Previous
page-up
 
अनुवाद Übersetzen sie Microsoft has terminated this free translation service.
This may help: wikihow.com
Traduisez ترجم
перевести Traduca Traduzca 翻译
  Next
page-up
CONTENTS

 

JAPAN

Japan is one of the very few countries for which published information exists.
Seals are found sealing both envelopes and folded telegrams but #s 2, 3, 5 and 6 are more common mint.

 

Updates. The above was written by Steve Hiscocks. I have re-arranged and
re-ordered in light of new information using 'RH' (Revised Hiscocks) numbers.
No pricing as yet.

 

 

pg-38aa pg-38ab pg-38ac
#1 1889  -  日 本 / 電 信 局  (Telegraph Bureau) #2 1889, 28.3mm
#3 1890-96, 45mm

 

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH1 1 1 1889 Die-cut oval. Blue. - - -
RH2 2 2 1889, Blue (slight shades) Perf. 13 - - -
RH2a             Perf. 13½ - - -
RH2b             Perf. 14 - - -
RH3 3 3 1890-96 Blue (shades) Perf. 11½ - - -
RH3a             Perf. 12 x 11¾ - - -
RH3b             Perf. 13 - - -
RH3c             Perf. 13½ - - -

 

Japanese Postal Service (logo = JPS-Logo).

5 characters at the top.

大日本帝國 (written stylized right to left)  =  Great Japanese Empire
電信 (written stylized right to left)  =  telegraphs

Seals-pg-38ba
#4 1890

Seals-pg-38bb #5a Unknown Japanese Telegraph item
#5 1890-1933, 30.3mm
The symbol JPS-Logo is the logo for the Japanese Postal Service.
H5a   with central perforations
This may be for use as a 'cash seal', see below.
H5b   overprinted as shown with 3 Yen
and a boxed script looks like 義和診所行 (Yiwo Clinic ?).
Unusual   (click for listing)

eBay 133424604866 Unknown - enhanced
#5a a used example
The rows of holes are wider apart than on the above example. (click for listing)
An enhancement of the overprint on H5b above.   義和診所行  ?

 

SRH5b Seals-pg-38bc Seals-pg-39ac RH7ac
#5c Perf. 12½ x 11¾ #6 1911-28, 39mm #7 29.5mm #7a 29.5mm

 

Note:  #7 is sometimes described as for use in Korea (similarly H5a was described as used in China).
It is possible, but #7 has nothing on it to indicate the fact and I cannot read the boxed characters on H5a.
These all include 'Imperial' so I would expect them to have been prepared before the end of WWII. I have not seen a used #7.
If anyone has any evidence of the use of either, I would like to hear it.
The use of 'Imperial' was dropped after WWII.
On #7, the design around the JPS-Logo symbol represents the seal of the Japanese Government.

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH4 4 4 1890 Red. Perf. 11½ - - -
RH5 5 5 1890-1915 Red. Perf. 11¾ - - -
RH5a             With central perforations (Perf. 11¾ x 11½) - - -
RH5b             Overprinted 3 Yen and boxed script. - - -
RH5c             Perf. 12½ x 11¾ - - -
RH6 6 6 1911-28 Red. Perf. 11½. - - -
RH7 7 11 Date ? Red. Perf. 10.8 - - -
RH7a             Orange. - - -

 

 

4 characters at the top, reducing to 3 after WWII.

Seals-pg-38ca
#8 1949, 39.1mm

 

Seals-new Seals-pg-38cb
#9 36mm #10 1946

 

Note:  The only example I have seen of #8 appears to have been genuinely used on a 1949 Telegram.
This seems rather late for an Imperial seal, I think they must have begun use during or before 1945.
#9 differs from #10 in the extent of the floral pattern each side of 'JAPANESE'.

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH8 8 7 1949, Red. 'Imperial Japanese Telegraphs'. Perf. 11½
4 characters at the top.
- - -
RH9 9 - 1946? Red. 'Japanese Telegraphs'. Perf. 10 ½
3 characters at the top.
- - -
RH10 10 8 1946? Red. 'Japanese Telegraphs'. Perf. 9½
3 characters at the top.
- - -

 

 

Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public Corporation.   1952-85
NTT

電報 (written stylized)  =  telegram

Seals-pg-39aa Seals-pg-39ab
#11 1949 #12 1950

Hiscocks Types #9, #10 and #11 from page 39 of his book.

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH11 11 9 1949 Green. Perf. ? - - -
RH12 12 10 1950 Green. Characters reversed (Westernised). Perf. 10 - - -
RH12a             Perf. 11 - - -

 

 

The Manchurian Telegraph and Telephone Company (满洲電信電話株式會杜)   1933-45

Manchurian Telegraph and Telephone Company
#13 1938? 30mm.   M.T.T.Co.
I have only seen this on one telegram used in Tientsin (Tianjin,  天津)
on the coast west of Manchuria and south-east of Beijing in July
1938 during the Japanese invasion of the Second Sino-Japanese War.

 

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH13 13 - 1938? Rough perf. 11½. Olive green on white. No gum. - - -

 

 

電信烏替 = Telecommunications

Ryukyu Seal 1 ?
#14 24mm, 1950?   電信烏替 = Telecommunications
現金封かん紐 = Cash Sealing String ??
郵 政 庁 = Post office.
There are very similar ones without the 電信
described as Ryukyu Islands Cash Registration Seals.
Can anyone help on this?

 

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH14 14 - 1952? Pin perf. 10.3 Grey-brown. - - -

 

 

 

Military Telegraph Seals

 

Seals-pg-39ba Seals-pg-39bb
#15 1896 #16 1896

 

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH15 15 12 1896, Type 1. Brown. - - -
RH15a             Type 2. - - -
RH15b             Type 3. - - -
RH15c             Yellow-brown. - - -
RH16 16 13 1896 ? - - -

Hiscocks adds the following 2 notes:

Note 1. There are three types of #12 distinguishable by the shading to the left on the lower scroll.
                These seals have been reported but mainly in Japanese and further explanation is needed.
Note 2. The two seals or labels below appeared in a lot on eBay in late 2006.
                They look as if they could be telegraph seals but more information is needed.

My Note: The Japanese basically says the same as the French.

Seals-pg-39c
#17, 日 本 / 電 信 局  (Telegraph Bureau).
See also #1 above.
#18, 日 本 帝 國 / 逓 信 省   (Japanese Empire).
This measures about 28mm.

RH # Type. was Description Mint Used On telegram
RH17 17 - Telegraph Administraction. - - -
RH18 18 - Ministry of Communications - - -

 

 

Other

 

Japan-Official-Seals
This is clearly a seal, but I do not know if it was used on telegrams (42.3mm, Perf.11¾)
大 日 本 帝 國 逓 信 省 = Ministry of Communications, Empire of Japan
封 緘 = Seal

 

 

NOT Telegraph Seals

A variety of seals exist marked, in varying degrees of legibility with :

記表格價 (price list ?)
紙緘封物便郵 (Mail seal paper ?)
省信逓    (Ministry of Communications)

Additionally they are perfinned with a series of the Postal Service logo JPS-Logo sideways.
Some are also stamped with a large red
= Free / Exemption.
There appears to be no indication that these were intended for Telegraphic use.

Ryukyu Seal 2 ? With red 免

Ryukyu Seal 3 ?

Green seal

 

 


 

Telegram seals were initially used to seal folded telegrams. later the telegrams were sometimes put into envelopes and the seal applied to the envelope flap.

 

Telegram Seal Usage

Care is needed when deciding the year of a Japanese Telegram, particularly early ones.
Unfortunately, you need to know the date of it (roughly) to work out the date of the cancel !
Originally the numbers would be in Japanese Characters reading right to left, with the year according to the Meiji calendar.
This was the year of the Emperors reign and from 1868 to 1911 needed 1867 added to it to get the Western date.

Era from to range Add
Meiji 1868 1911 1 to 44 1867
Taisho 1912 1925 1 to 14 1911
Showa 1926 1988 1 to 63 1925
Heisei 1989 2019 1 to 31 1988
Reiwa 2020 current 1 to 2 2019

Later the date used Western numbers but with the rest unchanged.
At some stage the dates were given in American format (1940s?), and at some stage the Western calendar was used (by 1949) .

1896-Form
A form used in 1896.

 

1906 envelope - front   1906 envelope - rear
A 1906 envelope - front and rear.
The year on the cancel is 39 (the date is in year, month, day order). this is the meiji year. Add 1867 to get the year by the Western calendar.
The cancel on the seal was presumably to make it hard for a seal to be removed for access then replaced by another.
The meiji period ended 30 July 1912, when the Taishō period began (until 25/12/26), requiring the addition of 1912 to the dates.

 

1908-Form
A form used in 1908.

 

If anyone can provide scans to help with this, I am happy to give appropriate credit.

 

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.
Contact:   Emale
Please include the word 'Seals' in the subject.

 

Last updated 15th. June 2022

©Copyright Notice: This work was originally started by Steve Hiscocks and being continued by myself (Steve Panting).
For simplicity, my additions are under the same conditions as the original work by Steve Hiscocks.

 

Previous
page-up
  Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional  Valid CSS!   Next
page-up
CONTENTS