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Telegraph stamps of the World

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  I have brought these prices up to date and added currency selection.  
  I have made some additions and given them 'RH' (Revised Hiscocks) numbers to  
preserve the original Hiscocks numbers and avoid confusion.
  The RH number is the same as the Hiscocks number if not otherwise specified.  
CheckList         Setup

Shortcuts to other sections
1889 Revisado Correos y Telegrafos Revolutionary Government Telegraphic Usage.

 

Philippines.

Steve Hiscocks wrote:
As elsewhere in the Spanish empire the introduction of Telegraph stamps was preceded by the use of revenue stamps whose
telegraphic use is indicated by punched cancellations identical to those of the early telegraph stamps.
All those I have seen have been 'Derechos de Firma' and I have examples from 1865 (Forbin 4), 1867 (Forbin 8),
1873 (Forbin 16) and 1878 (Forbin 19 & 20).
These last, issued after the first telegraph stamps, show that revenue stamps continued to be used in times of shortage.
The telegraph stamps themselves are well behaved from 1874 to 1897 with only the provisionals of 1881 to 1885 on
postage stamps of different dies (explained in Notes) to confuse the issue.
The issue of 'Spanish' telegraph stamps ceased in 1897 with the Spanish-American war and late 1898 or early 1899 saw the issue
of two interesting telegraph stamps by the 'Revolutionary Government' acting independently of both Spanish and U.S. authorities.
Morley's Journal of April 1901 contains the text of an interesting letter from 1 st Lt. Ralph Platt of the US occupying army giving
full details of the discovery and occupation of a 'revolutionary post and telegraph office' in Binondo [district of Manila].
This seems to show that the revolutionary stamps were in full use — "the stamps of the Revolutionary Government were placed
on all telegrams sent, and that telegraph stamps were used indiscriminately on the telegraph blanks."
This use of revolutionary stamps is interesting in that propaganda is usually confined to postage stamps which are seen by the
general public and not attempted on telegraph stamps which are seen only by (sometimes) the sender and by the telegraph office staff.


My notes: The Eastern Extension Australasia and China laid cables linking the Philippine islands during 1897-9,
then a cable from Hong Kong to Luzon in 1880. Commercial Pacific Cable Co. laid a cable from Manila to Guam in 1902.
Guam had previously been connected via Midway Islands and Honolulu to San Francisco.
Guam was later connected to Bonin Island, Japan in 1906 by Siemens Brothers.
India Rubber, Gutta Percha and Telegraph Works Co., laid a cable from Manila to Shanghai, also in 1906.

 

1874 (January) White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

Hiscocks book page 242

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H1 1 1.25P lilac-grey 100.00 20.00
H2

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Up to about 1880 the normal cancellation was a roughly circular hole of about 5mm diameter.
                Handstamped cancellations of black bars, etc. are also found.

 

1876-1882 Alfonso XII, white wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

H2 H3 H3a
Type 2 - H2 Type 2 - H3
Courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht
Type 3a - H3a

 

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H2 2 250m light brown 15.00 4.00
H2a           imperf. 25.00 -
H3 2 250m deep ultramarine 30.00 4.00
H3a           dull violet-blue 30.00 4.00

 

1880-1881 Alfonso XII (new design), white wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

Hiscocks H4 Hiscocks H5 Hiscocks H6 Hiscocks H7 Hiscocks H8
Type 3 (H4) Type 3 (H5) Type 3 (H6) Type 3 (H7)
See also note 5 below H22.
Type 3 (H8)
See also note 5 below H22.

 

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H4 3 25c blue-grey 20.00 3.00
H5 3 1p brown 12.00 2.00
H6 3 2p dull blue-green 12.00 2.00
H7 3 5p violet grey 20.00 2.00
H8 3 10p lake 50.00 4.00

 

1881 - Revenue stamp of 1878 (Forbin No. 13 of Judicial) overprinted as type 5 in black. No watermark. Perf 14
It is unclear why this was done since the face vale of 2 Reales is equivalent to the 25c stamp above.
According to Wiki the Real was replaced in 1852 and went out of circulation in 1864,
so perhaps they wanted to make use of these rather than printing more 25c.
But that does not explain why the Forbin No. 13 was produced with values in Reales in 1878 (when the Real went out of use in 1852)
and not replaced with values in Pesos until 1882. I suspect the Wiki is wrong with its dates.

Steve Hiscocks quoted July 1881 for this, but the only example I have seen is on a form dated 8 April 1881 (shown near the bottom).

Hiscocks Type 5 Hiscocks H9-1 Hiscocks H9-2
Type 5 H9 Another H9
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H9 4, 5 2 reals (25c) blue 60.00 10.00

 

My note: many of the following use fractions with a denominator of 8 (pieces of eight ?) — i.e 2/8 or 4/8.
This is probably because 1 Peso = 8 Reales. Since I cannot easily represent such fractions on the computer screen,
I have replaced them with the normally used arithmetic equivalent of ¼ or ½.

 

1885(?) Postage stamp of 1880-82 (SG 95) overprinted as type 7 or 8 in red. White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14
The example of type 6 shows that they were being used telegraphically before the overprint was added.

Hiscocks Type 6 Hiscocks Type 7 Hiscocks Type 8
Type 6 Type 7 Type 8

Hiscocks Type 9 Hiscocks Type 10
Type 9 Type 10

 

Hiscocks H11 Hiscocks H11a
H10 H10a

 

Hisc. Type. 1885 Description Mint Used
H10 6, 7, 9 1p on 2½c dull ultramarine (shades) 20.00 1.00
H10a 6, 8, 9         overprint similar but smaller (2mm letters at top) 20.00 1.00
H11 6, 7, 10 on stamp of second type (see note below) 20.00 1.00
H11a 6, 8, 10         as No. 11 but smaller overprint 20.00 1.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. SG 95 exists in several forms, two of which were overprinted for telegraphic use.
                In one the hair line at the temple is pointed and highlighted with a white strip:
                in the other the hairline is more rounded and the white strip is absent.
                See illustrations 9 and 10.

 

1885-1887 Postage stamps of 1880-82 (SG 95 and, in one case SG 94) overprinted and surcharged in various types and colours as indicated below.
White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

Hiscocks book page 244
Types 11-18 from Hiscocks book page 244

Hiscocks H13 Hiscocks H14 Hiscocks H15 Hiscocks H15a
H13 H14 H15 *H15a

 

Hiscocks H17a Hiscocks H18a Hiscocks H20 Hiscocks H20a Hiscocks H21
*H17a *H18a H20 *H20a H21
Courtesy of Mathew Stephenson.

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH12 H12 6, 9, 11 1c on 2½c dull ultramarine in violet 2.00 1.00
RH13 H13 6, 9, 12 1c on 2½c dull ultramarine in black (Jan. 1887) 20.00 8.00
RH14 H14 6, 10, 12 1c on 2½c dull ultramarine in black (Jan. 1887) 2.00 1.00
RH15 H15 6, 9, 13 2½c on 2½c dull ultramarine in carmine (7.3.86) 2.00 1.00
*RH15a - 6, 9, 14         overprint in black 4.00 2.00
RH16 H16 6, 10, 14 2½c on 2½c dull ultramarine in blue (7.3.86) 2.00 1.20
RH16a H16a           overprint in black 4.00 2.00
RH17 H17 6, 9, (13) 5c on 2½c dull ultramarine in carmine (7.3.86) 2.40 1.00
*RH17a -           overprint in brown-yellow - -
RH18 H18 6, 10, (13) 5c on 2½c dull ultramarine in brown-yellow (Jan. 1887) 3.00 1.00
*RH18a -           overprint in carmine - -
RH19 H19 6, 9, 16 20c on 2½c dull ultramarine in black (7.3.86) 4.00 2.00
RH20 H20 6, 10, 16 20c on 2½c dull ultramarine in vermilion (Jan. 1887) 4.00 2.00
*RH20a -           overprint in black - -
RH21 H21 6, 9, (18) 25c on 2½c dull ultramarine in carmine (10.3.85) 20.00 4.00
RH22 H22 17, 18 25c on 25c brown (SG94) in green (10.3.85) 15.00 2.00

* Added due to examples shown above.
I have 3 examples of H17a but none of H18, perhaps H18 is a mistake. H17 may also be a mistake.
It is also possible that H16a should have been H15a and H19 should have been H20a.

 

Hiscocks added the following 5 notes:

Note 1. Where a type number is in brackets, the particular overprint
                is not illustrated but is similar to that indicated.
Note 2. No. 16 is listed in all catalogues as having a blue overprint
                but my copy has a black overprint which I have shown
                as a variety (No. 16a) pending clarification.
Note 3. The dates of this series are uncertain. Morley gives 1885
                while others give 1882-88. The specific dates given
                above are taken from W. C. Stones listing in
                'The American Philatelist' 1891.
Note 4. There are reported to be many variants on the above
                overprints — double printings, inverteds, etc.
                These would command a premium of x5-x10 but have
                not been listed separately for lack of specific information.
Note 5. Punched cancellations had apparently been abandoned in
                the 1880-85 period and the provisionals are normally
                cancelled with a special oval office stamp with a
                'burst of thunderbolts' motif in the centre — black or,
                less often, blue. Pen cancels are also commonly found
                as is a blue handstamp with a large 'T' in thick wavy
                style and smaller letters 'Y' and 'G' on either side,
                thus   YTG   .

For examples of the 'YTG' cancel in note 5, see H7, H8 & H11a above.
Nigel Gooding provides the following useful information:
"This is actually YTC (fancy C). It stands for Ynternational Telegraph Company
(Y being used during the spanish period). This company was known in
Manila from 1881 through early 1890s. Believed to be a private firm
under contract to the Spanish Government to operate the telegraph
service in Manila during the 1880s. They sometimes overprinted the
stamps affixed to the telegraphs with the YTC cancel (with or without
application of the telegraph punch hole)."

 

1886 Type similar to that of 1880 (Alfonso XII) in new colours and values. White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

Hiscocks H23 Hiscocks H24 Hiscocks Type 19 Hiscocks H26
Type 19 (H23)
courtesy of treasurings-jewelry
Type 19 (H24)
Courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley
Type 19 (H25) Type 19 (H26)
Courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley

 

Hisc. Type. 1886 Description Mint Used
H23 19 25c bronze-green 3.00 1.50
H24 19 2p sepia 20.00 2.00
H25 19 5p blue green 40.00 2.00
H26 19 10p dark blue 40.00 2.00

 

1888 As above. New values and colours.

Hiscocks H27 Hiscocks H28 Hiscocks H29 Hiscocks H30 Hiscocks H31
Type 19 (H27)
Courtesy of maseratiaxel on eBay.
Type 19 (H28)
Courtesy of maseratiaxel on eBay.
Type 19 (H29) Type 19 (H30) Type 19 (H31)
Courtesy of maseratiaxel on eBay.

Hiscocks H32 Hiscocks H34 Hiscocks H34a Hiscocks H35 Hiscocks H36
Type 19 (H32) Type 19 (H34)
courtesy of treasurings-jewelry
Type 19 (H34a)
Courtesy of maseratiaxel on eBay.
Type 19 (H35)
Courtesy of maseratiaxel on eBay.
Type 19 (H36)
Courtesy of maseratiaxel on eBay.

Hiscocks H37 Hiscocks H38
Type 19 (H37)
Courtesy of maseratiaxel on eBay.
Type 19 (H38)
Courtesy of maseratiaxel on eBay.

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH27 H27 19 1c olive-sepia 2.00 1.00
RH27a H27a           pale olive-sepia 2.50 1.00
RH28 H28 19 2c carmine 50.00 12.00
RH29 H29 19 2½c brown 1.00 0.80
RH29a H29a           dark brown 6.00 4.00
RH30 H30 19 5c blue 1.00 0.80
RH31 H31 19 10c yellow-green 80.00 20.00
RH32 H32 19 10c lilac 2.00 0.80
RH32a H32a           deep lilac 15.00 4.00
RH33 H33 19 10c brown 4.00 0.80
*RH33a -           imperf. - -
RH34 H34 19 20c pale dull lilac 2.00 0.80
RH34a H34a           deep dull lilac 8.00 4.00
RH35 H35 19 1p rose 60.00 8.00
RH36 H36 19 2p carmine 8.00 2.00
RH37 H37 19 5p yellow-green 40.00 1.20
RH38 H38 19 10p dark brown 40.00 8.00

*Added due to example seen.

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. No. 31 is said to have been for 'Postal Union' use.

 

1889

Hiscocks also gave this general note:

General Note. A shortage of telegraph stamps in 1889 led to a decree of
                30 March 1889 authorizing the use of telegraph stamps overprinted
                "Recargo de Consumes. Habilitado" in an oval containing the value in
                black — i.e. returning telegraph stamps which had been converted
                to fiscals to their original use.
                The values authorized were 5, 7½, and 10 cents on No. 34 (20c lilac)
                (Forbin 30-32) which are known, together with 11¼c (Forbin 33) on
                No. 34 and 17½, 25, 40 and 75c and 1 and 1.25 pesos, unlisted by
                Forbin, not seen, but possibly also on No. 34. It seems unlikely that
                those above 10c were used.
                They were withdrawn from telegraph use on 10 August 1889.
                They have not been listed since they are effectively undifferentiated
                fiscal stamps and were presumably mainly used for that purpose.
  Hiscocks book page 245

For ease of reference, this is (my interpretation of) the list of Fiscal stamps authorized for use as Telegraph stamps, as in the General Note above.
The Forbin list of these is on page 350 of the third edition (1915). Number 33 is the last on the page, and the next page is a new section.
Rather an abrupt finish.

My Ref. No. Forbin No. Description Authorized Seen by Hiscocks Forbin Price (Fr)
- 23 2½c on 1c olive-sepia (H27) No ? 2.50
- 24 2½c on 2c carmine (H28) No ? 1.00
- 25 2½c on 2½c brown (H29) No ? 0.30
- 26 2½c on 5c blue (H30) No Yes 0.25
- 27 2½c on 10c yellow-green (H31) No ? 0.25
- 28 2½c on 10c lilac (H32) No ? 2.50
- 29 2½c on 20c lilac (H34) No ? 1.00
F1 30 5c on 20c lilac (H34) Yes Yes 0.75
F2 31 7½c on 20c lilac (H34) Yes Yes 25.00
F3 32 10c on 20c lilac (H34) Yes Yes 12.50
F4 33 11¼c on 20c lilac (H34) Yes No 30.00
F5 - 17½c on 20c lilac (H34) Yes No -
- - 25c on 20c lilac (H34) Yes No -
- - 40c on 20c lilac (H34) Yes No -
- - 75c on 20c lilac (H34) Yes No -
- - 1p on 20c lilac (H34) Yes No -
- - 1.25p on 20c lilac (H34) Yes No -

 

This imples that other values, or on postage stamps, such as these 2½c on various values (F19, F21, F29, F17):
Fiscals
Were NOT authorized for Telegraphic use, and remained Fiscal stamps. Forbin 16-22 was this overprint on similar postage stamps.


However these were authorized:

Forbin 30 - F1 Forbin 32 - F3 F5
F1 (Forbin 30)
Courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht
F3 (Forbin 32)
Courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht
F5? - (inverted overprint)
Courtesy of LiquidationGirl on eBay

I am not convinced that the last has a genuine overprint, the + symbols are noticeably smaller.

 

Having said all that, usage of stamps for telegraphic purposes in the Philippines (and many other places)
was not always constrained by what was authorized.

F25 with Telegraph cancel
Here is an example of Forbin F25 with a Telegraph cancel.
The image is supplied by Harry Patsalos who tells me that he has about half a dozen like this, all with gum.
The cancel is of Tanduay, famous for its Rum Distillery.
There are plenty of examples that show telegraphic use of stamps intended for other puposes. I also know that in busy offices using stamps,
many of them pre-cancelled stamps to save time at peak periods.
My feeling is that these were pre-cancelled for telegraph use, perhaps for receipts, regardless of authorization.
I would welcome further similar examples, with or without gum.

 

A block of Forbin #26 (half size) courtesy of Mathew Stephenson
Block of Forbin #26

 

 

Revisado.

1889 (1 January or perhaps earlier) Revisado (Revised) Handstamp.
Revisado Handstamp
According to Nigel Gooding, citing Don Peterson, IPPS Newsletter, 4th Quarter 1997,
though this looks like a manuscript cancel, it is a handstamp that was intended to be applied to
surcharged stamps on telegraph receipts to return the value to what it was without the surcharge.

This is thought to have been due to a shortage of low-value telegraph stamps at the time.
The handstamp was of a size that fitted across two stamps:

Revisado Handstamp
As in this example, not all stamps on telegraph receipts were telegraph stamps.
Over-enthusiastic (or indiscriminate) application results in the handstamp being found on non-surcharged stamps also.
The handstamp was more likely to have been used on stamps with a high-value surcharge, but in principle could be applied to anything available.
Dated known examples are mostly in the range of January to April 1889, with a few later. My example of H11 above has this, I have also seen it on H23.

He Notes: It is anticipated that the majority of the 1881 to 1888 Postal issues exist with the 'Revisado' handstamp.
He also says "All loose (off-paper) stamps with this handstamp would have been removed from the original telegraph receipts,
and as a result, are technically classified as Telegraphic used issues, as opposed to Postal issues."
My thanks to Nigel Gooding for this information and images.

 

 

1890 (January) New design. White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

Hiscocks Type 3 - H39 Hiscocks Type 3 - H40 Hiscocks Type 3 - H42
Type 20 (H39)
Courtesy of Les Bottomley
Type 20 (H40) Type 20 (H42)

Hiscocks Type 3 - H46 Hiscocks Type 3 - H48 Hiscocks Type 3 - H48
Type 20 (H46)
Courtesy of Les Bottomley
Type 20 (H48)
Courtesy of Les Bottomley
Type 20 (H49)

 

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H39 20 1c dull blue-green 1.60 1.20
H40 20 2½c sepia 1.60 1.20
H41 20 5c rose 8.00 4.00
H42 20 10c brown 8.00 4.00
H43 20 12½c carmine 6.00 4.00
H44 20 20c deep blue 6.00 4.00
H45 20 25c brown 10.00 4.00
H46 20 1p olive-grey 3.00 2.00
H47 20 2p yellow-brown 20.00 8.00
H48 20 5p yellow-green 8.00 4.00
H49 20 10p brown-violet 20.00 6.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. No. 48 is known forged to defraud the authorities — used condition only. Price about £10.

 

1891 As above but new colours. See note below.

Hiscocks H54
Type 20 (H54)

 

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H50 20 1c carmine 50.00 10.00
H51 20 5c olive-grey 50.00 10.00
H52 20 12½c dark brown 50.00 10.00
H53 20 25c green 50.00 10.00
H54 20 5p ultramarine 40.00 8.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. The status of Nos. 50-53 seems to be in some doubt since they are listed by Galves (1934) but not by other, later catalogues.
                They could perhaps be colour trials. No. 54 is not in doubt and is listed in all catalogues from Morley onwards.

 

1892 As above but inscribed "FILIPAS-TELEGRAPHOS".

Hiscocks H55 Hiscocks H56 Hiscocks H57
Type 21 (H55) Type 21 (H56) Type 21 (H57)

 

Hiscocks H58 Hiscocks H59 Hiscocks H61 Hiscocks H62
Type 21 (H58) Type 21 (H59) Type 21 (H61) Type 21 (H62)

 

Hiscocks H63 Hiscocks H63 Hiscocks H64 Hiscocks H65
Type 21 (H63)
courtesy of treasurings-jewelry
Type 21 (H63) Type 21 (H64) Type 21 (H65)

 

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H55 21 1c rose 2.00 1.00
H56 21 2½c blue 3.00 1.00
H57 21 5c olive-grey 6.00 2.00
H58 21 10c green 3.00 2.00
H59 21 12½c brown-lilac 3.00 1.50
H60 21 20c yellow-brown 15.00 2.50
H61 21 25c blue-green 3.00 1.50
H62 21 1p orange 6.00 1.50
H63 21 2p brown (shades) 8.00 1.50
H64 21 5p brown-violet 8.00 2.00
H65 21 10p vermilion 25.00 6.00

 

1894-1895 As above but with changed colours.

Hiscocks H66 Hiscocks H67 Hiscocks H68 Hiscocks H69
Type 21 (H66) Type 21 (H67) Type 21 (H68) Type 21 (H69)

 

Hiscocks H70 Hiscocks H70a? Hiscocks H70b? Hiscocks H63
Type 21 (H70/70a)
I'm not good at guessing shades, here are 3 shades scanned together.
Type 21 (H71)
courtesy of treasurings-jewelry

 

Hiscocks H72 Hiscocks H73 Hiscocks H74 Overprint and cancel selection
Type 21 (H72) Type 21 (H73) Type 21 (H74) H76 Courtesy of
Victor Gugliano (victorgg)

 

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H66 21 1c sepia (shades) 3.00 1.50
H67 21 2½c red-brown 2.50 1.50
H68 21 5c orange-red 2.50 1.50
H69 21 10c dark-blue 2.50 1.50
H70 21 12½c greyish green (1895) 2.50 1.20
H70a           olive (1895) 40.00 1.50
H71 21 20c violet (1895) 15.00 1.50
H72 21 25c carmine 8.00 1.50
H73 21 1p violet-black (1895) 8.00 1.50
H74 21 2p pale ultramarine (1895) 15.00 1.50
H75 21 5p yellow green 20.00 1.50
H76 21 10p brown violet 25.00 5.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Morley separates Nos. 66-77 (SIC) into those of 1894 and 1895 but does not list Nos. 75 & 76 at all.
                The year of issue of Nos. 75 and 76 is therefore uncertain.

 

1896 As above but with changed colours.

Hiscocks H77 Hiscocks H78 Hiscocks H79 Hiscocks H80 Hiscocks H81
Type 21 (H77) Type 21 (H78) Type 21 (H79) Type 21 (H80) Type 21 (H81)

 

Hiscocks H82 Hiscocks H83 Hiscocks H63 Hiscocks H84 Hiscocks H85
Type 21 (H82) Type 21 (H83) Type 21 (H83?)
courtesy of treasurings-jewelry
Type 21 (H84) Type 21 (H85)

 

Hiscocks H86 Hiscocks H87
Type 21 (H86)
Image courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk.
Type 21 (H87)
Image courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk.

 

Overprint and cancel selection
Telegraph cancel on H71,
courtesy of Dr Joe on ebay.
 
Hisc. Type. 1896 Description Mint Used
H77 21 1c olive-grey 2.50 2.00
H77a           imperf. 40.00 -
H78 21 2½c dull green 2.50 2.00
H78a           imperf. 40.00 -
H79 21 5c brown 2.50 2.00
H79a           imperf. 40.00 -
H80 21 10c rose 8.00 2.00
H80a           imperf. 40.00 -
H81 21 12½c red-brown 2.00 1.50
H81a           imperf. 60.00 -
H82 21 20c orange 8.00 2.00
H82a           imperf. 60.00 -
H83 21 25c violet 8.00 2.00
H83a           imperf. 60.00 -
H84 21 1p blue 8.00 2.00
H84a           imperf. 80.00 -
H85 21 2p reddish orange 15.00 2.00
H85a           imperf. 80.00 -
H86 21 5p carmine 30.00 2.00
H86a           imperf. 80.00 -
H87 21 10p steel-blue 40.00 2.00
H87a           imperf. 80.00 -

 

1897 No. 71 above overprinted as indicated in black.

Hiscocks Type 22 overprint Hiscocks Type 22 overprint
Type 22 overprint H88a inverted overprint
courtesy of treasurings-jewelry

 

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H88 21, 22 20c violet 6.00 1.50
H88a           inverted overprint. - -

 

Correos y Telegrafos.

1898/9 Stamps were then issued intended for both postal and Telegraphic usage:

1898 3c 1898 3c 1898 6c 1898 20c
1898 - 1c 1898 - 3c 1898 - 6c
Courtesy of Les Bottomley
1898 - 20c

Type CyT. telegraphic usage can only be established by the cancel. Surviving examples telegraphically used are not common,
despite low catalogue prices for postally used ones.

RH # Type. 1878 Description Mint Postally Used Telegraphically Used
CT1 CyT 1m orange-brown (shades) 0.20 1.00 -
CT2 CyT 2m orange-brown (shades) 0.20 1.00 -
CT3 CyT 3m orange-brown (shades) 0.20 1.25 -
CT4 CyT 4m orange-brown (shades) 7.00 30.00 -
CT5 CyT 5m orange-brown (shades) 0.20 2.00 -
CT6 CyT 1c violet black 0.20 0.45 -
CT7 CyT 2c dark blue-green 0.20 0.45 -
CT8 CyT 3c dark brown 0.20 0.45 -
CT9 CyT 4c orange 17.00 35.00 -
CT10 CyT 5c carmine-rose 0.20 0.45 -
CT11 CyT 6c dark blue 0.90 1.25 -
CT12 CyT 8c grey-brown 0.40 0.25 -
CT13 CyT 10c vermilion 1.50 1.00 -
CT14 CyT 15c olive-green 1.50 0.85 -
CT15 CyT 20c maroon 1.60 1.10 -
CT16 CyT 40c violet 0.90 1.25 -
CT17 CyT 60c black 3.50 3.00 -
CT18 CyT 80c red-brown 16.00 4.00 -
CT19 CyT 1P yellow-green 11.00 13.00 -
CT20 CyT 2P slate-blue 25.00 16.00 -

 

Revolutionary Government.

The Spanish–American War began in 1898. According to the Scott catalogue:

The Spanish surrendered in May 1898. Some Filipinos continued to fight until 1901. During this period provisional stamps were created in several areas. Some of these stamps may have been totally philatelic. See the Scott Specialized Catalogue of U. S. Stamps for stamps issued by Gen. Aguinaldo's Filipino Revolutionary Government.

My note: A guide as to which were purely philatelic is to see which ones are known used.
As always, it is for the collector to decide what to collect.

 

1898 Stamps of the Revolutionary Government of General Emilio Aguinaldo. White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 11½
Sheets of 192 stamps, 16 rows of 12, lithographed by the Lithographia del Gomes in Santa Cruz, Manila.
About 19000 of each was printed.

Hiscocks type 23 Hiscocks type 24
Type 23,   2c.   H89 Type 24,   50c.   H90

Used pair
A used pair.

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H89 23 2c violet (shades to lilac) (Type I) 2.50 6.00
H89a           Type II - -
H90 21 50c blue (Type I) 2.00 10.00
H89a           Type II - -

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. Background information on these stamps is given in the introduction to this section.
Note 2. The two types of each of the above were reported by Morley in his Journal in 1902.
                The differences in Type II noted (relative to Type I, thought to be earlier in each case) were:-

                2c Thicker paper, larger stars in the angles of the triangle, and fewer, more distinct rays to the sun.
                50c Thicker paper, letters of 'PESO' to the right of the triangle malformed — tail missing on 'P'
                making it a small 'D', 'E' broken such as to resemble an 'F' and 'S' reversed.

My notes: Hiscocks pricing suggests that the two types are equally scarce.
Until recently, I had only ever seen Type I, but now I have seen Type II.

Types I and II compared.
Types I and II compared courtesy of Marco Peña Cox.

Type I 'PESO'.

Type II 'PESO'.
The 2c is clearly a darker bluer shade with mis-shaped frame.
On the 50c, the 'DE PESO' looks like it is actually mirrored and inverted,
though the 'E' in 'PESO' is poorly drawn.

It is quite possible that Type II stamps are forgeries, though there must be
much more lucrative stamps to forge. Having said that, there were probably not
many genuine ones outside of the Philippines in 1902 when they were reported.
It is also possible that they were created by the government
to undermine the finances of General Aguinaldo.

Playing the devil's advocate, perhaps they were a genuine early attempt,
analogous to HR-1 below. The perforations are a reasonable match.

 

The 'KKK' appearing on these stamps is an abbreviation for "Kataas-taasang, Kagalang-galang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan",
meaning "Soveriegn Worshipful Association of the Sons of the Country".

 

Yefim Rozenshteyn has drawn my attention to a passage in the Scott catalogue that says regarding the Revolutionary stamps:
"Owing to the fact that stamps for the different purposes were not always available, together with a lack of proper instructions,
any of the adhesives were permitted to be used in the place of the other."

I will therefore list the ones in question on the understanding that this is for telegraphic usage.
As always, it is for the collector to decide what to collect.

 

Scott A1 Scott A2 Scott A3
2c.   HR-1   Postage 2c.   HR-2   Postage 2c.   HR-3   Posts & Telegraphs
Courtesy of Nigel Gooding. Substitute telegraph stamps,  courtesy of Yefim Rozenshteyn.


Inscribed '1898 1899'

Scott N1 Hr4a Scott RS1 Receipt Stamp
1m.   HR-4   Newspaper stamp 1m.   Hr4a   Newspaper stamp 8c.   HR-5   Registration stamp 10c.   HR-6   Receipt stamp
courtesy of Yefim Rozenshteyn. courtesy of Les Bottomley Substitute telegraph stamps,  courtesy of Yefim Rozenshteyn.

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Used
Hr1 - HR-1 2c red (1,500) -
Hr2 - HR-2 2c red (50,000) -
Hr3 - HR-3 2c carmine (10,000) -
Hr4 - HR-4 1m black (50,000 including imperfs.) -
Hr4a -           imperf. -
Hr5 - HR-5 8c green (6,480) -
Hr5a -           imperf. (720) -
Hr6 - HR-6 10c brown -

My notes:

Note 1. Type HR-3 would be valid for telegraphs anyway, but not specific to telegraphs.
Note 2. There were reprints of type HR-4 with a large 'A' in 'MILESIMA'.

 

Sale 24, Lot 501 Sale 91, Lot 1450 Sale 25, Lot 1699
Sale 24, Lot 501 Sale 91, Lot 1450 Sale 25, Lot 1699

Some interesting items courtesy of Schuyler Rumsey Philatelic Auctions. Click images for listing.


Can anyone provide scans of telegraphically used examples of these?

Further information on these stamps can be found at Aguinaldo Issues.

 

From 1899, postage stamps were issued by the U.S. Administration.
Again, the only way to recognise Telegraphically used ones would be by their cancel.

 

Canton Isla de Negros.

According to PhilippinePhilatelist.net, the Cantonal Republic of Negros was established on the by Generals Aniceto Lacson and Juan A, Araneta,
and existed from November 27, 1898 until March 4, 1899. It issued crudely perforated stamps on red-brown paper with denominations of 2c, 8c, 16c, 20c and 50c.
They illustrate three of them and go on to reference "A similar stamp without denomination plus the added name of the government department in which used was issued."
They are all inscribed "LOCALES / Telegrafos y Rentas / CORREOS" implying that they could be used for Telegraphs, Revenue or Postage.

Isla de Negros Official Stamp
These examples are courtesy of Jeff Turnbull. There may well be other Departments that issued stamps.

According to this article on Philippine Postage Stamps, there was a further three denominations issued December, 1899, a 5c green, a 10c red, and a 20c blue.
A worrying factor though is the involvement that it mentions of a Mr. Jose E. Marco of Bacolod. If this is the same Jose E. Marco as the
'infamous antiquarian from the island of Negros' mentioned by Maureen Cristin S. Justiniano in this PDF document, then authenticity has to be questioned.

Can anyone provide more scans of Isla de Negros stamps?

 

 

 

Usage.

I have seen a number of examples of forms like this offered for sale. (front and back at 75dpi. Manila, dated 8 April 1881)
I bought this for the 2 Reales stamp at the top. The form is still intact, I digitally reconstructed the perforations for my H9 illustration.
Form 1-a   Form 1-b
At the top, rather than a word like Telégrafos or Telegrama, it has 'Importe Del P. Espedido Núm. or 'Amount of P. Required No.'
I don't know what the 'P.' stands for though perhaps Pago for Payment, or exactly what this form is, though it clearly has something to do with telegraphy
since it says 24 words at the top (11 Pesos 81 Cmos), and has a handstamp at the bottom with 'TELEGRAFOS' around the top.
It may be a receipt for sending a telegram to Hong Kong, but I would have expected to see the word 'Recibo' on it somewhere.

The back appears to have a (rather confused) description of the stamps, though I don't see the green or violet ones listed.
The back was in pencil, but on the front someone has happily used red ballpoint to note a few catalogue numbers !

Assuming this to be telegraphic usage, how was the 11 Pesos 81 Centimos made up?
Form 1-c
For the 11 Pesos, two 5p Derechos de Firma (1865, Forbin 4) plus a 1p (H5) Telegraph stamp were used. The 81c is made up from H9 (25c), two 250mil (25c) postage stamps,
and three 2c on 2½c postage stamps. All have been punch-cancelled. Clearly little attention was given to the intended purpose of the stamps used.
One wonders why so much trouble was taken to overprint stamps for a change of purpose.

 

Here is another, from Manila to Hong Kong, 13 November 1884
This was for 6 words, costing 2 Pesos 99c and paid all in postage stamps. The stamps were punched as well as being cancelled with YTC (Ynternational Telegraph Company, see note 5 below H22) above

Manila to Hong Kong, 1884

Image courtesy of Bill Glover at Atlantic-Cable.com

 

 

Here is another, similar example from Manila to Melbourne, Australia, May 1883
Perhaps a little strangely, this was sent via Suez. Certainly it had to go through Singapore, but I'm not sure what the advantage was to go to Suez and back from there.

Manila to Melbourne, 1883

This was for 9 words, costing 23 Pesos 27c and paid for with 18P in telegraph stamps and 2c and 42 reales in postage stamps (1p = 8 reales).
The 5P stamps, H7, are a much lighter grey than my example above.
Image courtesy of David Druit of pennymead.com (click image for listing).

 

 

If anyone can provide scans to help with this page, I am happy to give appropriate credit.

 

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

Contact:     Emale

Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Last updated 7th. April 2021

©Copyright Steve Panting 2012/13/14/15/16/17/18/19/20/21 except where stated.
Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.

 

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