33 reading down) from RL

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH72 H65 31, 32 1c orange-yellow (RH69) 15.00 15.00
RH73 H66 24, 33 1c sepia (RH51, 24 downwards) (1911-1912) 15.00 15.00
RH73a H66a          second 'E' in 'TELEGRAFOS' larger and thinner. 20.00 20.00
RH73b H66b           'O' larger and thinner 20.00 20.00
RH74 H67 25, 33 1c sepia (RH54, 25 up or down) (1911-1912) 15.00 15.00
RH74a H67a           second 'E' larger and thinner 20.00 20.00
RH74b H67b           'O' larger and thinner 20.00 20.00
RH74c H67c           33 reading downwards 30.00 30.00
RH75 H68 25, 33 1c sepia (RH55, 25 up or down) (1913-1914) 15.00 15.00
RH75a H68a           second 'E' larger and thinner 20.00 20.00
RH75b H68b           'O' larger and thinner 20.00 20.00
*RH75c -           33 reading downwards 30.00 30.00
RH76 H69 27, 33 1c deep blue (RH61, 27 up or down) (1917-1918) 15.00 15.00
*RH76a - 27, 33         33 reading downwards 30.00 30.00
RH77 H70 31, 33 1c orange-yellow (RH69) 15.00 15.00
*RH77A - 30, 33 1c orange-yellow (RH66) 20.00 20.00

* RH75c, RH76a and RH77A are added due to examples shown.
Hiscocks H67c originally said "25 reading down and 33 reading up",
but that makes no sense since Type 25 can read up or down, and
33 normally reads upwards anyway, so it would be the same as H67.
I am assuming that it was a typo and should have had 33 reading down.
I have changed it accordingly.

Of the 5 images that I can supply of this series, 3 of them do not match any that Hiscocks listed.
That is statistically unlikely unless there are a few more that are not listed.
Please check carefully any that you have to verify that they match the descriptions.

 

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. These stamps present something of a mystery in that they are not apparently catalogued anywhere, and I can only assume
                that they retained their telegraphic function. The centenary of the liberation of Guayaquil (the main port of Ecuador)
                was actually in 1920. Possibly they covered an obligatory tax on Telegrams. Further information is needed.

 

1926-28 Revenue stamps overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS' in black except where otherwise indicated and in various types as shown.
Overprint reading up or down. White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12

Type 34 Type 36 Type 36
Ovpt. A - 31.5 x 3mm Ovpt. B - 26.9 x 3.8mm Type 44 - 25.3 x 2.7mm
See RH121

 

RH78 RH80 H73b H74
RH78 - (Type 34, Ovpt. A) RH80 - (Type 35, Ovpt. A) RH80b - (Type 36, Ovpt. B) RH81 - (Type 35, Ovpt. A)

RH83 RH84 RH85 RH86 RH88
RH83 - (Type 36, Ovpt. B) from RL RH84 - (Type (34), Ovpt. A)
I previously showed RH121 here by mistake.
RH85 - (Ovpt. B) from RL RH86 - (Ovpt. A) from RL RH88 - (Ovpt. A) from RL

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH78 H71 34 5c sepia (o/p 31.5 x 3mm) 10.00 8.00
RH79 H72 34 5c sepia (o/p in green) 20.00 10.00
RH80 H73 35 10c indigo (o/p 31.5 x 3mm) 20.00 5.00
RH80a H73a           overprint double (one reading up, the other down) - 50.00
RH80b -           overprint 27 x 3.6mm - -
RH81 H74 35 10c indigo (o/p in carmine) 40.00 15.00
RH81a H74a           overprint in magenta 40.00 15.00
RH82 H75 (35) 10c indigo (o/p handstamped in carmine, 24.5 x 2.8mm) - 40.00
RH83 H76 36 10c orange (o/p 27 x 3.6mm) (1928) 30.00 20.00
RH84 H77 (34) 10c orange (o/p 31.5 x 3mm) (1928) 15.00 10.00
RH85 H78 (36) 20c deep olive (o/p 27 x 3.6mm) 25.00 20.00
RH86 H79 (34) 20c deep olive (o/p 31.5 x 3mm in red) 15.00 12.00
RH87 H80 (36) 1s dark olive (o/p 27 x 3.6mm) 50.00 50.00
RH88 H81 (34) 1s dark olive (o/p 31.5 x 3mm in carmine) 40.00 40.00

For stamps similar to RH83-88 but with slightly smaller overprints (25.3 x 2.7mm), see also RH121 to H126 below.


Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. Overprints again read up or down.
Note 2. There is a tendency for letters, especially the final 'S' on No. 73 to be faint or absent.

 

1928-45 Telegraph stamps as for 1922 (type 31) but with new colours and new values. Die I unless otherwise stated (See notes below).
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12

Hiscocks 10c type 31 H82 Hiscocks 10c type 31 H82a Hiscocks 10c type 31 H82b
Type 31 Die I - 10c RH89 Type 31 Die I - 10c RH89a Type 31 Die I - 10c RH89b

Hiscocks 10c type 31 Hiscocks 10c type 31 Hiscocks 20c type 31
Type 31 Die I - 10c RH91 Type 31 Die I - 10c RH92 Type 31 Die I - 20c RH94

Hiscocks 30c type 31 Hiscocks 30c type 31 Hiscocks 30c type 31 Hiscocks 30c type 31
Type 31 Die I - 30c RH95 Type 31 Die I - 30c RH97
courtesy of Paolo of Erosky on delcampe.
Type 31 Die I - 30c RH98 Type 31 Die I - 30c RH100

Hiscocks Die I   Hiscocks Die II
Hiscocks Die I and Die II examples - note the 'L's.
So far, I have not seen any Die II stamps of this series, only the similar but larger 1945 series.
Can anyone supply scans of any?

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH89 H82 31 10c brown-olive to sepi shades.(1928) 5.00 2.50
RH89a H82a           perf. 14 10.00 5.00
RH89b H82b           perf. 14¾ (seen dated Sept.1934) 10.00 5.00
RH90 H83 (31) 10c brown-olive (Die II) 7.50 3.75
RH91 H84 31 10c green 3.75 1.00
RH92 H85 31 10c deep lilac 10.00 10.00
RH93 H86 31 10c slate-violet (see Note 4 below) 15.00 15.00
RH94 H87 31 20c yellow-orange 5.00 2.50
RH95 H88 31 30c steel-blue 10.00 5.00
RH96 H89 (31) 30c steel-blue (Die II) 10.00 5.00
RH97 H90 31 30c ultramarine 10.00 5.00
RH98 H91 31 30c sepia 10.00 5.00
RH99 H92 31 30c blackish lilac 7.50 3.75
RH100 H93 31 30c slate-violet (see Note 4 below) 10.00 5.00

See also RH69 - RH71.
For other values/colours in a slightly larger format, see RH133-RH135 below.

 

Hiscocks added the following 4 notes:

Note 1. Clearly the above were issued at various dates between 1928 and the early or middle 1940's,
                but information allowing their more precise dating is so far lacking.
Note 2. Die II of type 31 differs from Die I in many small details. The easiest means of distinguishing them
                is by the lettering of the word 'TELEGRAFOS' above the centre medallion which is much thinner
                in Die II. The base line of the 'L' for example, is narrow and even in Die II, but thick and widening
                away from the upright in Die I. The 1922 issues are of Die I.
Note 3. Cancellation was by large cds in black, purple, blue or (rarely) red, or by large linear purple
                handstamp — 'ANULADO' or 'TRASMITIDO' — which is not water-fast.
Note 4. In two cases I have separated stamps because they appear to be totally different printings although of
                similar colour and the same Die I. These are 85 and 86, and 92 and 93. Nos. 85 and 92 are in clear
                strong colours, cleanly printed and generally typical of the work of the American Bank Note Co.
                Nos. 86 and 93 (and also No. 100) are more pastel or hazy in colour and less cleanly and distictly printed.

 

1928-45 Telegraph stamps as for 1922 (type 31) but with new colours, new values and coloured values. I will call these type 31a.
on a white background. Die I unless otherwise stated (See notes below).

Hiscocks H95(RH94) Hiscocks H96(RH95) Hiscocks H97(RH96) Hiscocks H99(RH97)
Type 31a   1s   RH101 Type 31a   1s   RH102 Type 31a   1s   RH103 Type 31a   2s   RH104   Specimen type S2

 

Hiscocks H99 Hiscocks RH100s Hiscocks RH87s
Type 31a   5s   RH106   Specimen type S1 Type 31a   5s   RH107   Specimen type S2 Type 31a   1s   RH94   Specimen type S3


Hiscocks also listed a 1S value in red-brown which neither John Barefoot or myself have seen, we have however both seen a 2S in that colour that Steve did not list.
I am therfore presuming the value was a typo and correcting it, together with re-numbering.
Specimens: I bought a batch of specimens that included 3 different types, all in red. I have numbered them in the order they first appear in the list.
The RH94 example is shown here as an example of the specimen type S3.
I have type S1 on RH66, RH67, RH71, RH89, RH94, RH95 and RH96.
Type S2 on RH91, RH104 and RH107. Type S3 on RH94, RH98 and RH100.

For a similar 1s value, but white '1's on a coloured background, see RH136.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH101 H95 31a 1s red-orange (1938) 15.00 10.00
RH102 H96 31a 1s carmine (see Note below) (c1945) 20.00 10.00
RH103 H97 31a 1s orange-yellow (1928) 15.00 10.00
RH104 H94 31a 2s red-brown 25.00 15.00
RH105 H98 31a 5s bistre-brown (c1940) 40.00 20.00
RH106 H99 31a 5s vermilion (1945?) 35.00 15.00
RH107 H100 31a 5s deep turquoise-blue (c1947) 50.00 25.00

 

1938 'Patriotic Stamp' (i.e. fund-raising) stamps of 2 June 1937 (SG 549)
overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS' (RH108) or 'TELEGRAFICOS' (RH109) as shown.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12½

Hiscocks type 37 from page 103
RH108 as in Hiscocks page 103.

Hiscocks RH101a
RH108a

RH108a - strip of 3
Another example of RH108a - from RL.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH108 H101 37 10c deep blue ('TELEGRAFOS' overprint in red) 3.75 3.75
RH108a H101a           overprint double (in red) 35.00 -
RH109 H102 37 1s deep violet ('TELEGRAFICOS' overprint in red) 5.00 5.00
RH109a H102a           overprint double — one red and one black. 50.00 -

My note: The perforations are given as being Perf 12½ on these, but I am told that a small proportion (perhaps 10%) of the un-overprinted stamps
are actually Perf 12¼ x 12½. It may be worth checking the perforation on any of these that you may have.

 

1938-45 Revenue Stamps (sales tax) variously overprinted as indicated below.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 11½. Original control numbers in red.

RH110a Type 38
RH110a

From RL
RH111 Type 39
RH111

From RL
RH112 Type 40
RH112
RH112a Type 40
RH112a

From RL
RH113 Type 40
RH113

From RL
RH114 Type 40
RH114

From RL
RH115 Type 40
RH115
RH115a Type 40
RH115a

From RL

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH110 H103 38 10c grey 6.00 4.50
RH110a H103a           perf. 14 15.00 10.00
RH111 H104 39 30c on 20c carmine 6.00 4.50
RH112 H105 40 30c on 5s red 6.00 4.50
RH112a H105a           overprint double 50.00 -
RH113 H105A 40 30c on 10s yellow 8.00 5.00
RH114 H106 40 30c on 10s bistre 10.00 7.50
RH115 H106A 40 30c on 20s blue 10.00 7.50
RH115a -           ultramarine 15.00 10.00

 

1938-45 Tobacco tax stamp surcharged and overprinted in black as below.
White wove paper. No watermark. Rouletted 7 top, botton and one end.

RH109

RH109a

RH109b
Type 41 of Hiscocks book page 104.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH116 H107 41 10c on 1c red 8.00 5.00
RH116a -           overprint double 15.00 15.00
RH116b -           overprint triple 50.00 50.00

 

1939 Engraved by de la Rue on white wove paper. No watermark. Perf. 12½.

Hiscocks 10c type 42 from page 104  Hiscocks 30c type 42 from page 104
10c and 30c of Type 42 showing De La Rue imprint.

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH117 H108 42 10c carmine-red 8.00 4.00
RH118 H109 42 30c yellow-brown 10.00 5.00

My note: The defining feature is the de la Rue imprint at the bottom and the value in colour on white.
For a similar but slightly larger 10c, see RH133.

 

1940-43(?) Revenue stamps ('Moviles') variously overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS' in black unless indicated otherwise. No watermark. Perf. 12.

Hiscocks Type 43 RH121 RH122 RH123 RH124
Type 43 Type 44 - RH121 Type 45 - RH122 Type 46 - RH123, from RL Type *46A - RH124

I have added type *46A as this seems the most appropriate place.

 

Unlisted by Hiscocks
RH125,   20c with the same
overprint as Type 44 above. See also
RH85/86 with slightly different overprints.
RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH119 H110 43 5c sepia (overprint 25 x 2.5mm) 10.00 5.00
RH119a -           reading upwards. 12.00 6.00
RH120 H111 43 10c orange (overprint in red) 10.00 5.00
RH121 H112 44 10c orange (different overprint 25.3 x 2.7mm) 10.00 5.00
RH121a -           reading upwards. 12.00 6.00
RH122 H113 45 10c orange 10.00 5.00
RH123 H114 46 10c on 80c bright purple (de la Rue) 20.00 10.00
RH124 - *46A 1s on 80c orange 15.00 8.00
RH125 - (44) 20c sepia (overprint 25.3 x 2.7mm) 12.00 5.00
RH126 H115 43 1s brownish-black 20.00 10.00
RH127 H116 43 5s carmine 30.00 5.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. The above group does not match up with earlier types and its allocation to the 1940-43 period is pure guesswork.
                No. 111 is known overprinted '1943' and the revenue stamps of 1943 were overprinted with the same setting
                which suggests the use of the type 43 overprint a little earlier. No. 114 is on a de la Rue stamp of the same general
                design as Nos. 108 and 109, and is thus probably a little later than 1939.
                It seems possible that the supply of telegraph stamps from de la Rue in London failed due to the war (de la Rue was
                bombed) and that the above and following provisionals were introduced to fill the gap.

 

1943 No. H111 (RH120) further overprinted '1943' in black.

Hiscocks type 47 from page 105
From Hiscocks page 105.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH128 H117 47 10c orange 20.00 10.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. It seems likely that other values were also overprinted '1943'.

 

1944(?) Revenue ('Moviles') stamps of 1943 and 1944 overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS' in type 43 in red or black.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf. 12.

Hiscocks type 48 from page 105
Type 48 - RH129, from RL

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH129 H118 48 10c orange (1943) (overprint in red) 15.00 10.00
RH130 H119 48 30c olive-sepia (1944) (overprint in black) 15.00 10.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. I have a used copy of No. 118 with an April 1945 cds.

 

1945 'Patriotic Stamps' of 1937 (as for RH106) overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS' vertically in black, red or blue.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12½

RL131a RL132 RL132c
Type 49 - RH131a from RL Type 49 - RH132 Type 49 - RH132c from RL

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH131 H120 49 1s deep violet (overprint in black) 10.00 10.00
RH131a H120a           overprint in red 12.00 12.00
RH131b H120b           overprint in blue 15.00 15.00
RH132 H121 49 2s green (overprint in black) 12.00 12.00
RH132a H121a           overprint in red 15.00 15.00
RH132b H121b           overprint in blue 18.00 18.00
RH132c -           new overprint (black) 25.00 25.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. The overprints normally read downwards but they are also found reading upwards.

 

1945 Telegraph stamps of type 31 design but die II and Larger, 19½mm x 34½mm (as compared with 18½mm x 33½mm for type 31).
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12½ or 10¾.

Hiscocks 30c type 31 Hiscocks H96(RH95) RH126 RH127a RH128
Type 31 (Die I, RH95) for REFERENCE Type 31a   (RH102) for REFERENCE Type 50   10c   RH133 Type (51)   1s   *RH135 Type 51   1s   RH136

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH133 H122 50 10c carmine (shades) (perf. 12½) 10.00 3.00
RH134 H123 (51) 10c sepia (perf. 12½) 10.00 10.00
*RH135 - (51) 30c dark green (perf. 12½) 10.00 10.00
RH136 H124 51 1s carmine-vermilion (perf. 10¾) 15.00 10.00

For similar, but slightly smaller stamps, see RH69 - RH71 and RH89 - RH107.

* I have added RH135 due to the (rather poor) example shown.

 

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. The date of issue of No. 122 has been reported and Nos. 123 and 124 have been included here because of their similarity
                of type although they were probably issued at some unknown but later date.

 

1945 Postage stamp of 1938 (SG 580) overprinted as shown in black.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 13½ x 12¾.

Hiscocks type 52 from page 106
Type 52 (RH137).
The word 'TIMBRE' seems to have been susceptable to damage.
The first letter in particular.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH137 H125 52 10c on 50c purple 10.00 5.00

 

1949? Consular stamps overprinted and surcharged in black.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12.

Hiscocks type 126   Hiscocks unlisted type 126A
Hiscocks Type 53.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH138 H126 53 20c on $0.25 lake-brown (1951?) 8.00 5.00
RH139 - (53) 1s on $1 green (1954?) 12.00 8.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. The suggested date of 1949 is based on the issue of the same stamp overprinted
                in a very similar style for postal purposes in 1949 (SG 909).

My note: I am told the the series with large emblems, including the $0.25 value was issued (without overprint) in 1945,
and that the series with small emblems including the $1 was issued without overprint in 1951.
It is therefore likely that the $0.25 was overprinted when the series was replaced.
By 1955 a new series by De la Rue was being used ($1 and $2 values), suggesting a date of about 1954 for the $1 being overprinted.

 

1949? New design of telegraph stamp.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12.

Hiscocks type 54 from page 106
Type 54 (RH140 and RH143).

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH140 H127 (54) 10c green 10.00 5.00
RH141 H128   20c ? - -
RH142 H129   30c ? - -
RH143 H130 54 1s olive-sepia 25.00 5.00
RH144 H131   2s ? - -
RH145 H132   5s ? - -

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. The date of 1949 is suggested because other, fiscal stamps of similar type
                appeared in the 1949-51 period.
Note 2. It seems probable that the full normal series was produced (probably by the
                American Bank Note Co.) but I have only seen the 1s value.

My Note: The 10c is now known, and an 80c brown was later overprinted 1 Sucre (see RH160),
but strangely it is not known without the overprint.
For RH143 overprinted '1953' see RH149.
It is highly likely that other values and/or overprints exist. Scans would be very welcome.

 

 

1950 New design of telegraph stamp. Lithographed by the Institut de Gravure, Paris.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf. 13.

RH140 RH142 RH143
Type 55   30c   RH146 Type 55   2s   RH147 Type 55   5s   RH148

Hiscocks Type 55, Imprint of Institut de Gravure, Paris

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH146 H135 55 30c brown (10,000,000) 10.00 5.00
RH147 H137 55 2s bright carmine (1,000,000) 18.00 10.00
RH148 H138 55 5s deep turquoise-blue (500,000) 20.00 12.50

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. Again the existence of the 10c and 20c and 1s values is assumed but they have not been reported.
Note 2. The suggested date is based on the use of these printers by the Ecuador Government between 1948 and 1954,
                and the likely elapse of some years after the issue of those(?) of type 54. The printer went out of business
                around 1960 and the records are not available.

I deleted the 10c, 20c and 1s value and corrected the date due to information from K. Zwart.

 

 

1953 Type 54 overprinted '1953'

RH149

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH149 - 54 + 1s olive-sepia 25.00 5.00

My Note: It is highly likely that other values and/or overprints exist.
Scans of this, or others, would be very welcome.

 

1954 As above overprinted 'Pro-Tourismo / 1954' and surcharged.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 13.
The Scott Catalogue lists this as a 'Postal Tax Stamp' RA70), so presumably it was not used for telegraphic purposes.

Pro-Tourismo Pro-Tourismo
New overprint type 56, image courtesy of stampsergej on ebay.

There is another overprint of "ESCOLAR / 20 / Centavos" sideways on the same stamp that Scott lists similarly as RA66.
I have also seen "Educatión / Pública" on the 1s magenta.

 

1954 As last, but Photogravure by the Heraclio Fournier, Vitoria.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf. 11½.

RH158 Hiscocks H134B Hiscocks H137B Hiscocks H138B
Type (55A)   10c   RH150 - from RL Type (55A)   20c   RH151 Type (55A)   2s   RH152 Type (55A)  5s  RH153

Type 55A. Imprint of Heraclio Fournier, Vitoria.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH150 - 55A 10c orange-brown (1,000,000) 8.00 5.00
RH151 - 55A 20c green (1,000,000) 8.00 4.50
RH152 - 55A 2s deep blue-green (500,000) 18.00 10.00
RH153 - 55A 5s brown (500,000) 20.00 12.50

I deleted the 30c and 1s value, re-ordered and corrected the date due to information from K. Zwart.

RH159 Essay
An essay of the 20c - from RL.

 

1956? Similar but slightly larger version. Lithographed(?) by the Thomas De La Rue & Co.Ltd..
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf. 14 x 14½.

RH144 RH145 RH146
Type (55B)   10c   RH154 Type (55B)   20c   RH155 Type (55B)   30c   RH156

RH155 RH156 RH157
Type (55B)   1s   RH157 - from RL Type (55B)   2s   RH158 - from RL Type (55B)   5s   RH159 - from RL


Type 55B. Imprint of Thomas De La Rue & Co.Ltd.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH154 - 55B 10c green (5,000,000) 6.00 4.00
RH155 - 55B 20c bright pale blue (5,000,000) 8.00 4.50
RH156 - 55B 30c brown (5,000,000) 10.00 5.00
RH157 - 55B 1s magenta (10,000,000) 15.00 8.00
RH158 - 55B 2s orange (2,000,000) 18.00 10.00
RH159 - 55B 5s scarlet (2,000,000) 20.00 12.50

An example of the 10c has been seen used postally on a cover dated 14 November 1958

 

 

1954? Moviles revenue stamp (similar to type 54) overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS' and surcharged.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf. 12 x 11¾

New type
Not listed by Hiscocks, I will call this Type 56.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH160 - 56 1s on 80c brown 15.00 8.00



Hiscocks added the following General Note:

General Note. It is not known when or even whether the use of telegraph stamps ceased in Ecuador.
                Many of the dates suggested above will be wrong and no doubt there are other telegraph stamps to be reported.
                Nos. 139-149 have been left unused to accommodate additions. Any further information would be welcomed.

 

 

Official Telegraph Stamps.

 

1895 Fiscal stamps of 1887-1888 overprinted 'Telegrafos / SERVISIO OFICIAL' and surcharged in red or blue (reading up or down).
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12.

RH165 RH166 Hiscocks Page 108
Type (61 on 60)   1c   RH161 - from RL Type (61 on 60)   2c   RH162 Type 61     from page 107

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH161 H150 60, 61 10c on 1c deep blue-green overprinted in red. 20.00 20.00
RH162 H151 60, 61 20c on 2c carmine overprinted in blue 20.00 20.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Reading up or down.

 

1897 As above but overprinted as indicated in black or dark blue.

RH159 RH161 Hiscocks Page 108
Type (63 on 62)   1c   RH163 Type (63 on 62)   2c   RH165 Type 63     from page 108

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH163 H152 62, 63 1c deep blue-green overprinted in black 5.00 5.00
RH164 H153 62, 63 1c deep blue-green overprinted in blue 15.00 15.00
RH165 H154 62, 63 2c carmine overprinted in black 15.00 15.00
RH166 H155 62, 63 2c carmine overprinted in blue 25.00 25.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Normally reading upwards.

My Note. According to the Ecuador Philatelic Study Group, there is some doubt about the authenticity of these stamps.
Used copies do not have very convincing cancels and for official telegrams, "it was expressly established that they should not pay any value".
The 1895 issue does appear in the price list of Agustín Albán, published in 1898, though described as being 1896, so those at least do date from that period.


I still need about a dozen images to complete this.
If anyone can provide scans to help, I am happy to give appropriate credit.

 

Tax Stamps.

I am not sure if these were obligatory or not, but a lot of stamps are listed as being for taxes of various types, and whilst most are explicitly
marked as being postal, some are suggestive as being required for telegraph use also.
I would really like to hear from anyone that
knows for certain.

 

Scott RA24 Scott RA25 Scott RA26 Scott RA27
1934   2c RHT1 1934   20c RHT2     - from RL 1934   2c RHT3 1934   2c RHT4

Scott RA30 Scott RA33 Scott RA33a
1935   20c RHT5    - from RL 1936   20c RHT6    - from RL 1936   20c RHT6a Overprint doubled   - from RL

Scott RA42
1938   20c RHT7    - from RL

Scott RA45 Scott RA46
1940   5c RHT8 1940   20c RHT9    - from RL

Scott RA52 Scott RA52a
1942   20c RHT10    - from RL 1942   20c RHT10a  overprint doubled   - from RL

 

Tentative listing.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RHT1 - 1 2c (1934) green 0.15 0.15
RHT2 - 2 20c (1934) ultramarine and yellow 0.40 0.25
RHT3 - 3 2c on 10c (1934) brown (red, black) 0.25 0.20
RHT4 - 3 2c on 10c (1934) brown (blue, red) 0.25 0.20
RHT5 - 4 20c (1935) claret 0.35 0.30
RHT6 - 5 20c (1936) ultramarine and yellow 0.40 0.25
RHT6a -           double overprint - -
RHT7 - 6 20c on 70c (1938) black 0.55 0.30
RHT8 - 7 5c on 1c (1940) red 0.50 0.20
RHT9 - 8 20c on 50c (1940) multicoloured 0.55 0.30
RHT10 - 9 20c on 50c (1942) multicoloured 0.55 0.30
RHT10a -           double overprint - -

 

 

Prepaid Telegraph Forms.

These were introduced at the beginning of 1900 due to shortcomings of the telegraph staff in following their procedures and
a perceived loss of revenue because of it. The first type was a similar design (I am told) to that used on postal stationery at the time.

Type F1.

Prepaid 20c Telegraph-figure 1a Prepaid 20c Telegraph-figure 1b These are very scarce, even as cutouts.
I do not know of any complete forms.
Veinte is twenty, Treinta is Thirty.
There may well be a 40c or other values
and/or colours.

It is said that the design is similar to
that used on prepaid printed envelopes
and postcards of the late XIX century
and early XX century.
I have not seen any though.


Further images and/or information
would be very welcome.
Prepaid 30c Telegraph-figure 3
From RL Courtesy of
Theo Bakker of PostzegelExpresPhilato
From the
Ecuador Philatelic Study Group



Type F2.

An Executive Decree of 1914, described the requirements to be met by the telegraphic forms that were issued for the biennium 1915-1916,
and that had to circulate from January 1, 1915. The Decree, subscribed by President Leonidas Plaza Gutiérrez, was published in the Official
Gazette 683 of December 16, 1914. According to that document, the formulas, like all the valued species of that time, were valid for two years.
In the case of telegraphs, it was arranged to print four types, with as many face values, identified as series, from A to D, indicating the color
of each, according to the following table:

ValueColourSeries
A10 centsGreen
B20 centsYellow
C30 centsOlive
D40 centsSalmon

It is thought that the colours were changed every two years. Examples of the ones listed above are not known, but other colours are.
The implication is that only a small fraction of them still exist. This design is similar to the (first?) telegram seals of circa 1914 Ecuador.
There was also space for additional telegraph stamps. The following images are from K. Zwart and the Ecuador Philatelic Study Group:

Prepaid Telegraph-4

Prepaid Telegraph-1  Prepaid Telegraph-2  Prepaid Telegraph-3

Prepaid Telegraph-fig.3a Prepaid Telegraph-fig.3a

The only form I have seen was dated 1925 and was in an article entitled 'Ecuador: A Prepaid Telegraph Form' by Brian Moorhouse.
The article was published in 'The Mainsheet' in February 2000. His description is as follows:

"The telegraph form I have to hand is the used left half, separated by perforations, of a larger form
that doubtless contained the space for the message at the right side. The form is printed in light
green on buff paper and is inscribed 'SERIE A.' and individually numbered with six digits. The
stamp impression features the national coat-of-arms at the left side and a view of a series of
telegraph poles alongside a railway line at the right hand side. The value 'CUARANTA CENTAVOS'
(40c) is inscribed just above the top of the stamp. The back of the form is blank.
This particular form has been used in January of 1925 for sending a 21-word message from Manta
to Guayaquil. The charge is 5c a word making a total of $1.05 due and the fee is made up of the
40c form plus six 10c telegraph stamps and a bisected 10c telegraph stamp all cancelled with a
circular TELEGRAPHO / MANTA / ECUADOR markings in violet."

The implication is that the impressed stamp was printed in the same colour as the rest of the form.
My thanks to K. Zwart for providing this information and images above.

The majority of these cutouts appear to be from unused (or perhaps spoiled) forms, implying that the form had been mutilated for no good reason.
If you have a complete form, it may be unique. Please don't cut it up!

I have since found out that this article is referenced in an article in the Medio Real magazine of the Ecuador Philatelic Study Group.
Which makes available colour images of this form and other images shown below:

Prepaid Telegraph-fig.2  Prepaid Telegraph-fig.5

Type F3.

The Ecuador PSG also show a piece of a later form issued January 1939 with a new 40c type of imprinted stamp.
Again, there may well have been other values and colours used and further images and information would be welcome.
There is a very interesting cancel used on this last piece that I have not seen elsewhere.


Known types:

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used Complete Form
RHF1 - F1 20c (Veinte) Black - - -
RHF2 - F1 30c (Treinte) Red - - -
RHF3 - F2 20c (Veinte) Black - - -
RHF4 - F2 20c (Veinte) Carmine - - -
RHF5 - F2 20c (Veinte) Rose Red - - -
RHF6 - F2 40c (Cuarenta) Light Green - - -
RHF7 - F2 40c (Cuarenta) Blue - - -
RHF8 - F2 60c (Sesenta) Dark Blue - - -
RHF9 - F2 60c (Sesenta) Rose Red - - -
RHF10 - F3 40c (Cuarenta) Black - - -

Can anyone provide further scans, of these?

 

I also have a page devoted to the Telegram Seals of Ecuador.

 

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

Contact:     Emale

Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Alternatively Yahoo Group Yahoo-Group is a forum.

 

Last updated 31st. July 2019

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