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Telegraph stamps of the World

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National Ultramar 1882 - 1897 1898 War Tax Municipal stamps Stationery

 

Puerto Rico.

Steve Hiscocks wrote:
The post office telegraph stamps of Puerto Rico follow the usual pattern of those of Spanish colonies of the time in that they bear the arms of Spain or,
in 1876, the head of King Alfonso XII. A new pair was brought out for each of the eleven years of issue and, except for 1875, these included the date
in the design. Those of 1871 to 1876 do not, however, include the name of the country. From 1882 to 1898 (the end of Spanish rule) ordinary postage
stamps were used and a punched cancellation is usually taken as indicating such use although the use of hand-stamped 'thunder-bolt' motif for telegraphic
cancellation was also reported in 1891.
In addition to the post office telegraph stamps, so called municipal stamps were produced for at least 19 towns in 1886 to 1888 and used for some years
to defray the costs of telegraph lines to those towns. These stamps certainly come within the remit of this catalogue in that their use was essential
if one wished to send a telegram from any of those towns but their exact status is not clear. Forbin in 1915 lists them as municipal tax stamps
(Forbin does not cover telegraph stamps per se) so it is not certain whether they covered the cost of the telegram to the nearest post office line or
whether post office stamps (i.e. postage stamps at that time) covered the entire route and these represented an additional toll.


 

Map of Puerto Rico showing train route

A map of Puerto Rico showing early train route in blue (1906) and later (1910) changes in purple, together with Municipality boundaries.
Stations on the route are the same names as the Municipalities, with a few extra having the names given in colour.
I generally like to show the telegraph route, but I do not have that. Usually though the telegraph follows the rail route since the railway needs it and it makes laying the telegraph easier.
The dashed line in the North-west corner was a section that did not have track in 1906 and the connection was made by automobile. A similar map of 1910 shows it completed,
a loop into Cabo Rojo, with stations at Cabo Rojo and Boqueron, and the line continuing from Ponce to Guayama via Santa Isabel and Salinas.
There were also links added from Rio Piedras, south to Caguas, Anasco to San Sebastian, San German to Sabana Grande and Bayamon north to Catano.

 

National stamps.

1871 (January) On white wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

Hiscocks H1a and H2a  Hiscocks H1a and H2a
Type 1 (H1 and H2) courtesy of John Barefoot.

Hisc. Type. 1871 Description Mint Used
H1 1 2p pale lilac 80.00 20.00
H1a           imperf. 120.00 -
H2 1 4p pale yellow-brown 80.00 20.00
H2a           imperf. 120.00 -

 

1872 (January) As above but dated 1872.

1872 Hiscocks H1a and H2a
H4 courtesy of Mª Carmen Marin Perez
of filateliajmarin.es - click image for listing.
Type 1 (H3a and H4a) from Wiki Commons.

Hisc. Type. 1872 Description Mint Used
H3 1 2p blue 47.50 12.50
H3a           imperf. 95.00 -
H4 1 4p myrtle green 40.00 12.50
H4a           imperf. 80.00 -

 

1873 (January) As above but dated 1873.

1873
1873 issue courtesy of Mª Carmen Marin Perez of filateliajmarin.es.
click image for listing.

Hisc. Type. 1873 Description Mint Used
H5 1 2p darkish blue 45.00 12.50
H5a           imperf. 15.00 -
H6 1 4p lilac-grey 85.00 12.50
H6a           imperf. 15.00 -
H7 1 4p greyish purple 85.00 12.50
H7a           imperf. 15.00 -

 

1874 (January) As above but dated 1874.

1874
1874 issue courtesy of Mª Carmen Marin Perez of filateliajmarin.es.
click image for listing.

Hisc. Type. 1874 Description Mint Used
H8 1 2p dark green 85.00 18.50
H8a           imperf. 130.00 -
H9 1 4p carmine 85.00 18.50
H9a           imperf. 130.00 -

 

1875 (January) New design. No date. White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

H10
Type 2 (H10) notice the circular mark. This has been punched, but not right through.
It was described as "Puerto Rico Sueltos Telegrafos - 0009 o", the "o" apparently meaning punched.

Hisc. Type. 1875 Description Mint Used
H10 2 2p black 25.00 10.00
H10a           imperf. 60.00 -
H11 2 4p yellow-brown 75.00 10.00
H11a           imperf. 150.00 -

 

1876 (January) New design (Alfonso XII). Dated 1876. White wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

Hiscocks H12 Hiscocks H12a Hiscocks H13 Hiscocks H13a Hiscocks H14
Type 3 - H12 Type 3 - H12a
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type 3 - H13
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type 3 - H13a
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type 3 - H14

 

Hisc. Type. 1876 Description Mint Used
H12 3 2p blue 20.00 5.50
H12a           imperf. 45.00 -
H13 3 4p yellow (shades to dull orange) 20.00 5.50
H13a           imperf. 45.00 -
H14 3 4p dull carmine 15.00 5.50
H14a           imperf. 25.00 -

 

1876 (January) No. 12 overprinted with a large script initial (two types — 4 and 5) in black.

Hiscocks page 254 1873 overprint
Types 4 & 5 from Hiscocks page 254. H15 courtesy of Mª Carmen Marin Perez of filateliajmarin.es.
click image for listing.

 

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H15 3, 4 2p blue 600.00 250.00
H16 3, 5 2p blue 600.00 250.00


Ultramar. (meaning Overseas)

At this point it may also be worth mentioning these.
Ultramar means Overseas. These were also used in Cuba.

1873 25c Ultramar overprint - c 1873 50c Ultramar overprint - a 1873 1p Ultramar overprint - c 1874-25c Ultramar overprint - c
1873 25c with type a overprint.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1873 50c with type a overprint. 1873 1p with type a overprint.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1874 25c with type b overprint.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

1875 25c Ultramar overprint - c 1875 Ultramar overprint - b 1875 Ultramar overprint - b 1875 1p Ultramar overprint - c
1875 25c with type b overprint. 1 hole.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1875 25c with type b overprint. 2 holes. 1875 50c with type b overprint. 1875 1p with type b overprint. 1 hole.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

1876 25c Ultramar overprint - c 1876 25c Ultramar overprint - d 1876 Ultramar overprint - d 1876 50c Ultramar overprint - c
1876 25c with type c overprint.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1876 25c with type d overprint. Two examples with backwards 'C' punch hole.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1876 50c with type c overprint.

These are mentioned by the Scott Catalogue for years 1873 to 1876) as having overprints a, b and c.
They are all Ultramar (overseas) stamps with a variety of punch holes in each.
Scott adds the note:
Varieties of overprint include inverted, double, partly omitted and sideways. Counterfeit overprints exist.

 

1877 (January) New design incorporating date (1877) and country (PTO-RICO). Wove paper. No watermark. Perf 14

Hiscocks page 254
As Hiscocks page 254.

Hisc. Type. 1877 Description Mint Used
H17 6 2p green 47.00 10.00
H17a           imperf. 60.00 -
H18 6 4p light brown (shades) 47.00 10.00
H18a           imperf. 60.00 -

 

1878 (January) As above but shield altered and dated 1878.

18787 types Hiscocks H19a
1878 Type 7 courtesy of Mª Carmen Marin Perez of
filateliajmarin.es.   Click image for listing.
1878 Type 7 - H19a
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

 

Hisc. Type. 1878 Description Mint Used
H19 7 2p blue 20.00 6.00
H19a           imperf. 40.00 -
H20 7 4p light green 27.50 6.00
H20a           imperf. 50.00 -

 

1879 (January) As above but dated 1879.

1879
1879 issue courtesy of Mª Carmen Marin Perez of filateliajmarin.es.
click image for listing.

Hisc. Type. 1879 Description Mint Used
H21 7 2p pale scarlet 18.50 7.00
H21a           imperf. 37.00 -
H22 7 4p brownish grey 27.50 11.00
H22a           imperf. 45.00 -

 

1880 (January) As above but dated 1880.

1879
1880 issue courtesy of Mª Carmen Marin Perez of filateliajmarin.es.
click image for listing.

Hisc. Type. 1880 Description Mint Used
H23 7 2p brownish grey 18.50 5.50
H23a           imperf. 37.00 -
H24 7 4p brown-rose 27.50 5.50
H24a           imperf. 50.00 -

 

1881 (January) As above but dated 1881. Change of currency from pesetas to centavos and pesos.

Hisc. Type. 1881 Description Mint Used
H25 7 40c rose (shades) 30.00 7.00
H25a           imperf. 45.00 -
H26 7 80c brown-grey 37.50 8.50
H26a           imperf. 55.00 -

 

From 1882 no specifically telegraph stamps were issued and postage stamps were used for telegraphic purposes.

However, even before then, postage stamps were used when the need arose, generally being variously punched.

1877 25c punched Postage stamp 1878 25c punched 1878 50c punched 1878 1p punched
25c postage stamps of 1877 with punch hole. 1878 25c punched.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1878 50c punched.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1878 1p punched.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

1879 25c punched
1879 25c punched.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

 

1881 example 1 After 1879 the postage stamp design changed, as on the left with the date still shown for 1880 and 1881,
Then without the date. above were of the 1882 issue. Prior to that, issues of 1880 and 1881 were similar,
but with the year at the top, as with the example on the left.
The new undated issue of 1882 on the right (courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht) had face values from ½m to 80c.

Whilst the fancy cancels are worth a premium, many were simply punched.
Strangely though, I have only seen one stamp convincingly telegraphically used
in the years 1880 to 1883, the 3c yellow below.

for the 5c, I have only seen the re-touched type, not the commoner, original type.

Anyone have any ?
Scott 57
Type CT1

 

 

1882 1c punched with '2' 1882 3c punched with '2' 1884 5c punched with '2' 1886 5c punched with '2'
1882+ 1c punched with '2'.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1882-3 3c punched with '2'.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1884+ 1c punched with '2'.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1886 1c punched with '2'.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

The 3c stamp above is the only convincing telegraphically canceled stamp of the years 1880 to 1883 that I have seen.

 

1882 10c punched with '2' 1882 20c punched with '2' 1882 20c punched with '2'
1882+ 10c punched with '2'.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1882+ 20c punched with '2'.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
1882+ 20c punched with '2'.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

 

 

Type-1
Type-2
Type-3
For the 5c, retouches are mentioned and
the Scott catalogue describes the
differences.
Theis discription also applies to
stamps of Cuba (5c) and the Philippines (2½c).
My illustrations are taken from stamps of the Philippines.

At the top is the original stamp of 1882.
It has a thick, uniform oval border
around the head which merges with
the line under the country name.
It has a narrow parting in the hairline.

Below that is the first retouch of 1884.
The line around the oval is thinner on the left and
slightly separated from the horizontal line.
The hairline is opened up a bit with a
pronounced 'V' shape at the top of it.

Below that is the second retouch of 1886.
The line around the oval is the same as the first retouch.
The hairline is opened up still further and
more rounded with a white border.

Plate wear can cause some variability.

 

Cancels types.

Though telegraphic punching continued, telegraphic cancels started to be used.

 

San-Juan cancel Small Telegrafos cancel
The earliest clearly telegraphic cancel
appears to be this of San Juan, the Capital.
This one, smaller and without the inner circle,
may be contemporary for a smaller station.
Image courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

 

1882-96, Postage stamps were used with punch holes or recognisable telegraphic cancels.

Scott 63  Scott 67  1c value  20c value 
1c, 5c and 20c cancel examples.
The first two are courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht. These just have "TELEGRAFOS" and the station name San Juan.

2c with San-Juan cancel 3c with San-Juan cancel 3c with Cuerpo cancel 10c with San-Juan cancel 10c with Cuerpo cancel
2c with San-Juan cancel. 3c with San-Juan cancel. 3c with Cuerpo cancel. 10c with San-Juan cancel. 10c with Cuerpo cancel.
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

 

Cuerpo De Telegrafos cancel  Cuerpo De omunicaciones cancel
Later Cuerpo(body) De Telegrafos and Cuerpo De omunicaciones cancels, courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

This one though has a different inscription at the bottom, "Intervencion del...". Another example seen on eBay showed that this
continued as "Intervencion del Cable". This is also handstamped 'Habilitado PARA 1898 y 99.' in Rose (C104 below)
Cablegram cancel
This is on a C104 of 1897, see below.
Image courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

 

King Alfonso XII 1882+ type.

RH # Type. 1882 Description Mint Postally Used Telegraphically Used
C1 CT1 ½m rose 0.30 0.20 -
C2 CT1 ½m lake (1884) 0.55 0.40 -
C3 CT1 1m pale lake 0.85 1.10 -
C4 CT1 1m bright rose (1884) 0.30 0.20 -
C5 CT1 2m violet 0.30 0.20 -
C6 CT1 4m brown-lilac 0.30 0.20 -
C7 CT1 6m brown 0.45 0.20 -
C8 CT1 8m yellow-green 0.45 0.20 -
C9 CT1 1c grey-green 0.30 0.20 -
C10 CT1 2c rose 1.10 0.20 -
RH # Type. 1882 Description Mint Postally Used Telegraphically Used
C11 CT1 3c yellow 4.00 2.10 -
C12 CT1 3c yellow-brown (1884) 4.00 0.85 -
C13 CT1 5c grey-blue 14.50 1.20 -
C13a CT1 1884 re-touch 14.50 2.75 -
C13b CT1 1886 re-touch 110.00 5.50 -
C14 CT1 8c grey-brown 3.50 0.20 -
C15 CT1 10c dark green 3.50 0.30 -
C16 CT1 20c grey-lilac 5.25 0.30 -
C17 CT1 40c blue 40.00 14.50 -
C18 CT1 80c olive-bistre 55.00 20.00 -

 

Hiscocks added the following note:

"Note. Morley reported in 1900 the use as telegraph stamps of the 20c postage stamp of 1893-4 (rose) overprinted 'T' in a circle as shown in black, the 20c of 1896 (grey) overprinted 'T' in black and the same stamp overprinted 'T' in a circle in black, blue and violet. Since the use of telegraph stamps had been stopped in 1882 and the above must have been used between 1896 and 1900 when postage stamps were being used for telegraphic purposes it seems likely that these were actually 'TAXE' or postage due stamps used in place of postage stamps, due perhaps to a temporary shortage, although 'Tax' stamps of this type do not seem to be listed."


My note: On the right was the first example I saw that could be interpreted as this, though it does not match the illustration very well. It also has a telegraph cancel. It is likely that the 'T' was meant to be on the Telegram envelope rather than the stamp
                  Image courtesy of Paul and Les Bottomley.
Hiscocks page 255 Example

The 1c stamp above, was applied to an envelope at Barranquitas for a telegram received there for a destination beyond their hand-delivery area.
Presumably insufficient postage was paid.
In principle though, a Puerto Rican postage stamp could be on mail to any country and receive such a cancel there if, like the USA, that country used such marks.

Swiss T - 10c   Swiss T - 25c   Swiss T - 30c

Three much more recent (1949) Swiss examples of European Taxe marks. These were intended to go on the cover, but could also cancel previously uncancelled stamps.
The apparent 'ANULL' on the 25c is a bit puzzling though. There is no easy way to know what country applied the T in circle.

 

It seems that the intended purpose of this handstamp was misunderstood in Puerto Rico, with no known correct usage there.
There are though many examples of it on stamps of Puerto Rico. Here are the stamps that it is known on:

1882-96

T on 1882 1c T on 1882 2c T on 1882 3c T on 1882 5c
On 1c  -  1 example On 2c  -  1 example On 1884 3c  -  1 example On 5c  -  13 (0x1882, 5x1884, 8x1886)
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
The lack of the T in circle on the 1880 type 5c, and the prevelance of it on the scarcer 1884 and 1886 types,
is good evidence for the T in circle being telegraphic rather than postal use.


T on 1882 10c T on 1882 20c T on 1882 40c
On 10c  -  1 example On 20c  -  3 examples On 40c  -  1 example
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

1896-97

T on 1896 2c T on 1896 3c T on 1897 3c
On 1896 2c  -  2 examples On 1896 3c  -  6 examples On 1897 3c  -  1 example
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

T on 1896 8c T on 1896 20c
On 1896 8c  -  2 examples On 1896 20c  -  1 example
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

1898-99

T on 1898-1c T on 1898-2c T on 1898-5c T on 1898-20c
On 1898-1c  -  1 example On 1898-2c  -  1 example On 1898-5c  -  1 example On 1898-20c  -  1 example
Courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

 

 

King Alfonso XIII 1890-97 type.

1890-97, Postage stamps
The new series from 1890 had values from ½m to 8c initially with new values and shades added in 1892, 1894, 1896 and 1897,
bringing the highest value up to 80c, with up to 4 shades of several values, some scarce.
It is likely that the higher values were more often the telegraphically used ones.


1890 example C19 1890 example C20 1890 example C21 1890 example C22
Type CT2 - RH-C19
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C20
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C21
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C22
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

1890 example C23 1890 example C24 1890 example C25 1890 example C25 with bogus overprint 1890 example C29
Type CT2 - RH-C23
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C24
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C25
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C25 (with bogus
overprint), courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C29
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

1890 example 32 1890 example C33 1890 example C34 1890 example 36 1890 example C38
Type CT2 - RH-C32 Type CT2 - RH-C33
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C34
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C36 Type CT2 - RH-C38
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

I am not convinced that the holes in the lowest denominations are genuine telegraphic usage.
The lowest denomination that I've seen with a convincing telegraphic cancel is 1c.
I have seen a complete series of the 1892 issue from the ½m to the 80c with X shaped holes in them!
What possible telegraphic use could there be for the values less than 1c ?


1890 example C40 1890 example C42? 1890 example C43? 1890 example C44 1890 example C45
Type CT2 - RH-C40
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C42?
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C43?
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C44
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C45
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

1890 example C46 1890 example C47 1890 example C48 1890 example C49 1890 example C49 ?
Type CT2 - RH-C46
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C47
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C48
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C49
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C49 ?
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

1890 example C50 1890 example C51 1890 example C52 1890 example C53 1890 example C54
Type CT2 - RH-C50
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C51
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C52
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C53
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C54
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

1890 example C55 1890 example C56 1890 example C57 1890 example C58 1890 example C59 1890 example C60
Type CT2 - RH-C55 Type CT2 - RH-C56
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C57
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C58 Type CT2 - RH-C59
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C60
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

1890 example C61 1890 example C62 1890 example C63 1890 example C64 1890 example C65 1890 example C63
Type CT2 - RH-C61
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C62
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C63
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C64
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C65
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C66
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

1890 example C68 1890 example C69 1890 example C70 1890 example C72 1890 example C73 1890 example C76
Type CT2 - RH-C68
courtesy of Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C69
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C70
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT2 - RH-C72
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C73
courtesy of Mitchell III.
Type CT2 - RH-C76
courtesy of Mitchell III.

 

RH # Type. 1890 Description Mint Postally Used Telegraphically Used
C19 CT2 ½m black 0.30 0.20 -
C20 CT2 ½m olive-grey (1892) 0.20 0.20 -
C21 CT2 ½m red-brown (1894) 0.20 0.20 -
C22 CT2 ½m dull violet (1896) 0.20 0.20 -
C23 CT2 1m emerald 0.25 0.20 -
C24 CT2 1m dark violet (1892) 0.20 0.20 -
C25 CT2 1m ultramarine (1894) 0.20 0.20 -
C26 CT2 1m deep brown (1896) 0.20 0.20 -
C27 CT2 2m lilac-rose 0.20 0.20 -
C28 CT2 2m violet-brown (1892) 0.20 0.20 -
C29 CT2 2m red-orange (1894) 0.20 0.20 -
C30 CT2 2m yellow-green (1896) 0.20 0.20 -
C31 CT2 4m dark olive-green 11.00 5.50 -
C32 CT2 4m ultramarine (1892) 0.20 0.20 -
C33 CT2 4m yellow-brown (1894) 0.20 0.20 -
C34 CT2 4m blue-green (1896) 1.00 0.35 -
C35 CT2 6m dark brown 35.00 14.00 -
C36 CT2 6m pale rose (1892) 0.20 0.20 -
C37 CT2 8m olive-bistre 27.50 21.00 -
C38 CT2 8m yellow-green (1892) 0.20 0.20 -
C39 CT2 1c yellow-brown 0.30 0.20 -
C40 CT2 1c blue-green (1891) 0.55 0.20 -
C41 CT2 1c violet-brown (1894) 5.75 0.45 -
C42 CT2 1c claret (1896) 0.65 0.20 -
C43 CT2 2c brownish violet 1.00 0.85 -
C44 CT2 2c red-brown (1892) 0.95 0.20 -
C45 CT2 2c lilac (1894) 2.25 0.45 -
C46 CT2 2c orange-brown (1896) 0.65 0.20 -
C47 CT2 3c slate blue 7.25 1.00 -
RH # Type. 1890 Description Mint Postally Used Telegraphically Used
C48 CT2 3c orange (1892) 0.90 0.20 -
C49 CT2 3c olive-grey (1894) 5.75 0.45 -
C50 CT2 3c blue (1896) 21.00 0.35 -
C51 CT2 3c claret-brown (1897) 0.30 0.20 -
C52 CT2 4c slate-blue (1894) 1.40 0.45 -
C53 CT2 4c grey-brown (1896) 0.70 0.20 -
C54 CT2 5c brown-violet 12.50 0.45 -
C55 CT2 5c blue-green (1891) 0.90 0.20 -
C56 CT2 5c yellow-green (1894) 5.50 1.10 -
C57 CT2 5c blue (1896) 0.30 0.20 -
C58 CT2 6c orange (1894) 0.45 0.20 -
C59 CT2 6c violet (1896) 0.35 0.20 -
C60 CT2 8c ultramarine 15.00 1.60 -
C61 CT2 8c grey-brown (1892) 0.20 0.20 -
C62 CT2 8c dull violet (1894) 12.00 4.75 -
C63 CT2 8c carmine-rose (1896) 2.75 1.40 -
C64 CT2 10c rose 4.50 1.10 -
C65 CT2 10c lilac-rose (1892) 1.40 0.35 -
C66 CT2 20c red-orange 5.00 4.50 -
C67 CT2 20c lilac (1892) 2.25 0.55 -
C68 CT2 20c carmine-rose (1894) 1.50 0.45 -
C69 CT2 20c olive-grey (1896) 6.50 1.40 -
C70 CT2 40c orange 160.00 47.50 -
C71 CT2 40c slate-blue (1892) 5.50 3.75 -
C72 CT2 40c claret (1894) 7.25 12.50 -
C73 CT2 40c salmon (1896) 6.75 1.60 -
C74 CT2 80c yellow-green 600.00 200.00 -
C75 CT2 80c orange (1892) 14.00 11.00 -
C76 CT2 80c black (1897) 26.00 22.50 -

1898.

In 1898 'Correos y Telegrafos' stamps were issued that were valid for both posts and telegraphs.
Telegraphically used ones can only be identified by their cancel or punch hole. Surviving cancelled examples are quite rare.
1898 20c example
This example is courtesy of Les Bottomley.

1890 example C77 1890 example C78 1890 example C79 1890 example C81
Type CT3 - RH-C77
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT3 - RH-C78
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT3 - RH-C79
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT3 - RH-C81
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

1890 example C82 1890 example C83 1890 example C84 1890 example C85 1890 example C86
Type CT3 - RH-C82
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT3 - RH-C83
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT3 - RH-C84
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT3 - RH-C85
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT3 - RH-C86
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

1890 example C87 1890 example C88 C89 Scott 148 1890 example C91
Type CT3 - RH-C87 Type CT3 - RH-C88
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT3 - RH-C89 Type CT3 - RH-C90 Type CT3 - RH-C91
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III

1890 example C91 1890 example C92 1890 example C93 1890 example C94
Type CT3 - RH-C91
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III
Type CT3 - RH-C92
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT3 - RH-C93
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT3 - RH-C94
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

I am not convinced that the holes in the lowest denominations are genuine telegraphic usage.
The lowest denomination that I've seen with a convincing telegraphic cancel is 1c.

 

RH # Type. 1898 Description Mint Postally Used Telegraphically Used
C77 CT3 1m orange-brown (shades) 0.20 0.20 -
C78 CT3 2m orange-brown (shades) 0.20 0.20 -
C79 CT3 3m orange-brown (shades) 0.20 0.20 -
C80 CT3 4m orange-brown (shades) 1.60 0.65 -
C81 CT3 5m orange-brown (shades) 0.20 0.20 -
C82 CT3 1c violet black 0.20 0.20 -
C83 CT3 2c turquoise 0.20 0.20 -
C84 CT3 3c dark brown 0.20 0.20 -
C85 CT3 4c orange 1.60 1.30 -
C86 CT3 5c carmine-rose 0.20 0.20 -
C87 CT3 6c dark blue 0.65 0.20 -
C88 CT3 8c grey-brown 0.20 0.20 -
C89 CT3 10c vermilion 0.20 0.20 -
C90 CT3 15c olive-green 0.20 0.20 -
C91 CT3 20c maroon 1.90 0.60 -
C92 CT3 40c violet 1.50 1.60 -
C93 CT3 60c black 1.50 1.60 -
C94 CT3 80c brown-lilac 5.50 6.00 -
C95 CT3 1P light green 12.00 12.00 -
C96 CT3 2P slate-blue 27.50 17.50 -

These also exist imperforate. Scott prices them at about 16 x normal mint.

1890 example C82 Inperforate 1890 example C101 Cablegram cancel 1890 example C110 1890 example C111
RH-C82 imperforate
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT4 - RH-C101
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT4 - RH-C104
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
Type CT4 - RH-C110
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
Type CT4 - RH-C111
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

 

1898, Postage stamps of 1894-97 handstamped 'Habilitado PARA 1898 y 99.' in Rose or Violet (V).

RH # Type. 1898 Description Mint Postally Used Telegraphically Used
C97 CT4 ½m dull violet (1896) 16.00 9.00 -
C98 CT4 1m deep brown (1896) 1.40 1.40 -
C99 CT4 2m yellow-green (1896) 0.40 0.40 -
C100 CT4 4m blue-green (1896) 0.40 0.40 -
C101 CT4 1c claret (1896) 4.00 4.00 -
C102 CT4 2c orange-brown (1896) 0.55 0.80 -
C103 CT4 3c blue (1896) 35.00 15.00 -
C104 CT4 3c claret-brown (1897) 2.75 2.75 -
C105 CT4 4c slate-blue (1894) 19.00 13.50 -
C106 CT4 4c grey-brown (1896) 0.65 0.65 -
C107 CT4 5c yellow-green (1894) 9.00 7.00 -
C108 CT4 5c blue (1896) 0.65 0.65 -
C109 CT4 6c violet (1896) 0.65 0.45 -
C110 CT4 8c carmine-rose (V, 1896) 1.10 0.80 -
C110a CT4 Rose overprint 17.50 17.50 -
C111 CT4 20c olive-grey (1894) 1.10 1.10 -
C112 CT4 40c salmon (1896) 2.75 2.75 -
C113 CT4 80c black (1897) 35.00 22.50 -

The Scott catalogue points out that "Counterfeits abound" of these, however that probably applies mostly
to the highly catalogued items. Many of these are catalogued higher without the overprints.

 

 

War Tax.

According to the Scott Catalogue :
the tax was 2c on letters or sealed mail; 5c on telegrams but, "during the early days of the American occupation, they were accepted for ordinary postage."


1898, Postage stamps type CT4 of 1898 handstamped 'IMPUESTO DE GUERRA.' in Purple, Rose(R) or Magenta(M). Purple by default.

War Tax WT2 War Tax WT4 War Tax WT5 War Tax WT6
War Tax 2c with T in circle - WT2
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
War Tax 2c - WT4
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
War Tax 2c on 2m - WT5
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.
War Tax 5c with T in circle - WT6
courtesy of Byron Mitchell III.

 

RH # Type. 1898 War Tax description Mint Postally Used Telegraphically Used
WT1 IDG 1c yellow brown 4.60 3.40 -
WT2 IDG 2c dark violet 0.55 0.55 -
WT3 IDG 2c lilac 0.50 0.50 -
WT4 IDG 2c red-brown 0.27 0.15 -
WT5 IDG 2c on 2m orange 2.10 1.70 -
WT5a IDG       Rose overprint. 1.10 1.10 -
WT6 IDG 2c on 5c blue-green 2.74 2.10 -
WT7 IDG 5c blue-green 1.06 1.06 -
WT8 IDG 5c on 5c blue-green 4.95 3.40 -
WT9 IDG 5c on 1m dark violet (R) 0.15 0.15 -
WT9a IDG       Magenta overprint. 0.27 0.15 -
WT10 IDG 5c on 1m dull blue(R) 0.46 0.46 -
WT10a IDG       Magenta overprint. 1.71 1.70 -

 

 

Municipal stamps.

According to the Steve Hiscocks:

In addition to the post office telegraph stamps, so called municipal stamps were produced for at least 19 towns in 1886 to 1888 and used for some years to defray the costs of telegraph lines to those towns. These stamps certainly come within the remit of this catalogue in that their use was essential if one wished to send a telegram from any of those towns but their exact status is not clear. Forbin in 1915 lists them as municipal tax stamps (Forbin does not cover telegraph stamps per sé) so it is not certain whether they covered the cost of the telegram to the nearest post office line or whether post office stamps (i.e. postage stamps at that time) covered the entire route and these represented an additional toll.

My note: Most of these contain the words 'Arbitrio Municipal' which translates as 'Municipal Tax'.
There are used examples, both signed and unsigned, so it would seem that the signature is not required,
but presumably turned the stamp into a frank so payment was not needed.
Presumably then, a signature implied official usage.

 

Map of Puerto Rico showing Municipality

A map of Puerto Rico showing Municipality boundaries as they are now. There have been some changes since the 1880's, in particular, Canovanas was part of Loiza.
I have in yellow the municipalities in the first section with type-set stamps listed below, and the ones with lithographed stamps are in green. Vega Baja hasd both.
One Municipality is not on the list of current ones and has proven elusive to disambiguate, "Hato Grande". There are clues at NuestroPuertoRico.com and BoricuaOnline.com,
but they are just guesses. It may have been part of former Hato Grande de los Delgado ranch in Aguas Buenas, Caguas, Gurabo or Las Piedras; or possibly part of Arecibo or Hatillo.
'Hato' is part of many place names. Comparing train maps of 1906 and 1910 shows stations added at Cabo Rojo, Santa Isabel, Salinas, Guayama and Caguas, so I suspect Hato Grande relates to Caguas.
I have marked the location of primary towns/cities of each Municipality. Most are on railway lines.

 

A 1886-1887 Type-set in various designs and printed on coloured papers as indicated. Imperf.

1) Cabo Rojo (1887)

Hiscocks book page 256 RH27a
Type 8 Taken from Hiscocks Book, page 256. Type 8 - RH27a

The image of RH27a above was shown to me by John Barefoot, however he is unsure of the source.
If this is yours, please contact me as I would like to properly attribute it.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH27 H27 8 1c black / bluish pink 60.00 50.00
RH27a - 8       dropped 'c' of 'cts' - -
RH27 H28 (8) 3c black / yellow 60.00 50.00
RH27 H29 (8) 20c black / green 60.00 50.00

 

2) Guayama (1887)
Hiscocks book page 256
Taken from Hiscocks Book, page 256.

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H30 (9) 2c black / salmon 60.00 50.00
H31 (9) 3c black / blue-green 60.00 50.00
H32 (9) 9c black / lilac 60.00 50.00
H33 (9) 21c black / yellow 60.00 50.00
H34 9 40c black / pale buff 60.00 50.00

 

3) Juana Diaz (1886)
Hiscocks book page 256
Taken from Hiscocks Book, page 256.

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H35 10 3c black / white 60.00 50.00

 

4) Salinas (1887)
Hiscocks book page 256
Taken from Hiscocks Book, page 256.

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H36 11 3c green / white 60.00 50.00
H37 (11) 21c pale blue / white 60.00 50.00

 

5) Vega Baja (1886)

Hiscocks book page 257
Taken from Hiscocks Book, page 257.

Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H38 12 2c black / green 60.00 50.00
H39 (12) 3c black / buff 60.00 50.00
H40 13 6c black / yellow 60.00 50.00
H41 (13) 21c black / purple 60.00 50.00

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. The above are entirely arbitrary (and probably low) in that only one of these stamps has
                yet come my way at the time of writing and the only listings I have found gave no idea
                of relative scarcity. They are clearly rare however or I would have seen more.
Note 2. Cancellation is reported to be by pen stroke in most cases but No. 31 is reported
                cancelled with a black handstamp.

My notes:

I have had little success in updating images of the stamps above.
The ones below, which seem to be mostly from booklets, are generally more common.
I think the spaces on many reseved for a signature of 'El Alcalde' (The Mayor) or 'El Contratista' (The contractor), are to allow free use in exchange for an authorized signature, since many have been used without a signature.
I need to make corrections to the listing, partly due to misunderstandings in the original, and partly because of additions. I will use 'RH' (Revised Hiscocks) for the new numbers.

 

B 1888 Lithographed in two basic designs on variously coloured papers, as indicated by
the 'Boletin' office at San Juan. Perf. 12 between stamps — most copies reportedly have one or more straight edges so sheets were presumably small.
The Yauco stamps at least were in panes with 2 rows of 4 stamps.

Hiscocks book page 257 Hiscocks book page 258
Type 14 Taken from Hiscocks Book, page 257. Type 15 Taken from Hiscocks Book, page 258.

These two illustrations appear to have been taken from the book of Rich & Rich (1947) page 70.


1) Adjuntas

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH42 H42 (14) 3c red / yellow 50.00 40.00
RH43 H43 (14) 9c red / blue 50.00 40.00
RH44 H44 (14) 21c red / salmon 50.00 40.00
RH45 H45 (14) 30c red / cream 50.00 40.00

My note: I have removed H44a (smaller 'TELEGRAFOS') since this type of design seems to be in two forms for each municipality, but only one form for each value.
If evidence of its existence presents itself, I will be happy to add it along with an image.

 

2) Añasco

Añasco 9c Anasco 21c
RH48 - Añasco 9c - courtesy of Estudi Filatelic RH49 - Añasco 21c - courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH46 H46 (14) 2c red / pale grey-green 50.00 40.00
RH47 H46A 14 3c red / yellow 50.00 40.00
RH48 H47 (14) 9c red / dark blue 50.00 40.00
RH49 H48 (14) 21c red / buff 50.00 40.00
RH49a H49 (14) 21c red / orange 50.00 40.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. No. 49 has the printer's name missing.

My note: I have re-numbered these slightly to reduce confusion while preserving numbering as much as possible.
Hiscocks note now refers to RH49a.

 

3) Bayamon

Bayamon 3c Bayamon 21c
Bayamon 3c - H50 Bayamon 21c - H51a stamped 'El Contratista M. Feliu.'
Inscribed 'El Alcalde' (The Mayor) fairly clear but not 'Boletin'.
Images courtesy of Eric Jackson   click on image for listing.

 

Bayamon 3c-H50a Bayamon 21c
Bayamon 3c - H50a Bayamon 21c - H51b, stamped El Contratista M. Feliu.
*'Boletin' fairly clear and 'El Alcalde' removed. 21c courtesy of Eric Jackson   click on image for listing.

*There are two types of these, with or without 'El Alcalde'.
Initially, like the others of this type, they were intended to be signed by the mayor and the bottom tablet was accordingly marked 'El Alcalde'.
In fact though they became stamped 'El Contratista' meaning 'The contractor' (M. Feliu) leading to the removal of 'El Alcalde' from the design
and apparently a strengthening of 'Lit. Boletin' (printers in San Juan). I have added H50a and H51b accordingly.

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH50 H50 (14) 3c red / yellow 30.00 25.00
*RH50 -           without 'El Alcalde' - -
RH51 H51 (14) 21c red / orange 75.00 60.00
RH51a H51a           red / rose pink 75.00 60.00
*RH51b -           without 'El Alcalde' (red / rose pink) - -

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Nos. 51 and 51a are reported by different authors and may in fact be the same.

 

4) Cayey

Bayamon 3c Bayamon 21c Bayamon 21c
H52 - Cayey 3c showing 'Boletin' imprint.
fcourtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
H53 - Cayey 21c without imprint.
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.
H53 - Cayey 21c showing 'Boletin' imprint.

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH52 H52 14 3c red / buff or yellow 50.00 40.00
RH53 H53 (14) 21c red / orange 50.00 40.00
RH53a H53a           red / yellow 50.00 40.00

Hiscocks added the following 2 notes:

Note 1. The printer's mark is often partly or mostly missing on No. 53.
Note 2. Nos. 53 and 53a may be the same.

My note: Rich & Rich say that H53 is only listed by Galvez.

 

5) Guayanilla

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH54 H54 14 3c red / yellow 50.00 40.00
RH54a H54a           brown / yellow 50.00 40.00
RH55 H55 (14) 21c red / salmon 40.00 32.00
RH56 H56 (14) 30c carmine / green 50.00 40.00
RH56a H56a           carmine / cream 50.00 40.00

My note: Rich & Rich say that 3c existas with "part of a lage double oval in black". They do not say which 3c.

 

6) Hato Grande

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH57 H57 14 3c red / yellow 35.00 30.00
RH58 H58 (14) 21c red / orange or salmon 50.00 40.00

 

7) Juncos

Juncos 3c
H60 - Juncos 3c - courtesy of Estudi Filatelic

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH59 H59 (14) 2c purple / green 50.00 40.00
RH60 H60 14 3c red / yellow 35.00 30.00
RH61 H61 (15) 3c red / yellow 50.00 40.00
RH62 H62 (15) 21c red / salmon 35.00 30.00

 

8) Lares

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH63 H63 14 3c green / yellow 50.00 40.00
RH64 H64 14 3c red / yellow 40.00 32.00
RH64a H64a           red / buff 40.00 32.00
RH65 H65 14 21c red / pale rose 50.00 40.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. Printer's mark is missing on No. 63.

 

9) Luquillo

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH66 H66 14 3c red / yellow 35.00 30.00
RH67 H67 14 6c red / pale buff 35.00 30.00
RH68 H68 14 21c red / orange or salmon 50.00 40.00

 

10) Manati

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH69 H69 (14) 2c red / lilac 50.00 40.00
RH70 H70 14 3c red / yellow 50.00 40.00
RH71 H71 (14) 21c red / salmon 50.00 40.00
RH72 H72 (14) 30c red / pale green 50.00 40.00
RH72a H72a           red / orange 50.00 40.00
RH73 H73 (14) 42c red / pale green 50.00 40.00

 

11) Naguabo

Naguabo 3c
H75 - Naguabo 3c - courtesy of Estudi Filatelic

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH74 H74 14 3c red / green 35.00 30.00
RH75 H75 15 3c red / yellow 35.00 30.00
RH76 H76 (14) 21c red / pale rose 35.00 30.00
RH77 H77 (15) 21c red / salmon 35.00 30.00

Hiscocks added the following note:

Note. No. 74 is listed as value 2c by Moens and by Morley (who probably took his listing from Moens).

 

12) San Lorenzo

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH78 H78 14 3c red / yellow 50.00 40.00
RH79 H79 (14) 21c red / cream 50.00 40.00

 

13) San Sabastian

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH80 H80 14 3c red / yellow 50.00 40.00

 

14) Vega Baja

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H81 H81 14 3c red / yellow 50.00 40.00
H82 H82 (14) 6c red / dark blue 50.00 40.00
H83 H83 (14) 21c red / orange 50.00 40.00

 

15) Yabucoa

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
H84 H84 14 3c red / yellow 50.00 40.00

 

16) Yauco

Yauco 2c type 16 Yauco 10½c type 16 Yauco 40c type 16
Yauco 2c - RH85 Yauco 10½c - RH88 Yauco 40c - RH90   mayor, J. Catalla
Type 16 (large 'TELÉGRAFOS') values seen.

 

Yauco-type 17 Yauco-type 16 Yauco-type 17
A used Yauco 3c - RH86 courtesy of Dick Keiser Yauco 3c - RH86 signed 'Catala' (not all are signed) Yauco 21c - RH89 used
Type 17 (small 'TELÉGRAFOS') values seen. These say 'Lit. Boletin P.R.' bottom-left and
are about 3½% taller. Images courtesy of Eric Jackson   click on image for listing.

These could clearly be used with or without a signature. I think that a signature allowed free (Official ?) use.


Pane of 8 stamps
This pane of 8, type 16 stamps shows that they were perforated all around (usually).
The type 17 stamps (inscribed 'Boletin') were only perforated between stamps.
Image courtesy of Eric Jackson   (click on image for listing).

 

RH # Hisc. Type. Description Mint Used
RH85 H85 16 2c lilac / green 75.00 60.00
RH86 H86a 17 3c red / yellow 30.00 25.00
RH87 H87a 17 3c orange / yellow 30.00 25.00
RH88 H88 16 10½c mauve / buff 35.00 30.00
*RH88a -           Imperf. between - -
RH89 H89a 17 21c red / salmon (shades) 30.00 25.00
*RH89a -           Imperf. between - -
RH90 H90 16 40c brown / white 25.00 20.00
*RH90a -           Imperf. between - -

Note: since this type of design seems to be in two forms
for each municipality, but only one form for each value:

I have removed H85a, H86, H87, H88a, H89, H90a   and
I have replaced H86a with RH86, H87a with RH87, H89a with RH89

The image on the right is courtesy of Jim (suncoaststamp on eBay).
It shows a block of four RH89 stamped 'INUTILIZADO' (unused).
I am a little puzzled as to why such invalidation would be needed,
If it was because the municipality was prepared to buy back the stamps,
then it might make sense, but if they were signed, then presumably
they had not been paid for anyway.

 
Yauco-type 17

* I have added RH88a, RH89a and RH90a because of the examples below (courtesy of Eric Jackson  click images for listing):
imperf-between H88b
Imperf-between 10½c(Type 16) - RH88a.

imperf-between H89b
Imperf-between 21c(Type 17) - RH89a.

imperf-between H90b
Imperf-between 40c(Type 16) - RH90a.

 

Hiscocks added the following note and 3 General notes:

Note. On No. 90 the name of the mayor, J. Catalla, appears in script in the bottom tablet.
General Note 1. Used copies are generally cancelled with pen strokes.
General Note 2. Prices are again somewhat arbitrary although they are in this case based
                on those of Forbin for relative values. The relative scarcities of the large and small
                'TELEGRAFOS' types of Yauco (Nos. 85-90a) are not known and they have
                been assumed to be equally rare.
General Note 3. Further towns have been reported as using telegraph stamps of this type but
                are unconfirmed. These include Arbonito, Caguas, Carolina, Coamo, Dorado,
                Gurabo, Hormigueror, Isabela, Jabucoa, Juana Diaz, Labana Grande, and Salinas.

My note: For each denomination I have only seen either type 16 or type 17 but not both.
The difference between H86 and H87 may be simply a matter of how yellow the paper was.

 

 

Stationery.

A 1938 Bureau of Insular Telegraph bill for Telegraph use in Yauco.

1938 bill for Telegraph

In the top-left, this has "Form No. 21, Tel.—R. 4603—Jan. 24, 1936—6,000.". It is a bill for $2.36 for the month of February 1938.
From this it can be seen that the rates for telegraph use at the time were 10c + 2c per word (palabra).

Mayors Office stamp

This is stamped at the bottom left by what looks like someone at the Mayors Office.
Images courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht.

 



If anyone can provide scans to help with this webpage, I am happy to give appropriate credit.

 

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

Contact:     Emale

Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Last updated 27th. November 2020

©Copyright Steve Panting 2012/13/14/15/16/17/18/19/20 except where stated.
Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.

 

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