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Telegraph stamps of the World

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HUNGARY.

Steve Hiscocks wrote:
Austria and Hungary became separate in most respects, although both ruled by Franz Josef I, in 1867 and the first Hungarian postage stamps were issued in 1871. Telegraph stamps followed in 1873 as in Austria. It was ordained that these should be printed from engraved copper plates but, when it became evident that these could not be ready in time, permission was given for a temporary lithographed issue. The lithographed stamps were in use from 1 August 1873 for about a year after which they were replaced by the engraved series of exactly the same designs and values. The use of these stamps was discontinued on 28 February 1879 and forbidden thereafter. After a further nine months during which stocks in the hands of the public could be redeemed they were demoneterized and remaining stocks reportedly sold to collectors and dealers.

The lithographed stamps were all perforated 9½. The low value engraved were perforated 13 while the engraved 1 and 2 Forint at 9½ for a while but later changed to 13. The lithographed were on the same thick paper as the postage stamps while the engraved stamps were on much thinner paper. Virtually all the first issue were pen-cancelled and steel circular date stamp cancels were introduced in late 1874 and 1875.

Three official reprintings took place to illustrate various publications — 1878, 1891 and 1900. All were engraved and imperforate. Known forgeries include false ink cancellations on engrave stamps, perforated 1 Forint from the 1891 reprinting and perf.13, 1 and 2 Forint stamps reperforated 9½.

My note:
Known forgeries. Does anyone have information that might distinguish these ?
Thickness and colour of paper, gum if any, colour of low values would be good to know.
Checking paper and diameter of perforations against known originals may be a good idea for expensive items.


 

1873 (1 August) Lithographed on thick white (except where stated) wove paper without watermark. Perf 9½

Hungary H1 Hungary H2 Hungary H3 Hungary H4
Type 1   H1 Type 1   H2 Type 1   H3 Type 1   H4

 

Hungary H5 Hungary H6 Perf. 9½ used. Hungary H8
Type 1   H5 Type 1   H6 Type 2   H7 - used 30 September 1873 at
M. K. Központi (Central) Tavirda, Budapest.
Type 2   H8

 

Hisc. Description Mint Used
H1 5kr darkish blue 32.50 13.00
H1a         indigo 45.50 18.00
H2 10kr darkish blue 57.00 25.00
H2a         indigo 80.00 35.00
H3 20kr darkish blue 39.00 13.00
H3a         indigo 54.00 18.00
H4 25kr darkish blue 84.00 37.00
H4a         indigo 110.00 52.00
H5 40kr darkish blue 21.00 27.00
H5a         indigo 29.00 38.00
H6 50kr darkish blue 41.00 17.00
H6a         indigo 57.00 24.00
H7 1F black 265.00 100.00
H7a         grey-black 265.00 100.00
H8 2F black / brownish yellow 12.00 12.00
H8a         imperf. between horizontal pair 120.00 -

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. Morley lists a variety of No. 8 (i.e. lithographed) perforated 13.
                I find no other evidence of this but am open to correction.
Note 2. No. 8 is on surface coloured paper to help avoid confusion with No. 7.

 

1874 Similar to above but engraved on thin hard paper. Perf. 13.

Lith low-val. Engraved low-val
5kr Perf. 9½ Lithographed. 5kr Perf. 13 Engraved.

 

Lith high-val. Engraved high-val
2F Perf. 9½ Lithographed. 1F Perf. 13 Engraved.

 

Hungary H9 Hungary H10 Hungary H11 Hungary H12 Hungary H13
Type 1   H9 Type 1   H10 Type 1   H11 Type 1   H12 Type 1   H13

 

 

Hungary H14 Hungary H15 Hungary H16b Hungary H16a
Type 1   H14 Type 2   H15 Type 2   H16b Type 2   H16a

 

Hisc. Description Mint Used
H9 5kr dark blue 1.50 1.00
H9a         light blue 4.50 3.00
H10 10kr dark blue 1.50 1.00
H10a         light blue 4.50 3.00
H11 20kr dark blue 1.50 0.50
H11a         light blue 4.50 1.50
H12 25kr dark blue 2.00 0.50
H12a         light blue 6.00 1.50
H13 40kr dark blue 1.50 3.00
H13a         light blue 4.50 10.00
H13b         imperf. between horizontal pair 75.00 75.00
H14 50kr dark blue 1.50 0.50
H14a         light blue 4.50 1.50
H14b         imperf. between horizontal pair 75.00 75.00
H15 1F black / greyish white 3.00 3.00
H15a         grey-black / greyish white 3.00 3.00
H15b         perf. 9½ 300.00 200.00
H16 2F black / pale brown 5.00 6.00
H16a         grey-black / pale brown 5.00 6.00
H16b         black / pale brown perf. 9½ 25.00 20.00
H16c         grey-black / pale brown perf. 9½ 25.00 20.00

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. Note 2 below No. 8 applies.
Note 2. The engraved issues, Nos. 9 to 16 are on very thin hard paper
                which becomes brittle with age. Cracks, splits, missing corners, etc.
                are thus very common, especially with Nos. 15 and 16.

 

 

Telegraph Seals.

A range of different seals were used on telegrams in Hungary.

This half sized image shows a sample of them.
Hungarian Seals

Steve Hiscocks made a start on cataloguing seals of the world in a book he published in 2007.
It was his hope to update it later, but unfortunately that was not to be.
His original book can be viewed at Telegraph Seals: A World Catalogue. There are links from the pages to my updates.

Alternatively you can view the latest page for Hungary.

 

 

Stationery

Perf. 9½ used.
Stationery from Wiki-Commons.

 



If anyone can provide scans to help with this, I am happy to give appropriate credit.

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

Contact:     Emale

Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

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Last updated 4th. Dec. 2018

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Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.

 

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