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ECUADOR

Ecuador is one of the most interesting countries for telegraph seals. Not only were there several purpose-designed seals, but in the early 1920s
the telegraph authorities also created several more different seals by denaturing outdated telegraph and revenue stamps by additionally perforating
them either down (or occasionally across) the middle or by overprinting them with a thick black line. The true purpose of these has not been
widely known outside Ecuador until recently and several were erroneously listed as varieties in my 1982 catalogue 'Telegraph and Telephone
Stamps of the World'. I also have 25c purple and 30c brown revenue stamps punched with 4mm holes but I doubt whether these are really
seals and have not included them although I would be interested to hear from anyone who has one used as a seal.

 

Updates. The above was written by Steve Hiscocks.
I have re-organised and re-numbered Hiscocks original list
to make it more rational in light of new additions. This uses
'RH' numbers (Revised Hiscocks) to avoid confusion.

My note: I have added prices on here which are very much guesswork.
Hopefully the guesses can be improved later. Currently prices for seals are
generally low because few people collect them. The existence of a catalogue
may change that. The default currency is GB£, but different currencies can
be selected and prices updated accordingly. This is an experiment.
The exchange rates are provided by OpenExchangerates.org.

 

Purpose-designed seals.

RH1 RH2 RH3
#1 (RH1) 34.5mm #1 (RH2) #1 (RH3)

RH4 RH5 RH6
#1 (RH4) 1915, 34.5mm #1 (RH5) 34.5mm #1 (RH6) 1914, 34.5mm

RH7
#1 (RH7) 34.5mm
RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH1 1 H1 Rough perf. 11¾. Dark blue. 6.25 4.00 12.00
RH2 1 - Rough perf. 11¾. Light blue. 8.00 5.00 13.00
RH3 (1) H2 Rough perf. 11¾. Red. 7.00 5.00 13.00
RH4 (1) H3 1915, Rough perf. 11¾. Violet 6.25 4.00 12.00
RH5 (1) H4 Rough perf. 11¾. Dark green. 6.25 4.00 12.00
RH6 (1) H5 1914, Rough perf. 11¾. Brown (shades). 6.25 4.00 12.00
RH7 (1) - Rough perf. 11¾. Slate blue. 7.00 5.00 13.00

 

KZ-Seal-4 Seals-pg-28aa 1918 Guayaquil Seals
#2 (RH8) 17.8mm
No imprint.
#3 (RH9) 17.8mm
LIT.E.BELLAS ARTES QUITO imprint.
#4 (RH10) 20.5mm
OFICINA DE GUAYAQUIL - 1918.

#3 was printed with alternate rows inverted relative to the one above so that vertical pairs will be Tête-bêche.

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH8 2 - Rough perf. 11¾. Rose red. - - -
RH9 3 H6 Rough perf. 11¾. Reddish brown (shades). 6.60 5.00 12.00
RH10 4 - OFICINA DE GUAYAQUIL, Perf 11¾. blue-grey. - - -

 

Seals from normal Revenue Stamps.

These are rather unfortunate as they are not distinguishable from normal revenue stamps unless on a telegram.

2c Revenue used as seal 5c Revenue used as seal 10c Revenue used as seal 20c Revenue used as seal
#5 (RH11) 1918-9, 18mm #5 (RH12) 1918, 18mm #5 (RH13) 1920, 18mm #5 (RH14) 1921, 18mm

 

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH11 5 - 1918-9, 2c Green. 1901-2 Revenue stamp overprinted 1903&4, used as seal - - 10.00
RH12 5 - 1918, 5c lilac-grey. 1901-2 Revenue stamp overprinted 1903&4, used as seal - - 10.00
RH13 5 - 1920, 10c Black. 1901-2 Revenue stamp overprinted 1903&4, used as seal - - 14.00
RH14 5 - 1921, 20c Grey. 1901-2 Revenue stamp overprinted 1903&4, used as seal - - 14.00

 

 

Revenue stamps overprinted 'TELEGRAFOS'.

These have traditionally been listed as having been issued as Telegraph stamps in 1919.
An article by Juan Pablo Aguilar Andrade however shows evidence that these were used as seals in 1917 and must therefor have been issued earlier than that.
It is still unclear as to when exactly they were so issued and when they were invalidated.

RH51 H46 RH52b
#6 (RH15) 1911-12, 18mm #6 (RH16) 1911-12, 18mm #6 (RH17) 1913-14, 18mm

 

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH15 6 - 1c sepia (1911-1912) 3.75 - -
RH15a   -         second 'E' larger and thinner 7.50 - -
RH15b   -         'O' larger and thinner 7.50 - -
RH16 6 - 1c sepia (1913-1914) 5.00 - -
RH16a   -         second 'E' larger and thinner 10.00 - -
RH16b   -         'O' larger and thinner 10.00 - -
RH17 6 - 2c bright scarlet (1911-1912) 5.00 - -
RH17a   -         second 'E' larger and thinner 10.00 - -
RH17b   -         'O' larger and thinner 10.00 - -

 

 

Black-bar seals.

Seals-pg-28bd Seals-pg-28be 1921-2-bar-10c Seals-pg-28bc
#7 - 2c (RH18) 17mm #7 - 5c (RH19) 1928, 17mm #7 - 10c (RH20) 1929, 17mm #7 - 20c (RH21) 1928, 17mm

 

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH18 7 H14 Perf. 12. 2c Green. 1919-20 Revenue stamp overprinted 1921 1922, with thick vertical line. 5.00 5.00 10.00
RH19 7 H15 1928, Perf. 12. 5c Brown. 1919-20 Revenue stamp overprinted 1921 1922 (in Red) with thick vertical line. 5.00 5.00 10.00
RH20 7 - 1929, Perf. 12. 10c Orange. 1919-20 Revenue stamp overprinted 1921 1922, with thick vertical line. 700 7.00 14.00
RH21 7 H13 1928, Perf. 12. 20c Green. 1919-20 Revenue stamp overprinted 1921 1922, with thick vertical line. 700 7.00 14.00

 

Seals from Center-perforated Telegraph Stamps.

Seal from H49 Seals-pg-28ab Seals-pg-28bb Seals-pg-28ae
#8 (RH22) 17mm   #9 (RH23) 1926, 17mm #10 (RH24) 17mm #11 (RH25) 17mm

 

Seals-pg-28ac Seals-pg-28ad Seals-pg-28ba
#12 (RH26) 17mm #11 (RH27) 17mm #13 (RH28) 1922, 18mm

 

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH22 8 - Perf. 12. on H49, 2c Bright scarlet. Centre perforated vertically. 2.50 3.50 7.00
RH23 9 H7 1926, Perf. 12. on H50, 2c Bright scarlet. Centre perforated vertically. 2.50 3.50 7.00
RH24 10 H12 Perf. 12. on H52, 10c Black (Red overprint). Centre perforated vertically. 8.00 8.00 16.00
RH25 11 H10 Perf. 12. on H55, 2c Green. Centre perforated vertically. 5.00 3.50 10.00
RH26 12 H8 Perf. 12. on H56a, 5c Green. Centre perforated vertically. 3.50 5.00 10.00
RH27 11 H9 Perf. 12. on H57, 5c Brown. Centre perforated horizontally. 3.50 3.50 7.00
RH28 13 H11 1922. Perf. 12. on H58, 10c Red and blue. Centre perforated vertically. 10.00 10.00 20.00

 

Seals from Center-perforated Revenue Stamps.

H24 Ecua-T16 Ecua-T17aa Ecua-T17
#14 (RH29) 1922, 18mm #15 (RH30) 18mm #16 (RH31) 17.6mm #17 (RH32) 17.6mm

 

Ecua-H21 Ecua-H22 Ecua-H23 Ecua-H24
#18 (RH33) 17.9mm #19 (RH34) 1926. 18.1mm #19 (RH35) 18.1mm #19 (RH36) 1925, 18.2mm

 

Ecua-H25 Ecua-H28
#19 (RH37) 18.2mm #20 (RH38) 18.0mm

 

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH29 14 - 1922. Perf. 12. on Patriotic 1919-20, 10c Red and blue. Centre perforated vertically. 10.00 10.00 20.00
RH30 15 - Perf. 12. 20c Blue. 1911-12 Revenue stamp overprinted 1919-1920 with central perforation vertically. 8.00 8.00 16.00
RH31 16 - Perf. 12. 50c on 25c Violet. 1913-14 Revenue stamp overprinted 1919-1920 with central perforation vertically. 8.00 8.00 16.00
RH32 17 - Perf. 12. 50c on 25c Violet. 1915-16 Revenue stamp overprinted 1919-1920 with centralperforation vertically. 8.00 8.00 16.00
RH33 18 - Perf. 12. 5s Brown. 1911-12 Revenue stamp overprinted 1921 1922 with central perforation vertically. 8.00 8.00 16.00
RH34 19 H16 1926. Perf. 12. 2c Green. 1919-20 Revenue stamp overprinted 1921 1922 with central perforation vertically. 8.00 8.00 16.00
RH35 19 - Perf. 12. 10c Green. 1919-20 Revenue stamp overprinted 1921 1922 with central perforation vertically. 8.00 8.00 16.00
RH36 19 - 1925. Perf. 12. 1s Brown. 1919-20 Revenue stamp overprinted 1921 1922 (in Red) with central perforation vertically. 9.00 9.00 18.00
RH37 19 - Perf. 12. 5s Violet. 1919-20 Revenue stamp overprinted 1921 1922 (in Red) with central perforation vertically. 10.00 10.00 20.00
RH38 20 - Perf. 12. 25c Red. 1919-20 Revenue stamp, No overprints, with central perforation vertically. 9.00 9.00 18.00

Hiscocks adds the following 3 notes:

Note 1.   H8 [now RH26] above is similar to H57 in that it is on the 1917-18 revenue stamp overprinted for
              telegraphic use but that stamp should be brown while the green version was of the 1913-14 series.
Note 2.   H11 [now RH28] above has blind perforations (not fully penetrating the paper) from top to bottom but
              these are not visible in the illustration.
Note 3. I also have a copy of H91, 30c Sepia with a 4mm round hole in it. Circular punched cancellations were
              not used in Ecuador at that time so it is probably just a filing hole rather than another form of seal.

 

Tobacco Tax stamps as seals.

These Tobacco Tax stamps were being used as seals in the 1910's and 1920's.

Tobacco Tax stamps 1910
Type 21 - This Specimen has a face value of 2/3 cent, but since they are all the same colours then if only the parts with the coat of arms is used, they cannot be distinguished.

Type 22   Tobacco Tax stamps as seals   Type 22

1933 telegram
Tobacco Tax stamps as seals
Tobacco Tax stamp RH36 RH37, 1933
Tobacco Tax stamp RH37 RH38, 1938
Tobacco Tax stamp RH38 RH39
Type 22 51.3mm

Tobacco Tax stamps as seals Tobacco Tax stamps as seals
Type 23

Tobacco Tax stamps as seals
Type 21

Most of these Tobacco Tax stamp images are courtesy of
K. Zwart.



RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH39 21 - 1917, Arms of red and blue Tobacco Tax stamp. - - -
RH40 22 - 1933, 1/2 c Brown Tobacco Tax stamp. - - -
RH41 22 - 1938, 1c Green Tobacco Tax stamp. - - -
RH42 22 - 2c Orange-red Tobacco Tax stamp. - - -
RH43 23 - 1937, 2c Blue Tobacco Tax stamp. - - -

There is no way to identify these as seals other than for them to be on a telegram.
Tobacco Tax stamps as seals

 

 

Official seals.

From what I have seen, these are not generally used on telegrams, however Ecuador seems to have used a wide range of things
to seal telegrams, so I will at least show the images and look for examples on telegrams.
Official seal 1896   Official seal 1897
Images provided by K. Zwart, who dates the left one at 1896 and the right one at 1897, both are about 43mm wide.

I also have this 20c Tobacco Tax stamp overprinted as an Official Seal. (See Type 22 above)
Ecua-Tobacco-Tax-1
I do not know whether it was used on Telegrams or not, but K. Zwart dates this at 1925, 43.4mm wide.

 

Prepaid Telegraph Forms.

These had an impressed stamp with a similar design to the first telegram seals.
There was also space for additional telegraph stamps.
Prepaid Telegraph-1  Prepaid Telegraph-2  Prepaid Telegraph-3
The only form I have seen was dated 1925 and was in an article entitled 'Ecuador: A Prepaid Telegraph Form' by Brian Moorhouse.
The article was published in 'The Mainsheet' in February 2000. His description is as follows:

"The telegraph form I have to hand is the used left half, separated by perforations, of a larger form
that doubtless contained the space for the message at the right side. The form is printedin light
green on buff paper and is inscribed 'SERIE A.' and individually numbered with six digits. The
stamp impression features the national coat-of-arms at the left side and a view of a series of
telegraph poles alongside a railway line at the right hand side. The value 'CUARANTA CENTAVOS'
(40c) is inscribed just above the top of the stamp. The back of the form is blank.
This particular form has been used in January of 1925 for sending a 21-word message from Manta
to Guayaquil. The charge is 5c a word making a total of $1.05 due and the fee is made up of the
40c form plus six 10c telegraph stamps and a bisected 10c telegraph stamp all cancelled with a
circular TELEGRAPHO / MANTA / ECUADOR markings in violet."

The implication is that the impressed stamp was printed in the same colour as the rest of the form.

I have since found out that the article was based on an article in the Medio Real magazine of the Ecuador Philatelic Study Group.

 

If anyone can provide scans or information to help with this page, I am happy to give appropriate credit.

 

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.
Contact:   Emale
Please include the word 'Seals' in the subject.

 

Last updated 12th. Sept. 2019

©Copyright Notice: This work was originally started by Steve Hiscocks and being continued by myself (Steve Panting).
For simplicity, my additions are under the same conditions as the original work by Steve Hiscocks.

 

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