PO Telegraph 3d

Telegraph stamps of the World

I started with just British Private Telegraph stamps, but I have decided to
attempt to update more of Hiscocks' book.

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  These are still Hiscock's original 1982 prices in GB£  
I plan to update them some time in the future.
-

 

Scandinavian Telegraph Stamps.

Shortcuts to different sections of Scandina
Greenland Iceland Norway Sweden Finland

Denmark.

Steve Hiscocks wrote:
Following the publication of his World Telegraph Stamp Catalogue in 1900 Walter Morley was taken to task for having excluded 'those of Denmark'.
He defended himself in his 'Philatelic Journal' with the argument that the early local post/telegraph/telephone stamps issued in various Danish towns
were mainly intended for postage and did not qualify as telegraph stamps being equivalent to the 'Correos y Telegrafos' of Spain. Examination of
Christensen and Ringströms' excellent book "The Private Local Posts of Denmark" (Trelleborg Phil. Soc., Trelleborg, Sweden, 1974) and advice
from experts in the UK, Denmark and Sweden all support this view and I do not therefore list these stamps. Collectors wishing to cast their nets wider
will find the information they used in the above book which lists the Kjøbenhavns By- og Hus telegraf, Kjøbenhavns telefon Kiosker, Aarhus
Telefon-og Bypost, Horsens Telefon- og Bypost, and Randers Bypost og Pakke-Expedition stamps in great detail. In one case in 1888 a Randers
Bypost stamp was overprinted "Telefon Mrk" (i.e. Telephone Stamp) and although little is known of its status, it was presumably intended for specific
telephone use and is therefore described below.

One other class of stamps should be mentioned because they look as though they should be telegraph stamps. These are the railway stamps the
design of which includes the winged wheel and radiating thunder bolts so often used for railway and telegraph stamps respectively in the late
nineteenth century. I have seen types worded 'SKAGENSBANEN' and 'HORSENS TØRRING JERNBANE', both of the same design, but no doubt
there were others. I am assured by experts that, in spite of their typical 'railway telegraph' design they were not used for this purpose and are probably
package stamps.


 

Shortcuts to different sections of Denmark
Kiosks Telegrams State Railways Telegrams Kiosk Telephone-Telegrams Private Telegrams Private Railway Telegrams

 

Telephone Stamp.
Randers Bypost og Pakke Expedition

1888 Provisional. Local postage stamps of September 1887 overprinted in black.
Lithographed on white wove paper. No watermark. Perf 12.

Den-H1 Denmark-H2 Denmark-H2a
Type 1 - H1 Type 1 - H2 Type 1 - H2a
courtesy of Rolf Lamprecht

Hisc. Type was Description Mint Used
H1 1 - 4 Strømmen(minutes) on 8 Øre yellow 2.00 2.00
H2 1 H1 'Telefon Mrk on 10 Øre violet 2.00 2.00
H2a 1 H1a         imperf. 5.00 5.00
H2b 1 H1b         in pair with missing overprint - 25.00

 

Kiosks.

Copenhagen had a network of telephone kiosks which was fairly diversified in operation.
They sold tickets for the theatre, provided a phone service and also used the phone as a medium to send telegrams.
The telegrams had seals, some of which were overprinted for use as stamps.

The stamps issued by them were likely to have been used to pay for various services.

Here are some examples:

5 blue 20 on 25 yellow
1896

Hisc. Description Mint Used
K1 5 Øre blue - -
K2 10 Øre red - -
K3 25 Øre yellow-orange - -
K4 1910? 20 on 10 Øre red - -
K5 1910? 20 on 25 Øre yellow-orange - -

 

 

25 blue 35 on 25 dark blue
c1935

Hisc. Description Mint Used
K6 25 Øre light blue - -
K7 25 Øre dark blue - -
K8 1944? 35 on 25 Øre dark blue - -
K9 1945? 35 Øre blue - -
K10 1950? 50 Øre red - -

* John Barefoot illustrates and provides information on a lot more of these. in addition to a Norwegian item.
I would welcome more images to help catch up.

 

 

Hiscocks book only covers stamps that were intended only for telegraphic or telephone usage.
I have not confined myself so narrowly for the British stamps. I do not intend to for other stamps either, but my information is limited.

Post and Telegraph
Hiscocks says that these were 'mainly intended for postage', though available for telegraphic use.
I have seen the 10 Øre in orange on a pale blue-green background also.


Post and Telephone ?
I have seen these with numbers 1(yellow), 2(green), 3(blue), 5(violet) and 10(red).
I will add others as I get examples.

more (different) examples
The numbers on these are different to those above.

used examples
Here are a couple of used examples. The one on the left was cancelled with an obliterator having a cloth over it indicating high usage.
The design is different from the ones above, lacking an inner ellipse around the center.


Telephone ?
Apparently a lot of these were called telephone stamps to get around the government monopoly on postal services.
They could be used to pay for both, but were generally used for local mail delivery.

 

 

Telegrams.

State Telegrams.

State Telegram used 15/3/1906
Used 15 March 1906

 

State Telegram used 2/11/1915
Chicago to Copenhagen. Much easier to read. Used 2 November 1915.

 

State Telegram used 1/3/1922
This has an advert on the back for the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company.
1922 advert for RMSP
This appears to be from Nowshera, Pakistan, sent via Eastern. It was used 1 March 1922.

 

State Telegram used 4/10/1930
This appears to be from Riga, Latvia, sent via Great Northern (see below). This was used 4 October 1930.
The Address of "FORENDE KBHAVN" is probably a reference to Forenede dampskibs-selskab (United Steamship Company) of Kobenhavn, see below.

 

State Telegram used 21/10/1936
This appears to be from New York, sent via Radio Danmark. It includes some code as well as plain text.
At the bottom-left it has "Afskrevet" which translates as "Depreciated", though I suspect "Discounted" might be more accurate. This was used 21 October 1936.

 

State Telegram used 22/12/1948
This is from Tecumseh, Michigan, U.S.A. via Western Union and was used 22 December 1948.

 

 

State Railways Telegrams.

State Railways Telegram used 4/11/1906?
State Railways Telegram used 4 November 1906 (or perhaps 1904 ?).

 

 

Kiosk Telephone-Telegrams.

Whilst the status of these is rather uncertain, they do appear to have provided a needed service for quite a while.
Kjøbenhavns Telefon-Kiosker A/S (created 1896)
Kjøbenhavns Telefon-Kiosker used 31/12/1908
Kjøbenhavns Telefon-Kiosker used 31 December 1908.

 

Kjøbenhavns Telefon-Kiosker used 19/7/1921
Kjøbenhavns Telefon-Kiosker used 19 July 1921.

 

Private Telegrams.

It should be noted that C.F. Tietgen was instrumental in creating both the Great Northern Telegraph Co., and the DFDS (United Steamship Company) below.

The Great Northern Telegraph Company.
Though a Danish company, it is perhaps best known for its operations elsewhere, in particular in Hong Kong / China due to its use of telegraph stamps.
The Great Northern had won a Russian contract to connect submarine cables from Vladivostock to Nagasaki, Shanghai and Hong Kong, which was completed at the beginning of 1872.

Here are some used in Britain.

Newcastle used 12/7/1880 Newcastle used 12/7/1880
Newcastle used 12/7/1880 - words in numbered boxes. Image courtesy of Bill Glover at Atlantic-Cable.com Newcastle used 18/10/1880 - words 'freestyle'. One of mine.

It is normal for the receiving station to have its name pre-filled, in this case Newcastle, but not the sending station, in this case Gothenburg (Göteborg).
The reason is that in 1880 a cable was laid between Newbiggin by the Sea, just to the north of Newcastle, and Marstrand, Sweden, already connected to Denmark, and on the end of a chain of islands to the north-west of Göteborg.

In 1887 the Great Northern moved its UK offices to 3, St. Helen's Place, London EC.

London used 18/3/1908
A telegram of 18 March 1908 from Moscow to London written in German,
courtesy of Bill Glover at Atlantic-Cable.com

 

Det Forenede Dampskibs-Selskab A.S. (The United Steamship Company)

United Steamship Company Telegram used 16 November 1931 ?
Used 16 November 1936? It would be interesting to know what the "KH" in "FORENEDE KH" stood for.

 

Private Railway Telegrams.

Hads-Ning Herreders Railway Telegram used 4/10/1914
Hads-Ning Herreders Railway Telegram used 4 October 1914.

 


Greenland.

Radio Telegraph used 9/2/1948
Radio Telegraph from Godthaab Radio, used 9 February 1948.

 

Radio Telegraph used 7/8/1954
Radio Telegraph from Aarhus, used 7 August 1954.

 

Telegraftjenesten (The Telegraph Service)
Radio Telegraph used 15/5/1959
Telegram from Aarhus to Julianehåb, used 15 May 1959.

 


Iceland.

I do not have any examples of telegrams from Iceland, but here is an example of a seal from 1927

1927 seal in the Danish style
Landssiminn, the state-owned telecommunications company in Iceland.

 

Danish Telegraph Seals.

A range of different seals were used on telegrams in Denmark.

This half sized image shows a sample of them.
Denmark Seals

Steve Hiscocks made a start on cataloguing seals of the world in a book he published in 2007.
It was his hope to update it later, but unfortunately that was not to be.
His original book can be viewed at Telegraph Seals: A World Catalogue. There are links from the pages to my updates.

Alternatively you can view the latest page for Denmark.

 

Norway.

So far I have only seen telegrams and telegram seals, though John Barefoot lists a curious item for Norway.

Telegrams.

Norway Telegram used 28/6/1895
Telegram to Bergen dated 28 June 1895. Norway used the Swedish Coat of Arms until 1905.
The top-right box has "Tjenstlige Bemœrkninger" (Official Remarks), which explains later abbreviations.

 

Norway Telegram used 12/5/1934
Telegram from Aalesund, Norway to Halden on the border with Sweden, dated 12 May 1934.

 

Norway Telegram used 15/9/1950
Telegram from Budapest to Oslo, dated 15 September 1950.


There are quite a few different seals that were used on telegrams in Norway
Norway Statstelegraf seal   Norway Rigstelegraf seal
Norway Statstelegraf seal and Norway Rigstelegraf seal.

 

Sweden.

So far I have only seen telegrams and telegram seals, though John Barefoot lists a curious item for Norway.

Telegrams.

The early ones used "KONGL." as an abbreviation. The year is in the box marked "å" for "år" and the date is in "Datum". This is 29/8/1896.

Sweden Telegram used 29 August 1896
Telegram from Fredrikshald (written Fridrikshald, now Halden in Norway) to Mora, dated 29 August 1896.

 

This is very similar to the last except the bottom-left no longer has "Tel af.".

Sweden Telegram used 1 January 1898
Telegram from Stockholm to ? dated 1 January 1898.

 

This has changed the Coat of Arms at the top and the wording at the bottom-left, adding the form number 205 and year 1903.

Sweden Telegram used 24 December 1904
Telegram from Göteborg to ?, dated 24 December 1904.

 

This has changed the Crown and a lot of details of the wording, including now "KUNGL." The form number and year though are unchanged !
The seal still has KONGL.
Sweden Telegram used 23 December 1905
Telegram from Berlin to ?, dated 23 December 1905.

 

This has changed the Crown slightly. The seal is now "KUNGL." The form number is no longer italic, the year is larger, but still 1903.
The bottom-right now has added "Sv. Boktr. -A. -B. 29/10 07.   3.500.000.", which I take to mean a printing of 3,500,000 on 29 October 1907.
Sweden Telegram used 19 July 1908
Telegram dated 19 July 1908.

 

This is a new style. The form number is still 205 but with the year 1910.
The bottom-right now says "Centraltr., Sthlm. 15/7 13. 2,000,000.", which I take to mean a printing of 2,000,000 on 15 July 1913 at Stockholm.
I have another reading "IDUNS TRYCKERI - A. - B. , STHLM.       4/10. 16. 5,000,000.", which I take to mean a printing of 5,000,000 on 4 October 1916 at Stockholm. (used in 1918).

Sweden Telegram used 8 April 1915
Telegram dated 8 April 1915.

 

This has a simplified front, but with some information moved to the back.
The year of use is uncertain.
Sweden Telegram used 13 April 1917?

Sweden Telegram used 13 April 1917? - back
The form number (on the back) is now 199 and the year is 1913.
The bottom-right now says "IDUNS TRYCKERI - A. - B., STHLM. 5/11. 15. 3,000,000.", which I take to mean a printing of 3,000,000 on 5 November 1915 at Stockholm.
Telegram dated 13 April 1917 ?

 

The information that was on the back, has been moved to the front. The year of use is no longer apparent anywhere ! Not even a seal.
Envelopes were used at times though, see below.
Sweden Telegram used 25 July 192?
The form number is still 199 with the year now 1917.
The bottom-right now says "Iduns Tryckeri-A.-B., Sthlm. 13/12 22. 3,000,000.", which I take to mean a printing of 3,000,000 on 13 December 1922 at Stockholm.
Telegram dated 25 July 19??

 

Another big change, with the use of tapes and now a clear datestamp on the front, and advertising on the back.

Sweden Telegram used 1 February 1928
The form number is now 200 with the year as 1927.
The bottom-right now says "Hæggströms 27/1 27. 2.000.000.", which I take to mean a printing of 2,000,000 on 27 January 1927.
Under that it has "Vänd!" meaning "Turn over!"
Telegram of 1 February 1928 with advertising on the back
Telegram clearly dated 1 February 1928

 

Similar to the last, with the use of tapes and a clear datestamp on the front, unused space for advertising on the back.

Sweden Telegram used 8 April 1936
The form number is still 200 with the year as 1927.
The bottom-right now says "Lithografiska A.-B., Norrk 17/5 35. 3,500,000.", which I take to mean a printing by lithography of 3,500,000 on 17 May 1935 at Norrköping.
No "Vänd!"
Telegram of 1 February 1928 with advertising on the back
Telegram clearly dated 8 April 1936

 

Similar to the last, but without the tapes, clear datestamp and top side-sections. Still unused space for advertising on the back.

Sweden Telegram used 8 April 1936
The form number is back to 199 with the year as 1939.
The bottom-right now says "Lithografiska A.-B., Norrk 8/4 43. 1,000,000.", which I take to mean a printing by lithography of 1.000,000 on 8 April 1943 at Norrköping.

Telegram of 30 September 1944 with no advertising on the back
Telegram appears to be dated 30 September 1944

 

Similar to the last, but the clear datestamp is back and there are form changes.

Sweden Telegram used 27 December 1945
The form number is now 185, but with the year still as 1939.
The bottom-right now says "Lithografiska A.-B., Norrk 27/1 45. 1,000,000.", which I take to mean a printing by lithography of 1,000,000 on 27 January 1945 at Norrköping.

Sweden Telegram used 27 December 1945 - back
Telegram clearly dated 27 December 1945.

 

Another big change. Tapes are back, and with a rectangular arrival Malmö handstamp of 1 February 1949. The back is blank.

Sweden Telegram used 1 February 1949
The form number is now Bl. 200, with the year as 1947.
The bottom-right now says "Lithografiska AB Norrköping  5. 48. 8,000,000.", which I take to mean a printing by lithography of 8,000,000 in May 1948 at Norrköping.
Telegram clearly dated 1 February 1949.

 

Similar to the last, with a rectangular arrival handstamp of 10 May 1955.

Sweden Telegram used 10 May 1955
The form number is still Bl. 200, with the year now as 1952.
The bottom-right now says "Lithografiska AB Norrköping 12/5. 52. 8,000,000.", which I take to mean a printing by lithography of 8,000,000 on 12 May 1952 at Norrköping.
Telegram clearly dated 10 May 1955.

 

Envelopes.

This has pencilled on the back 9.11.1944 and has a seal of a type I have seen used from 1947-49.

Sweden envelope marked 9.11.1944 - front   Sweden envelope marked 9.11.1944 - back
The front bottom-left says "Tjänsteförsändelse från / Telegrafverket" meaning "Service shipment from / Telegraph works".

 

This has a form number 72 on the bottom-left with number written as "n:r", in a style used on 1903 telegrams.

Sweden envelope marked 9.11.1944 - front   Sweden envelope marked 9.11.1944 - back
The back says "SVERIGES ENSKILDA / JERNVÄGAR." meaning "SWEDEN'S PRIVATE / RAILWAYS."

 

There are quite a few different telegram seals that were used on telegrams.

Norway-seal Sweden-seal
Early Swedish seal, courtesy of Robert Poposki Later Swedish seal courtesy of Victor Gugliano (victorgg) on ebay.

 

Finland.

So far I have only seen telegrams and telegram seals.

Telegrams.

Telegram (Sähkösanoma) from Amsterdam to Helsingfors, now called Helsinki, dated 8 July 1925.

Telegram used 8 July 1925 - front
The bottom-left has the form number "Kaav. 1."

The back has an advert for the Nordenfjeldske steamship company.
Telegram used 8 July 1925 - back

 

Telegram from Kymmenebruk (?) to Helsingfors (Helsinki), dated 24 April 1934 ?

Telegram used 24 April 1934 ?
The top-left has the form number "N:o 401"

 

Telegram from s'Gravenhage (the Hague) to Helsinki via Sverige Radio, dated 10 February 1949
Telegram used 10 February 1949
The top-left has the form number "No 401. a. 2/3 A 4." and below that "5000/100. 10. 48.", 5000 pads of 100 perhaps printed October 1948 ?

 

Telegram from Åbo, Finland to Nykarleby, dated 28 June 1971. The top-left has the form number "N:o 401a"
This is stamped in purple at the top "Inkomst - och förmogenhets skattenämnden / I Nykarleby Stad" meaning "Income and wealth tax name / In Nykarleby City".

Telegram used 28 June 1971

 

 

Updates for Seals of Denmark Updates for Seals of Sweden. Updates for Seals of Norway. Updates for Seals of Iceland. Updates for Seals of Finland.

 

If anyone can provide scans to help with this, I am happy to give appropriate credit.

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

Contact:     Emale

Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Last updated 7th. February 2021

©Copyright Steve Panting 2012/13/14/15/16/17/18/19/20/21 except where stated.
Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.

 

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