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Telegraph stamps of the World

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TIBET.

Steve Hiscocks wrote in 1982:
The so-called 'wireless-telegraph' or 'radio telegraph' stamps of Tibet present a problem in that there is no agreement on whether they were ever genuinely used or whether they are spurious and created only to raise money from collectors. There is evidence pointing in both directions. They appeared around 1950 in the denominations listed below. All depict a Tibetan lion (a pair of them in the case of the top value) against mountain peaks and have 'Tibet' in English at the bottom and 'Tibetan Government' in Tibetan characters at the top. The values are given at the top in Tibetan. They may be found 'used' on cover in complete sets (rare), and mint or used as singles, pairs, or complete sheets of four. Cancellation is usually with seven wavy lines (what collectors in the USA call 'dunes') in blue, purple or black.

They were reportedly used to prepay wireless telegraph messages between stations at Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyamda, Gartok, Chamdo and Nakchu Kha (otherwise identified as Hei-ho, about 125 miles north of Lhasa).

A Mr W. Dennis Way (Western Stamp Collector, 10 July, 1954) reported that his correspondent in Tibet, "who until recently was an extremely important official in the Telegraph Department" stated that the stamps were unknown to him and his colleagues but did not say what, if anything, was used. On the other hand a Mr Robert Ford, an Englishman employed in the Tibetan wireless system, referred in his book "Captured in Tibet" to every telegram and call having to be recorded and backed with receipt and cancelled stamp. He did not, however say what sort of stamp. In my view the balance of evidence is slightly in favour of these stamps being genuine but the collector must make his own decision.

The use of these stamps (if any!) is presumed to have ceased after the occupation of Tibet by the Chinese in 1951.

My note:
An added confusion factor is the abundant 'reprints' / moderm forgeries that are available.
Some of the shades listed by Hiscocks seem only to exist as these.


 

The stamps depict Snow Lions, a National Symbol of Tibet which is entirely fictional, though Tibetan Mastiffs would make a good substitute.

Tibet Map
This is an attempt to show the approximate locations of the known stations. They all fall inside whar is now the Tibet Autonomous Region.
Drawing border lines as of the 1940's is complicated by maps often being undated and some borders being disputed. No offence to anyone is intended.
 Names are also problematic as places have Tibeten names and Chinese names which may be rendered in current pinyin, outdated pinyin or Tibetan pinyin. 
In addition to this, rivers often flow through several countries in which they are called by different names. I have labelled one as the Mekong, but
this has many other names such as the Lancang river. The Yarlung Zangbo is known in India as the Brahmaputra.
The Salween is also called the Nu or Nujiang (with jiang, 江 meaning river)
Telegraph Stations
GaGartok (now called Garyarsa.)
ShShigatse
LhLhasa
Na Nagchu, now rendered as Nagqu, also called Nakchu Kha or Hei-ho
GyGyamda or Ngapo Zampa or Gongbo Gyamda
ChChamdo
StarStations in Nepal
Blue Star1903 Field Telegraphs in Sikkim, Tibet.   1922 Line from Gyantse to Lhassa.
Country colour key
Tibet Autonomous Region.
Ladakh (part of Jamu & Kashmir)
Aksai Chin (then part of Jamu & Kashmir)
Xinjiang
Amdo, now part of Qinghai Province, China
Now Sichuan Province, China. Was part of Kham
Yunnan Province, China
Burma, now called Myanmar

 

1949 or 1950 Printed in sheets of four on very rough greyish-buff native paper of variable thickness.
No watermark, no gum. Imperf.

Tibet sheetlet of H1 Tibet sheetlet of H2
Tibet sheetlet of H1 Tibet sheetlet of H2
Images courtesy Ed Boers

Tibet sheetlet of H5
This is a modern fake of a sheet of the 25 sang. note the lack of colour around the edges and nail marks.

 

Tibet H1 Tibet H2 Tibet H3
Type 1 - ½ sang Type 2 - 1 sang Type 3 - 5 sang
Images courtesy Ed Boers

 

Tibet H4 Need scan
Type 4 - 10 sang, courtesy Ed Boers Type 5, 25 sang, courtesy: Sarfaraz of traditional-india.

 

Hisc. Type Description Mint Used
H1 1 ½ sang, yellow to orange yellow 18.00 18.00
*H1a           olive green 48.00 48.00
H1b           sheet of 4 80.00 80.00
H2 2 1 sang, purple (shades) 16.00 16.00
*H2a           carmine 60.00 60.00
H2b           sheet of 4 75.00 75.00
H3 3 5 sang, deep blue green 75.00 75.00
H3a           pale sea green 100.00 100.00
H3b           sheet of 4 600.00 600.00
H4 4 10 sang, blue (shades) 47.00 47.00
*H4a           purple 60.00 60.00
H4b           sheet of 4 200.00 200.00
H5 5 25 sang, vermilion 25.00 25.00
H5a           brownish red 30.00 30.00
H5b           sheet of 4 120.00 120.00

* I have it on good opinion that these do not exist other than as modern reproductions/forgeries.
H3, the 5 sang is normally found with narrow margins. Wide margins are scarce and worth a premium.

 

Tibet H1 Tibet H2 Tibet H5
Type 1 - ½ sang Type 2 - 1 sang Type 5 - 25 sang
Three more used examples, courtesy of Ed Boers



If anyone can provide scans to help with this, I am happy to give appropriate credit.

 

Comments, criticisms, information or suggestions are always welcome.

Contact:     Emale

Please include the word 'Telegraphs' in the subject.

 

Alternatively Yahoo Group Yahoo-Group is a forum.

 

Last updated 8th. Dec. 2018

©Copyright Steve Panting 2012/13/14/15/16/17/18 except where stated.
Permission is hereby granted to copy material for which the copyright is owned by myself, on condition that any data is not altered and this website is given credit.

 

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