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Telegraph stamps of the World

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Select currency. Default = GBP (1.0)
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Up a level Not my site, but
a good reference:
Post Office Telegraphs Ceylon Telegraphs HongKong Telegraphs India Telegraphs Jamaica Telegraphs Orange Free State Telegraphs Orange Free State Telegraphs Australia
GB Ceylon Hong Kong India Jamaica Natal OFS Australia and states
Up a level by Dave Elsmore.
Matabeleland Telegraphs Sarawack Telegraphs Sudan Telegraphs Transvaal Telegraphs Uganda Railway NSW Telegraphs Western Australia Telegraphs Western Australia Telegraphs
Other Africa Sarawak Sudan Transvaal Uganda New South Wales Western Australia Other Australia

 


  I have revised Hiscocks' original listing, though leaving references to the original designations.  
I have brought the prices up to date and added currency selection.
The new designations have 'RH' numbers (Revised Hiscocks) to avoid confusion.
CheckList         Setup

 

Shortcuts to different sections
1860 issue 1869 series 1881/2 Prov. 1882 series 1890 series 1899-1900 Prov. Angeli Head 1904 issue 1904 Prov. Service Telegraphs Police Departments

Shortcuts to different sections
Postal Service Perfins. Postmarks 1885 Expedition Stationery After Telegraph Stamps Used abroad Jammu & Kashmir J&K Officials Patiala Telephone stamps

 

India

Steve Hiscocks wrote:

The Indian Government Telegraph Department was established in 1851 and was originally completed independent of the Post Office. In the early 1850s telegrams were paid for in cash while from 1855 to 1859 stamped revenue papers are said to have been used as prepaid telegraph forms. The first adhesive stamps were ordered in 1856, received in Calcutta in June 1858, distributed in November 1859 and were apparently first put into use in early 1860. These first 'Electric Telegraph' stamps saw little use due to bad publicity, restrictions on use due to misunderstanding of the instructions, and the fact that they were only used where no Telegraph Office existed. Although the Electric Telegraph stamps were current for nine years the vast majority were eventually destroyed or overprinted for court fee use. In use they were not bisected, as were later issues, such that half remained in possession of the customer (although one or two are known to have been so used after 1869 when they were withdrawn but not demonetized) — the entire stamp was retained on the message form, cancelled by multiple punching, and subsequently officially destroyed.

The first of the double head issues was received in Bombay in March 1867, distributed in June and August 1868 and officially entered service on 1 February 1869. Many, but not all, of the first printings were on paper of varying degrees of blueness. The use of bluish paper is not observed in printings after 1869 and is spasmodic before that so it cannot be regarded as a separate issue. The early papers seem to be slightly thinner.

Various die changes occurred early on and are noted below. In 1882 (probably February) new and different sized plates were adopted to reduce printing costs. A new size of paper was required and this had a slightly different watermark. Various values on the earlier watermarked paper ran out while these were awaited and provisionals were issued in 1881 to fill the gaps.

No die changes are normally recognised on second watermark paper but an exchange of correspondence between de la Rue and the India Stores Department in March and July 1886 suggests that the heads and backgrounds of the 2, 4 and 8 anna and the 1, 5 and 50 rupee dies were softened and re-cut "in the new and improved manner", and that the printings of these values in 1887 and thereafter would be from these new dies. Examination of specimens used before and well after 1887 has not so far shown any systematic differences but further work is required.

The discovery or fear that 'new' telegraph stamps could be constructed by the less scrupulous from pairs of used top halves let to the introduction of new single head designs in 1890 and the analogous King Edward VII stamps were issued belatedly in 1904. Shortages of specific values led to the issue of provisionals in 1889 and, while the King Edward stamps were awaited, in 1904.

Both ordinary postage stamps and those overprinted 'Postal Service' (a sort of 'tax due' stamp for incoming parcels) were used telegraphically at various times but were not differentiated for such use and are therefore not listed. Telegraph stamps were abolished on 1 April 1908 and postage stamps were used thereafter. The 10, 15 and 25 rupee postage stamps issued in 1909 were specifically intended to fill the gap left by the withdrawal of the high value telegraph stamps and most of the 15 and 25 rupee values were so used. They should perhaps be regarded as telegraph stamps.

My notes:
A document said to record information from an earlier incarnation of the Does anyone know what these differences are?
I have some information below on the Postal Service. The same may apply to the normal postage stamps.
Hiscocks constrained his scope to include only purely telegraphic stamps. The economies of publishing a book
required constraints, including limitations on images. Thankfully with the modern internet I can afford to use
more and better images as well as explore more fully the topic of telegraphy.

Telegraphy in India was initiated by William Brooke O'Shaughnessy in 1839 when he erected a highly successful experimental line of 13 miles near Calcutta.
At that time however there was little interest in developing it. In 1847 a new and more progressive Governor– General, James Ramsay, Earl (later Marquis) of Dalhousie (1812–1860),
gave him permission to build a line from Calcutta. The first section of 30 miles was to Diamond Harbour, taking 3 months. That was then extended by a further 52 miles to the sea.
The success of the project allowed the Directors of the East India Company to be persuaded to finance an extension of the line from Calcutta to Agra, Delhi, Lahore and Simla
with a second line from Agra to Bombay and thence to Madras (3200 miles in total). At this point O’Shaughnessy was appointed Superintendent of Telegraphs in India.


 

1860 - De La Rue on un-watermarked "enamelled" safety paper. Perf. 14

India-H1 India-H1
H1   courtesy of www.stampbay.com H1   Ex Andrew Higson, courtesy of Spink & Son.

 

India-H2a
H2a   from lot 17 of the listing of the Indica Collection Auction, courtesy of Stanley Gibbons.

 

RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH1 H1 4A reddish purple (12,000) 1500.00 1000.00
RH2 H2 1R reddish purple (12,000) 3000.00 1500.00
RH2a H2a         handstamped "ON HMSS ONLY"   - -
RH3 H3 4R reddish purple (500) 30000.00 5000.00

Hiscocks added the following 4 notes:

Note 1. No. 2(a) is thought to have been a local overprint rather than an official issue.
Note 2. Used stamps normally have a number of approximately 3mm holes punched in them.
                Three or four examples of left hand halves used after 1869 with those of the next issue are known.  
Note 3. The numbers in brackets are those printed minus those overprinted for Court Fee payment and those  
                destroyed assuming the same rates of usage in the Calcutta presidency, for which figures are
                not known, as in the Bombay and Madras presidencies where they are known.
Note 4. No. 2 in fact differs slightly from No. 1 in that it lacks the outer frame line round the design.

 

An example of the 4 anna used, courtesy of Andrew Higson. The date is presumably in error and should have been 1861.

India-H1 used


Remainders (the majority) of the 4a, 1r and 4r stamps were overprinted and used for Court Fees. Images courtesy of Andrew Higson.

Court Fee - 4a

Court Fee - 1r

Court Fee - 4r

The way of cancelling them was very varied. They certainly could not be re-used.

 


1869 (1 February) - De La Rue on white or bluish wove paper. Perf. 14
Various frames with two heads of Queen Victoria.

India-H4 India-H5 India-H6 India-H9 India-H12
1 Ans.   H4 2 Ans.   H5 - courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht. 4 Ans.   H6 - courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk. 1 R.   H9 - courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht. 5 R.   H12 - courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk.

 

India - the rest
8 Ans.   H7 2R 8A.   H11 10 R.   H14 25 R.   H17 50 R.   H20
The rest of the set, courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

 

Watermarked Crown over "INDIA".

India-W1

W1
RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH4 H4 1A yellow-green (1878) (190,000) 40.00 4.00
RH4a H4a         green (March/May 1880) 40.00 4.00
RH4b -         watermark inverted 90.00 -
RH5 H5 2A maroon (1869) (600,000) 24.00 1.50
RH5a H5a         deeper shade (1881) 40.00 2.00
RH6 H6 4A light blue (shades)(1.2.69) (1,500,000) 16.00 0.50
RH6a H6a         watermark inverted 100.00 8.00
RH6b H6b         on bluish to very blue paper 40.00 4.00
RH6c H6c         dull blue (1881) 32.00 1.00
RH7 H7 8A light brown (shades) (1.2.69) (5,400,000) 12.00 0.40
RH7a H7a         on bluish to very blue paper 40.00 4.00
RH7b H7b         watermark inverted - 8.00
RH7c H7c         imperf (Oct. 1878, Ceylon) - 150.00
RH7d H7d         reddish-brown 20.00 0.80
RH8 H8 1R grey (shades) Die I (1.2.69) (875,000) 200.00 4.00
RH8a H8a         on bluish paper 300.00 10.00
RH8b H8b         bluish grey 300.00 10.00
RH8c H8c         imperf (7.5.69, Bombay) - 150.00
RH9 H9 1R grey (shades) Die II (1869) (15,000,000) 20.00 0.50
RH9a H9a         blue-grey 12.00 0.50
RH9b H9b         double printing (March 1879) - -
RH10 H10 2R 8A orange-yellow (shades) Die I (1.2.69) (800,000)   32.00 0.60
RH10a H10a         on bluish paper 60.00 1.20
RH11 H11 2R 8A orange (shades) Die II (1878) (970,000) 40.00 1.00
RH11a H11a         watermark inverted - 10.00
RH12 H12 5R orange-brown (shades) (1.2.69) (875,000) 40.00 0.80
RH12a H12a         vertical perfs. misplaced 8mm to left (Karachi 1871)   - 40.00
RH12b -         watermark inverted - 75.00
RH13 H13 10R dull blue-green(shades) Die I (1.2.69) (475,000) 40.00 0.80
RH13a H13a         deep blue-green 60.00 1.00
RH13b H13b         imperf. - -
RH14 H14 10R dull blue-green(shades) Die II (1878) (570,000) 40.00 0.80
RH15 H15 14R 4A bright lilac (Jan. 1870) (67,920) 100.00 4.00
RH16 H16 25R reddish-lilac (shades) Die I (1.2.69) (150,000) 100.00 4.00
RH17 H17 25R reddish-lilac (shades) Die II (1878-9) (250,000) 80.00 1.50
RH18 H18 28R 8A bright yellow-green (Jan. 1870) (79,560) 200.00 2.00
RH19 H19 50R rose (shades) Die I (1.2.69) (50,000) 300.00 5.00
RH19a H19a         imperf. - -
RH20 H20 50R rose to rose-carmineDie II (1874) (120,000) 120.00 2.00
ValueDie I.Die II.
1R.India-1R-DieI India-1R-DieII
2R.
8A.
India-2R8-DieI India-2R8-DieII
10R. India-10R-Die-I India-10R-Die-II
25R. India-25R-Die-II
50R. India-50R-DieI India-50R-DieII
Some of my images are not as good as I would like.
For the 1R. and 50R, corner frames are solid or double-lined.
 For the 2R.8A. the lines of shading behind the head are thicker on Die I.  
This reduces the contrast. On Die II there is also shading, particularly
at the back of the neck, and it is easier to see the boundary of the head.
Also Die I is a very yellow shade whereas most Die II
stamps are the later orange shade.
For the 10R, Die-II letters and numbers are thicker and the head
background lighter due to thinner lines.
For the 25R, Die-II has the white ornaments shown, Die-I does not.

 

India - H7c pair used in Colombo
Lot 124 of the Indica Collection Auction (28 September 2021), courtesy of Stanley Gibbons.
This shows a pair of H7c (imperf) used in Colombo 11.11.1878.

India-H8c 1 Anna imperf.
H8c on part of a receipt, cancelled with Bombay 7.5.1869 courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.

Hiscocks added the following 5 notes:

Note 1. Nos. 4-20 are listed above in value order with issue dates in brackets.
                The order of printing was 4A, 8A, 1R(Die I), 2½R(Die I), 5R, 10R(Die I), 25R(Die I), 50R(Die I),
                1R(Die II), 2A, 14¼R, 28½R, 50R(Die II), 25R(Die II), 10R(Die II), 1A, 2½R(Die II).
Note 2. Used prices are for cancelled upper halves of stamps. Stamps were occasionally used upside down
                and lower halves are worth at least x 3. Most cancellations were in black — coloured cancellations  
                (usually blue or red) command a premium of 50-100%. The Madras 'diamond' and the
                Pondicherry diamond cost x 3 and x 5 respectively.
Note 3. Nos. 'Specimen' and, more rarely, 'cancelled' sets are found. The former sell at about mint prices and  
                the latter at a little more.
Note 4. The numbers quoted above are from de la Rue archives and are approximate after allowing for
                damaged sheets and those later overprinted for Court Fee use.
Note 5. Some stamps, e.g. No. 8, are much more rare than their printings would suggest and the reasons for
                this are not known. Prices reflect this.

Unfortunately, Hiscocks said nothing about distinguishing the Dies.
He has some helpful arrowed diagrams for all but the 25R. value, but some words would have been useful.
I have tried to describe the differences better above.

 

 

1881-82 - Provisionals. 'TELEGRAPH' of various sizes (quoted sizes include stops) overprinted on revenue stamps. White or bluish wove paper, perf. 14

These can be sorted by the height of the overprint:
2½mm - Type 26 (generally high)
2¾mm - Type 28 (generally central, no stop)
3mm - Type 27 (generally high) or Type 29 (generally central, no stop)

The images below are from various sources and have been re-sized to be, as near as I can get, to the same scale for overprint comparison.
The actual width of the overprints can be slightly variable since the typography was done by hand and spacing between letters may not have been consistent.
Warning, Forgeries about: I see many of these that are fiscally used, have forged overprints added, and then are offered for sale as genuine unused telegraphs.
Fiscal usage was often done by embossing with a large ornate design and date plugs. This should not exist on a genuine unused telegraph stamp !
More information on detecting fakes is given below.

Calcutta Overprints (August 1881):
Type 26, 24 x 2½mm overprint including stops - enough to span 17 perforation teeth
Type 27, 28 x 3mm overprint including stops - enough to span 20 perforation teeth

India-H21
RH21   (Type 26 overprint) courtesy of Tony Brown (anthonybrown55 on ebay).

India-H22 from Wikimedia Commons
RH22   (Type 26 - 24 x 2½mm overprint). from Wikimedia Commons

India-H25
RH24   (Type 26 - 24 x 2½mm overprint). courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions. Sold as S.G. T25
This overprint looks more uneven than the others, with the 'G' slimmer.

India-H26
Type 26 - 24mm x 2½mm overprint on 4As (not listed by Hiscocks - added as RH27), courtesy of Moses at mystampzone, or on ebay.


India-RH26
Type 27 (28 x 3mm) for comparison (RH26) - a composite of separate left and right halves from RL.

There are some apparent differences in these Type 26 overprint examples. The images are from different sources, using different scanners.
Scanners vary in their accuracy of stated resolution (something not generally specified). Also individual impressions are not always perfect.
But I cannot help wondering if these are all genuine overprints. - Any experts out there care to comment ?

Type 26 on H21 Type 26 on RH21.
Type 26 on H22 Type 26 on RH22.
Type 26 on H24 Type 26 on RH24.
Type 26 on RH27 Type 26 on RH27.


India-T27
RH23, RH25 and RH26   (Type 27 overprint - 28 x 3mm). Images courtesy of www.stampbay.com

For comparison.
India-H26 India-H31
RH26   (Type 27 overprint - 28 x 3mm) RH32 (Type 26, 24 x 2 ½mm)
courtesy Rupert of Strathspey Philatelics
who tells me SG price the left half at 25% more than the right.

 

RH # Hisc. Ovpt. Note Description Mint Used
RH21 H21 26 1, 2 1A dull lilac/blue, overprint 24x2½mm (Feb. 1882) (Note 1) 250.00 32.00
RH22 H22 26 1, 2 1A dull lilac/white, overprint 24x2½mm (Feb. 1882) (Note 1) 250.00 32.00
RH23 H23 27 1, 2 1A dull lilac/blue, overprint 28x3mm (Feb. 1882) (Note 1) 250.00 32.00
RH24 H24 26 1, 3, 4 2A bright lilac, overprint 24x2½mm (Feb. 1882) (Notes 2 and 3)   - -
RH25 H25 27 1, 3 2A bright lilac, overprint 28x3mm (Aug. 1881) (Note 2) 150.00 32.00
RH26 H26 27 1, 3 4A green, overprint 28x3mm (Aug. 1881) (Note 2) 150.00 24.00
*RH27 - 26 1 4A green, overprint 24x2½mm (illustrated above, Feb. 1882 ?)   - -

* I added RH27 due to the example shown.

 

Madras overprints: 26 x 2¾mm — no stop (18½ teeth) Type 28.
These tend to be across the face of the Queen. This was very much a French-influenced area.

India-Madras-H27
RH28   from lot 166 of the listing of the Indica Collection Auction, courtesy of Stanley Gibbons.

India-Madras-H28
RH29   from lot 169 of the listing of the Indica Collection Auction, courtesy of Stanley Gibbons.


India-Madras-1   India-Madras-2   India-Madras-right
RH30   Note the Pondicherry cancel. Pondicherry was part of French India and in the Madras area. The letter A has a relatively thick left side.
Left two images courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley. Right image from RL

RH # Hisc. Ovpt. Note Description Mint Used
RH28 H27 28 1 1A pale lilac (20.3.82) (4,000) 500.00 100.00
RH29 H28 28 1, 6 2A bright lilac (20.3.82) (4,000)   - -
RH30 H29 28 1 4A green (17.4.82) (48,000) 250.00 20.00

 

Bombay overprints: Type 29 (26 x 3mm), Type (26) (24 x 2½mm)

For comparison.
India-H26 India-H31
RH26   (Type 27 overprint - 28 x 3mm) RH32 (Type 26, 24 x 2 ½mm)
courtesy Rupert of Strathspey Philatelics
who tells me SG price the left half at 25% more than the right.

Type 29 Image needed.
See Note 5.

RH # Hisc. Ovpt. Note Desc. Mint Used
RH31 H30 29 1, 5 2A bright lilac, overprint 26 x 3mm — no stop (13.8.81) (400)   1250.00 400.00
RH32 H31 (26) 1, 5 2A bright lilac, overprint 24 x 2½mm (15.8.81) (16,800) 250.00 20.00

Hiscocks added the following 6 notes:

Note 1. It will be noted that strictly speaking Nos. 21-31 comprise two separate issues — August 1881
                and February-April 1882.
Note 2. The total printing of Nos. 21, 22 and 23 was apparently 16,000 of which at least 4,000 were
                destroyed when the 1882 (second watermark)normal stamps, the late arrival of which necessitated  
                these provisionals, finally arrived.
                Some of these were supplied to Bombay which had run out of 1A special adhesives at that time.
Note 3. Numbers printed are not known for Nos. 24, 25 and 26.
Note 4. No. 24 is listed by some references but not by others.
Note 5. [The overprint on H30] is very similar to [The overprint on H23,H25 and H26] but has no stop,
                is very roughly printed with broken letters, small 'A', etc, and is usually crooked and lower down
                on the stamp. The type used on No. 31 is almost identical with [that on H21,H22 and H24] but
                may be distinguished in that the printers in Calcutta were instructed to place the overprint "over the
                coronet" and did so, while those in Bombay overprinted (as in No. 30) lower down across the face.  
Note 6. The printing of No. 28 is reported but no specimens have been observed.

 

OVERPRINT FAKES.

There are quite a few fakes of these overprints about. Some have clear indications of being fake, but others can be more dangerous.
These Special Adhesive revenue stamps were not used for telegraph purposes other than with these overprints. Used ones should be bisected with the normal inline telegraph cancel.
Fiscal cancels though were often done by embossing with a large ornate design and date plugs. This should not exist on a genuine telegraph stamp !
India-Forgery-1
India-Forgery-1a
Here is an example, see the embossing, it even shows date-plugs of 20/9/90, well beyond the time genuine ones were used.
This overprint also shows very ragged edges, in contrast to this genuine one below, but most are more convincing.
India-Genuine-1
I hope this saves some people from wasting their money. These 3 images courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley.


India-Forgery-2
Another example where the fiscal cancel is clearly visible. These overprints were always in black, no exotic colourations.
The 'T' is 3.2mm tall, the 'H' is 3.7mm tall suggesting a rubber handstamp.


India-Forgery-3
Another example, this with a very obvious fiscal cancel. If not for that. this could have been dangerous, so the overprint needs looking at closely so it can be recognised.
The top of the 'T' is slightly slanted and the serifs slightly splayed. the 'G' is more rounded than usual. The bottom serif on the 'R' slants outwards.
Also, the whole overprint is slanted downwards about 1.2 degrees relative to the stamp

 

 

1882 - As the 1869 issue (Die II where applicable) but new watermark with 'fleur de lis' added. White paper, Perf. 14

India-W2

W2 - with added 'fleur de lis'.
RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH33 H32 1A green 10.00 1.25
RH33a H32a         yellow-green 10.00 1.25
RH34 H33 2A maroon 7.50 1.00
RH35 H34 4A light blue (shades) 10.00 0.50
RH36 H35 8A light brown (shades) 10.00 0.50
RH36 H35a         reddish-brown 10.00 0.60
RH37 H36 1R bluish grey 10.00 0.50
RH37 H36a         slate 10.00 0.60
RH38 H37 2R 8A reddish orange (shades)   20.00 0.60
RH38 H37a         dull orange 20.00 0.60
RH39 H38 5R orange-brown (shades) 25.00 1.25
RH39a -         watermark inverted - 55.00
RH40 H39 10R blue-green (shades) 50.00 1.88
RH41 H40 25R reddish-lilac 62.00 1.88
RH41 H40a         greyish lilac 62.00 1.88
RH42 H41 50R carmine (shades) 75.00 1.25

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:
Note 1. The 14¼R and 28½R values, which had been introduced to meet the  
                agreed international rates in accord with the Vienna International
                Telegraph Conference of 1868, were not reprinted on W2 paper.
Note 2. Cancellations were mainly as before but some circular date stamp
                cancellations are found after about 1888. All values are occasionally
                found whole, punched, and bearing either a place name or
                'CHECK OFFICE' stamped vertically.

 

1890 - New designs by De La Rue on white wove paper. Perf. 14
Various frames with single head of Queen Victoria.

India-H42 India-H43 India-H44 India-H45 India-H46
1 Ans.   H42 2 Ans.   H43 4 Ans.   H44 8 Ans.   H45 1 R.   H46
H42 and H44 images courtesy of ibredguy.co.uk, H43 from from Wikimedia Commons - all reduced size.

 

India - the rest
2½ R.   H47 5 R.   H48 10 R.   H49 25 R.   H50 50 R.   H51
The rest of the set (reduced size as specimens), courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

 

RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH43 H42 1A yellowish green (Aug. 1890) 12.00 0.50
RH44 H43 2A maroon (Jan. 1891) 12.00 1.00
RH45 H44 4A blue (shades) (Aug. 1890) 16.00 0.50
RH46 H45 8A brown (Aug. 1890) 16.00 0.50
RH47 H46 1R grey (Aug. 1890) 16.00 0.50
RH47a H46a        bluish grey 16.00 0.50
RH48 H47 2R 8A orange (shades) (Jan. 1891)   40.00 2.00
RH49 H48 5R brownish orange (Jan. 1891) 32.00 1.50
RH50 H49 10R blue-green (Jan. 1891) 60.00 1.50
RH51 H50 25R bright lilac (Jan. 1891) 80.00 3.00
RH52 H51 50R carmine (Jan. 1891) 100.00 4.00

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. A large proportion of the 2½R stamps (No. 47) in stock in India and those at the printers (de la Rue)  
                were converted to 2R as below.
Note 2. Stamps of this issue are occasionally met with used whole — prices as for mint.
Note 3. Used half stamps can be difficult to allocate between the above issue and those of King Edward VII  
                (1904) and many cannot be allocated at all — see note below No. 65. Prices above are for those  
                which can be identified.

 

1899-1900 Provisionals. Overprinted or surcharged in black. Perf. 14

These were used while awaiting H55 below, which were actually a bit of a disaster because the colour was hard to see and
there was a danger of the stamp being affixed inverted (entailing the fining of the clerk responsible)
The stamps then had to be marked with a red line to prevent it.

H52 Specimen Puzzle H53 H54
H52
Calcutta 2 Rupees overprint on H47.
This is a bit of a puzzle, compare it to H53.
It has a similar overprint plus on the right-hand
side says 'SPECIMEN ONLY'
It is stated to have a boxed advert for Errington and
Martin
on the back. These stamp importers used
near-worthless stamps to advertise their company.
They also had a reputation for combatting forgery.
Is this a genuine specimen of an unknown essay,
or a forgers attempt to discredit them ?
If the last, they went to a lot of work for nothing.
Anyone have something similar ?
Image courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley.
H53
Courtesy of Grosvenor Auctions.
H54
De La Rue 2 Rupees overprint on H47.

 

Forgers have been at work here too.

Calcutta overprint Calcutta overprint Double overprint forgery Overprint on 4As forgery
De La Rue overprint De La Rue overprint
Forgery overprint Forgery overprint

This is presumably intended to look like a double overprint and a 2Rs on 4As.
Images courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley.
For the sake of completion, here is a comparison of the 'TELEGRAPH' overprint on H53 and the dubious item above, together with the earlier Provisional issue of Calcutta.

H52 complete
A mint RH53a (lot 245 of the Indica Collection
Auction courtesy of Stanley Gibbons.
 
Type 26 on H22 Type 26 on H22.
Type 27 Mockup Type 27 on RH26.
from 2 separate halves.
Fake 1 Known fake on
fiscally used 2As.
The type on H53 The type used
on H53.
The Dubious type The dubious type.
The straight-legged
'R' is unusual.

Note the lack of a
'.' on the end.
  H54 complete used
A complete used RH55, Fort-Sandeman, Baluchistan (lot 257 of the Indica Collection
Auction courtesy of Stanley Gibbons.

 

4 Annas on 1 Rupee
for this 4A on 1R  see RH69 below.
RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH53 H52 2R on 2½R (N0. 47) (4.9.99) (236,960) 125.00 10.00
RH53a -             'RUPLES' for 'RUPEES' at top 800.00 -
RH54 H53 2R 'TELEGRAPH' on Foreign Bill purple (see note) (24.2.00) (14,467)   600.00 100.00
RH54a -             watermark inverted 600.00 100.00
RH55 H54 2R on 2½R (N0. 47) (30.4.00) (283,840) 125.00 10.00

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. No. 52 was prepared in Calcutta to fill the gap while No. 55 (below) was being prepared
                by de la Rue. There are many minor varieties. At the same time de la Rue was instructed to
                surcharge such copies of No. 47 as they had in stock to produce No. 54. Stocks of No. 52 ran  
                out before No. 54 reached India and No. 53 was produced in Calcutta to meet demand.
                Its life was very short and it is rare: the majority were called in and destroyed
                (except for the 'leakage' of one or two sheets) when No. 54 arrived.
Note 2. No. 53 was overprinted on 40 year old Foreign Bill stamps on thick bluish 'enamelled' safety paper,  
                watermarked W1. The watermark is hard to see on such thick paper — for printers as well as
                philatelists — and inverted watermarks might well exist for No. 53 as for most
                Foreign Bill stamps of this issue.

H55 H55a H55b
RH56 - lot 273 RH56a - lot 276 RH56b - lot 282
The above 3 stamps are from the Indica Collection Auction courtesy of Stanley Gibbons.

 

1890 (14 November) - New design (Angeli Head)
De La Rue on white wove paper. Watermark W2, perf. 14

RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH56 H55 2R yellow 150.00 15.00
RH56a H55a        red line printed across lower half. 300.00 -
RH56b H55b        red line hand-ruled across lower half.   600.00 -

For used 2R brown-orange see H61.

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. Copies used whole sell as mint.
Note 2. The unfortunate colour made the design difficult to see under the primitive artificial light of the time.  
                Since the use of a stamp upside down resulted in the clerk being fined the value of the stamp
                (because it was assumed that any lower half in public hands would be used to construct a
                'new stamp') the offices in Madras and Bombay ruled lines across the lower half in red ink while  
                the Calcutta office printed red lines before issue.
Note 3. One set of colour trials in various shades of yellow and orange is known (ex de la Rue).
H55

RH56

With the Angeli Head.

Taken from page 162 of Hiscocks book.

 

1904 Altered designs.

for King Edward VII. Other details as previous.
KEVII set
Reduced size images, courtesy of Dr Mark Gibson.

RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH57 H56 1A yellow-green 12.00 0.75
RH58 H57 2A maroon 12.00 1.20
RH59 H58 4A light blue 12.00 0.60
RH60 H59 8A brown 16.00 0.60
RH61 H60 1R grey 16.00 0.60
RH62 H61 2R brown-orange   32.00 1.25
RH63 H62 5R orange-brown   40.00 1.88
RH64 H63 10R bluish green   60.00 2.50
RH65 H64 25R bright lilac 80.00 2.50
RH66 H65 50R carmine 100.00 4.00

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. Except in the obvious case of No. 61 it is difficult to distinguish between top halves of the
                1890 and 1904 issues. Darker shades of blue on the 4A usually indicate the earlier issue but
                otherwise one can only be certain if either they bear cancellation dates in 1903 or earlier (this does
                not work in reverse of course) or the cuts are sufficiently low to show the difference imposed on the
                designs by the insertion of the imperial crown over the head of King Edward.
                Many used stamps of these issues cannot be unambiguously assigned and sell for perhaps £0.10.
Note 2. Used whole stamps are not particularly rare and sell at a little below mint. They arise because telegraph  
                stamps only were used at separate telegraph offices — found only in big towns — where they were
                bisected in the usual way. Elsewhere telegraph and post offices were combined and postage stamps
                were used for inland telegrams, the stamps being stuck only on the message part of the form where it  
                would eventually be destroyed after checking. Telegraph stamps were acceptable in whole or part
                payment but would be stuck entirely on the message part like or with the postage stamps.
                Whole used copies thus result from leakage from the checking offices.
                This use of whole stamps below the line continued to be permitted for the 5 to 50R values after the
                abolition of telegraph stamps on 1 April 1908.

 

1904 (July) - Provisionals surcharged in black on Foreign Bill and Telegraph stamps. Perf. 14

India-H66 India-RH67a India-RH6za7f
RH67 RH67a on the left, together with normal. Courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.
Steven says that there was one per pane and soon corrected.
*RH67f
Courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.
Steven says one per sheet.

India-RH68 India-RH69 India-H67 India-H68 from Wikimedia Commons
RH68 from RL RH69 from RL RH68 Specimen
courtesy of Martin Robinson
RH69 Specimen
from Wikimedia Commons

There are differences in the "FOUR ANNAS" overprint due to its trying to follow the curve at the bottom.


RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH67 H66 1A on 4R Foreign Bill, Purple on white to blue (205,508)   15.00 3.75
RH67a H66a        numeral '1' missing in upper half. 125.00 50.00
RH67b H66b        letters of 'ANNA' spaced out in upper half. 50.00 20.00
RH67c H66c        'h' for 'H' in upper 'TELEGRAPH'. 50.00 20.00
RH67d H66d        watermark inverted . 30.00 10.00
RH67e H66e        'C' for 'G' in lower 'TELEGRAPH'. 50.00 -
*RH67f -        'P' for 'R' in upper 'TELEGRAPH'. 50.00 -
RH68 H67 2R on 8A (No. 59) brown (190,707) 25.00 5.00
RH69 H68 4A on 1R (No. 46) grey (441,082) 20.00 5.00

* RH67f added due to the example shown above.

 

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. These provisionals arose from a run on low values caused by a change of tariff early in 1904.
                They were printed in Calcutta.
Note 2. No. 66, like No. 53, is on the old Foreign Bill of watermark W1 on pinkish white to bluish thick,
                enamelled safety paper. Printing was poor and many non-systematic errors occur in addition to the  
                systematic errors listed above. No. 66(a) occurred once in each pane (twice per sheet) but was
                quickly noted and corrected: it is therefore rare. The others also occurred once in each pane.
Note 3. These stamps were in use from July to 17 August (1A and 2A values) and 24 August (4A) when
                remainders in the Calcutta stamp office were destroyed. The numbers above are those issued
                (i.e. those printed minus those destroyed).
India - H68 block with RB perfin
India - H68 block with RB perfin
Lot 333 of the Indica Collection Auction (28 September 2021), courtesy of Stanley Gibbons.
This shows the variability of the overprint, as well as the RB perfin.
The perfin die was just a single punch of the two letters, so to speed up the process the sheets
were folded along the perforations so that multiple stamps could be perforated in each operation.

 

Regarding Note 1 above, Steven Zwillinger provides this helpful table for Inland rates:

Length of message Rate Extra words
1887 Rates Rs. As. As.
Deferred 24 characters 0 8 1
Ordinary 24 characters 1 0 1
Urgent 24 characters 2 0 4
1904 Rates
Deferred 4 words 0 4 1
Ordinary 16 words 1 0 2
Urgent 16 words 2 0 4

Later the deferred rate was changed to 10 words for the first 4 annas.

Length of message Rate Extra words
Later Rates Rs. As. As.
Deferred 10 words 0 4 1
Ordinary 16 words 1 0 2
Urgent 16 words 2 0 4

Here is a (half size) receipt using these provisionals:

India-1904 Provisional Receipt
Form F.SA with 7 annas for an Inland deferred telegram from Kalbadevi (Mumbai) with 7 words dated 27-11-04, courtesy of Steven Zwillinger, who also provided the table below.

No. surcharged July 1904 No. destroyed August 1904 No. sold/used July-August
1 anna Victoria 238,318 30,810 207,508
4 anna Victoria 480,480 39,398 441,082
2 anna Edward 464,000 273,293 190,707

The surcharged issue was withdrawn and destroyed when additional telegraph stamps were received from England in August 1904.

 

Postal Service.


An exhibit by Steven Zwillinger of the USA displays an example of this form as well as some pre-stamped forms and Telegraph stamps.
The exhibit specifically relates to the Edwardian issues. Interestingly it mentions that the 1906 Postal Service issue could
be used to pay for telegrams at combined Post and Telegraph Offices, "though none are recorded."
These would get telegraph cancels, whereas in normal use (Customs Duty) these stamps would get purple cancels.

Postal Service ½ A. Postal Service 1 A. Postal Service 2 As. Postal Service 4 As. Postal Service 8 As.
A range of Postal Service stamps with the normal purple cancels.

Postal Service 8 As.
An example of an 8As used in Calcutta with a black cancel.

Here are some Victorian high values:
Victorian Postal Service 8 As.
Image from the listing of lot 355 of the Indica Collection Auction (28 September 2021), courtesy of Stanley Gibbons

 

Perfins

BB&R perfin
BB&R perfin
Perfins are known on these (though scarce).
This one 'B B & R' is an unknown user in Calcutta.
Image courtesy of Jeff Turnbull.
We would be interested to hear of other examples.

RB perfin on H48
R3 perfin
Another from Calcutta, this is Ralli Brothers Perfin No. R 3.
This is known on H44, H47, H48 (1890) and H69.
Image courtesy of Jeff Turnbull.
RB perfin on H46   RB perfin on H50
R3 perfin

In Bombay this Ralli Brothers Perfin is known upright on H46 and H50 (1890)
Images courtesy of Jeff Turnbull.

 

Postmarks.

As well as the two diamonds mentioned above, Ceylon and Portuguese India also used these stamps in their early days.
ANURADHAPURA, BADULLA, BATTICALOA, COLOMBO, GALLE, GAMPOLA, JAFFNA / JAFFRA (error), KALATURA,
KANDY, MANAAR, MATALLE, NAWALAPITYA, NEWERA ELLIA, PANADURE and TRINCOMALLEE were in
Ceylon, though be careful not to read 'OMB' as 'COLOMBO' when it is more likely 'BOMBAY'.
GOA was a Portuguese colony, and another colony DAMAUN may also have used them.
I have also listed the Pondicherry diamond under French India.

Madras-diamond 1874 25 Rupee
Madras diamond 1874 on a 2½ Die I PONDICHERRY on a 25Rs.

 

India-Pondicherry-5-4-73 India-Pondicherry-18-8-73
Pondicherry diamond 5-4-73. Pondicherry diamond 18-8-73.

 

Receipt-12-3-08-front

Receipt-12-3-08-back

Front and back (half-size) of a typical Inland receipt cancelled 'KARACHI 12-3 08'. This kind of cancel was normal.
Since only the top half should be on the receipt, the 1890 and 1904 series, used halves were normally indistinguishable.
This was a deferred telegram to Bombay for 7 annas, presumably having 13 words. Telegraph stamps were withdrawn shortly after, on 1st April 1908.
According to The Stamp Forum, the telegraph service in India finally came to an end on 15th July 2013.

 

Royal Exchange (Calcutta) 1902
Royal Exchange (Calcutta / Kolkata) 25 April 1902 (Popularly known as Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry Building), from RL.

 

India - 'IMPERIALASSEMBLAGE'
Lot 133 of the Indica Collection Auction (28 September 2021), courtesy of Stanley Gibbons.
This shows the special IMPERIAL ASSEMBLAGE cancel of 6.1.77, used at the Delhi Durbar at which Queen Victoria was declared Empress of India.
According to Stanley Gibbons "This strip merited specific mention in Crofton and Corfield’s book ‘The Adhesive Fiscal and Telegraph Stamps of British India’ (page 48)".

 

In 1885 (12 March) the British arrived in Cairo on what was called the Suakin Expedition, to combat the Mahdi in Sudan.
His force consisted of 2 British infantry brigades, elements of 4 cavalry regiments, including Australian, and an Indian infantry brigade.
It appears that the following hand-stamps were applied for accountancy purposes on telegrams involved in supporting the Indian brigade.
"EGYPT EXPEDITION / 1885." in purple.

Egypt Expedition piece 1 Egypt Expedition piece 2

Egypt Expedition piece 3 Egypt Expedition piece 4

Egypt Expedition piece 5 Egypt Expedition piece 6

It can be seen that these were used in a number of different places. I can see dates of 22/2/85 and 2/3/85. Presumably the receipts were sent to a different location where accountancy was done and the hand-stamp applied.
The last example shows that it was not just telegraph stamps that were involved. These images are courtesy of Abdelrahman Daw, — dawphilately on eBay.
According to Stanley Gibbons Lot 354 of the Indica Collection:
"This cancel was used at railway stations for the Indian contingent of the Expedition, prior to embarkation, and is found used from a number of telegraph offices"

 

Stationery.

A few telegraph receipts have been shown above, but it is sensible to have a specific section for stationery.

Shortcuts to different sections
Active Service Traffic Code Form A Traffic Form B Form F. A. Form F. S. A. Form F. SA2. Form F. X. B. CAND perfins

 

The form itself, an envelope, A. F. W. 3078 (Gurmukhi) is not telegraphic, but the Army Signals cancel/cachet on it is worth recording.
KT - 3.III.19.A- is presumably somewhere in the Punjab. It was sent to E. S. C. at Port Said ("Egyptian Signals Corps" ?)
This was shortly before the 'The Punjab “disorders”'.

" ਨੋਟ—ਇਸ ਲਿਫਾਫ਼ੇ ਵਿਚ ਜੋ ਮਜਮੂਨ
ਬੰਦ ਹਨ ਰਜਮੰਟ ਵਿਚ ਉਨਾਂ ਦੀ
ਪੜਤਾਲ ਕਰਣੀ ਦੀ ਲੋੜ ਨਹੀਂ । ਹਾਂ ਥੰਸ
ਪਰ ਲਿਫਾਫ਼ੇ ਦੇ ਅਦਰਲਿਆਂ ਮਜਮੂਨਾਂ
ਦਾ ਮੁਲਾਹਜਾ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੇਾ ॥
ਲਿਖਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਨੂੰ ਜਰੁਰੀ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਉਹ
ਹੇਠਲੇ ਸਰਟੀਫਿਕਟ ਪਰ ਦਸਖਤ ਕਰੇ :—
ਮੈਂ ਸੁਰੀਦ ਖਾ ਕੇ ਇਸ ਰਾਲ ਦੀ
ਤਸਦੀਕ ਕਰਦਾ ਹਾਂ ਕਿ ਇਸ ਲਿਫਾਫੇ
ਵਿਚ ਜੋ ਮਜਮੂਨ ਬੰਦ ਹੇ ਉਨਾਂ ਦਾ
ਨਿਰਾ ਨਿਜ ਦੀਆਂ ਅਁਰ ਅਰ ਦੀਆਂ
ਰਾਲਾਂ ਨਾਲ ਸੰਬੰਧ ਹੌਾ ॥

ਦਸਖਤ (ਨਿਰਾ ਨਾਉੰ) "

------------------------

" Note: The contents of this envelope
are locked up in the regiment
No need to check. Yes
But the contents of the envelope
Can be explored.
The writer must
Sign the following certificate :—
I ate this resin
Verify that this envelope
The text that is closed in
Only their own and others
There is a connection with resins

Signature (Name Only) "
India - Active Service - Army Signals
This is written in Punjabi. Google Translate seems to have a thing about 'Resin'. Until then it compared fairly well with the one below - Ex. Andrew Higson, courtesy of Spink & Son.

A similar envelope with a more normal usage of a FPO to South Australia., written in English.
Still marked A. F. W. 3078, but with additional W 299/M 1950. 4/17. / J. D. & Co. I take the 4/17 to be the date printed.
The English version has at the top "This envelope must not be used for coin or valuables. It cannot be accepted for registration."
This one is signed, unlike the one above.
India - Active Service - FPO
Image courtesy of Mike White. Specialist in worldwide postal history, military or censored mail.

 

 

India-Traffic Code Form A.
India-Traffic Code Form A. Embossing Traffic Code Form A. (half size) Receipt part of 25 November 1878, Delhi to Bombay.
Inscribed "Indian Telegraphs". Though this fairly early form had no printed coat of arms,
it was embossed with one having the inscription of "Government of India".

Similar later forms bore a printed coat of arms and marked with a form designation
at the top-left, such as FA, FB, FSA, FSA2 with variable punctuation.
Such forms were in various colours and changed frequently.
Terms and conditions along with current rates were written on the back.
Some forms were for Inland use and others for foreign use.

Image courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.

India-Traffic Form B.
Traffic Form B. Receipt inscribed "Indian Government Telegraph", but still without coat of arms and no embossing.
This is marked as being for use to foreign destinations and was sent from Akyab, Burma to Colombo, Ceylon on 16 March 1881.
These could be sent to multiple addresses at the destination. The basic rate for 1 address was 1 Rupee 8annas for every 6 words.
Additional addresses were charged 4 annas each. 13 to 18 words would cost 4 Rupee 8 annas, plus another 8 annas for the two additional addresses.
Image courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.



A Form F. A. telegraph receipt from Patiala to Atari in the Punjab dated 14-11-88.
It has an attached 'MEMO' with the same datestamps and the words "This telegram being addressed to a place where there is
no Government Telegraph Department Station, is accepted under Inland Rule 20 for transfer to the Railway Telegraph."

India-1888 Receipt with MEMO
I had assumed that, as in most countries, the Railways and Telegraphs were intimately connected, but in India the Government Telegraph
system was organised at a time when the railways were just getting off the ground as a private venture. According to this infrastructure web-page
the Government bought all the railway tracks at the beginning of the 20th century. Clearly though the Railways had their own Telegraph System independently.
Anyone know anything about that ?
This was sent as Urgent Private class, twice the normal rate. The 7 Rupees would have paid for 72 characters plus 4 words.
Image courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.


A later Form F. A. telegraph receipt of Indore dated 26-7-95.
India-1895 Receipt of Indore
This is printed in purple on paper thin enough to show the other side quite clearly. The 'F.A' is also written differently.
This has a Class of 'Deferred Private' which would cost half the normal rate. The 27 Rupees would cover 54 x 24 (=1296) characters.
Image courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.

Steven Zwillinger provides this helpful information for Inland rates:

Normal Length of message Rate Extra words
1887 Rates Rs. As. As.
Deferred 24 characters 0 8 1
Ordinary 24 characters 1 0 1
Urgent 24 characters 2 0 4
State Length of message Rate Extra words
1887 Rates Rs. As. As.
Deferred 8 words 0 8 1
Ordinary 8 words 1 0 1
Urgent 8 words 2 0 4

Press Length of message Rate Extra words
1890 Rates Rs. As. As.
Deferred 24 characters 0 2 ¼
Ordinary 24 characters 0 4 ¼
Urgent 24 characters 0 8 1
Normal Length of message Rate Extra words
1904 Rates Rs. As. As.
Deferred 4 words 0 4 1
Ordinary 16 words 1 0 2
Urgent 16 words 2 0 4

Later the deferred rate was changed to 10 words for the first 4 annas.

Normal Length of message Rate Extra words
Later Rates Rs. As. As.
Deferred 10 words 0 4 1
Ordinary 16 words 1 0 2
Urgent 16 words 2 0 4


Another Form F. A. telegraph receipt for an Ordinary Press telegram sent from Patiala to Lahore dated 24-10-90.
India-1890 Receipt of Press use
In 1879, rule 152 of the Telegraph Department's Traffic Code allowed Press messages to be sent at reduced rates.
Rules applied. It had to be entirely in English, be for publication in a newspaper in India, Burma or Ceylon, not be Commercial News, and no more than 500 words.
They could only be sent to Newspapers registered in the Office of the Director General of Telegraphs. Rule 153 set the rate at a quarter of the normal rate.
With 7 Rupee 14 annas (126 annas), this would cover 31 x 24 (744) characters plus 8 words. Image courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.

 

Here is a (half size) Form F.A. Receipt from Amirs Camp.  Amir Habibullah Khan of Afghanistan made a state visit to India in 1907.
A travelling telegraph office was set up to accompany him while travelling around India.
India-1907 Amirs Camp
Form F.A with 1 Rupee 7 annas (23 annas, for 29 words at the new rate) for an Inland deferred telegram dated 21-2-07, courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.

 

Here is a (half size) receipt using 1904 provisionals:
India-1904 Provisional Receipt
Form F.SA with 7 annas for an Inland deferred telegram from Kalbadevi (Mumbai) with 7 words dated 27-11-04, courtesy of Steven Zwillinger, who also provided the table below.

 

The form shown above had a space for the telegram number below the Class at the left side. In 1906 this space was used instead for the Booking time.
India-1907 F.SA2 Receipt
The F.SA2 forms were sold in books of 100 forms. They had a large counterfoil to the left for record keeping and were primarily used by businesses.
Image courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.

 


 


India-OHMS envelope - front   India-OHMS envelope - back
F. X. B. Telegram delivery envelope stamped "On Her Majesty's Service" and "DEFERRED". Dated 14 December 1889 from "Bombay Govt. Telegraph Office " to Mandvi for 1st delivery.
From RL.

 

A Notice of a change of Rates as of 1st of January 1904.
India-1907 F.SA2 Receipt
This is lot 307 of the Indica Collection Auction, courtesy of Stanley Gibbons

 


Here is an interesting sequence, courtesy of Jeff Turnbull. They involve perfined boxes containing "CAND" and a number from 1 to at least 11.
Initially I thought that the numbers were allocated to certain areas, but as the evidence accumulates, that does not appear to be the case. The same place can have different numbers at different times.
Also the same number can be used at widely separated places at different times. I am inclined to think that they were allocated to specific inspectors/auditors who travelled around the various cantonments.

India-Meerut      Cand1-perfin
This was used in Meerut, United Provinces (Northwest Uttar Pradesh, near Delhi) probably in 1904 (like most of the batch it was with).

 

India-Poona-15-1-03 - a
India-Poona-15-1-03 - b
India-Poona-15-1-03 - c      Cand1-perfin
This was used in Poona (near Bombay) on 15 January 1903. Also, at an unknown date Poona apparently used number 9 (see below).

 

India-Ootacamund - 9-3-1904  Cand2-perfin
This was used in Ootacamund (now Udagamandalam, Tamil Nadu), was the summer capital of the Madras Presidency and near Wellington Cantonment and south of Mysore. Used 9 March 1904.

 

India-Ootacamund - 6-2-1902
Another one used in Ootacamund, this on 6 December 1902 but with a boxed number ' 3 '. Image courtesy of Simon Scott of Scott Philatelics


India-Belgaum      Cand3-perfin
Used in Belgaum (near Goa) in the state of Bombay with boxed perfin of Cand / 3

India-Wellington?
This is probably Wellington, not far from Ootacamund mentioned above. Date unknown, but with a boxed number ' 3 '. Image courtesy of Simon Scott of Scott Philatelics

 

India-Masauli 1904       Cand4-perfin
This was used in Masauli, Oudi (near Lucknow, United Provinces), now Pratapgarh district of Uttar Pradesh, on 2 February 1904.
The location of this seems to correspond to the current location of Lucknow Cantonment.

India-Belgaum-30-1-03   India-Belgaum-30-1-03 detail
Another Belgaum (near Goa) as shown above, but this clearly dated 30-1-03, with a boxed number ' 4 '. Image courtesy of Simon Scott of Scott Philatelics

 

India-Dinapore 1904       Cand5-perfin
This was used in Dinapore (now Dinapur), Patna district of  Bengal. Date unknown.

 

India-Ranikhet February 1903       Cand6-perfin
Ranikhet, United Provinces (Agra, now in Uttarakhand) on 18 February 1903 with a boxed perfin of  'Cand / 6'.

India-MHOW March 1903
MHOW (Military Headquarters of War), near Indore is the Oldest Military cantonment in Central India. Used on 2 March 1903 with a boxed perfin of  'Cand / 6'.
Image courtesy of Simon Scott of Scott Philatelics


India-Kamptee
This is probably Kamptee, near Nagpur in Central Provinces. Year unknown, but with a boxed number ' 6 '. Image courtesy of Simon Scott of Scott Philatelics

 

India-Murree July 1903
India-Murree July 1903 - detail   Cand7-perfin
Murree (extreme Northeast Punjab), 3 July 1903 with a boxed perfin of "CAND/ 7".

Dalhousie Balun
Another number 7, this used at Dalhousie Balun, Chamba, Punjab.

 

India-Kohat March 1902
India-Kohat detail   CANd / 8 perfin
Kohat (Peshawar in the North West Frontier) 11 March 1902 with a boxed perfin of "CAND/ 8"

Bannu (Peshawar, to the southwest of Kohat) 16 February 1904, with a boxed perfin of '/ 8'.
India-Bannu 16 February 1904

A very similar one used the next day.
India-Bannu 17 February 1904
Bannu (Peshawar, to the southwest of Kohat) 7 January 1904 .


India-Pinde-Military
"...Pinde Military". I think that allowing for spelling variants, this is a fairly common ending for place names, perhaps even Rawalpindi (see below for a later one).
It's the earliest date that I have seen for these at 7-11-91, with a boxed number ' 8 '. Image courtesy of Simon Scott of Scott Philatelics

 

India-Quetta January 1904       Cand9-perfin
Quetta, British Baluchistan used 7 January 1904.

India-Poona       Poona - Quetta perfin overlay
Undated Poona (near Bombay) with a (sideways) boxed perfin. There is a single hole from the bottom of the digit, which best matches the position of '9' of Quetta above when overlaid.
One or two of the bottom holes don't quite line up though. I would expect that two places with the same 'code number' would be close together, but these are nearly 1000 miles apart.
It could be that the similarities are coincidental, but whatever digit it is would present similar problems, unless this is a '3' and Neemuch (see below) was actually a 2-digit number.
There could have been a '0', but that would be rather unlikely. More examples might provide more clues. There is no date on this example.
It is possible that the same code was used in different places at different times. Perhaps these were a kind of inspectors mark. I note that many of the stamps have a red tick mark, perhaps a group of auditors were
roaming the country checking that procedures were being correctly followed, each having a different perfin, but then, what would the "CAND" mean? "Cantonment Department" perhaps ?
I had assumed that it was "Cantonment District" but perhaps not.

 

India-Tal.Cant 7 January 1904       Cand10-perfin
Probably Naini Tal Cantonment. Naini Tal was the summer capital of the United Provinces (Agra, now in Uttarakhand). This was used 7 January 1904.
Tal means lake in Nepali, so it could be another lake in Kumaon or other places near/in Nepal if they had a Cantonment. Not sure if Bhim Tal, Sat Tal or Naukuchia Tal
did.

 

India-Tal.Cant 7 January 1904       CD11-perfin
Rawalpindi, near Murree in north Punjab but undated. This is unboxed and a different style, but was in the same batch and appears to be related.

 

Unknown numbers

India-Madras-Fort
Madras-Fort, but no date or clear number.
Image courtesy of Simon Scott of Scott Philatelics

India-Hyderabad -19-3-02
Probably Hyderabad and probably dated 19-3-02 but only part of "CA" shows.
Image courtesy of Simon Scott of Scott Philatelics

India-Neemuch? January 190?
The only place I have found so far matching this is Neemuch, Gwalior, Central India Agency (now Nimach, west Madhya Pradesh).
At the moment I do not know what number it was.
Virtually all of these "CAND" images are courtesy of Jeff Turnbull.

For the sake of interest, I have prepared a map of the North-East part of India, as it was in 1903,
showing where these examples were used.

Map Key PLACE Number Date
1a Poona, Bombay area Number 1 15-01-1903
1b Meerut, United Provinces (Northwest Uttar Pradesh) Number 1 14-03-1904
2 Ootacamund, Madras Presidency now Udagamandalam, Tamil Nadu Number 2 09-03-1904
2 Ootacamund, Madras Presidency now Udagamandalam, Tamil Nadu Number 3 06-12-1902
3 Belgaum (near Goa) in the state of Bombay Number 3 ?
3a Wellington SouthEast of Ootacamund Number 3 ?
3 Belgaum (near Goa) in the state of Bombay Number 4 30-01-1903
4 Masauli, Oudi (near Lucknow, United Provinces), now Uttar Pradesh. Number 4 02-02-1904
5 Dinapore (now Dinapur), Patna district of  Bengal Number 5 ?
6 Ranikhet, United Provinces (Agra, now in Uttarakhand) Number 6. 18-02-1903
6a MHOW, in Central India Number 6. 02-03-1903
6b Kamptee, near Nagpur in Central Provinces. Number 6. ?
7a Murree (extreme Northeast Punjab) near Rawalpindi Number 7. 03-07-1903
7b Dalhousie Balun, Chamba, Punjab Number 7. ?
8a Bannu (Peshawar in the North West Frontier)Number 8. 16-02-1904
8b Kohat (Peshawar in the North West Frontier) Number 8. 11-03-1902
8c "...Pinde Military" - uncertain location. Number 8. 07-11-1891
9 Quetta, British Baluchistan Number 9 07-01-1904
9? Poona, Bombay area Number 9? ?
10 Tal. Cant: -  probably  Naini Tal Cantonment ? United Provinces (Agra) Number 10 07-01-1904
11 Rawalpindi, north Punjab near Murree Number 11 ?
?1 Neemuch, Gwalior, Central India Agency (Nimach, west Madhya Pradesh) Number ? ?
?2 Madras-Fort Number ? ?
?3 Hyderabad Number ? 19-03-02

Does anyone know the significance of these boxed perfins or have more examples ?

Cantonments of particular strategic importance perhaps.
India - CAND locations
I suspect that these may relate to Cantonments All are at or close to cantonments, but then there were a lot of
cantonments. ("CAND" could be Cantonment District). There still are a lot, (62) in India and some in Pakistan,
but not now occupied by the British Army. The current ones include Danapur, Meerut, Nainital and Ranikhet.

 

 


Check Offices.

I presume that these are so named for having the function of checking things.
They also registered the use of abbreviated Telegraph Addresses for 50R each.

A couple of forms for use in Calcutta.

India-Check-Office - 1886 India-Check-Office - 1888
Used in Bombay for one abbreviated address on 20-8-1886 (Form Z 75, Lot 208) Used in Calcutta for six abbreviated addresses on 10-10-1888 (Lot 207)

 

 

 

After Telegraph Stamps .

A notice from T. D. Berrington, Director General of Telegraphs, dated 2nd March 1908 stated:

"From 1st April 1908 ordinary postage stamps will be used in place of
the double Telegraph Stamps in payment of Telegrams at all Telegraph Offices.
But as the stock of Postage Stamps of the higher denominations, of one rupee
and upwards will not be sufficient to meet the demands of both the Telegraph
and Postal Departments at present, and as there is no Postage Stamp of a
higher denomination than Rs. 5, Telegraph Stamps to the value of one rupee
and upwards will continue to be used till such time as a further supply of the
higher denominations of Postage Stamps is received; and two new Postage
Stamps of Rs. 10 and Rs. 15, respectively, are manufactured.
Service  Postage  Stamps  i. e.  Postage  Stamps  overprinted  with  the
letters On H. M. S. may be used in payment of state Telegrams.
When a  Telegram is paid for partly in  Postage and  partly in Telegraph
Stamps the latter should be affixed whole but lengthways on the Telegram form.
The Stamps must be affixed by the sender himself to the Telegram form.
The counter clerk (i. e. the booking clerk) will merely calculate the charges and
sell the stamps to the sender to be affixed to the Telegram form in the proper
place. When the stamps have been affixed, the counter clerk will obliterate
each one with the Name and Date Stamp of the office in the presence of the
sender.
The receipt to be granted to the Sender will bear no Stamp or portion
of a stamp."

 

After the withdrawal of special Telegraph stamps on 1st April 1908, normal postage stamps were used for the purpose.
They can be recognised by distinctive cancels.

India-Pondicherry - 1912
The standard 'bullseye' telegraphic cancel.
Used in Pondicherry, French India. From RL.

Telegraph cancel  Telegraph cancel on Simla
25Rs used in Madras and 5Rs Service used in Simla (now Shimla).
Various codes are used on these :

G.T.D. - General Telegraph Division.
G.T.O. - General Telegraph Office.
S.T.C. - Subscriber Trunk Calling.
S.T.D. - Subscriber Trunk Dialling.
I.T.D. - International Trunk Dialling.

 

 

Used Abroad


This Indian Telegraph cancel can be found on stamps of other countries.

Kuwait.

Telegraph cancel on Kuwait 1922 - front  Telegraph cancel on Kuwait 1922 - back
Front and back of a Telegraph piece used in Kuwait in 1922.
I suspect that 'M.T.D.' stands for 'Military Telegraph Department', can anyone confirm or deny ?

Telegraph cancel on Kuwait 1923
A year later with a 'KUWAIT' overprint. These are typically on higher denomination stamps.
Similar items can be found for Burma, Pakistan and I'm sure more places.

 

Mesopotamia / Iraq.

Magil-2
Magil-1 Magil-3

Magil (corruption of Al Ma'qil), near Basra, was occupied in 1916 to protect British oil installations.
Images courtesy of Andrew Higson.


Telegraph cancel on Iraq
This is dated 28 August 1920, a pivotal year for Mesopotamia that had just been re-named Iraq by the British.
Indian troops had been needed to suppress a rebellion against British rule. The overprint is on a Turkish stamp
as the area had been part of the Ottoman Empire up until the first World War.
The cancel is inscribed AMARAN / I. E. F. D. TELEGRAPHS

 

 

Service Telegraph Stamps.

Queen Victoria double headed issue (date and watermark unknown) Illustrated by C.S.F.Crofton (1905).
Handstamped "ON THE PUBLIC SERVICE ONLY" known (so far) on 8As and 10R only.

RH70 RH71 Taken from page 165 of Hiscocks book.
RH70   Lot 134. RH71   Lot 135. Type 57 from Hiscocks' book Pg165

RH70 and RH71 are from the Indica Collection Auction (28 September 2021) of Stanley Gibbons (available as a PDF download)
These examples both have multiple strikes, making them appear to be cancels rather than overprints.
Hiscocks' illustration appears to be taken from the 10R example. It may be that there are no other examples.
I would really like to hear from anyone with another example, or further information on these.


RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH70 - 4A blue   - -
RH71 H69 10R bluish green   - -

 

1908(?) Stamps of 1904 overprinted 'OHMS' in black.

India-RH71 India-RH72 India-RH73 India-RH74 India-RH75
RH72 to RH76   courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.

 

RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH72 H70 2R brown-orange (40,800)   50.00 -
RH73 H71 5R orange-brown (10,000)   50.00 -
RH74 H72 10R bluish green (2,400) 75.00 -
RH75 H73 25R bright lilac (2,000) 100.00 -
RH76 H74 50R carmine (800) 150.00 -

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. There is no evidence that these stamps were ever actually used although the upper halves are in fact the  
                same as normal stamps and lower halves might all have been destroyed in the usual way.

 

Madras Police Department.



Purple handstamp with "Madras Police Dept."
Clearly it pre-dates the Edwardian ones listed below. Rather than being much earlier, I suspect these were old stock being used up before the normal issue.
This stamp is now part of the Stanley Gibbons Indica Collection Auction (Lot 188).

Madras-Police-Dept. - RH78
RH78 courtesy of Stanley Gibbons.

 

RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH77 - 1A (No. 32?)   - -
RH78 - 2A (No. 33?) - -
RH79 - 4A (No. 34?) - -
RH80 - 8A (No. 35?) - -
RH81 - 1R (No. 36?) - -

Bombay Police Department.

Hand-stamped in various colours "BO. POLICE DEPTT" (Type 59)

Victorian issue (old stock being used up first ?)
Bombay-Police-Dept. - RH82
RH82 - lot 186 of Indica Collection, late September 2021. Courtesy of Stanley Gibbons

 

Edwardian issue.

RH90 - (H78) lot 344
Indica Collection
Late September 2021
Courtesy of Stanley Gibbons
Bombay-Police-Dept. - H78 Bombay-Police-Dept. - H80 RH92 - (H80) lot 345
Indica Collection
Late September 2021
Courtesy of Stanley Gibbons
RH94 - (H82) lot 346
Indica Collection
Late September 2021
Courtesy of Stanley Gibbons
Bombay-Police-Dept. - H82 Bombay-Police-Dept. - H83 RH95 - (H83) lot 347
Indica Collection
Late September 2021
Courtesy of Stanley Gibbons

This was stamp used
to illustrate Type 59
RH96 - (H84) lot 348
Indica Collection
Late September 2021
Courtesy of Stanley Gibbons
Bombay-Police-Dept. - H84 Bombay-Police-Dept. - H87 RH99- (H87) lot 349
Indica Collection
Late September 2021
Courtesy of Stanley Gibbons

The listing of the Indica Collection Auction (28 September 2021) of Stanley Gibbons mentioned above is available as a PDF download


Victorian double-heads with blue-green overprints

RH # Hisc. Viuctorian Description Mint Used
RH82 - 1A (No. 32?)   - -
RH83 - 2A (No. 33?) - -
RH84 - 4A (No. 34?) - -
RH85 - 8A (No. 35?) - -
RH86 - 1R (No. 36?) - -
RH # Hisc. Edwardian Description Mint Used
RH87 H75 1A (No. 32) (colour ?) - -
RH88 H76 2A (No. 33) (colour ?) - -
RH89 H77 1A (No. 42) (colour ?) - -
RH90 H78 1A (No. 56) (blue-green)   125.00 -
RH91 H79 1A (No. 56) (blue) - -
RH92 H80 1A (No. 56) (purple) 125.00 -
RH93 H81 2A (No. 57) (blue-green) 125.00 -
RH94 H82 2A (No. 57) (blue) 125.00 -
RH95 H83 2A (No. 57) (purple) 125.00 -
RH96 H84 4A (No. 58) (blue-green) 125.00 -
RH97 H85 4A (No. 58) (blue) - -
RH98 H86 4A (No. 58) (purple) - -
RH99 H87 8A (No. 59) (blue-green) 125.00 -
RH100 H88 8A (No. 59) (blue) - -
RH101 H89 8A (No. 59) (purple) - -
RH102 H90 1R (No. 60) (blue-green) - -
RH103 H91 1R (No. 60) (blue) - -
RH104 H92 1R (No. 60) (purple) - -

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. The status of these stamps is obscure. I have seen no evidence of their actual use but it is quite possible  
                that both halves were officially destroyed after use. They may however have been trials.
Note 2. Those priced above I have seen and Nos. 75, 76 and 77 have been reported. A somewhat vague
                description in a 1972 auction catalogue adds the 1R value but the hand-stamp colour is not given.
                I have surmised that complete sets of the 1904 issues to 1R were done in all these colours and that
                the earlier stamps were done at the same time (1904 or later) using old stock which happened to be  
                available. Further information is needed.

 

Overprinted "BOMBAY / POLICE DEPARTMENT." in black.

Type 60
as in
Hiscocks book page 166
Bombay-Police-Dept. - Type 60
RH107 - (H95) Bombay-Police-Dept. - H95-H98
RH108 - (H96)
RH109 - (H97)
RH110 - (H98)

The colour images above are from lot 342 of the listing of the Indica Collection Auction (28 September 2021) of Stanley Gibbons available as a PDF download
Colour images courtesy of Stanley Gibbons


RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH105 H93 1A (No. 56)   - -
RH106 H94 2A (No. 57) - -
RH107 H95 4A (No. 58) 125.00 -
RH108 H96 8A (No. 59) 125.00 -
RH109 H97 1R (No. 60) 125.00 -
RH110 H98 2R (No. 61) 125.00 -

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Note 1 above again applies and again only those priced have been seen and the others assumed to exist.  
                Both the No. 75-92 and the No. 93-98 series could, of course extend to higher values.

 

Overprinted similar to above, but for the Central Provinces Police Department.

Type 60A
from
image below
Central Provinces-Police-Dept. - Type 60
RH114 - (H102) Central Provinces-Police-Dept. - H102-3
RH115 - (H103)

The colour images above are from lot 343 of the listing of the Indica Collection Auction (28 September 2021) of Stanley Gibbons available as a PDF download
Colour images courtesy of Stanley Gibbons


RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH111 H99 1A (No. 56)   150.00 -
RH112 H100 2A (No. 57) 150.00 -
RH113 H101 * 4A (No. 58) 150.00 -
RH114 H102 8A (No. 59) 150.00 -
RH115 H103 1R (No. 60) 150.00 -

*H101 was actually omitted from the catalogue, it jumps from 100 to 102.
I have assumed it was a typo and that the 4A was intended to be there.

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Nos. 99-103 were sold in a Robson Lowe auction on 28 March 1974. I have seen no other reference to them.  

and also:

General Note. Early literature refers in general terms to other semi-official overprints. I have found no specific  
                evidence of these and would welcome information.

 

Some used examples courtesy of Steven Zwillinger:

Provinces Department - 1 An Provinces Department - 4 Ans Provinces Department - 8 Ans

 

He has two examples of receipts using these stamps:

Provinces Department Receipt 1

Provinces Department Receipt 2

These are both official use on F.A. forms marked with Class of 'State Defd' (Defd standing for Deferred, low priority) with Postal cancellations of 1907.
They are also both from Chhindwara to Pachmarhi with 33 annas charged for 33 words. The top is dated 2 June 1907, the bottom is dated 14 October 1907.

Chhindwara was in an area called "Central Provinces" at the time.

These images of used examples are all courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.

 

 

 

Jammu & Kashmir State Telegraph Stamps.

Steve Hiscocks wrote:

Telegraph lines from Srinagar to Jammu and to Gilgit were constructed according to a treaty of 1878 between the State Government and the Government of India. The lines were later extended along the State Railway lines according to a further treaty of 1890.
The first telegraph stamps were locally produced in sheets of 60 by multiple hand stamping with a single die for each value. An issue date of 1884 is usually accepted although a date of around 1880 might seem more probable. The design consists of the arms of the State with military supporters, the denomination in Persian script and "Jammu Kashmir Tibet Telegraphs" in Dogra (the local script): the "Tibet" referred to Ladakh which was then known as 'Little Tibet'. In use these stamps were bisected, as were those of the Government of India, and cancelled in manuscript or with an oval stamp in black or purple. Used copies, especially on piece, are very rare. It has been reported that many postage stamps were used in parallel with the telegraph stamps and in fact almost superseded them but postage stamps so used have not come to light and there is some doubt about this
In 1896 it was decided that the Government of India 'double stamp' system should be adopted and essays were received from de la Rue. Designs and colours were agreed in January 1897 (not 1903 as given in some catalogues). The first consignment was on plain paper and later consignments were on watermarked paper.
In May 1910 the regulations were changed such as to permit the use of 'single' stamps and de la Rue undertook to prepare designs from the upper halves of the previous issue . These were agreed in September 1910 and consignments sent out from July 1911 to March 1929 or perhaps a little later.
A new design depicting the ruler, Sir Hat Singh, and based on a current revenue stamp was ordered in 1932 and produced in late 1933. They were presumably issued in 1934.
At some unknown date, possibly around 1941, a further change of design occurred and stamps were printed locally or possibly by the Indian Government Security Printing Press at Nasik Road. The design is rather similar to that of the previous issue but with an altered frame. Both of the 'Sir Hari Singh issues' are very rare.
It is not known for certain when the use of Kashmir telegraph stamps ceased. They were still in use in 1948 and it seems probable that the Jammu and Kashmir Telegraph system was absorbed into the Indian system with the abandonment of the use of telegraph stamps, on 1 April 1950 when most State Postal Systems were taken over.
One mystery remains. A UK collector has seen a stamp similar to the last issue described above but with the word 'WIRELESS' in place of 'TELEGRAPH'. It is not known whether this is a telegraph stamp or some sort of revenue stamp — perhaps for the payment of a radio tax.

My notes:
The treaty of 1878 follows the erection of the line between Gilgit and Srinagar in 1877 by the Indian Telegraph Department, on behalf of the Maharaja of Kashmir.
Perhaps surprisingly, Steve's introduction makes no mention of the many Provisional overprints. I have tried to replace his black and white
images with colour ones and have done that for quite a few, but not all. I have in the process found new ones, which suggests that I will
find a lot more new ones before finding all the ones that he illustrated.
I would really welcome scans of more provisional overprints to try and complete this.
The first stamps were in sheets having 12 rows of 5 stamps. The 1941(?) issue mostly ended up being overprinted for fiscal use.
The monarchy was abolished in 1952
and Sir Hari Singh died on 26 April 1961.
His death may account for a new stamp, and/or the fiscal overprinting. John Barefoot also describes a Telegraph stamp similar to the last,
still inscribed 'TELEGRAPH' but with a lotus plant in place of a monarchs head. There is some very useful information at kashmirstamps.com


 

1884(?) Handstamped on locally made (white or buff) wove paper, no watermark, imperf.


The denominations are given in Persian. This table may be helpful.

Persian Denominations

H1a H1b H2
2 Annas.   H1a
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
1 Anna.   H1b
Courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht
2 Annas.   H2
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal

 

H2a H2b H3
2 Annas.   H2a
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
2 Annas.   H2b
Courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht
4 Annas.   H3
From Wiki Commons.

 

H4 H4a H5
2 Annas.   H4
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
8 Annas.   H4a
Courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht
1 Rupee.   H5
Courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht

 

H5a H5 forgery H6
1 Rupee.   H5a
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
1 Rupee.   H5 Forgery, see Note 4 below
From Wiki Commons.
2 Rupees.   H6
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal

H7 H7a
5 Rupees.   H7
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
t
5 Rupees.   H7a
Courtesy of Rolf Lamprech
t

H8 H9
10 Rupees.   H8 25 Rupees.   H9
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal   (each has only 2 known examples)

These stamps were bisected in use, like the Indian telegraph stamps. Examples shown below.
They were cancelled by manuscript or an oval hand-stamp in black or purple.
Used copies, especially on piece are very rare.

RH # Hisc. Desc. Mint Used
RH1 H1 1A green 10.00 50.00
RH1a H1a         yellow-green 10.00 50.00
RH1b H1b         bluish green 10.00 50.00
RH1c H1c         olive green 20.00 100.00
RH2 H2 2A brown 10.00 50.00
RH2a H2a         dark brown 10.00 50.00
RH2b H2b         greyish brown 10.00 50.00
RH3 H3 4A ultramarine 15.00 50.00
RH3a H3a         royal blue 15.00 50.00
RH4 H4 8A brownish yellow (shades)   25.00 75.00
RH4a H4a        brownish orange (shades)   25.00 75.00
RH4b H4b         greyish yellow 25.00 75.00
RH4c H4c         olive yellow 25.00 75.00
RH5 H5 1R scarlet (shades) 30.00 75.00
RH5a H5a         rose 30.00 75.00
RH5b H5b         dull redish brown 30.00 75.00
RH6 H6 2R dark greenish slate (shades) 50.00 100.00
RH7 H7 5R chocolate 75.00 150.00
RH7a -         brown 75.00 150.00
RH8 H8 10R vermilion - -
RH9 H9 25R violet - -
H5 forgery used pair
The only known example of a used pair of the 1R forgery.
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal.

Hiscocks added the following 5 notes:

Note 1. Three different wove papers were used for the above series:
                        1. Thin white wove.
                        2. Thin fine wove — pale buff.
                        3. Thin white coarse — buff.
                These have not been separately listed for lack of specific information but may be in a future edition.
                From limited observation Nos. 1 and 2 are commonly found on paper types 2 and 3 while all values  
                are found on paper type 1.
Note 2. Nos. 8 and 9 are listed in all earlier catalogues but no UK collector has to my knowledge seen copies  
                of either. They are therefore listed but unpriced.
Note 3. There is an apparent 'variety' of No. 3 in which the blue pigment is oxidised almost to black.
Note 4. Two non-philatelic forgeries of No. 5 exist. In the more common the sun is 1mm clear of the upper
                frame line compared with almost touching in the genuine and the shield is narrower (7¾mm) than in
                the genuine (about 9mm). The shield pattern consists of three jagged lines without the three separate
                'suns' and there are minor differences at all points. I have not seen the other forgery but it is reported  
                that the Dogra script is gibberish: whether this helps in the majority of cases where the script is
                badly smudged is not clear.
Note 5. For the same designs in black see Nos. 76-89.

My notes: The second forgery mentioned in Note 4 was apparently produced from an illustration in Moen's Catalogue of 1885/6.
Nos. 8 and 9 mentioned in Note 2 is now illustrated above. Each has only two known examples.

 

A puzzle.

H1 overprint ? H2 overprint ? These stamps were normally torn in half when used
so I am assuming these pink markings are
an overprint or surcharge of some kind.

Anyone recognise them or have information about them ?

Images courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.



H3 overprint ?

 

Forgeries.

I have only seen references to forgeries of the 1 Rupee stamp as mentioned by Steve Hiscocks in note 4 above.
However it is apparent that, although that may have been true at one time, it is no longer true.
There are now some in circulation that are simply the wrong size, shrunk by 10% to 20%, and at least one in the wrong colour too.

Normal (300dpi):
Pair of 1A
34mm across frame.
H7

Shrunk (300dpi):
Kashmir-17
 
Kashmir-18
30mm across frame
Kashmir-12 Forgery
At the top is a pair of 1 Anna and a 5 Rupee that as far as I can tell are genuine. Below these are stamps at the same scale of 300dpi, 1 Anna, 4 Annas, a 5 Rupees in the correct colour and another 5R in green.
All are significantly smaller.
Perhaps they were copied from examples on the internet without knowing the correct size, and reproduced. As always, buyer beware !

The 5Rs on the top row and the one in green are courtesy of Paul & Les Bottomley.

 

 

1887(?) As above but on thin cream laid paper.

RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH10 H10 1A yellowish green (shades) 25.00 75.00
RH11 H11 2A brown (shades) 25.00 75.00
RH12 H12 4A ultramarine (shades) 25.00 75.00
RH13 H13 8A brownish yellow (shades)   40.00 100.00
RH14 H14 1R red (shades) 50.00 125.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Used prices for Nos. 1-14 are for half stamps. Whole used copies are occasionally found but are  
                        very rare — prices x 3.

Here are some used examples on piece, courtesy of Stanley Gibbons. (Scaled as close as I can to 300dpi)
Kashmir-used
2As at the top, 1A and 1R at the bottom. Despite poor condition, these might at least help to identify forgeries.

 

Here are three more used examples on piece, courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal showing some different types of cancels known.
JK used type 1
Woodblock on 2 x 1 Anna and 2 Anna.

JK used type 2
Intaglio Oval in violet ink on 2 x 4 Anna, 1 Rupee and 2 Anna.

JK used type 3
Intaglio Oval in black ink on 4 x 2 Anna.

 

Here are a few more on loose stamps, again courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal, showing a variety of cancels.
JK used loose 2   JK used loose 1   JK used loose 3

 

 

1897 Printed by de la Rue on white wove paper. No watermark. Perf. 14.

DeLaRue Proposal half Anna 1 Anna 2 Anna 4 Anna
1896 De La Rue unadopted essay, 1 Rupee. Type 2, ½ Anna. - RH22 Type 2, 1 Anna. Type 2, 2 Anna. Type 2, 4 Anna.
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal  

8 Anna 1 Rupee 2 Rupee 5 Rupee
Type 2, 8 Anna. Type 2, 1 Rupee. Type 2, 2 Rupee. Type 2, 5 Rupee.
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal   Courtesy of  Rarities Stamp Auctions

 

RH # Hisc. 1897 (no watermark) Description Mint Used
RH15 H15 1A bright blue and carmine (5,200) 100.00 40.00
RH16 H16 2A bright reddish violet and olive brown (5,400)   100.00 40.00
RH17 H17 4A rose carmine and olive brown (5,400) 100.00 40.00
RH18 H18 8A yellow and light blue (10,240) 75.00 30.00
RH19 H19 1R yellow orange and reddish violet (5,360) 100.00 40.00
RH20 H20 2R brown and light blue (5,600) 100.00 40.00
RH21 H21 5R bluish green and carmine(5,520) 150.00 50.00
Used examples
Used examples (4A & 1A) on part form courtesy of Iain from Anglo-Indian-affairs on ebay.
Though an impressive cancel, they seem hard to get a meaningful date from.
LEH is the capital of Ladakh, a large area within Jammu & Kashmir. The dates were
apparently according to an ancient Tibetan Lunar calendar, which probably explains
why they are hard to match against the Western date. Subtract 56.7 from the year.

Telegram Receipts.

Telegram Receipt
Used 28/3/1908 with stamps of
4As, 1A and 8As on 5Rs for a total of 13As. Image courtesy of David Wild

Telegram Receipt
Used 10/4/1908 with stamps of
8As on 5Rs, 4As and 2As for a total of 14As. Image courtesy of David Wild

 

H25 used H29 used
In 1910 the regulations changed, doing away with the bisection of the stamps.
However, though the new series started to be issued in 1911, the 4 Anna was
not issued until 1912 and the 2 Rupee not until 1921. Images courtesy of
Sandeep Jaiswal. Remember to subtract 56.7 years from the date on these.
Watermark W1
1899 As above but watermarked multiple rosettes (W1).
RH # Hisc. Description Mint Used
RH22 H22 ½A blackish olive and blue green (30,800) (1909)   50.00 40.00
RH23 H23 1A bright blue and carmine (73,240) 50.00 40.00
RH24 H24 2A bright reddish violet and olive brown (86,280) 50.00 40.00
RH25 H25 4A rose carmine and olive brown (86,080) 50.00 40.00
RH26 H26 6A violet and sage green (26,000) (1909) 100.00 80.00
RH27 H27 8A yellow and light blue (25,280) 100.00 80.00
RH28 H28 1R yellow orange and reddish violet (10,280) 80.00 60.00
RH29 H29 2R brown and light blue (5,280) 100.00 80.00
RH30 H30 5R bluish green and carmine - -
Watermark W1

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. In Nos. 15 to 30 the frame colour is given first and the colour of the side and lower tablets second.
Note 2. The 'numbers printed', in brackets above, are from the de la Rue records. Those for the 1897 issue
                (Nos. 15-21) are probably correct but it must be remembered that they include any subsequently
                overprinted for provisionals. Those for the 1899 issue are probably incomplete and must be
                regarded as minimum numbers. The records show no printing of the 5R value on watermarked paper  
                but this stamp is known watermarked overprinted as provisionals indicating at least one further
                printing. It has not however been reported without overprint on watermarked paper and is therefore
                not priced in that state above.
Note 3. Used prices are for upper halves. Used whole stamps have not been recorded. The most usual form
                of cancellation is a large black shield containing the office and date on the samvat system —
                i.e. 57 years ahead of common usage.

My Note: Research by Sandeep Jaiswal indicates that the 6A value was never issued.
Similarly the entire stock of the 5R was overprinted with 8 Annas (see below).

 

1906-1909(?) Provisionals. Stamps of 1897 and 1899 surcharged as indicated in black. Other details as above.

H31 strip of 3 Type 5 Type 6
Type 3 RH31, the overprints appear to be the same top and bottom Type 5 RH33,
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
Type 6 RH35,
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal

 

Page-170-T4 Page-170-T5 T7, H33a Mockup Page-170-T6
Type 4 (RH32)  No serifs used
Courtesy Malcolm of Richardson & Copp.
Type 5   (RH33) With Serifs used Type 5A   (RH34 top) Mockup
wider overprint
Type 6   (RH35) used

 

Hiscocks lists only one type of the Two Anna, but when recently looking closely, the alignment between the top and bottom words are different on each.
Here is 3 from a piece shown below and the one above, with the alignment magnified below them :

2As example 1 2As example 2 and 3 2As example 4
2As example 1 2As example 2 2As example 3 2As example 4
The green line shows the alignment of the "ANNA" relative to the fist point of the "W". The "FOUR ANNAS" probably has similar variability.

T7, RH36 T7, RH37 Page-170-T7A
Type 7A   on 1R (RH36) used
Type 7  on 2A (RH37 top)
This is 14mm wide. RH37a is similar but 15mm.
Type 7A   on 2A (RH38 top) used
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal  

 

The 8 Annas overprints have only three known different top parts, but many different bottom parts. Since used stamps are the top part, this presents difficulties.

Page-170-8 Anna overprint Page-170-8 Anna overprint Page-170-8 Anna overprint
Type 8, 9 or 10 ?
This has no serifs and thick, squat lettering.
Unfortunately several types are like this but with
differences in the bottom half.
Type 12? (from piece dated 10/4/1908)
This is quite narrow and matches Type 12 best.
Type 15A ?
This has serifs but is it Type 13, 14, 15 or a new one ?
The '8' looks like Type 14, but the 'S' does not.
This could be Type 15A (see below)

With Steve Hiscocks original images being reduced size in black and white half-tone,
it is not easy to distinguish between some of them, especially with only top halves.
As mentioned in his notes below, there are also some that were not listed.

The left image is courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht. The other two images, courtesy of David Wild, include at least one new one.

 

Small-thick '8 ANNAS' without serifs at the top

Page-170-T8 Jaiswal J10a
Type 8   RH40 Large letters at the bottom
courtesy of Stamptrain on Ebay.
Type 8   RH40a
'I' of 'EIGHT' above left leg of 'N'

courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal

 

Page-170-T9/10 JK Type 9A Page-170-T11 Jaiswal J11a
Type 10
'E' of 'EIGHT' to left of 'N' of 'ANNAS'.
Type 9
'E' of 'EIGHT' above 'N' of 'ANNAS'.
Type 9A
'E' left of 'N' of 'ANNAS', 'T' near 'S'.
Type 11   RH43 'I' within 'N'
courtesy of Auktionshaus Christoph Gärtner
Type 11   RH43a 'I' over leg of 'N'
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal

 

Large '8 ANNAS' at the top with serifs

Page-170-T12 Page-170-T12 Jaiswal J13a Jaiswal J14
Type 12 RH44
From Hiscocks book page 170.
I above centre of N
Type 12 RH44a
courtesy of Stamptrain on Ebay.
I right of centre of N
Type 12 RH44b
I left of centre of N
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
Type 12A Similar to the last 2 but the
'EIGHT' is slightly wider and over to the left
RH44c courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal

 

Very Large '8 ANNAS' at the top with serifs

Page-170-T13 Page-170-T14 Page-170-T15 Jaiswal J17 Page-170-T15C
Type 13 RH45
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
Type 14 RH46
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
Type 15 RH47
courtesy of Stamptrain on Ebay.
Type 15A RH48 not listed by Hiscocks,
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
Type 15A RH48a - 'EIGHT' to the right,
courtesy of Auktionshaus Christoph Gärtner

 

RH # Hisc. Type 1906-1909 Description Mint Used
RH31 H31 3 ½A on 1A (No. 23) 750.00 300.00
RH32 H32 4 1A on 2R (No. 20) 650.00 250.00
RH33 H33 5 1A on 2R (No. 29) (1907-8)   650.00 250.00
RH34 - 5A 1A on 2R (No. 29) (1907-8)   650.00 250.00
RH35 H34 6 2A on 2R (No. 20) 650.00 250.00
RH36 - 7A 4A on 1R (No. 28?) - -
RH37 H35 7 4A on 2R (14mm, No. 20) 650.00 250.00
RH37a - (7)       (15mm wide) 650.00 250.00
RH38 - 7A 4A on 2R (No. 20) 650.00 250.00
RH39 H36 7 4A on 5R (No. 21) 650.00 250.00
RH40 H37 8 8A on 5R (No. 30) 180.00 50.00
RH40a - (8)       I right of center of N 180.00 50.00
RH41 H38 9 8A on 5R (No. 30) 180.00 60.00
RH42 H39 10 8A on 5R (No. 30) 180.00 60.00
RH43 H40 11 8A on 5R (No. 30) 180.00 60.00
RH43a - (11)       I over left leg of N 180.00 60.00
RH44 H41 12 8A on 5R (No. 30) 180.00 60.00
RH44a - (12)       I right of center of N 180.00 60.00
RH44b - (12)       I right of center of N 180.00 60.00
RH44c - 12A       E above A 180.00 60.00
RH45 H42 13 8A on 5R (No. 30) 180.00 90.00
RH46 H43 14 8A on 5R (No. 30) 180.00 90.00
RH47 H44 15 8A on 5R (No. 30) 180.00 90.00
RH48 - 15A 8A on 5R (No. 30) 180.00 90.00
RH48a - (15A)       'EIGHT' over to right 180.00 90.00
RH49 - 9A 8A on 5R (No. 30) 180.00 90.00

A couple of items on piece (scarce), courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal.

Provisional overprint piece 1

Provisional overprint piece 2



Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. Nos. 45 to 49 have been left unallocated to accommodate new discoveries although a further four varieties,  
                which have come to light since the above was set, make it seem likely that there are many more.
                There are now known to be two varieties of the '4 ANNAS' overprint — one in thick sans-serif capitals
                as illustrated and one in thinner serifed capitals.
                There would seem to be three main types of '8 ANNAS' upper-half overprints — thick small sans-serif,
                medium serifed and large serifed. While the upper parts of the overprints remain more or less constant
                within these types, the lower parts all vary in detail and it is possible that there were three settings
                of 40 with the lower parts of the overprints different in most or even all cases.
Note 2. All currently known copies of Nos. 37-44 are on the watermarked 5R. Earlier catalogues suggest that all
                are on the un-watermarked variety and it is possible that both types of at least some provisionals exist.
Note 3. Whole or mint copies of the lower values (Nos. 31-36) must have existed at some time since illustrations
                of both halves have long been available in various catalogues.
                Mint copies are not, to my knowledge, now known and they have not therefore been priced.

My note: While Hiscocks left some spare numbers for stamps, he left no spare numbers for Types.
I will call them Types 7A, 15A etc. Types 3 to 7 are relatively scarce mint.
Since the rest show a lot of variability on the bottom half (not normally found used),
there may be many more undescribed low value types.
Steve Hiscocks left some spare numbers. I did the same, for the same reasons.
Then they got used up. The following stamps may need re-numbering later.

 

1911 New design based on upper half of previous issue. Paper as before. Perf. 14.

RH50 RH51 H52
Type 16 - ½A RH50
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type 16 - 1A RH51 Type 16 2A -RH52
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal.

H53 H54 H55
Type 16 4A - RH53
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal.
Type 16 6A - RH54
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal.
Type 16 8A - RH55
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal.

H56 RH58
Type 16 1R - RH56
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal.
Type 16 5R -RH58
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH50 H50 16 ½A blackish olive and blue green (46,000) (1913) 120.00 -
RH51 H51 16 1A bright blue and carmine (219,280) (1911) 75.00 -
RH52 H52 16 2A bright reddish violet and olive brown(247,760) (1913)   75.00 -
RH53 H53 16 4A rose carmine and olive brown (251,200) (1912) 75.00 -
RH54 H54 16 6A violet and sage green (175,600) (1913) 100.00 -
RH55 H55 16 8A yellow and bright blue (189,360) (1912) 100.00 -
RH56 H56 16 1R yellow-orange and reddish violet (98,640) (1916) 120.00 -
RH57 H57 16 2R brown and light blue (10,560) (1921) 200.00 -
RH58 H58 16 5R bluish green and carmine (10,320) (1921) 200.00 -

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. While I have not seen copies of most of the above (Nos. 50-58) it is stated in the de la Rue records that
                there was to be no change in colours and I have assumed that this was so.
Note 2. The printings given in brackets are from de la Rue records. No printings between 1922 and 1929 or after  
                1929 are listed however and it seems probable that the records are incomplete.
                The above printings should therefore be regarded as minimum numbers except perhaps in the case of
                Nos. 57 and 58 where the rate of usage was so low that a printing was not required for 10 years and a
                second printing probably not needed.

My Note: I have seen a 4As stamp overprinted for use as a Special Adhesive, so the quantities given by Hiscocks may not all have been used as Telegraph stamps.

Beware of similar fiscal stamps being sold as Telegraph stamps. Look for the word 'TELEGRAPH'.

 

1929 Local Provisional issue. Surcharged in black on the previous issue.

RH59 RH60
1A on 2A(RH24) - RH59 12A on 6A(RH26) - RH59
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal  

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH59 - (16) 1A on 2A(RH24) bright reddish violet and olive brown - -
RH60 - (16) 12A on 6A(RH26) violet and sage green - -

 

1930 Provisional. Surcharged in black on No. 56 by de la Rue.

RH61 Proof
Type 17 - 12A on 1R(RH56) - Proof of RH61
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal  

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH61 H59 17 12A on 1R (No. 56) (12,320)   240.00 -

Hiscocks added the following 3 notes:

Note 1. The printing quoted for No. 56 excludes those surcharged for No. 59 in March 1930.
Note 2. Locally printed provisionals on 1911-16 issues have not been reported and No. 59 is only known from de
                la Rue records. It is quite probable that locally prepared provisionals were used to fill the gap while
                delivery of No. 59 was awaited.
Note 3. Precise details of the change of usage allowing the employment of smaller stamps are not known but it seems  
                certain, in view of the large numbers printed and the scarcity of mint and virtual absence of used copies,
                that the new procedure resulted in their remaining in official hands at all stages.

My Note: Locally printed provisionals as mentioned in Note 2, are now known and illustrated above.

 

1934 New design (Sir Hari Singh). Recess printed by de la Rue on white wove paper. Watermark W1. Perf. 14.

H60 H61 H62 H63
Type 18 - 1A - RH62 Type 18 - 2A - RH63 Type 18 - 4A - RH64 Type 18 - 8A - RH65
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal  

H64 H65 H66 H67
Type 18 - 12A - RH66 Type 18 - 1R - RH67 Type 18 - 2R - RH68 Type 18 - 5R - RH69
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal  

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH62 H60 18 1A deep blue (Sept. 1933) 60.00 -
RH63 H61 18 2A light chocolate (June 1934) 75.00 -
RH64 H62 18 4A dull green (Sept. 1933) 75.00 -
RH65 H63 18 8A deep reddish orange (Sept. 1933)   75.00 -
RH66 H64 18 12A yellow orange(Sept. 1933) 75.00 -
RH67 H65 18 1R violet (Sept. 1933) 250.00 -
RH68 H66 18 2R rose-carmine (Sept. 1933) 375.00 -
RH69 H67 18 5R black (June 1934) 450.00 -

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. The dates in brackets above are those of printing. It is assumed that actual issue was early in 1934.
Note 2. The 2A and 5R values (Nos. 61 and 67) were issued in blocks of ten. All other values were in sheets of 40.  

 

1941(?) New design (Sir Hari Singh). Typographed on white wove paper. No watermark. Perf. 13¾.

H68 H69 H70 H71
1 Anna.   H68
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
2 Anna.   H69
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal.
4 Anna.   H70
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
8 Anna.   H71
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

H72 used H73 H74
12 Anna used.   H72
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal.
1 Rupee .   H73
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal.
2 Rupee.   H74
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal.

Type 19. Used examples are very rare.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH70 H68 19 1A blue 60.00 -
RH71 H69 19 2A chocolate 75.00 -
RH72 H70 19 4A dull green 75.00 -
RH73 H71 19 8A orange-red 75.00 -
RH74 H72 19 12A orange-yellow   75.00 -
RH75 H73 19 1R violet 250.00 -
RH76 H74 19 2R carmine 375.00 -
RH77 H75 19 5R black 450.00 -
H68

The fact that the 1Anna at least was overprinted to make
Receipt stamps suggests that they saw little use.
Some were also overprinted for use as Special Adhesives.
A later type was created for the 1 Rupee though.
See also note 4 below. Image courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht


Hiscocks added the following 5 notes:

Note 1. Nos. 68-75 were apparently produced in India — possibly at the Government Security Press as Nasik Road.
Note 2. The date of issue is unknown. The new design may have been necessitated by the difficulty of obtaining supplies.  
                from England after the outbreak of war in 1939.
Note 3. The colours of Nos. 74 and 75 are assumed by analogy with those of the 1934 set (Nos. 66 and 67).
Note 4. Nos. 70 and 71 are known overprinted 'Spl: Adh', i.e. Special Adhesive.
                This is the name given to general purpose revenue stamps in India.
Note 5. A stamp similar in type to Nos. 68-75 but with 'WIRELESS' substituted for 'TELEGRAPH' is referred to in
                the introduction to this section.

The reference of Note. 5 says simply "It is not known whether this is a telegraph stamp or some sort of revenue stamp
— perhaps for the payment of a radio license."

 

 

1950s or 60s(?) John Barefoot lists a new design similar to last but with a different centre.
Typographed on white wove paper. No watermark. Perf. 14.

India-JK-T20-Mockup

This is a mockup of what I will call Type 20 based on the description.
I will replace it as soon as I have a proper image.
Some of these were overprinted for use as a Special Adhesives.
Also a similar type was inscribed Special Adhesive at the bottom.

The monarchy was abolished in 1952 and the last ruling Maharaja, Sir Hari Singh died on 26 April 1961.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH78 - 20 1R violet 100.00 -

 

OFFICIAL TELEGRAPH STAMPS

The denominations are given in Persian. This table may be helpful.

Persian Denominations

H76 H77 H78
1 Anna.   RH79
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
2 Annas   RH80
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht
4 Annas   RH81
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht

H79 H80 H81
8 Anna.   RH79
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal
1 Rupee  RH83
courtesy: Sarfaraz of traditional-india
2 Rupee   RH84
courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal

H83 - H85
5 Rupees.   RH85 10 Rupees.   RH86 25 Rupees.   RH87
Courtesy of Sandeep Jaiswal   (the last 2 are only known examples)

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH79 H76 1 1A black 18.00 60.00
RH80 H77 1 2A black 18.00 60.00
RH81 H78 1 4A black 18.00 60.00
RH82 H79 1 8A black 30.00 72.00
RH83 H80 1 1R black 48.00 90.00
RH84 H81 1 2R black 60.00 120.00
RH85 H82 1 5R black 120.00 180.00
RH86 H83 1 10R black   - -
RH87 H84 1 25R black - -

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. See Notes 1 and 2 below No. 9 above.  

 

 

1887(?) As above but on laid paper.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH88 H85 1 1A black 30.00 90.00
RH89 H86 1 2A black 30.00 90.00
RH90 H87 1 4A black 48.00 120.00
RH91 H88 1 1R black 180.00 300.00
RH92 H89 1 5R black 270.00 450.00

 

PATIALA STATE TELEPHONE STAMPS

Steve Hiscocks wrote:

The Patiala State Telephone Service apparently operated from the late 1920s until at least the early 1950s. Originally confined to Patiala State, the service was extended after independence to neighbouring areas as new political groupings of states came about.
The telephone service operated in very much the same way as a telegraph service except that messages were relayed by spoken word over the telephone system and indeed the whole system appears to have been introduced in this way because the Government of India would not permit the establishment of a Patiala State Telegraph Service like that in Kashmir.
Stamps were used on forms similar to telegraph forms as evidence of payment and also, for accounting purposes, on telephone bill receipts. When cancelled at all it is often with a blue pencil line but cds cancellations are also common.
The rate was apparently ½A per word with double for express and with a 'reply paid' option. The service was thus cheaper than an ordinary trunk call (minimum 3 minutes) for short messages and furthermore gave a written record. All used stamps are thought to have remained in the hands of the public.
Dates of issue are unknown but evidently not related to those of the basic stamps. Overprinting was carried out locally as required using whatever stamps happened to be in stock. Victorian stamps were thus overprinted and used 30-40 years after they were originally issued for postal purposes.
In view of the above, no attempt has been made to suggest dates of issue and stamps have simply been listed in order of their SG numbers for each type of overprint.
It is probable that a number remain unknown to me and that the list will be extended in future editions.
Please note that the SG numbers quoted below refer to the Patiala section and not the general India section of Stanley Gibbons catalogue.

Note. Since these stamps were often not cancelled in use no separate prices
                are quoted for 'unused'. Prices are somewhat arbitrary for lack of  
                comparative data.

My notes:
A few have had to be added, I have marked them with a red asterisk (*). I have had to re-number because of that.
I have added 'RH' numbers ('Revised Hiscocks') to accommodate new entries. I may still need to add others.



I. Stamps for public use.

Overprinted 'Telephone' of type 1 on Queen Victoria postage stamps of 1891-96. White wove paper except where indicated. Watermark W1. Perf. 14.

Watermark W1

 

H1 H2 H3 H4 H4A
RH1 RH2 RH3 from Wiki Commons. RH4 RH5

* I added RH5 due to the example shown.

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH1 H1 1 4A olive green (SG21) - 7.50
RH1a H1a 1         slate green (SG 22) - 5.00
RH2 H2 1 6A bistre (SG23/24) - 10.00
RH3 H3 1 8A dull mauve (SG25) - 10.00
RH3a H3a 1         magenta (SG 26) - 10.00
RH4 H4 1 12A purple/red (SG27) - 20.00
*RH5 - 1 1R green and carmine (SG28 ?)   - 25.00

 

On King Edward VII postage stamps of 1903-06. Other details as above.

H5 H6 H6A RH9
RH6 RH7 *RH8 RH9 courtesy Steven Zwillinger.

* I added RH8 due to the example shown.

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH6 H5 2 2A pale violet (SG39) - 7.50
RH7 H6 2 3A orange-brown (SG40) - 5.00
RH7 H6a 2         light brown - 5.00
*RH8 - 2 12A purple/red (SG44) - 20.00
RH9 H7 2 1R green and carmine (SG45)   - 25.00

 

On King George V postage stamps of 1912-26. Other details as above.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH10 H8 1 ½A green (SG49) - 5.00
RH11 H9 1 1½A reddish brown (SG51)   - 10.00

John Barefoot also lists a 6As in this series. This is listed by Hiscocks as H27.

 

 

On King George V postage stamps of 1928-34. Watermark W2.
'INDIA POSTAGE & REVENUE'

H10 H11 Watermark 2
RH12 RH13 W2

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH12 H10 3 ½A green (SG64)('Postage & Revenue') - 3.75
RH13 H11 3 2A purple (SG68) - 5.00
RH14 H12 3 2A 6P orange (SG69) - 10.00
RH15 H13 3 4A sage green (SG71)('Postage & Revenue')   - 7.50

 

 

On King George V postage stamps of 1935-37. Other details as above.
'INDIA POSTAGE'

H14 H15 H16
RH16 RH17 courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht. RH18

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH16 H14 4 ½A bluish green (SG75)('Postage')   - 3.75
RH17 H15 4 2A vermilion (SG77) - 5.00
RH18 H16 5 4A sage green (SG79)('Postage') - 5.00

 

 

On King George VI postage stamps of 1937-38. Other details as above.
( 'PATIALA STATE' )

RH19 RH20
RH19 courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht. RH20 courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH19 H17 6 ½A red-brown (SG81)   - 10.00
RH20 H18 6 1A carmine (SG83) - 10.00

 

On King George VI postage stamps of 1943-47.
Type 7 is overprinted simply 'PATIALA'.

RH21 RH22
RH21 RH22 courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH21 H19 7 ½A red-brown (SG99)   - 10.00
RH22 H20 7 1A carmine (SG101) - 10.00

 

 

On King George VI postage stamps of 1943-47. Other details as above.

H21 H22 H23
RH23 RH24 RH25

 

H24 H25 H26
RH26 RH27 RH28

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH23 H21 8 ½A purple (SG104) - 7.50
RH24 H22 8 1A carmine (SG106) - 7.50
RH25 H23 8 2A vermilion (SG109)   - 7.50
RH26 H24 8 3A violet (SG110) - 10.00
RH27 H25 8 4A brown (SG112) - 10.00
RH28 H26 8 6A turquoise (SG113)   - 10.00

 

Overprinted 'Telephone' as in type 16. On King George V postage stamp of 1912-26. As for Nos. 5-9.
India Telephone H27.
Image courtesy of Leo (Leorevenue on ebay).

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH29 H27 (16) 6A yellow-brown (SG55)   - 15.00

 

 

II. Stamps for Official Use.

Overprinted 'Telephone/Service' of type 9, etc.

On Queen Victoria postage stamps of 1891-96. As for Nos. 1-4.

Patiala-H28 Patiala-H29
RH30 RH31

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH30 H28 9 4A olive green (SG21) - 5.00
RH30a H28a 9         slate green (SG 22)   - 5.00
RH31 H29 9 6A bistre (SG23) - 10.00

 

On King Edward VII postage stamps of 1903-06. As for Nos. 5-7.

Patiala-H30 Patiala-H31 Patiala-H32 Patiala-RH36 Patiala-RH37
#10, RH32 #10, RH33 #10, RH34 #10, RH36
Courtesy of Steven Zwillinger
#10, RH37
Courtesy of Steven Zwillinger

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH32 H30 10 2A pale violet (SG39) - 3.75
RH33 H31 10 3A orange-brown (SG40)   - 5.00
RH34 H32 10 6A bistre (SG42) - 10.00
RH35 H33 10 8A mauve (SG43) - 15.00
RH36 H34 10 12A purple/red (SG44) - 20.00
RH37 - 10 1R green & carmine (SG45) - 25.00

 

On King George V postage stamps of 1912-26. As for Nos. 8 and 9.

Patiala-RH38
#11, RH38

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH38 H35 11 1½A reddish brown (SG51)   - 7.50
RH39 H36 11 6A yellow-brown (SG55) - 15.00

 

On King George V postage stamps of 1928-34. As for Nos. 10-13.
'INDIA POSTAGE & REVENUE'

Patiala-H37 Patiala-H38 Patiala-H39
#12, RH40 #12, RH41 #12, RH42

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH40 H37 12 ½A green (SG64) - 5.00
RH41 H38 12 2A purple (SG68) - 5.00
RH42 H39 12 4A sage green (SG71)   - 5.00

 

On King George V postage stamps of 1935-37. As for Nos. 14-16.
'INDIA POSTAGE'

Patiala-H40 Patiala-H41 Patiala-H41A Patiala-H42
#13, RH43 #13, RH44 #13, *RH45 #13, RH46

* I added RH45 due to the example shown.

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH43 H40 13 ½A blue-green (SG75)   - 5.00
RH44 H41 13 2A vermilion (SG77) - 7.50
*RH45 - 13 2A 6P orange - 12.00
RH46 H42 13 4A sage green (SG79) - 5.00

 

On King George VI postage stamps of 1937-38. As for Nos. 17 and 18.

Patiala-H44
#12, RH48
from Wiki Commons

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH47 H43 14 ½A red-brown (SG81)   - 10.00
RH48 H44 14 1A carmine (SG83) - 10.00

 

On King George VI postage stamps of 1943-47. As for Nos. 21-26.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH49 H45 (8) ½A purple (SG104) - 10.00
RH50 H46 (8) 2A vermilion (SG109)   - 10.00
RH51 H47 (8) 6A turquoise (SG113)   - 10.00

 

Overprinted 'Service/Telephone' of type 15 (small type).

On King George V postage stamp of 1912-26. As for Nos. 8 and 9.
Taken from page 176 of Hiscocks book.
RH53 taken from Wiki Commons.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH52 H48 15 2A mauve (SG52)   - 7.50

 

On King George V postage stamps of 1928-34. As for Nos. 10-13.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH53 H49 15 ½A green (SG64) - 5.00
RH54 H50 15 2A purple (SG68) - 5.00
RH55 H51 15 4A sage green (SG71)   - 5.00

 

Overprinted 'Service/Telephone' of type 16 (Larger).

On King George V postage stamp of 1912-26. As for Nos. 8 and 9.

Patiala-H52 forgery Patiala-H52 Patiala-H53
Type 16, RH56 - The stamp on the right I think is genuine.
The stamp on the left, has full yellowed gum, changing the apparent colour.
I think the overprint is forged. The 'T' in 'TELEPHONE' slopes down on the left
instead of the right and the serifs on the 'l' are more pronounced.
Type 16, RH57

These stamps should not be available mint, though they may have been used without cancelling.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH56 H52 16 2A mauve (SG52) - 10.00
RH57 H53 16 6A yellow-brown (SG55)   - 10.00

 

On King George V postage stamps of 1928-34. As for Nos. 10-13.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH58 H54 16 2A purple (SG68)   - 5.00

 

Overprinted 'Telephone' of type 1 on official postage stamps.

On King Edward VII official postage stamp of 1903-10. As for Nos. 5-7.
Taken from page 177 of Hiscocks book.
For the moment I am having to take most of this from page 177 of Hiscocks book.
Type 18 is from Wiki Commons.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH59 H55 (17) 1R green and carmine (SGO32)   - 25.00

 

On King George V postage stamps of 1928-34. As for Nos. 10-13.

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH60 H56 18 2A vermilion (SGO61)   - 20.00

 

On King George VI official postage stamps of 1940-45. W2. Perf. 14.

Patiala-RH61 Patiala-RH62
#19, RH61
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht
#19, RH62
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht

 

RH # Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
RH61 H57 (19) ½A red-brown (SGO72)   - 15.00
RH62 H58 (19) 1A carmine (SGO75) - 15.00
RH63 H59 (19) 2A vermilion (SGO78) - 15.00

Hiscocks added the following note and illustration:

Note. From the examination of those copies as have come my way it would
                seem that about 20% were not cancelled in any way in use,
                about 40% were cancelled by crayon — usually blue — and about
                40% were cancelled with hand-stamps of various types.
                Specifically 'TELEPHONE' cancellations are found for several towns  
                including Patiala and Bhatinda.
                That shown has no date, as is quite common, but even where the
                date tablet is filled in the date is often meaningless.

 

Taken from page 177 of Hiscocks book.

 

Example on piece

An example with a pair of H24 stamps.

 

1949 Example form

The Patiala system was later extended to the East Punjab. This half-size example for a 3 minute private call with a mix of Edward VII and George VI stamps,
was used at the Sangrur Telephone Exchange in Jind State. It is dated 5.9.06 which equates to 5 September 1949 using the local calendar.
It is headed "Post and Telephones Department Patiala & East Punjab States Union."
Image courtesy of Steven Zwillinger.

 

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

Contact:     Emale

Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Last updated 3rd. December 2021

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Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.

 

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